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The voluntary whole burnt offering.
i And the Lord called unto 10 And if his offering be of the Moses, and spake unto him out flocks, namely, of the sheep, or of the tabernacle of the congre- of the goats, for a burnt sacrigation, saying,
fice; he shall bring it a male 2 Speak unto the children of Is- without blemish. rael, and say unto them, If any 11 And he shall kill it on the side man of you bring an offering un- of the altar northward before the to the Lord, ye shall bring your LORD: and the priests, Aaron's offering of the cattle, even of the sons, shall sprinkle his blood herd, and of the flock.
round about upon the altar. 3 If his offering be a burnt sa- 12 And he shall cut it into his crifice of the herd, let him offer a pieces, with his head and his fat: male without blemish: he shall and the priest shall lay them in offer it of his own voluntary will order on the wood that is on the at the door of the tabernacle of the fire which is upon the altar : congregation before the Lord. 13 But he shall wash the in
4 And he shall put his hand up- wards and the legs with water : on the head of the burnt offer- and the priest shall bring it all, ing; and it shall be accepted for and burn it upon the altar: it is a him to make atonement for him. burnt sacrifice, an offering made
5 And he shall kill the bullock by fire, of a sweet savour unto before the Lord: and the priests, the Lord. Aaron's sons, shall bring the 14 And if the burnt sacrifice for blood, and sprinkle the blood his offering to the Lord be of round about upon the altar that fowls, then he shall bring his ofis by the door of the tabernacle fering of turtledoves, or of young of the congregation.
pigeons. 6 And he shall flay the burnt of- 15 And the priest shall bring it fering, and cut it into his pieces. unto the altar, and wring off his
7 And the sons of Aaron the head, and burn it on the altar ; priest shall put fire upon the al- and the blood thereof shall be tar, and lay the wood in order wrungout at the side of the altar:
16 And he shall pluck away his 8 And the priests, Aaron's sons, crop with his feathers, and cast it shall lay the parts, the head, and beside the altar on the east part, the fat, in order upon the wood by the place of the ashes : that is on the fire which is upon 17 And he shall cleave it with the altar:
the wings thereof, but shall not 9 But his inwards and his legs divide it asunder: and the priest shall he wash in water: and the shall burn it upon the altar, uppriest shall burn all on the altar, on the wood that is upon the fire: to be a burnt sacrifice, an offer- it is a burnt sacrifice, an offering ing made by fire, of a sweet sa- made by fire, of a sweet savour vour unto the Lord.
unto the LORD.
upon the fire:
We must approach God by a Mediator. We read at the end of the book of Exodus, that when the tabernacle was set up,
« Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.” Exod. 40. 35. out of that glory that “ the Lord called unto Moses,” and gave the directions here set down, relating to the burnt sacrifices which any Israelite was to offer, “ of his own voluntary will.” These were in addition to the daily morning and evening sacrifices, see Exod. 29. 38, 39, and in addition to those offered at the great festivals, see ch. 23, by the high priest, or by the priests, in behalf of all the congregation of Israel. They were the free will offerings, made from time to time by individuals, by way of expressing their own reverence, and godly fear, their own love and devotion towards God, their own earnest desire for the atonement of their sins. And they may well remind those amongst Christians, whose religion extends no further than attendance on divine service in the church, that there is a service due to God from every one of us singly and separately; that each has private devotions to perform, besides joining in those that are public; and that unless each his own self worships God in spirit and in truth, unless each loves God heartily, and serves God diligently, his worship is little better than none at all.
