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JULY 8, 1790. ]
i [H. OF R. apply with equal force in favor of Baltimore,
GENERAL POST-OFFICE. when the Government shall be removed to Phi- | The House proceeded to consider the amendladelphia. The law of the State of Pennsylva- ments proposed by the Senate to the bill to esnia, he said, is against Philadelphia being made tablish the Post Office and Post-Roads within the seat of Government. He contrasted the the United States. representation of New York and Philadelphia, The first amendment was to strike out the and remarked on the inequality and the ad- first and second sections, which specified and vantages which the latter enjoyed over the established the several roads, and to insert a former. He dreaded, he said, the consequences clause empowering the Postmaster-General, unof rejecting the proposition for continuing in der the direction of the President of the United New York two years, and urged the necessity States, to establish them. of cultivating harmony between the two States; ! A concurrence in this amendment was oppobut, the subject having been fully discussed, I sed by Messrs. BloODWORTH, White, STEELE, shall add no further observations.
LIVERMORE, HARTLEY, and GERRY. Mr. SHERMAN was in favor of the motion, It was said, that it was delegating the power and urged several reasons in support of it. of legislation to the Supreme Executive in one
Mr. Jackson said, he should vote for the bill of the most important points that could be menas it is, for if New York should be inserted tioned. The revenue also will centre in the only for six inonths, he believed the bill would hands of the Executive; and in process of time be rejected by the Senate. He said there were this revenue may be converted into an engine two points which required some consideration; destructive to the liberties of the United States; the one is respecting the objection on account for as it is a perpetual law, and as the time may, of adjournment; he thought no difficulty could and probably will, coine, when the Executive result from this, as he believed no President may be corrupt; as the revenue increases the would ever give his assent to a repeal of the officers of the Department will be increased, law: the other is respecting the exertions of the and we do not know to what extent the consecitizens of New York; on this point, Mr. J. quences may be carried. It is unconstitutionobserved, that every acknowledgment was due al, as that expressly reserves the power of esto the citizens; but the same difficulty would tablishing Post-Offices and Post-Roads to the always occur, and perhaps greater, let Con Legislature. It was further observed, it would gress move when they will.
be throwing a burden upon the President which Mr. LAWRENCE replied to Mr. JACKSON. He he cannot execute with any convenience to hiinsaid, that if the bill was sent up to the Senate, self, and from his situation, with satisfaction to with the amendment, and it should be rejected, the people. The representatives of the people, the bill will be sent back, and then the House who come from all parts of the United States, may say whether they will adhere or not. If must be supposed to have a .more competent they do not determine to adhere, the bill may knowledge of the proper places for establishing then be passed, so that the objection on this Post-Roads than the Postmaster-General. account appears to be void of any foundation. A concurrence was advocated by Mr. PART
Mr. VINING observed, that much is said RIDGE, and Mr. SEDGWICK: about ingratitude, but this seems to arise from It was said, that upon an accurate calculation the idea of going to Philadelphia; the other day it was found that the roads proposed by the bill when Baltimore was proposed, it was readily as it passed the House, are so numerous, that so agreed to, and nothing was said about ingrati- far from affording a revenue, they will prove a tude. What has Philadelphia done that the great burthen to the United States. The circharge of ingratitude must be reiterated against cumstances of the country are continually Congress whenever that city is mentioned. changing; the seats of Government in the seveWith respect to the buildings remaining a moral States are removed from their ancient situnument of their ingratitude, he begged leave ations to one hundred miles distance; to acto say, that so far from this, it would remain a commodate the people in such cases, old routes monument of the good sense, patriotism, and must be discontiuued and new roads opened, public spirit of the eity.
which will be a perpetual source of Legislation The question being taken on Mr. Burke's and unnecessary expense. This business was amendment, it was negatived-32 to 28. I left to the Postmaster-General by the late Con
Mr. Suith, of South Carolina, moved that gress, and very few complaints were heard; the these words, “at which place the ensuing ses- Postmaster-General, by his office, must be the sion of Congress shall be held," should be most competent judge, as the business will be a erased.
principal object of his attention, and actual surThis occasioned further debate; the constitu- veys of the roads will be made by his assistants tionality of passing a law on the subject of ad- in all parts of the United States; but if the rejournment was contested by those in opposition sponsibility of this officer is divided into sixtyto the bill. .
five parts, every one of which has its own parThe motion being negatived, and the bill be-ticular convenience in view, it must appear eving gone through with, the committee rose and ident that all responsibility is entirely dissipareported the same without any amendment. It ted. As to the unconstitutionality, it was said was ordered to lie on the table till to-morrow. I that the bill proposes no more in the present
instance than is provided for in the other Exe. | ton, Lawrence, Leonard, Livermore, Rensselaer, cutive Departments; the principles of conduct- | Partridge, Schureman, Sedgwick, Seney, Sherman, ing the business are established by the House; Smith, of Maryland, Smith, of South Carolina, Syl. the mode of carrying those principles into exe
vester, Sturges, Thatcher, Trumbull, Wadsworth. cution is left with the Executive, and this of ne
Nays.—Messrs. Ashe, Baldwin, Bloodworth, Brown, cessity is done in almost every case whatever.
