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SEC. 7. That the said bridge and accessory aids to navigation herein Free navigation. authorized and provided for shall be so kept and managed at all times as to afford proper means and ways for the passage of vessels, rafts, and other water craft under or through it both by day and night. There shall be displayed on said bridge from sunset to sunrise such lights and signals as may be directed by the Secretary of Lights, etc. War. And such changes may be made from time to time in the structure of said bridge as Congress may direct, at the expense of said railway, in order the more effectually to preserve the free navigation of said river; or the said structure shall be altogether removed if, in the judgment of Congress, the public good may require such removal, and without expense or charge to the United States.

SEC. 8. That the right to alter, amend, or repeal this act is hereby Amendment. expressly reserved.

SEC. 9. That this act shall take effect and be in force from and after Effect. its passage.

Sec. 1o. That this act shall he null and void if actual construction Commencement and of the bridge authorized by this act be not commenced within one completion. year and completed within two years from the date of this act. Approved, July 16, 1888.

Commencement and

July 16, 1888.

CHAP. 625.-An act to authorize the construction of a bridge over the Tennessee
River, between Bridgeport and Sheffield, Alabama.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Cincin- Cincinnati and Birnati and Birmingham Railroad Company, a corporation existing un- Company may bridge

mingham Railroad der the laws of the State of Tennessee, be, and is hereby, authorized to Tennessee River be

tween Bridgeport and construct, operate, and maintain a bridge over the Tennessee River, Sheffield, Ala. between Bridgeport and Sheffield, in the State of Alabama. Said bridge shall be constructed to provide for the passage of railway trains, and, at the option of the persons by whom it may be built, may be used for the passage of wagons and vehicles of all kinds, for Rahway, wagon, and the transit of animals, and for foot-passengers, for such reasonable rates of toll as may be approved from time to time by the Secretary of War; and in case of any litigation concerning any alleged obstruc- Litigation. tion to the free navigation of said river on account of said bridge, the cause may be tried before the circuit court of the United States in whose jurisdiction any portion of said obstruction or bridge is located.

Sec. 2. That any bridge constructed under this act and according to its limitations shall be a lawful structure, and shall be recognized Lawful structure

and post-route. and known as a post-route, upon which also no higher charge shall be made for the transmission over the same of the mails, the troops, and the munitions of war of the United States than the rate per mile paid for their transportation over the railroads or public highways leading to said bridge; and equal privileges in the use of said bridge shall be granted to all telegraph companies; and the United States shall have the right of way for postal-telegraph and telephone pur Postal telegraph. poses across said bridge.

Sec. 3. That said bridge shall be made under such specifications and Construction. plans as to the spans, draw-bridge, and so forth, as may be approved by the Secretary of War. SEC. 4. That all railroad companies desiring the use of said bridge Other companies

may use. shall have and be entitled to equal rights and privileges relative to the passage of railway trains over the same, and over the approaches thereto, upon payment of a reasonable compensation for such use; and in case the owner or owners of said bridge and the several railroad companies, or any of them desiring such use, shall fail to agree upon the sum or sums to be paid, and upon rules and conditions to Which each shall conform in using said bridge, all matters at issue

Secretary of War to between them shall be decided by the Secretary of War upon a heardecide terms.

ing of the allegations and proofs of the parties. Secretary of Wa:: to SEC. 5. That any bridge authorized to be constructed under this act approve plans, etc.

shall be built and located under and subject to such regulations for the security of navigation of said river as the Secretary of War shall prescribe; and to secure that object the said company or corporation shall submit to the Secretary of War, for his examination and approval, a design and drawings of the bridge, and a map of the location, giving, for the space of one mile above and one mile below the proposed location, the topography of the banks of the river, the shore-lines at high and low water, the direction and strength of the currents at all stages, and the soundings, accurately showing the bed of the stream, the location of any other bridge or bridges, and shall furnish such other information as may be required for a full and satisfactory understanding of the subject; and until the said plan and 1 cation of the bridge are approved by the Secretary of War the bridge shall not be built; and should any change be made in the plan of said bridge during the prog

ress of construction, such change shall be subject to the approval of Commencement and the Secretary of War; and if said bridge is not commenced within two completion.

years and completed within three years from the passage of this act, the

rights and privileges hereby granted shall be null and void. Amendment. SEC. 6. That the right to alter, amend, or repeal this act is here

by expressly reserved, and the right to require any changes in said structure, or its entire removal, at the expense of the owners thereof, whenever the Secretary of War shall decide that the public interest requires it, is also expressly reserved.