In these burnt offerings presented by individuals, the priests hail to perform the chief part of the service, whether the offering were a bullock, or sheep or goats, or turtle doves or young pigeons, according to the means, or willingness of the worshipper. It was only by the hands of the priests that either the fire or the sacrifice might be laid upon the altar; it was only by their ministering that there went up from the burnt offering, in each instance, a sweet savour unto the Lord.” Let us think of this when we present our bodies, as St. Paul has exhorted us, a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is our reasonable service; see Rom. 12. 1; let us offer them through the mediation of our Lord Jesus Christ; who being both Priest and Sacrifice, gave “himself for us an offering, and a sacrifice to God, for a sweet smelling savour.” Eph. 5. 2. Then shall we be “ accepted in the Beloved;" Eph. 1.6; and notwithstanding our many remaining infirmities, we shall be counted “ without blemish” for his sake.
Heavenly Father, accept the willing offering of ourselves, our souls, and bodies, all unworthy as we are, for the worthiness of thy Son our Saviour, Jesus Christ ! Look upon Him, who made atonement once for all, in our behalf, by the blood of his cross ; and look upon us as now justified through Him!
The meat offering of flour with oil and incense.
1 And when any will offer a the meat offering a memorial meat offering unto the Lord, his thereof, and shall burn it upon offering shall be of fine flour; the altar: it is an offering made and he shall pour oil upon it, and by fire, of a sweet savour unto put frankincense thereon : the LORD.
2 And he shall bring it to Aa- 10 And that which is left of the ron's sons the priests: and he meat offering shall be Aaron's and shall take thereout his handful his sons': it is a thing most holy of the flour thereof, and of the of the offerings of the Lord made oil thereof, with all the frankin- by fire. cense thereof; and the priest i No meat offering, which ye shall burn the memorial of it shall bring unto the Lord, shall upon the altar, to be an offering be made with leaven: for ye shall made by fire, of a sweet savour burn no leaven, nor any honey, unto the Lord:
in any offering of the Lord made 3 And the remnant of the meat by fire. offering shall be Aaron's and his 12 As for the oblation of the sons': it is a thing most holy of first fruits, ye shall offer them the offerings of the Lord made unto the LORD: but they shall
not be burnt on the altar for a 4 And if thou bring an oblation sweet savour. of a meat offering baken in the 13 And every oblation of thy oven, it shall be unleavened cakes meat offering shalt thou season of fine flour mingled with oil, or with salt; neither shalt thou sufunleavened wafers anointed with fer the salt of the covenant of thy oil.
God to be lacking from thy meat 5 And if thy oblation be a meat offering : with all thine offerings offering baken in a pan, it shall thou shalt offer salt. be of fine four unleavened, min- 14 And if thou offer a meat ofgled with oil.
fering of thy firstfruits unto the 6 Thou shalt part it in pieces, LORD, thou shalt offer for the
oil thereon: it is a meat meat offering of thy firstfruits offering:
green ears of corn dried by the 7 And if thy oblation be a meat fire, even corn beaten out of full offering baken in the fryingpan, it ears. shall be made of fine flour with 15 And thou shalt put oil upon oil.
it, and lay frankincense thereon: 8 And thou shalt bring the it is a meat offering. meat offering that is made of 16 And the priest shall burn the these things unto the Lord: and memorial of it, part of the beaten when it is presented unto the corn thereof, and part of the oil priest, he shall bring it unto the thereof, with all the frankincense altar.
thereof: it is an offering made by 9 And the priest shall take from fire unto the Lord.
That which is spent for God's glory is in no case wasted. The meat offering, or food offering, consisted of fine flour, with oil poured on it, and frankincense put thereon; and in every case it was seasoned with salt. This was brought to the priests, whose office it was to burn a handful of the meal and oil, with all the frankincense, as a memorial upon the altar; the remainder being allotted for a part of the priests' maintenance. This was the order with all kinds of meat offering, or food offering, in whatever manner the flour were dressed, or baked, unless it were an “oblation of the first fruits ;" a part only was to be burnt, and the rest was to supply food for the priests. In this respect these offerings were very different from those mentioned in the first chapter, which were altogether consumed by fire, excepting only the skin ; see ch. 7.8; whereas these supplied meat or food for the priests. For did God ordain, that they who served at the altar should live by the altar. See 1 Cor. 9. 13. And so did He bring it to pass, that the food thus offered was both presented in devotion to Him, and yet for the most part turned to good account for the support of his servants the priests.
