The Health of Prisoners: Historical Essays
In eighteenth-century Britain, gaols were places of temporary confinement, where inmates stayed while awaiting punishment. With the rise of the 'penitentiary' from the early nineteenth century, custodial institutions housed prisoners for much longer periods of time. Prisoners were supposed to be reformed as well as punished during their incarceration. From at least the time of John Howard (1726 - 1790), the health of prisoners has been part of the concern of philanthropists and others concerned with the wider functions of prisons. The Victorians established a Prison Medical Service, and members of the medical profession have long been involved in caring for the mental and physical needs of prisoners. For two centuries, prison overcrowding has been identified as a major cause of mortality and morbidity in prisons. Historical debates thus often have a modern ring to them, which make the essays in this volume particularly timely.
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Medical Treatment and Prisoners Health in Stafford Gaol
The Health of Prisoners and the Two Faces of Benthamism
Development of the Prison Medical Service 17741895
Elizabeth Fry and MidNineteenth Century Reform
The Prison Medical Service and the Deviant 18951948
Prison Doctors and Prison Suicide Research
Lost in Ambiguities
The Criminal Lunatic Asylum System Before and After
The Lessons of History
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Página 9 - There are prisons," he begins, "into which whoever looks will, at first sight of the people confined, be convinced that there is some great error in the management of them ; their sallow, meagre countenances declare, without words, that they are very miserable. Many who went in healthy, are in a few months changed to emaciated, dejected objects. Some are seen pining under diseases, 'sick and in prison...
Página 9 - Some are seen pining under diseases, "sick, and in prison" ; expiring on the floors, in loathsome cells, of pestilential fevers, and the confluent smallpox: victims, I must not say to the cruelty, but I will say to the inattention, of sheriffs, and, gentlemen in the commission of the peace.
Página 8 - ... and those who served them there often caught the fatal fever. At my first visit I found the keeper, his assistant, and all the prisoners but one sick of it, and heard that a few years before many prisoners had died of it, and the keeper and his wife in one night.