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The symptoms of leprosy further set forth. 18 The flesh also, in which, no lower than the other skin, but even in the skin thereof, was a be somewhat dark; then the boil, and is healed,
priest shall shut him up seven 19 And in the place of the boil days: there be a white rising, or a 27 And the priest shall look bright spot, white, and some- upon him the seventh day: and what reddish, and it be shewed if it be spread much abroad in to the priest ;
the skin, then the priest shall 20 And if, when the priest pronounce him unclean: it is seeth it, behold, it be in sight the plague of leprosy. lower than the skin, and the 28 And if the bright spot stay hair thereof be turned white; in his place, and spread not in the priest shall pronounce him the skin, but it be somewhat unclean: it is a plague of le- dark; it is a rising of the burnprosy.
broken out of the boil. ing, and the priest shall pro21 But if the priest look on it, nounce him clean : for it is an and, behold, there be no white inflammation of the burning. hairs therein, and if it be not 29 If a man or a woman have lower than the skin, but be some- a plague upon the head or the what dark; then the priest shall beard; shut him up seven days: 30 Then the priest shall see
22 And if it spread much abroad the plague: and, behold, if it be in the skin, then the priest shall in sight deeper than the skin; pronounce him unclean: it is a and there be in it a yellow thin plague.
hair; then the priest shall pro23 But if the bright spot stay nounce him unclean: it is a dry in his place, and spread not, it scall, even a leprosy upon the is a burning boil; and the priest head or beard. shall pronounce him clean. 31 And if the priest look on
24 Or if there be any flesh, in the plague of the scall, and, bethe skin whereof there is a hot hold, it be not in sight deeper burning, and the quick flesh that than the skin, and that there is burneth have a white bright spot, no black hair in it; then the somewhat reddish, or white; priest shall shut up him that
25 Then the priest shall look hath the plague of the scall upon it: and, behold, if the seven days: hair in the bright spot be turned 32 And in the seventh day the white, and it be in sight deeper priest shall look on the plague: than the skin ; it is a leprosy and, behold, if the scall spread broken out of the burning : not, and there be in it no yellow wherefore the priest shall pro- hair, and the scall be not in sight nounce him unclean: it is the deeper than the skin ; plague of leprosy:
33 He shall be shaven, but the 26 But if the priest look on it, scall shall he not shave; and the and, behold, there be no white priest shall shut up him that huth hair in the bright spot, and it be the scall seven days more:
34 And in the seventh day the 36 Then the priest shall look priest shall look on the scall : on him: and, behold, if the scall and, behold, if the scall be not be spread in the skin, the priest spread in the skin, nor be in shall not seek for yellow hair ; sight deeper than the skin; then he is unclean. the priest shall pronounce him 37 But if the scall be in his sight clean: and he shall wash his at a stay, and that there is black clothes, and be clean.
hair grown up therein; the scall 35 But if the scall spread much is healed, he is clean : and the in the skin after his cleansing; priest shall pronounce him clean.
LECTURE 205. That the sins of the redeemed are no more found. The minute description of the symptoms of leprosy, in this chapter, may serve to give some notion of the nature of the disease; how distressing it must have been to the sufferer, how offensive to the beholder. Let us thank God that no such plague now prevails amongst ourselves. Let us consider, with humiliation before Him, how many other diseases there are, which we are not only liable but likely to suffer; how painful, how loathsome, how unlike what we should expect in the handiwork of Him, who is at once all wise, and all good; and how sure is the evidence they afford, that we are not now as we came out of the hands of our Creator. No; this is Satan's work. He it is who has marred that fair original creation, of which we seem to catch some transient glance, when youth and beauty, health and strength, • meet together for a while in some well proportioned form, which ere long must be the food of worms.