But what shall we then think of the whole burnt offerings? Were all these animals consumed to no purpose? Shall we presume to say of them as the disciples said of the ointment poured out upon our Saviour's head, “ To what purpose is this waste?” Matt. 26. 8. Far from it. The very thought is founded on a gross mistake, as to our right to God's creatures, for our own enjoyment; a right, which we are apt to deem our own exclusively; hence concluding, that whatever serves not for some use to us is wasted. As if God did not give us every meal we take! As if we owe not to his bounty all we have continually! This was a lesson which these offerings were well fitted to impress upon the Israelites. Let them now serve to remind us of the same heavenly truth. “ The earth is the Lord's, and all that therein is.” Ps. 24. i. Whatsoever things we here enjoy we receive of his free gift. We sit as guests at a plenteous meal, at a richly furnished feast; and God is the Giver of it all. If He condescend to partake of it Himself, if He take the place of the master of the feast, so much the more are we bound to praise his goodness, and thank Him for his grace. It is in this engaging character that God appeared, when receiving on his altar a portion of the good things which He had prepared for man. In this character He still manifests Himself, when out of that which He has given us, He vouchsafes to take a part as alms to the poor, or as maintenance to the preachers of the Gospel. Truly that is used the best of all, which is either spent or given for God's glory. And that which is enjoyed without regard to Him who gave it, truly this the most of all is wasted. he take away.
The peace offering. 1 And if his oblation be a sacri- crifice of the peace offering an fice of peace offering, if he offer offering made by fire unto the it of the herd; whether it be a LORD; the fat thereof, and the male or female, he shall offer it whole rump, it shall he take off without blemish before the LORD. hard by the backbone; and the fat
2 And he shall lay his hand up- that covereth the inwards, and all on the head of his offering, and the fat that is upon the inwards, kill it at the door of the taber- 10 And the two kidneys, and the nacle of the congregation: and fat that is upon them, which is by Aaron's sons the priests shall the flanks, and the caul above the sprinkle the blood upon the altar liver, with the kidneys, it shall round about.
3 And he shall offer of the sacri- 11 And the priest shall burn it fice of the peace offering an of- upon the altar: it is the food of fering made by fire unto the the offering made by fire unto LORD: the fat that covereth the the LORD. inwards, and all the fat that is 12 And if his offering be a goat, upon the inwards,
then he shall offer it before the 4 And the two kidneys, and the Lord. fat that is on them, which is by 13 And he shall lay his hand the flanks, and the caul above upon the head of it, and kill it the liver, with the kidneys, it before the tabernacle of the conshall he take away.
gregation: and the sons of Aa5 And Aaron's sons shall burnit ron shallsprinkle the blood thereon the altar upon the burnt sacri- of upon the altar round about. fice, which is upon the wood that 14 And he shall offer thereof his is on the fire: it is an offering offering, even an offering made by made by fire, of a sweet savour fire unto the LORD; the fat that unto the Lord.
covereth the inwards, and all the 6 And if his offering for a sacri- fat that is upon the inwards, , fice of peace offering unto the 15 And the two kidneys, and the LORD be of the flock; male or fat that is upon them, which is by female, he shall offer it without the flanks, and the caul above the blemish.
liver, with the kidneys, it shall 7 If he offer a lamb for his of- he take away. fering, then shall he offer it be- 16 And the priest shall burn fore the LORD.
them upon the altar: it is the 8 And he shall lay his hand up- food of the offering made by fire on the head of his offering, and for a sweet savour: all the fat is kill it before the tabernacle of the the Lord's. congregation: and Aaron's sons 17 It shall be a perpetual statute shall sprinkle the blood thereof for your generations throughout round about upon the altar. all your dwellings, that ye eat 9 And he shall offer of the sa- neither fat nor blood.