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In view of the fact that the Bull Moose fattened largely on Harvester pastures, it is now about time to use the acid test on the Harvester Corporation. It is up to the Democratic Party to do its duty. It has been shown by the Government suit against the Harvester Co. at Chicago that 90 per cent of the reapers, binders, and mowers manufactured in the United States of America are owned or controlled by the Harvester Trust. This concern can dissolve and reorganize in 24 hours to conform to the decisions of the courts, the same as Standard Oil and other philanthropic institutions. Place harvesters and other machinery controlled by this corporation on the free list and England, Germany, as well as Canada, will flood the market here with first-class machinery. If such articles are placed on the free list I am in a position to inform your committee that three of the largest concerns in Germany stand ready to ship reapers, binders, mowers, and other agricultural tools delivered on any farm in the United States at the same prices charged by the Harvester Trust for American machinery delivered in Australia, Africa, and Europe to foreign farmers by the Harvester Trust, and which prices are 30 per cent less than charged the American farmers by this same trust.

Furthermore, in view of the fact that the so-called Steel Trust delivered iron and steel used in the construction of farm machinery to the so-called Harvester Trust at $3 a ton less than supplied independent factories, your committee should place plow parts, binder and reaper parts, and other repairs for farm machinery on the free list in order that the American farmer can secure some redress for the present exorbitant prices. Trusting that you will give this matter due consideration, I remain, Respectiully, yours,


Maritime Ex. Building, New York City. PARAGRAPH 477.

Plush, black, known commercially as hatters' plush, composed of silk or of silk and cotton, such as is used exclusively for making men's hats, ten

per centum ad valorem. PARAGRAPH 478.

Umbrellas, parasols, and sunshades covered with material other than paper or lace, fifty per centum ad valorem. Sticks for umbrellas, parasols, or sunshades, and walking canes, finished or unfinished, forty per centum ad valorem.



New York, N. Y., January 15, 1913. The COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS,

House of Representatives, Washington, D. C. Dear Sirs: In answer to your letter of the 11th instant I herewith inclose you a memorandum which I have gone over very carefully, which would protect us more than the present rate of duty, as in the last few years our manufacturing industry has been very much hurt on account of the low rate of duty, and if the duty was raised according to my memorandum I think we would have a fair competition against the European market.

In regard to umbrellas, you will notice from the imports that there is little or no competition in this branch against our American manufacturers, and we would advise to have the duty remain.

Any further information I will be more than pleased to give at any time to any representative who might call on us. Yours, very truly,

ARTHUR W. WARE & Co. (Inclosure.)

Per cent. Walking sticks, bent, finished, and ferruled...

50 Umbrella handles...

45 Electric light canes..

40 Umbrella canes.

40 Novelties of any kind.

40 Rough woods.

Free. Rough woods: Stained and not bent, cut in squares.

Free. Same in handles....


New York, January 30, 1913.


TI present duty is 50 per cent on umbrellas, parasols and sunshades covered with materials other than paper or lace. (See par. 478, Schedule N.)

The duty on silks and covers of various kinds average higher than 50 per cent. This is, obviously, unfair, as the present tariff certainly lavors the importation of the manufactured article by making this discrimination.

Example (parasols). ---Pongee silk pays a duty of 80 to 120 per cent; but parasols made of this pongee pay a duty of only 50 per cent.

Example (umbrellas). -Silks and silk and cotton mixed goods used in the manufacture of umbrellas pay a duty as high as 83 per cent. The umbrellas made of these materials pay a duty of only 50 per cent.

We ask you to keep this in mind when forming the new bill, and beg you to adjust these differences.



Waste, not specially provided for in this section, ten per centum ad valorem.



PITTSBURGH, Pa., January 15, 1919. Hon. Oscar A. UNDERWOOD,

House of Repersentatives, Washington, D. C. DEAR SIR: We beg to submit that “tinplate scrap unfit for remanufacturing" be placed upon the free list. It is now classed as waste not otherwise specified and pays 10 per cent duty.

Tinplate scrap is the waste made from tinplate in manufacturing cans, tinware utensils, and other articles. It is used exclusively by detinning plants for the purpose of recovering the component metals, viz., steel' scrap and tin. The quantity of this tinplate scrap manufactured in the United States is insufficient to supply the requirements and the capacity of the American detinning plants. A quantity of the material is imported each year from Canada and Mexico. In both these countries the American buyer encounters the competition of the European detinning plants, who are able to outbid the American manufacturer on account of the lower cost of chemicals and very much lower cost of labor in Europe and especially in Germany. As labor, owing to the great bulk of the material, forms a large part of the cost of converting it, the European detinner has very much the advantage of cost of manufacture.

The freight to Europe from Canadian points such as Montreal, Halifax, etc., and still more so from Mexican points, is less than the railroad freight which we have to pay from these points to the American factories—for instance to Pittsburgh.

The products of a detinning plant are steel scrap and pig tin or tin compounds. The present value of tinplate scrap in Canada is about $21 per ton and the duty assessed at 10 per cent is $2.10 per ton. Considering that the product of the detinning plant, viz, pig tin, is admitted free of duty and steel scrap at a very much lower rate than $2.10, it seems anomalous to tax the raw material while admitting the product free of duty or at a lower rate. We therefore earnestly request that tinplate scrap be placed where it properly belongs, viz, upon the free list. Yours very respectfully,



That there shall be levied, collected, and paid on the importation of all raw or unmanufactured articles, not enumerated or provided for in this section, a duty of ten per centum ad valorem, and on all articles manufactured, in whole cr in part, not provided for in this section, a duty of twenty per centum ad valorem.


That each and every imported article, not enumerated in this section, which is similar, either in material, quality, texture, or the use to which it may be applied, to any article enumerated in this section as chargeable with duty, shall pay the same rate of duty which is levied on the enumerated article which it most resembles in any of the particulars before mentioned; and if any nonenumerated article equally resembles two or more enumerated articles on which different rates of duty are chargeable there shall be levied on such nonenumerated article the same rate of duty as is chargeable on the article which it resembles paying the highest rate of duty; and on articles not enumerated, manufactured of two or more materials, the duty shall be assessed at the highest rate at which the same would be chargeable if composed wholly of the component material thereof of chief value; and the words "component material of chief value," wherever used in this section, shall be held to mean that component material which shall exceed in value any other single component material of the article; and the value of each component material shall be determined by the ascertained value of such material in its condition as found in the article. If two or more rates of duty shall be applicable to any imported article it shall pay duty at the highest of such rates. This concludes the hearings on Schedule N.

JE-VOL. 5.)

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