Global Change and Mountain Regions: An Overview of Current Knowledge

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Uli M. Huber, Harald K.M. Bugmann, Mel A. Reasoner
Springer Science & Business Media, 2005 M10 7 - 650 páginas

Mountain regions occupy about a quarter of the global terrestrial land surface and provide goods and services to more than half the humanity. Global environmental change threatens the integrity of these systems and their ability to provide the goods and services upon which humanity has come to depend. This book gives an overview of the state of research in fields pertaining to the detection, understanding and prediction of global change impacts in mountain regions. More than 60 contributions from paleoclimatology, cryospheric research, hydrology, ecology, and development studies are compiled in this volume, each with an outlook on future research directions.

 

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Contenido

A dynamical perspective on high altitude paleoclimate proxy timeseries
11
Understanding the spatial heterogeneity of global environmental change in mountain regions
21
Ice cores from tropical mountain glaciers as archives of climate change
31
The contribution of cosmogenic nuclides to unraveling alpine paleoclimate histories
39
Holocene glacier fluctuations and winter precipitation variations in southern Norway
51
Glacier and climate variability in the mountains of the former Soviet Union during the last 1000 years
61
Examples from the Alpine Younger Dryas Period
73
Lake sediments and the future
83
The use of hydrological models for the simulation of climate change impacts on mountain hydrology
343
Effects of climate variability and change on mountain water resources in the Western US
355
ECOLOGICAL CHANGES
365
The green cover of mountains in a changing environment
367
Feedbacks to ecosystem function
377
GLORIA Global Observation Research Initiative in Alpine Environments its roots purpose and longterm perspectives
383
A global assessment of mountain biodiversity and its function
393
Climate change landuse vegetation dynamics and biodiversity conservation
401

Past climate changes and modern conflicts
93
The longterm development of mountain lakes
105
High mountain lakes and atmospherically transported pollutants
113
Trace metals flyash particles and persistent organic pollutants in European remote mountain lakes
123
Resilience adjustment and vulnerability
133
State of the art and future prospects
145
Biogeographical consequences of recent climate changes in the southern Andes of Argentina
157
CRYOSPHERIC CHARGES
167
Mountain glaciers in global climaterelated observing systems
169
Mountain glaciers are at risk of extinction
177
Unique global climate indicators and essential contributors to regional fresh water supply A conceptual approach
185
Indicators of global climate variability
197
Climatic forcing hydrologic impact and comparative rates over time
205
Climate change mountain permafrost degradation and geotechnical hazard
215
Glacier and permafrost hazards in high mountains
225
Impact of climatic changes on snow cover and snow hydrology in the French Alps
235
Modelling the response of mountain glacier discharge to climate warming
243
HYDROLOGICAL CHANGES
253
Orographic precipitation and climate change
255
Monitoring climate variability and change in the western United States
267
Spatial heterogeneity of snow conditions and evapotranspiration in the Swiss Alps
275
recent understanding and research challenges
283
Runoff generation processes on hillslopes and their susceptibility to Global Change
297
A case study from the Lohnersbach catchment Austrian Alps
309
Soil erosion and runoff generation related to land use changes in the Pyrenees
321
The role of riparian zones in steep mountain watersheds
331
Ecological effects of landuse changes in the European Alps
409
Climate interactions in montane meadow ecosystems
421
High elevation ecosystem responses to atmospheric deposition of Nitrogen in the Colorado Rocky Mountains USA
429
Mountain lakes as indicators of the cumulative impacts of ultraviolet radiation and other environmental stressors
437
Global perspective and a Western USA case study
449
Remote sensing detection of high elevation vegetation change
457
Monitoring networks for testing modelbased scenarios of climate change impact on mountain plant distribution
467
Projecting the impacts of climate change on mountain forests and landscapes
477
A case study
489
Coupling paleoecology with contemporary studies
501
HUMAN DIMENSIONS
509
The risks associated with climatic change in mountain regions
511
Forests in sustainable mountain development
521
critical processes for forest governance and sustainability in the mountain regions of Northern Thailand
531
State simplifications of landuse and biodiversity in the Uplands of Yunnan Eastern Himalayan Region
541
Mountain biodiversity land use dynamics and traditional ecological knowledge
551
Implications for biodiversity
563
Nature conservation value of European mountain farming systems
573
Economic globalisation and its repercussions for fragile mountains and communities in the Himalayas
583
Research partnerships for mitigating syndromes of global change in mountain regions
593
The Mount Kenya example
605
Challenges in mountain watershed management
617
Legal economic and compensation approaches for sustainable management of mountain watersheds
627
SYNTHESIS
637
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