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I. THE reformation contended for in these papers is a peaceable reform, begun and carried on by the constitution, and by the bishops, and clergy of every denomination. The absolute necessity of such a reformation is founded on the prophetic declarations of Daniel. The nature of the reformation necessary to our lasting preservation as a kingdom, is, that whatever militates against the genuine spirit of Christ's religion in the establishment should be removed; and that all orders of clerical characters should set themselves, with the utmost zeal and determination, first to reform themselves, and then to stop the torrent of iniquity, which threatens to involve the country in the most complete destruction. If the 18,000 clergymen in the establishment would exert themselves for the good of souls with equal zeal and fervour, the established church would not only be safer, but the divine protection would be more effectually engaged on our behalf.-Righteous nations never fall.(1) Unfortu

(1) Among other unfavourable signs of the times, the vast number of bankruptcies is none of the least. We average six or seven hundred every year, beside all the composition-business, which are still more numerous. But what I chiefly refer to, is, that, of all the instances of defraud, intentional or otherwise, practised upon the public, an instance of after payment is rarely recorded ; and whenever such an instance occurs, it is always spoken of with astonishment, as a thing that could not be expected.

If a man go upon the high road, or break into your house, and rob you of a few pounds, he is infamous; and if he can be caught, and ar. raigned, and the thing is proved, he atones for his offence at the expence of his life. But à man, in a way of trade, shall cheat you of hundreds and thousands, shall pay ten, five, or even only iwo shillings in the pound, and he is a good fellow, a man of hon.

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nately, abundance of our order of men are the greatest enemies to the country and vital religion. We promote the interest of Satan more effectually by our indolence, worldly-mindedness, lukewarmness, and misconduct, than all the wicked and immoral characters in the kingdom put together.-Eighteen thousand men, led on by six and twenty bishops, all filled with faith and the Holy Ghost, with an ardent love to Jesus Christ, and with a judicious, but warm and affectionate zeal for the salvation of souls, paid by the state, and sent out in'o every corner of the land to preach the everlasting gospel! What a glorious consideration! How should we make the ungodly and profane skulk into corners, and hide their impious heads! But, alas! how is the gold become dim! how is the most fine gold changed! for from the prophets of Jerusalem is profaneness gone forth into all the land. Dissenters are increasing, Methodists are multiplying, wickedness is spreading, our churches are emptying, infidelity is pervading all orders of society, and the daughter of Zion is like to be left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucum. bers, as a besieged city. We may look at the neighbouring nations, and learn, at their expense, what our own fate will assuredly ere long be. Who is blind? who is so ignorant? who is so selfish and secure? who is so unread in history? who is so unacquainted with the prophecies? as not to see, that the salvation of Europe is suspended on its wisdom, in


He begins again, keeps it up, cuts a dash; cracks again, and all is well. He never dreams, that, upon every principle of justice, honour, and conscience, he is as much a debtor for all his deficiencies as though the law had never acquitted him. What an accumulation of guilt is upon this land on these accounts ! Of the many thousands in this country, who fall short in their pay. ments, how few, how extremely few do we meet with, or hear of, who afterwards, like Reyner, call their creditors together, and pay them, what, indeed, is justly due, but what they never could demand !

correcting what is amiss in its morals, and unevangelical in its ecclesiastical constitutions!

It should seem, however, notwithstanding the growing immorality of the age, and the other alarming symptoms of our nation, that the Governor among the armies of heaven, and the inhabitants upon earth, hath still a favour to England. He is loath to give us up; hitherto assuredly the Lord hath helped us : he hath poured out a spirit of wrestling prayer upon large numbers of religious people. These are symptoms of the most propitious kind. But, with all these advantages, since God usually works by means; if we should share the fate of other nations, there will be no just reason to complain. The war was inevitable. It was ordained of God for the subversion of the seat of the beast.(2) Remember, that we live in a period when one of God's great and afflictive providential dispensations is coming upon the world; a dispensation predicted for some thousands of years; and every remaining popish, secular, and superstitious circumstance, which is calculated to offend the Majesty of Heaven, and to oppose the interests of Christ's kingdom,(3) should be removed, and nothing should

