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HELPS TO STUDY

Notes and Questions What title did the lark give to How did the rook spend the day! the rook

Read the words in which the rook Where does the rook make his compares the lark's voice with nest?

his own. Where does the lark make his Read a line in the last stanza nest!

which shows that the rook's What did the rook see when he words did not make the lark opened his eyes?

discontented. What was the lark doing at that How would you answer the two time

questions which the lark asks? Why did the rook think the lark Which bird had given pleasure to was foolish?

others during the day?

Words and Phrases for Study

PRONUNCIATION:
TỔ-măn-tic
hymn (him)
rook

cawed (kôd)
ěb'-on
dew'y (dū’-i)

ti’-tled ('ld)
min'-strėl-sý
soar'-ing (sõr-ing)

VOCABULARY:

dis’-tant-not friendly; far off. slům'-ber-sleep; repose. fâre-food; provisions for the table; a journey; the price of a

journey or passage.

WORDS AND PHRASES:

"dewy meadow'
“haughty toss
“distant bend
“daylight fades
"bathed my wings”
"parting day"
“nook
"titled friend
rest profound"

"fittest”
"princely air"
"crop"
“lordly crew"
"peep of day'
"romantic dreams'
“richest fare"
"ebon wing”
"minstrelsy"

AESOP'S FABLES

THE LION AND THE MOUSE A lion was sleeping in his lair, when a mouse, not knowing where she was going, ran over the mighty beast's nose and awakened him. The lion clapped his paw upon the frightened

little creature, and was about to make an end of her, when the 5 mouse, in pitiable tone, begged him to let her go. The lion,

smiling at his little prisoner's fright, generously let her go. Now, it happened not long after that the lion fell into the trap of the hunters, and, finding himself without hope of escape, set

up a roar that filled the whole forest with its echo. The mouse, 10 recognizing the voice, ran to the spot, and at once set to work

to nibble the knot in the cord that bound the lion, and in a short time set the noble beast at liberty; thus convincing him that kindness is seldom thrown away, and that there is no creature

so much below another but that he may have it in his power 15 to return a kind act.

THE HARE AND THE TORTOISE A hare boasted loudly to a tortoise of her speed in running, at the same time giving him a look of scorn because of his slowness.

“Let us have a race," answered the tortoise. “I will run 20 with you five miles, and the fox over yonder shall be the judge.”

The hare with a scornful smile agreed, and away they started together.

Soon the hare left the tortoise far behind, and, feeling a little tired, lay down on a tuft of grass that grew by the way. “If that 25 slow-coach passes, I shall see him and easily catch up with him again,” she said to herself, and fell asleep.

In the meantime the tortoise plodded on, slowly but surely. After a time, he passed the hare, who, sure of reaching the goal

first, still siept, and who awoke only to find that the tortoise had ?0 reached it before her.

THE WIND AND THE SUN A dispute once arose between the Wind and the Sun, as to which of the two was the stronger.

To decide the matter, they agreed to try their power on a traveler, and the one who should first strip him of his cloak, was 5 to win the wager.

The Wind began. He blew a strong blast, which toie up the oaks by their roots, and made the whole forest look like a wreck. But the traveler, though at first he could scarcely

keep his cloak on his back, drew it about him more closely 10 than ever.

The Wind, having thus tried his utmost power in vain, the Sun began.

Bursting through a thick cloud, he sent down his sultry rays so forcibly upon the traveler, that the poor fellow was almost 15 melted.

So he quickly threw off his cloak, and went happily on his way.

Gentle means will often succeed, where force will fail.

HELPS TO STUDY Historical: Aesop, the great story-teller, was a Greek slave who is supposed to have lived in Athens more than two thousand years ago. His fables, a large number of which were about animals, were intended to make the people better. In these fables he made the animals talk so as to show the difference between good deeds and bad deeds. After Aesop's death these stories were remembered and written down in different languages, so that every one could read them the world over. They teach us useful lessons.

Notes and Questions Which of these fables do you like | What other fables have you read ? best? Why?

To which fable does each of the What lesson may we learn from following apply: each?

“The race is not alone to the Which lesson do you think most I swift.') useful to you?

“Kind means are the best.”

PRONUNCIATION: súl'-try

tôr'-toise (tūs or tis) för'-ci-bly

lair (lâr) for'-ěst

goal (gol) VOCABULARY:

boast'-ěd—bragged; spoke of herself with too great confidence.

pit'-i-a-ble (b'l)-exciting pity; sorrowful. WORDS AND PHRASES: “sultry's

“plodded"scornful”

goal" : "tuft”

"seldom”

PIPING DOWN THE VALLEYS WILD

WILLIAM BLAKE

William Blake (1757-1827) was an English poet and artist. He was born in London. His “Piping Down the Valleys Wild” was written as an introduction to his “Songs of Innocence.".

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PIPING down the valleys wild,

Piping songs of pleasant glee,
On a cloud I saw a child,

And he laughing said to me:

“Pipe a song about a lamb:”

So I piped with merry cheer. “Piper, pipe that song again :"

So I piped; he wept to hear.

: 3
"Drop thy pipe, thy happy pipe,

Sing thy songs of happy cheer:”
So I sang the same again,

While he wept with joy to hear.

"Piper, sit thee down and write

In a book that all may read~"
So he vanish'd from my sight;

And I pluck'd a hollow reed,

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And I made a rural pen,

And I stain'd the water clear,
And I wrote my happy songs

Every child may joy to hear.

HELPS TO STUDY

Notes and Questions

What does the poet say he was Mention something which may

doing when he saw the child have grown there and with What did the child ask him to which the piper could have do?

stained the water. Why did the child want him to Did the incidents told in this write his songs in a book?

poem really happen or did the What did the poet use for a pen? | poet imagine he saw the child? Where was the poet when he saw Read the lines which tell his purthe child

pose in writing this and other Why did he stain the water?

songs.

a-gain' (a-gěn')

Words and Phrases for Study PRONUNCIATION: läugh'-ing

ru'-ral (roo’-răl) VOCABULARY:

cheer-mirth; joy.

ru'-ral-of the country or belonging to the country. WORDS AND PHRASES: “rural pen"

"vanish 'd' . “wept with joy.

"hollow reed" "Piper''

pleasant glee"

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