Cadwalader, Carroll, Clymer, Coles, Contee, FitzsiThe House adjourned without coming to a vote.
mons, Gilman, Gale, Griffin, Hartley, Heister, Jack
son, Lee, Madison, Matthews, Moore, Muhlenberg, Friday, July 9.
Page, Parker, Scott, Sevier, Sumter, Sinnickson, INVALID PENSIONERS.
Steele, Stone, Tucker, Vining, White, Williamson, "The House agreed to the amendment of the Wynkoop:-34. Senate to the bill further to provide for the pay- | Mr. GERRY moved to strike out the words ment of the invalid pensioners of the United“ purchase or.” Yeas 26, nays 35. States.
Mr. GERRY moved to insert a clause which
should limit the commissioners, in the expense, GOVERNMENT OF SEAMEN, &c.
to the sum to be appropriated by the bill. Yeas A message from the Senate informed the 26. naus 33. House that they had passed the bill for the go- Mr. LAWRENCE moved to add these wordsvernment and regulation of seamen in the Mer-'s provided the buildings shall not exceed the chants' service, with amendments; also the bill anm of _
dollars." Yeas 26, nays 32. to regulate trade and intercourse with the Indi
| Mr. GERRY moved that the words “ three an tribes; and the bill to provide more effecty. I commissioners, or any two of them,” should be ally for the settlement of the accounts between struck out. This was negatived. the United States and the individual States; Mr. Tucker moved that the whole of the 5th to which they desire the concurrence of this section should be struck out House.
Yeas.--Messrs. Ames, Benson, Bloodworth, BouSEAT OF GOVERNMENT.
dinot, Burke, Floyd, Foster, Gerry, Grout, Hathorn, The House proceeded to consider the bill Huntington, Lawrence, Leonard, Livermore, Partsent from the Senate, for the establishing the ridge, Rensselaer, Schureman, Sedgwick, Seney, temporary and permanent seat of Government Sherman, Sylvester, Smith, of Maryland, Smith, of of the United States.
South Carolina, Şturges, Thatcher, Trumbull, TuckMr. Boudinot, after expressing his disappro- er, Wadsworth.-28. bation of the bill generally, moved that the Po
Nars.-Messrs. Ashe, Baldwin, Brown, Cadwalader, tomac should be struck out and the Delaware
Carroll, Clymer, Coles, Contee, Fitzsimons, Gale, Gilinserted, and called for the yeas and nays; after
man, Goodhue, Griffin, Hartley, Heister, Jackson, some debate this motion was negatived, as fol
Lee, Madison, Matthews, Moore, Muhlenberg, Page,
Parker, Scott, Sevier, Sinnickson, Steele, Stone, lows:
Sumter, Vining, White, Williamson, Wynkoop.-33. Yeas.-Messrs. Ames, Benson, Boudinot, Floyd, Foster, Gerry, Goodhue, Grout, Huntington, Ha.
Mr. BURKE moved to strike out the first thorn, Leonard, Lawrence, Livermore, Partridge, Monday in December next, and to insert the Rensselaer, Trumbull, Schureman, Sherman, Sylves. first Monday in May, 1792. ter, Sturges, Sedgwick, Wadsworth.-22.
The yeas and nays as above, except Mr. Nays. -Messrs. Ashe, Baldwin, Bloodworth, Brown, GOODHUE, who was not present. Burke, Cadwalader, Carroll, Clymer, Coles, Contee, Mr. SHERMAN moved that “ December" be Fitzsimons, Gilman, Heister, Hartley, Jackson, Gale, struck out before the word “next," and May Griffin, P. Muhlenberg, Madison, Matthews, Moore, inserted. Page, Parker, Lee, Steele, Scott, Sinnickson, Stone, | The yeas and nays the same as on Mr. TuckSevier, Seney, Smith, of Maryland, Smith, of Souther's motion for striking out the 5th section. Carolina, Sumter, Thatcher, Tucker, Vining, White, Mr. Smith, of South Carolina, moved that Williamson, Wynkoop.-39.
the words “at which place the next session of Mr. Ames moved to strike out Potomac and Congress shall be held," should be struck insert Germantown, as the permanent residence. He moved this amendment, he said, on account Yeas 22, nays 39.
of the unconstitutionality of the clause. Variation-Mr. Gilman, aye; Mr.TRUMBULL, Yeas.-Messrs. Ames, Benson, Boudinot, Burke, nay.