Approved, July 16, 1888.

July 16. 1888. . CHAP. 626.-An act to authorize the construction of a bridge over the Caney

Fork River, between Rock Island and Carthage, in Tennessee.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Cincinnati and Bir: United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Cincinmingham Railroad Company may bridge nati and Birmingham Railroad Company, a corporation existing Caney Fork River be under the laws of the State of Tennessee, be, and is hereby, authorized tween Rock Island and Carthage, Tenn. to construct, operate and maintain a bridge over the Caney Fork

River, between Rock Island and Carthage, in the State of Tennessee.
Said bridge shall be constructed to provide for the passage of railway

trains and, at the option of the persons by whom it may be built, may Railway, wagon, and be used for the passage of wagons and vehicles of all kinds, for the foot bridge,

transit of animals, and for foot-passengers, for such reasonable rates

of toll as may be approved from time to time by the Secretary of War; Litigation.

und in case of any litigation concerning any alleged obstruction to the free navigation of said river on account of said bridge, the cause may be tried before the circuit court of the United States in whose

jurisdiction any portion of said obstruction or bridge is located. Lawful structure SEC. 2. That any bridge constructed under this act, and according and post-route.

to its limitations shall be a lawful structure, and shall be recognized and known as a post-route, upon which also no higher charge shall be made for the transmission over the same of the mails, the troops, and the munitions of war of the United States than the rate per mile paid for their transportation over the railroads or public highways leading to said bridge; and equal privileges in the use of said bridge

shall be granted to all telegraph companies; and the United States Postal telegraph. shall have the right of way for postal telegraph and telephone pur

poses across said bridge.

SEC. 3. That said bridge shall be made under such specifications and plans as to the spans, draw-bridge, and so forth as may be ap

proved by the Secretary of War. Other companies SEC. 4. That all railroad companies desiring the use of said bridge may use.

shall have and be entitled to equal rights and privileges relative to

Construction.

the passage of railway trains over the same, and over the approaches thereto, upon payment of a reasonable compensation for such use; and in case the owner or owners of said bridge and the several railroad companies, or any of them desiring such use, shall fail to agree upon the sum or sums to be paid, and upon rules and conditions to which each shall conform in using said bridge, all matters at issue between them shall be decided by the Secretary of War upon a hearing of the Secretary of War to

to decide terms. allegations and proofs of the parties. SEC. 5. That any bridge authorized to be constructed under this Secretary of War to

approve plans, etc. act shall be built and located under and subject to such regulations for the security of navigation of said river as the Secretary of War shall prescribe; and to secure that object the said company or corporation shall submit to the Secretary of War, for his examination and approval, a design and drawings of the bridge, and a map of the location, giving, for the space of one mile above and one mile below the proposed location, the topography of the banks of the river, the shore-lines at high and low water, the direction and strength of the currents at all stages, and the soundings, accurately showing the bed of the stream, the location of any other bridge or bridges, and shall furnish such other information as may be required for a full and satisfactory understanding of the subject; and until the said plan and location of the bridge are approved by the Secretary of War the bridge shall not be built; and should any change be made in the plan of said bridge during the progress of construction, such change shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of War; and if said bridge is not commenced within two years, and completed Commencement and within four years from the passage of this act, the rights and privi

mini completion. leges hereby granted shall be null and void.

SEC. 6. That the right to alter, amend, or repeal this act is hereby Amendment. expressly reserved, and the right to require any changes in said structure or its entire removal, at the expense of the owners thereof, whenever the Secretary of War shall decide that the public interest requires it, is also expressly reserved.