But if the symptoms of disease are here accurately set down, those of soundness are no less carefully noted. Complaints which at first sight seem like leprosy, must not be confounded with the real disorder; lest any of the people of Israel should be subjected to needless inconvenience. But the priest, when duly satisfied in the matter, must pronounce the suspected person clean. Something like to this we may observe in the office of Christian ministers, to declare and pronounce to God's people, being penitent, the absolution and remission of their sins. Much more may we here be profitably reminded of our High Priest eternal in the heavens, and of the time when, owing to his atonement, “the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found.” Jer. 50. 20. In vain shall the accuser of our brethren seek to mar the work of our new creation in Christ Jesus. We rely upon the word of Him who said, “I will; be thou clean.” Matt, 8. 3. confident of this very thing, that He which hath begun a good work in us, will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ. See Phil. 1. 6.
Things enjoined to a leper. The leprosy of garments. 38 If a man also or a woman or woof; of linen, or of woolhave in the skin of their flesh len ; whether in a skin, or in bright spots, even white bright any thing made of skin ; spots;
49 And if the plague be green39 Then the priest shall look : ish or reddish in the garment, and, behold, if the bright spots or in the skin, either in the in the skin of their flesh be dark- warp, or in the woof, or in any ish white; it is a freckled spot that thing of skin; it is a plague of groweth in the skin; he is clean. leprosy, and shall be shewed 40 And the man whose hair is unto the priest : fallen off his head, he is bald; 50 And the priest shall look yet is he clean.
upon the plague, and shut up it 41 And he that hath his hair that hath the plague seven days: fallen off from the part of his 51 And he shall look on the head toward his face, he is fore- plague on the seventh day: if head bald : yet is he clean. the
plague be spread in the gar42 And if there be in the bald ment, either in the warp, or in head, or bald forehead, a white the woof, or in a skin, or in any reddish sore; it is a leprosy work that is made of skin; the sprung up in his bald head, or plague is a fretting leprosy; it his bald forehead.
is unclean. 43 Then the priest shall look 52 He shall therefore burn upon it: and, behold, if the ris- that garment, whether warp or ing of the sore be white reddish woof, in woollen or in linen, or in his bald head, or in his bald any thing of skin, wherein the forehead, as the leprosy appear- plague is: foritisafretting leproeth in the skin of the flesh; sy; it shall be burnt in the fire..
44 He is a leprous man, he is 53 And if the priest shall look, unclean: the priest shall pro- and, behold, the plague be not nounce him utterly unclean ; spread in the garment, either his plague is in his head. in the warp, or in the woof, or
45 And the leper in whom the in any thing of skin; plague is, his clothes shall be 54 Then the priest shall comrent, and his head bare, and he mand that they wash the thing shall put a covering upon his wherein the plague is, and he upper lip, and shall cry, Un- shall shut it up seven days more: clean, unclean.
55 And the priest shall look on 46 All the days wherein the the plague, after that it is washed: plague shall be in him he shall and, behold, if the plague have be defiled; he is unclean : he not changed his colour, and the shall dwell alone; without the plague be not spread; it is uncamp shall his habitation be.
clean ; thou shalt burn it in the 47 The garment also that the fire ; it is fret inward, whether plague of leprosy is in, whether it be bare within or without. it be a woollen garment, or a 56 And if the priest look, and, linen garment;
behold, the plague be somewhat 48 Whether it be in the warp, dark after the washing of it;
then he shall rend it out of the thing of skin it be, which thou garment, or out of the skin, or out shalt wash, if the plague be deof the warp, or out of the woof: parted from them, then it shall
57 And if it appear still in the be washed the second time, and garment, either in the warp, or shall be clean. in the woof, or in any thing of 59 This is the law of the plague skin ; it is a spreading plaque : of leprosy in a garment of woolthou shalt burn that wherein len or linen, either in the warp, the plague is with fire.
or woof, or any thing of skins, 58 And the garment, either to pronounce it clean, or to prowarp, or woof, or whatsoever nounce it unclean.