Floyd, Foster, Gerry, Grout, Hathorn, Huntington, . . Mr. Smith, of Maryland, moved to strike out
Lawrence, Leonard, Livermore, Partridge, RenssePotomac and insert between the Potomac and
| laer, Sedgwick, Seney, Sylvester, Sherman, Smith, Susquehanna. Yeas 25, nays 36.
of Maryland, Smith, of South Carolina, Sturges, That- Variation-Messrs. Smith, of Md., SMITH,
cher, Trumbull, Tucker, Wadsworth.-26. of S. C., TRUMBULL, and THATCHER, yea; Mr. Brown. Cadwalader. Carroll. Clymer, Coles, Con
Nays.-Messrs. Ashe, Baldwin, Bloodworth, SHERMAN, nay.
tee, Fitzsimons, Gale, Gilman, Griffin, Hartley, HeisMr. LAWRENCE moved to strike out Potomac
ter, Jackson, Lee, Madison, Matthews, Moore, Muhand insert Baltimore.
lenberg, Page, Parker, Scott, Sevier, Sinnickson, YEAs.---Messrs. Ames, Benson, Boudinot, Floyd, | Steele, Stone, Sumter, Vining, Williamson, White, Foster, Gerry, Goodhue, Grout, Hathorn, Hunting | Wynkoop.-33.
Mr. Smith, of Maryland, moved an amend-tween the Administration and the People in a ment by which the public officers should be re-Government like ours. They urged that the moved to the Potomac previous to the year 1800, Postmaster General is authorized by this clause provided the buildings should be prepared for to put in practice a management calculated to their reception before that time. Yeas 13, circulate the papers and publications of one prinpays 48.
ter, with abatement of postage, and to discour. It was moved that the bill be read the third age others under such uniform regulations as time on Monday next; this was negatived. The may think proper to establish.
To-morrow was then proposed; this was negatived.
INDIAN TRIBES. A motion was made to adjourn; which was al. An amendment of the Senate to the bill to so negatived.
regulate trade and intercourse with the Indian The bill was then read the third time; and on tribes, by which they propose that the fourth the question shall the bill pass, the yeas and section should be struck out, was taken into nays were as follows:
consideration. This section appropriates 10,000 Yeas.-Messrs. Ashe, Baldwin, Bloodworth, Brown, dollars, to be applied in purchasing necessaries Cadwalader, Carroll, Clymer, Coles, Contee, Fitz- and presents, under the directions of the Presimons, Gale, Griffin, Hartley, Heister, Jackson, Lee, sident of the United States, for the Indians. Madison, Matthews, Moore, Muhlenberg, Page, Par This amendment was disagreed to. ker, Scott, Sevier, Sinnickson, Steele, Stone, Sum
COLLECTION OF DUTIES. ter, Vining, White, Williamson, Wynkoop.--32.
Nays.--Messrs. Ames, Benson, Boudinot, Burke, The House resolved itself into a Committee Floyd, Foster, Gerry, Goodhue, Gilman, Grout, of the whole, on the bill to regulate the collecHathorn, Hantington, Lawrence, Leonard, Liver- tion of duties imposed on goods, wares, and more, Partridge, Rensselaer, Schureman, Sedgwick, merchandise, imported into the United States, Seney, Sherman, Sylvester, Smith, of Md., Smith, of and on the tonnage of ships and vessels, Mr. S, C., Sturges, Thatcher, Trumbull, Tucker, Wads- | BOUDINOT in the chair. Sundry amendments vorth.--29.
were made in this bill; which were ordered to
be reported to the House to-morrow.
