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COMMONWEALTH OF GEORGIA.

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THE COUNTRY; THE PEOPLE;

THE PRODUCTIONS

PART I.-THE COUNTRY.

PREPARED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF

J. T. HENDERSON,

COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE.

ATLANTA, GEORGIA:
Jas. P. HARRISON & Co., STATE PRINTERS.

1885.

291 G35 PREFACE.

The organic law establishing the Department of Agriculture for the State of Georgia provided for the preparation of a Hand-Book of the State. That volume was issued by the Department in 1876, and was so eagerly sought for as to exhaust the edition in a short time, and it is now out of print.

This demand for a work descriptive of Georgia and her resources is still pressing, and to such an extent as to make the publication of a new edition of the former Hand-Book, or an enlarged exposition of the Commonwealth in a different form, a necessity.

The Commissioner of Agriculture has attempted in the present work to depict, by a series of maps, and, it is hoped, in an intelligible and acceptable way, the Geology, the Agriculture, the Temperature and Rainfall, the Water powers, the Forestry and the Minerals of the State, and has given a hypsometric map, showing the general elevation of the country. These maps have been regarded as most desirable illustrations of our State, and an earnest effort has been made to have them as accurate and full as possible.

It was deemed important in the scope and preparation of the present Hand-Book to give, with considerable detail, a description of the population, including, with its marked characteristics, an account of the public institutions of the State, State government, some of the laws of general application, the educational establishments, railroads, newspapers, etc. Information as regards these enumerated subjects, it would seem, would be acceptable to all who were not citizens of Georgia, and were interested in obtaining minute information in regard to her true standing among her sister commonwealths.

A cursory account is given in the present work of the fruit, grass, garden and field products of the State, with some examples of successful husbandry, proving the remunerative possibilities of our soil. While this enumeration and account does not pretend to

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be exhaustive by any means, it will nevertheless convince any one informed on such matters that in the wide range of valuable staples, Georgia takes rank with the most highly favored States in our Union. It is not assuming any advantage, not clearly established by the history or natural capabilities or resources of Georgia, to claim for her a position second to no commonwealth embraced in the limits of this vast republic. In general productiveness, in salubrity of climate, in the incomparable blessing of good water, in facilities of transportation, in educational advantages, in the moral tone of her people, and the almost unbroken good order of society, what State of our day and generation can justly claim a happier conditicn or a higher ciyilization ? For proof of all this, we refer the inquirer or the doubter to data furnished by the “Commonwealth of Georgia," as here presented.

ERRATA.

In the titles of maps of winter and annual rainfall following pages 38 and 64, for “isothyetal,” read isohyetal.

On page 53, in 14th line from bottom, strike out “next is that between—"
In Legend of Agricultural map, following page 96, for "cherity," read cherty.

On page 126, in two lines at bottom, and on page 127, in 3d, 17th line from top, for “ocre," read ocher.

In marginal note, on page 159, for “U. S. Engineer Corps,” read Civil Department of the U. S. Engineer Corps.

On page 285, in 18th line from top, for "have been,” read have not been.

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