Approved, July 16, 1888.

CHAP. 627.-An act to authorize the construction of a railroad, wagon, and foot- July 16, 1888. passenger bridge across the Mississippi River at or near Clinton, Iowa.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Clinton. Clinton and Illinois .and Illinois Bridge Company, a corporation organized and existing bridge Mississippi under the laws of the State of Iowa, its successors and assigns, be,

River at Clinton, Iowa, and they are hereby, authorized to construct and maintain, if in the opinion of the Secretary of War the same be a public necessity, a railroad, wagon, and foot-passenger bridge across the Mississippi River, at a place suitable to the interests of navigation, at a point at or near the city of Clinton, Iowa, and to lay on or over said bridge a track or tracks for the more perfect connection of any railroad or railroads that are or shall be constructed to said river, on either or both sides thereof, at or opposite said point, under the limitations and conditions hereinafter provided; that said bridge shall not interfere with the free navigation of said river, and in case of any litigation arising from any obstruction or alleged obstruction to the free free navigation, navigation of said river, the cause may be tried before the circuit court of the United States in and for any district in whose jurisdiction any portion of said bridge or obstruction may be. Said bridge shall be constructed to provide for the passage of railroad trains, and for the safe and convenient passage of wagons and vehicles of all Railway, wagon, and

foot bridge. kinds, animals, and foot-passengers, for such reasonable rates of toll" as may be fixed from time to time by the Secretary of War: Provided, Proviso. That the proviso regarding wagons, animals, foot-passengers, and so

Spans.

Draw.

Location. forth, shall not influence the location of said bridge in its relation to

the interests of navigation. Construction. SEC. 2. That any bridge built under the provisions of this act may,

at the option of the company building the same, be built as a pontoon Provisos.

draw-bridge or with upbroken and continuous spans: Provided, That if the said bridge shall be made with unbroken and continuous spans it shall have one or more channel spans, each having not less than three hundred and fifty feet clear channel-way, and not less than fiftyfive feet clear head-room above high-water mark, and the clear head.

room under other than channel spans may be less than fifty-five feet: Height, etc. Provided, That no part of the superstructure of such spans shall give

a less head-room than ten feet above high-water mark: And provided further, That the interests of navigation be not injured by such reduction in height, and the piers of said bridge shall be parallel with the current and the bridge itself at right angles thereto: And provided further, That if any bridge built under the provisions of this act shall. be constructed as a draw-bridge, and shall have two or more drawopenings, each having not less than two hundred feet clear channelway; and in addition to said draw-openings shall have one or more fixed channel spans, each having not less than three hundred and fifty feet clear channel-way; and every part of the superstructure shall have a clear head-room of not less than ten feet above highwater mark: Provided, That all spans of both high and low bridges shall be so located as to afford the greatest possible accommodation to the river traffic, and a draw-opening of low bridges shall, if prac

ticable, be located next or near shore: Provided, also, That in case Low bridge. of a low bridge, if the physical characteristics of the locality so re

quire and the interests of navigation be not injured thereby, the lengths of fixed spans or the number of draw-openings may be reduced: Provided, also, That for any two adjacent draw-openings of two hundred feet each, one draw-opening of three hundred feet may

be substituted if the interests of navigation be not injured thereby: Opening draw. And provided, also, That said draw shall be opened promptly upon

reasonable signal for the passage of boats, except when trains are passing over the draw; but in no case shall unnecessary delay occur

in opening the said draw during or after the passage of trains: And Limitations, etc. provided further, That if any bridge built under the provisions of

this act shall be constructed as a pontoon bridge, it shall be built sub

ject to all the terms, requirements, and limitations contained in the act Vol. 18, p. 62. entitled “An act to legalize and establish a pontoon railway bridge

across the Mississippi River at Prairie du Chien, and to authorize the construction of a similar bridge at or near Clinton, Iowa," approved

June sixth, eighteen hundred and seventy-four: And provided also, Pontoon draw.