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(2) The Pope and Mohammed rose in or about the same year. The former is driven from his seat exactly at the end of 1260 years. And is it not a circumstance extremely remarkable, that the very same man, in the very same year, should invade the em. pire of the latter during a state of profound peace, seemingly without any reason? We know the Turk is to fall, and we have some cause to suppose the period of that catastrophe will be at no great distance from the subversion of the Pope's secular dominion. We shall be on the wrong side of the question, if we attempt to support either him or the remaining popish states, and shall suffer for our intermeddling,

(3.) What can be more inimical to the interests of the gospel of Christ in the world, than the damnable monopoly of church liv. ings, so extremely common among all the higherorders of the clergy in this country? A certain clerical character is at this time in possession of 700 pounds a year private fortune. He is a tippling immoral person, with little or no family besides his wife. One


be left undone to engage his continued favour and protection.

The Dissenters and Methodists are moving heaven and earth to promote the interests of religion in their several ways, and to oppose the torrent of vice and infidelity, which is overspreading these lands. An association has been formed among some of the clergy at Manchester, to preach a weekly lecture in each others churches ; which will be attended with good effect. This is a laudable effort, and shews a proper attention to the circumstances of the times, and should be followed in all populous towns. We ought every one to step out of the routine of our accustomed methods of doing good, and strive with peculiar energy to save our people's souls from death, and our country from ruin. An association of Protestant Dissenters, of different denominations, has also been formed at Bedford. About thirty ministers in that neighbourhood are already engaged to co-operate in spreading the knowledge of the gospel through all the towns and villages, in that vicinity, upon the most liberal plan. The same kind of associations pervade the whole of the three kingdoms. This is good news to all that wish well to the cause of religion, without regard to sects, parties, and opinions; and convinces us, that the gospel of Jesus wants nothing but fair play; and that human establishments, and great worldly emolu



living he has got, of 600 pounds a year, besides two rectories, one of 500, the other of 350 pounds a year. He has obtained a pre. bendary of considerable value in one of our cathedrals. Will any man undertake to say, that a clergyman of this description be. lieves the gospel of Christ? All such characters are infidels in dis. guise, they do an infinite deal of harm to the interests of religion in the world, and, in a well ordered state of things, would be de. graded from their pretended sacred office. Such men may cry out as loudly as they please against Thomas Paine and his deistical brethren--their craft is in danger!--but they themselves are much more to blame, and shall be condemned with ten-fold confusion. Paine is a saint, compared with such fellows.


ments, are not essentially necessary to its support and propagation. The Puritans were frowned upon by the government from the time of the reformation to the days of Charles I. and yet they increased to such a height as to overturn both church and state. The Dissenters have been frowned on again from the revolution to the present time, and yet they, and the Methodists, are much more upon the increase, (4) than we of the establishment, who are fostered by the government, attended by the nobles and gentry of the land, and supported by the state, at the expense of nearly two millions a year.

When shall it once be, that the great ones of the world will be capable of seeing, that oppression, of every kind and degree, for conscience sake, always produces an effect directly contrary to the wishes and intentions of the oppressor?

The villages in England alone, besides cities and market towns, are about 30,000. All these call upon us for every exertion to evangelize them, and to save the people's souls alive.--A branch from the Methodists is spreading itself far and wide, under the direction of Alexander Kilham. At present they have about seventeen circuits, twenty preachers, and upwards of 5000 persons in society, and are increasing

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(4) This brings to my mind an anecdote of George Whitefield, in the reign of George 11. When a certain bishop was complaining to the king of Whitefield's great and eccentric labours, and advising with him what steps were best to be taken to put a stop to his preaching, his majesty replied, “ My lord, I can see no other way but for us to make a bishop of him. This will stand a good chance of stopping his wild career.” If this is the recipe for curing a clergyman of an excess of public preaching, the following prescription, given by a valuable author about thirty years ago, would have no little effect in preventing the growth and increase of Methodism.-"Let the clergy live more holily, pray more fervently, preach more heavenly, and labour more diligently, than the Methodist ministers: then will Christians flock to the churches to hear us, as they now flock to the meetings to hear them."

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