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The ephod, and breastplate, made. [ And of the blue, and purple, rald, a sapphire, and a diamond. and scarlet, they made cloths of 12 And the third row, a ligure, service, to do service in the holy an agate, and an amethyst. place, and made the holy gar- 13 Ånd the fourth row, a beryl, ments for Aaron; as the LORD an onyx, and a jasper: they were commanded Moses.

inclosed in ouches of gold in 2 And he made the ephod of their inclosings. gold, blue, and purple, and scar- 14 And the stones were according let, and fine twined linen. to the names of the children of

3 And they did beat the gold into Israel, twelve, according to their thin plates, and cut it into wires, names, like the engravings of a to work it in the blue, and in the signet, every one with his name, purple, and in the scarlet, and in according to the twelve tribes. the fine linen, with cunning work. 15 And they made upon the

4 They made shoulderpieces for breastplate chains at the ends, it, to couple it together: by the of wreathen work of pure gold. two edges was it coupled together. 16 And they made two ouches

5 And the curious girdle of his of gold, and two gold rings; and ephod, that was upon it, was of put the two rings in the two the same, according to the work ends of the breastplate. thereof; of gold, blue, and pur- 17 And they put the two wreathple, and scarlet, and fine twined en chains of gold in the two rings linen; as the LORD commanded on the ends of the breastplate. Moses.

18 And the two ends of the 6 And they wroughtonyx stones two wreathen chains they fasinclosed in ouches of gold, graven, tened in the two ouches, and as signets are graven, with the put them on the shoulderpieces names of the children of Israel. of the ephod, before it.

7 And he put them on the shoul- 19 And they made two rings ders of the ephod, that they should of gold, and put them on the be stones for a memorial to the two ends of the breastplate, upchildren of Israel; as the LORD on the border of it, which was commanded Moses.

on the side of the ephod inward. 8 And he made the breastplate 20 And they made two other of cunning work, like the work of golden rings, and put them on the ephod; of gold, blue, and the two sides of the ephod unpurple, and scarlet, and fine derneath, toward the forepart twined linen.

of it, over against the other 9 It was foursquare; they made coupling thereof

, above the cuthe breastplate double: a span rious girdle of the ephod. was the length thereof, and a 21 And they did bind the breastspan the breadth thereof, being plate by his rings unto the rings doubled.

of the ephod with a lace of blue, 10 And they set in it four rows that it might be above the curious of stones: the first row was a girdle of the ephod, and that the sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: breastplate might not be loosed this was the first row.

from the ephod; as the Lord 11 And the second row, an enne- commanded Moses.


The happiness of working for God. The great quantity of work, and length of time, that it must have taken, to make the holy garments for Aaron, in addition to tbe tabernacle, and its furniture, and its court, must seem surprising to those who spend their whole day long, and almost every day of their lives, in labouring for the meat that perishes. And it may be thought strange that God should allow, much less command, so much pains to be spent upon clothes for the high priest, when we are well assured, that it is the heart and not the dress that He looks to, both in them that worship, and in them that minister. But let it be remembered, that during the period when this work was in hand, the Israelites were stationary in the wilderness; and that whilst there, they were fed by bread from heaven; so that they had little time to spend in obtaining their food. They were in this respect like the wealthy among ourselves, whose time is for the most part at their own disposal. And let it be considered, that in this employment they felt that they were obeying the command of God. And let it further be observed, that these holy garments were not only well suited, at that time, to engage the respect of the people, for the person of him who was to wear them ; but also were probably significant of that spiritual dress, the robe of righteousness, with which our great High Priest is clad Himself, and also clothes his faithful people. We shall then see that this work was not in vain; that it was not unworthy of the attention of God Himself; nor an unfit employment for his most devoted servants. And hence we may be led to think, how much better time might be now employed, by those who have leisure at command, in such work as helps to do God service, than in such as merely ministers to their own pleasure for the moment. Ought not every Christian to be a priest unto God? And are not many still unprovided with the holy garments? And ought not all who have any time to spare, to employ themselves in awakening the careless, in consoling the afflicted, in teaching the ignorant, in bringing up the young in the nurture and admonition of the Lord, or in such studies, pursuits, and labours, as help forward objects such as these ? Happy are they, who find means to give assistance in the work of the Lord. Oh how much happier than those, who are servants of mammon! Happy are they, who become instruments in the hands of God, for converting sinners from the error of their way. Oh how much happier than those, who waste their time in vanity, and have pleasure in such as follow their example !