Such bridge may be provided with a pontoon draw giving not less than four hundred feet clear channel-way for each navigable channel of the river, and such other openings for the passage of rafts and logs as, in the opinion of the Secretary of War, may be necessary: And Provided further, That the pile and pontoon bridge shall be subject to all restrictions as regards plans, location, and accessories provided for in case of high and low bridges so far as they are applicable to

such kind of bridge. Lawful structure

SEC. 3. That any bridge constructed under this act and according and post-route.

to its limitation shall be a lawful structure, and shall be known as a post-route, and the same is hereby declared to be a post-route, upon which also no higher charge shall be made for the transmission over the same of the mails, the troops, and the munitions of war of the United States, and for passengers or freight passing over said bridge, than the rate per mile paid for their transportation over the railroads and public highways leading to said bridge; and equal privileges in the use of said bridge shall be granted to all telegraph companies; and the United States shall have the right of way for postal-telegraph purposes across said bridge.

Postal telegraph.

may use.

Terms.

SEC. 4. That all railway companies desiring to use said bridge Other companies shall have and be entitled to equal rights and privileges in the passage of the same, and in the use of the machinery and fixtures thereof, and of all the approaches thereto, under and upon such terms and conditions as shall be prescribed by the Secretary of War, upon hearing the allegations and proofs of the parties, in case they shall not agree. SEC. 5. That the structure herein authorized shall be built and Secretary of War to

approve plais, etc. located under and subject to such regulations for the security of the navigation of said river as the Secretary of War shall prescribe; and to secure that object the said company or corporation shall submit to the Secretary of War, for his examination and approval, a design and drawing of the bridge and a map of the location, giving, for the space of one mile above and one mile below the proposed location, the topography of the banks of the river, the shore-líne at high and low water, the direction and strength of the current at all stages, and the soundings, accurately showing the bed of the stream, the location of any bridge or bridges, and shall furnish such other in formation as shall be required for a full and satisfactory understanding of the subject; and until the said plan and location of the bridge are decided by the Secretary of War to be such as will not materially affect the interests of navigation, the bridge shall not be commenced or built; and should any change be made in the plan of said bridge during the progress of construction, such change shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of War; and the said bridge shall be constructed with such aids to the passage of said bridge, in the form Aids to navigation. of booms, dikes, piers, or other suitable and proper structures for confining the flow of water to a permanent and easily navigated channel, for a distance of not less than one mile above the bridge location, and for the guiding of rafts, steam-boats, and other watercraft safely through the draw and raft spans, as the Secretary of War shall prescribe and order to be constructed and maintained at the expense of the company owning said bridge; and the said structure shall be at all times so kept and managed as to offer reasonable and proper means for the passage of vessels through or under said structure; and for the safety of vessels passing at night there shall be displayed on said bridge, from the hours of sunset to sunrise, such lights as may be prescribed by the Light-House Board; and the said structure shall be changed at the cost and expense of the owners thereof, from time to time, or entirely removed, as the Secretary of War may direct, so as to preserve the free and convenient navigation of said river; and the authority to erect and continue said bridge shall be subject to revocation and modification by law, when the public good, in the judgment of the Secretary of War, so requires, without any expense or charge to the United States. SEC. 6. That if actual construction of the bridge herein authorized Commencement and

completion. shall not be commenced within one year from the passage of this act, and be completed in three years from the same date, the rights and privileges hereby granted shall cease and be determined.

SEC. 7. That the right to alter, amend, or repeal this act is hereby Amendment. expressly reserved.

Approved, July 16, 1888.

Lights.

CHAP. 628.-An act to authorize the construction of a railroad, wagon, and foot- July 16, 1888. passenger bridge across the Mississippi River at or near Muscatine, Iowa.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Muscatine Muscatine Bridge Bridge Company, its successors and assigns, be, and they are hereby, Mis

Company may bridge

Mississippi River at authorized to construct and maintain a railroad, wagon, and foot- Muscatine, Iowa. passenger bridge across the Mississippi River at a place suitable to

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