A message from the Senate informed the The House took into consideration the amend - House, that they recede from their annendment ments proposed by the Senate to the following to the bill for the regulation and government of bills, víz: The bill to regulate trade and inter- seamen in the merchants' service, to which the course with the Indian tribes; the bill to pro House had disagreed; and that they adhere to vide for the regulation and government of sea- their amendment to the bill to regulate trade men in the merchants' service; and the bill to and intercourse with the Indian tribes. They establish the Post-office and post-roads in the also insist on their amendments to the PostUnited States. To some of the amendments office bill, and request a conference on the subthe House agreed, and disagreed to others, soject. that none of the bills were completed. The first amendment to the Post-office bill, by which
Tuesday, July 13. the Senate proposed that the establishment of UNIFORMITY OF CURRENCY." cross-roads should be left to the Postmaster
The Speaker laid before the House a report General, under direction of the President of .. the United States, was rejected; the discussion
from the Secretary of State, of a plan for esta
blishing uniformity in the currency, weights, of the other amendments took up the time till
and measures, of the United States, pursuant the adjournment.
to an order of the House of the 15th of January One of the amendments to the Post-office
last; which was ordered to lie on the table. bill proposed that the transmission of newspapers, through the medium of the Post-office,
DEBTS OF THE STATES. should be under such regulations as the Post Mr. Fitzsimons, from the Committee apmaster General shall establish; and with such pointed for the purpose, presented a bill makabatement of postage as may be necessary for ing further provision for the payment of the the easy conveyance of information to the citi debts of the United States, which was twice zens of the United States. Disagreed to. read and committed.
This amendment was opposed by Mr. Ger A committee consisting of Messrs. Gerry, RY and Mr. Burke, on this ground-that it STEELE, HARTLEY, VINING, and BURKE, was carried with it the plainest outlines of a system appointed, to confer with the Committee of the to establish a Court Press and Court Gazette. Senate on the disagreement of the two Houses To give this paper a currency and circulation in respect to the Post-office bill. through all parts of the Union, in total discour The Senate having insisted on their amendagement and exclusion, through the post-office, ment to the bill “ to regulate trade and interof every other paper, if the Administration course with the Indian tribes," it was moved thought proper to do so, in case of any of those that the House should recede from their discontests and jarrings which often happen be agreement.
This motion, after some debate, was nega- tinental establishment to obtain titles to certain tived—27 to 24.
lands lying northwest of the river Ohio, beA Committee, consisting of Messrs. Madi-tween the Little Miami and Sciota; which was SON, SEDGWICK, and MOORE, was appointed to twice read and committed. confer with the Senate on the subject of dis
FEES OF CONSULS. agreement.
Mr. Gerry, from the Committee appointed The House took into consideration the amend-1
for the purpose, presented an amendatory bill ments to the new collection bill; which, being
15 for establishing the fees and perquisites to be accepted, and other amendments agreed to, the
received by consuls and vice-consuls of the bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third
United States in foreign ports, and for other reading on Tuesday next.
purposes therein mentioned; which was twice The amendments proposed by the Senate to
read and committed. the bill providing for the settlement of accounts between the United States and individual
DEBTS OF THE UNITED STATES. States were next taken up.
The House resolved itself into a Committee The first amendment was to strike out the of the whole on the bill making further provitwo additional commissioners proposed by the sion for the payment of the debts of the United bill.
States, Mr. BOUDINOT in the chair. Mr. Foster proposed that the House should The bill being read, a inotion was made that concur with the Senate.
the committee should rise, in order to bring in This motion occasioned a debate, and was a new impost bill, that the new duties proposed finally rejected.
by the bill, in addition to the old, might be unit
ed, and made specific in one bill. This motion WEDNESDAY, July 14.
was supported by Mr. Smith, of South Caro
lina, and Mr. SEDGWICK; it was opposed by The House took up the amendment of the Messrs. Jackson, Madison, PAGE, and HARTSenate to the bill for settling the accounts be- TY tween the United States and individual States.
The motion was negatived. They disagreed to the amendments, and ap
The bill being gone through with, the commitpointed a Committee, consisting of Messrs. tee rose and reported the same to the House. SEDGWICK, WADSWORTH, BOUDINOT, Fitz-I without amendment. SIMONS, and Williamson, to confer with the
A variety of motions were made, and some of Senate.
them, after debate, withdrawn. A motion to Mr. Smith, of South Carolina, introduced a ladd a clause for repealing the section in the imbill making further provision for the support of light-houses in those States which have not yet | 1796, was debated till the adjournment, withceded them to Congress. The bill was twice
out coming to a decision. read, and ordered to be engrossed. The memorial of Lewis Pierre Lambert de
Friday, July 16. Neuville was taken up for consideration, and the petitioner had leave to withdraw his petition.
The House resumed the consideration of the THURSDAY, July 15.
bill making further provision for the payment
of the debts of the United States. The engrossed bill to amend the act for the establishment and support of light-houses, bea
Mr. FitzSIMONS proposed several additions, cons, buoys, and public piers, was read the
some of which were agreed to; among others, third time and passed.