LECTURE 206. That we must hate even the garment spotted by the flesh. Other cases are here set forth, in which the priest is to distinguish the clean from the unclean. And we see here also how much was at stake in this decision ; for the sentence to which the leper was subject, must have been a great aggravation of so distressing a disease. But this was no doubt needful for the security of those who were in health. And the hardship will seem the less, when we remember, that under the special dispensation of the Jews, sickness, which is always God's visitation, formed a part of the punishment of transgressors; whilst health, which is always God's gracious gift, formed a part of the reward of obedience. Oh how much more awful is the case of those, who whilst our Lord delayeth his coming, continue to enjoy at once the pleasures of sin and the blessings of health ; receiving in this life their good things, and in the next receiving to themselves the more sure condemnation! Oh may God give them grace to confess, whilst they have time, their own sinfulness; to say with Job, “ Behold, I am vile;" Job 14. 4; and to cry with the leper, “ Unclean, unclean !" Oh may God, for Christ's sake, make them whole !
But could garments also be diseased ? Could the priest be concerned in their uncleanness? The garments of the Israelites seem to have been liable to spots that spread like mildew, either by the warp, or woof, or both; arising in all probability from a diseased state of the substance whereof they were made, and resembling in appearance, and perhaps aggravating in reality, the leprosy of these who wore them. At all events these regulations of the law would both discourage the use of unfit materials for clothing, and serve to strengthen the vigilance of the Israelites against leprosy in themselves. And to us they may supply the key to an expression of St. Jude, who would have us carry our abhorrence of sin even to hating “ the garment spotted by the flesh.” Jude 23. May this lively image stir us up, to greater watchfulness against every thing approaching to iniquity! May it make us the more earnestly desirous to wash our robes, and to make them white, in tlíe blood of the Lamb ! See Rev. 7. 14.
The order of pronouncing one clean of his leprosy. 1 And the LORD spake unto shall take two he lambs without Moses, saying,
blemish, and one ewe lamb of 2 This shall be the law of the the first year without blemish, leper in the day of his cleans- and three tenth deals of fine ing : He shall be brought unto flour for a meat offering, minthe priest :
gled with oil, and one log of oil. 3 And the priest shall go
forth 11 And the priest that maketh out of the camp; and the priest him clean shall present the man shall look, and, behold, if the that is to be made clean, and plague of leprosy be healed in those things, before the LORD, the leper;
at the door of the tabernacle of 4 Then shall the priest com- the congregation : mand to take for him that is to 12 And the priest shall take be cleansed two birds alive and one he lamb, and offer him for clean, and cedar wood, and scar- a trespass offering, and the log Jet, and hyssop :
of oil, and wave them for a wave 5 And the priest shall com- offering before the LORD: mand that one of the birds be 13 And he shall slay the lamb in killed in an earthen vessel over the place where he shall kill the running water :
sin offering and the burnt offering, 6 As for the living bird, he in the holy place: for as the sin shall take it, and the cedar wood, offering is the priest's, so is the and the scarlet, and the hyssop, trespass offering : it is most holy: and shall dip them and the living 14 And the priest shall take bird in the blood of the bird that some of the blood of the treswas killed over the running water: pass offering, and the priest shall
7 And he shall sprinkle upon put it upon the tip of the right him that is to be cleansed from ear of him that is to be cleansed, the leprosy seven times, and and upon the thumb of his right shall pronounce him clean, and hand, and upon the great toe of shall let the living bird loose into his right foot: the open field.
15 And the priest shall take some 8 And he that is to be cleansed of the log of oil, and pour it into shall wash his clothes, and shave the palm of his own left hand : off all his hair, and wash himself 16 And the priest shall dip his in water, that he may be clean: right finger in the oil that is in and after that he shall come into his left hand, and shall sprinkle the camp, and shall tarry abroad of the oil with his finger seven out of his tent seven days. times before the LORD :
9 But it shall be on the seventh 17 And of the rest of the oil that day, that he shall shave all his is in his hand shall the priest hair off his head and his beard put upon the tip of the right and his eyebrows, even all his ear of him that is to be cleansed, hair he shall shave off: and he and upon the thumb of his right shall wash his clothes, also he band, and upon the great toe of shall wash his flesh in water, and his right foot, upon the blood of he shall be clean.
the trespass offering : 10 And on the eighth day he 18 And the remnant of the oil