God grant, that we may diligently use our time in such work as may best do Him service, and most largely promote the eternal happiness of our fellow creatures !

The holy garments completed. The work brought to Moses. 22 And he made the robe of the 33 And they brought the taberephod of woven work, all of blue. nacle unto Moses, the tent, and

23 And there was an hole in the all his furniture, his taches, his midst of the robe, as the hole of boards, his bars, and his pillars, an habergeon, with a band round and his sockets, about the hole, that it should 34 And the covering of rams’ not rend.

skins dyed red, and the cover24 And they made upon the ing of badgers' skins, and the vail hems of the robe pomegranates of the covering: of blue, and purple, and scarlet, 35 The ark of the testimony, and twined linen.

and the staves thereof, and the 25 And they made bells of pure mercy seat, gold, and put the bells between 36 The table, and all the vesthe pomegranates upon the hem sels thereof, and the shewbread, of the robe, round about between 37 The pure candlestick, with the pomegranates;

the lamps thereof, even with the 26 A bell and a pomegranate, lamps to be set in order, and all a bell and a pomegranate, round the vessels thereof, and the oil about the hem of the robe to · for light, minister in; as the Lord com- 38 And the golden altar, and manded Moses.

the anointing oil, and the sweet 27 And they made coats of fine incense, and the hanging for the linen of woven work for Aaron, tabernacle door, and for his sons,

39 The brasen altar, and his 28 And a mitre of fine linen, grate of brass, his staves, and all and gooilly bonnets of fine li- his vessels, the laver and his foot, nen, and linen breeches of fine 40 The hangings of the court, twined linen,

his pillars, and his sockets, and 29 And a girdle of fine twined the hanging for the court gate, linen, and blue, and purple, and his cords, and his pins, and all scarlet, of needlework; as the the vessels of the service of the LORD commanded Moses. tabernacle, for the tent of the

30 And they made the plate of congregation, the holy crown of pure gold, and 41 The cloths of service to do wrote upon it a writing, like to service in the holy place, and the the engravings of a signet, HO- holy garments for Aaron the LINESS TO THE LORD. priest, and his sons' garments,

31 And they tied unto it a lace to minister in the priest's office. of blue, to fasten it on high upon 42 According to all that the the mitre ; as the LORD com- Lord commanded Moses, so the manded Moses.

children of Israel made all the 32 Thus was all the work of work. the tabernacle of the tent of the 43 And Moses did look upon all congregation finished : and the the work, and, behold, they had children of Israel did according done it as the Lord had comto all that the Lord command- manded, even so had they done ed Moses, so did they.

it: and Moses blessed them.

LECTURE 181. The saints, and the church, the workmanship of God. 6. Thus was all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation finished.”. “ Thus,” by the gifts of many joined together, by many working together in one spirit, under the direction of one person, and that one directed by God. Thus was all the work finished. Not half done, and half left undone; as we are too apt to treat God's work. But all finished. Oh happy they who do all that God commands; that can say with our blessed Lord, “ I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do.". John 17. 4. “And the children of Israel did according to all that the Lord commanded Moses, so did they.” This is our way to finish the work of God; we must do according to all that God commands his servants the prophets; according to all that He has revealed to us in his holy word. Well, is it when for every thing which we do we are able to find authority in the Scripture, and can say with our Saviour in his reply to Satan, “ It is written.” Matt. 4. 4.

