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be owned that the evidence is much stronger in favour of Mr. Hume's position than Mr. Burke's. In the first place, independent of testimony, it is perfectly consonant to the ferocious and bloodthirsty character so often exhibited by the Irish in their most enormous atrocities. Let us consider their conduct: when driven on by furious bigotry, they supported the contemptible priest-ridden James against the wise and glorious deliverer of Europe. Let us view their conduct in the late rebellion: the cruelties imputed to them in the former part of the 17th centúry are not greater than those which they are known to have perpetrated towards its close, and in our own days; they proceeded, at the instance of their priests, like wild beasts, purposely infuriated by their keepers, and let loose. So much for internal evidence in the character of the Irish. But the authorities received by Hume are those of annalists and historians near the time; Rushforth, Temple, Nalson, and Whitlocke. It is certain, however, that Mr. Burke did not regard Hume's memory with great affection,
however highly he must have admired his talents. * Perhaps the religious sentiments of Hume might have been one cause of Mr. Burke's disapprobation, as no one was more strongly in pressed with the necessity of religion to the well-being of society.t
Mr. Burke talked in very high terms of Dr. Adam Smith ; praised the clearness and depth of his understanding, his profound and extensive learning, and the vast accession that had accrued to British literature and philosophy from these exertions, and described his heart as being equally good with his head, and his manners as peculiarly pleasing. Mr. Smith, he said, told him, after they had conversed on subjects of political economy, that he was the only man, who, without communication, thought on these topics exactly as he did. It is not surprising that two such men should think in the same way, especially as both had read Aristotle's Politics.
* Some paltry antiquarian, 1 forget the man's name,'has Jately been nibbling at our illustrious historian, and raking into some old Saxon books with a view to prove that he is erroneous in the names of one or two monks. The Spectutor has a very fine paper on a fly which, viewing St. Paul's Cathedral, from its diminutive optics, might, he conceived, discover some roughness in the surface of a particular part, though so totally unable to comprehend the beauty and grandeur of the whole building.
+ It does not appear that Mr. Hume, notwithstanding his penetration, at his first acquaintance with Burke, discovered his extraordinary talents, as in a letter to Mr. Adam Smith, he speaks of him as a Mr. Burke, an Irish gentleman, who has written a very pretty book on the Sublime and Beautiful. The reader will remember a case somewhat parallel, not in the writer, but in the sabject, when Whitlocke speaks of one Milton,
They talked of Godwin's Political Justice. Mr. Burke said, he had looked at that book, but not read it. Hearing his opinion on gratitude, " I should,' said he,
spare him the commission of that vice by not conferring on him any benefit. Swaggering paradoxes,' he observed, when examined, sneak into pitiful logomachies.' travagant and absurd theories of Godwin he imputed to vanity, and a desire of appearing deep, when really shallow. *
It is not
* He on another occasion said of Godwin, Holcroft, and other gropers into the new philosophy, 'these fellows have. got a wrong twist in their heads, which, ten to one, gives them a wrong twist in their hearts.',
unlikely, that one ground for censuring Hume was, that he degraded his abilities by affecting paradoxes when so able to bring forward the profoundest wisdom without any affectation at all. In talking of reasoning, he said: • The majors make a pompous figure in the battle, but the victory of truth depends upon the little minor of circum
In speaking of Mr. Fox, Mr. Burke did justice to his head and heart; and his guest saw him softened into tenderness when mentioning their past friendship and the many amiable qualities of that extraordinary personage. “I confess,' said he, ' I did love Fox, as who, that knew him intimately, could not ? but as a lover I was jealous, especially during the last years of our intercourse, that he was more attached to another than to me. Whether that other person was really the subject of conversation or
not I could not learn ; if he was, it is probable that some things might have been advanced which the guest did not think proper to repeat.
Mr. Burke said he was so cruel'as to disapprove
mercy in Mr. Fox, when he forgave the meek lamb Horne Tooke. Не ought never, he said, to have pardoned his abuse of Lord Holland, even if he looked over his abuse of himself.
A son ought never to associate with the man that slandered his father.
He painted the atrocities of Roberspierre with wonderful force and brightness. After serious energy, he betook himself to irony, and concluded with saying : • Roberspierre, the meek lamb, groaned under the ferocious Louis XVI.
The discourse turning upon Dr. Johnson, he said he was greater in conversation than even in writing, and that Boswell's Life was the best record of his powers. This work,