The several things which were thus made, and completed, are called in the Epistle to the Hebrews, “patterns of things in the heavens.” Heb. 9. 23. They represent heavenly things. They relate to another world; to the redemption of mankind by the blood of Christ; that blood, which shed on earth, made peace for us in heaven; to the covenant of grace; to the gift of the Holy Ghost; to the good things which God has prepared in heaven for all that love Him. This, as is also written in the Epistle to the Hebrews, is the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man;" Heb. 8. 2; the tabernacle of the church, which is the body of Christ; with all its privileges, and graces, and glorious ornaments. And this is a work in which we must look to God for success, feeling that He alone can give the increase. The foundation has been laid by Him, in Christ Jesus. Every believer is gathered in for the materials of the work. Every holy heavenly temper is an ornament. Most curious and precious workmanship of God, to make of one so vile as man a saint meet for heaven! to make of many prone to envy, emulation and strife, one holy catholic church! The curtains thereof are all of one size. The boards are of one height; the sockets of one weight. There is for all one standard, and all will be weighed by one balance. But, “ if thou, Lord, wilt be extreme to mark what is done amiss : () Lord, who may abide it"? Ps. 130. 3. No; such is thy abundant mercy that Thou dost justify the ungodly, by faith which is in Christ Jesus; and for his sake dost count us, amidst all our failings, to have done according to all thy commands; and wilt say to us, after all our transgressions, repented of, and forgiven, and blotted out from thy remembrance, '“Well done, thou good and faithful servant.” Matt. 25. 21.

God commandeth Moses to rear the tabernacle. 1 And the LORD spake unto ointing oil, and anoint the taberMoses, saying,

nacle, and all that is therein, and 2 On the first day of the first shalt hallow it, and all the vessels month shalt thou set up the ta- thereof : and it shall be holy. bernacle of the tent of the con- 10 And thou shalt anoint the gregation.

altar of the burnt offering, and 3 And thou shalt put therein all his vessels, and sanctify the the ark of the testimony, and altar : and it shall be an altar cover the ark with the vail. most holy.

4 And thou shalt bring in the 11 And thou shalt anoint the latable, and set in order the things ver, and his foot, and sanctify it. that are to be set in order upon 12 And thou shalt bring Aaron it; and thou shalt bring in the and his sons unto the door of the candlestick, and light the lamps tabernacle of the congregation, thereof.

and wash them with water. 5 And thou shalt set the altar 13 And thou shalt put upon of gold for the incense before Aaron the holy garments, and the ark of the testimony, and put anoint him, and sanctify him; the hanging of the door to the that he may minister unto me tabernacle.

in the priest's office. 6 And thou shalt set the altar 14 And thou shalt bring his sons, of the burnt offering before the and clothe them with coats : door of the tabernacle of the 15 And thou shalt anoint them, tent of the congregation. as thou didst anoint their father,

7 And thou shalt set the laver that they may minister unto me between the tent of the congre- in the priest's office: for their gation and the altar, and shalt anointing shall surely be an everput water therein.

lasting priesthood throughout 8 And thou shalt set up the their generations. court round about, and hang up 16 Thus did Moses : according the hanging at the court gate. to all that the LORD command9 And thou shalt take the an- ed him, so did he.


We must aim at perfect obedience. It is observable, that whilst the history of the creation of the world is told in a single page and chapter, many chapters and many pages are occupied with describing, over and over again, the workmanship and services of the tabernacle. Hence it appears, that it is the object of Scripture to instruct us in the works of grace, not in those of nature. And it is our privilege in these repeated accounts of God's worship, under the elder covenant, to be aided in understanding how we ought under the Gospel to worship Him in spirit and in truth. The Law is to us, as well as to the Jews, a schoolmaster to bring us to Christ. See Gal. 3. 24. Are we as nigh to Him at present as we ought to be ? Do we think of Christ as often, love Christ as much, as we might? If not, let us see what help we can derive in approaching to our Saviour, from the passage of the Law before us.

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