A drawback on spirits distilled from molasses,
exported out of the United States, of three ADJOURNMENT.
cents per gallon; and The House proceeded to consider the report A clause to remit the duties which accrued of the Joint Committee of the two Houses, ap- lin the time that elapsed between the impost pointed to consider, and report their opinion, l law taking place, and the officers of the Unitwhen it will be convenient and proper that an ed States entering on their office, and to refund adjournment of the present session of Congress I those duties which were paid on account of the should take place; whereupon,
United States, under such circumstances, Resolved, That in the opinion of this House, the ! On motion of Mr. LAWRENCE, a clause was business now depending before the two Houses may added, laying a duty of - cents on foreign be finished by Tuesday, the twenty-seventh instant; cables, cordage, yarns, &c. and that it will be convenient and proper that an ad On motion on Mr. Brown, a duty of one cent journment of the present session of Congress should per pound was laid on bar and all other lead take place on that day.
imported. OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS OF THE REVO- On motion of Mr. WADSWORTH, an additionLUTION.
al duty of five per cent. was laid on all colored Mr. Brown, from the Committee appointed cotton goods of foreign inanufacture. for the purpose, presented a bill to enable the On motion of Mr. FITZSIMONS, a clause was officers and soldiers of the Virginia line of con- added, to repeal the section of the impost law
which limits its duration to the year 1796, and of the whole on the bill for the relief of disabled to continue that and the new impost till the sums soldiers and seamen, and of certain other perfor which the respective duties are laid, shall sons, lately in the service of the United States, be discharged; also, to empower the Legisla Mr. Seney in the chair. The committee made ture of the United States to establish other funds sundry amendments to the bill, which they reof equal value, in case the present should be ported. The House also made other amend found inconvenient or unproductive.
ments, and the bill was then ordered to lie on It was ordered that the bill be engrossed for the table. a third reading on Monday next.
OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS VIRGINIA LİNE.
The House then went into a committee on SATURDAY, July 17.
the bill to enable the officers and soldiers of the COLLECTION OF DUTIES.
Virginia line on Continental establishment, to The engrossed bill to regulate the collection of the river Ohio, Mr. SENEY in the chair.
obtain titles to certain lands lying north-west
The committee reported the bill without amendmerchandise imported into the United States,
States; ment, and it was ordered to be engrossed for a and on the tonnage of ships or vessels, was read
third reading. the third time and passed.
FEES OF CONSULS. Mr. WILLIAMSON presented a bill for the relief of disabled soldiers and seamen, and of The House then went into a committee on certain other persons, lately in the service of the bill for establishing the fees and perquisites the United States, and was twice read and com of Consuls and Vice Consuls, Mr. Seney in mitted.
the chair. After some discussion of this bill, the committee rose and obtained leave to sit
again. MONDAY, July 19.
A message from the Senate informed the PUBLIC DEBT.
House that they have passed the bill for estabThe engrossed bill further to provide for the lishing light-houses, beacons, and public piers. pay ment of the debts of the United States, was read the third time, and the blanks filled up.. The time for the commencement of the act
TUESDAY, July 20. was fixed at the first day of January next. I OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS VIRGINIA LINE.
Duty on imported cables, 150 cents for every. The engrossed bill to enable the officers and 112 lb., duty on tarred cordage, 150 cents for soldiers of the Virginia line, on Continenevery 112 lb.; duty on untarred cordage and tal establishment, to obtain titles to certain yarns, 180 cents for every 112 lb.; duty onlands lying north-west of the river Ohio, was twine and packthread, 400 cents for every read the third time and passed. 112 lb.
FEES OF CONSULS. The blanks being filled up, the question was,
The House again went into a committee on
The shall this bill pass?. On this, Mr. SEDGWICK called for the yeas and nays, Lof Consuls and Vice Consuls. Mr. BoudinOT
the bill for establishing the fees and perquisites which are as follows:
in the chair. Yeas.--Messrs. Ashe, Baldwin, Bloodworth,
On motion of Mr. Madison, a proviso was Brown, Barke, Cadwalader, Carroll, Clymer, Coles,
oll, Clymer, Coles, added, authorizing the President of the United Contee, Fitzsimons, Floyd, Gilman, Hartley, Heister, Huntington, Jackson, Livermore, Lawrence,
CIS States to appoint one or more Consuls on the Madison, Matthews, Moore, P. Muhlenberg, Page,
coast of Barbary, at a salary of nine thousand Parker, Rensselaer, Scott, Seney, Sevier, Sherman,
dollars per annum. . Sylvester, Sinnickson, Steele, Sturges, Sumter,
| The committee having finished the discussion Vining, White, Williamson, Wynkoop.--40. 1 of the bill, and agreed to sundry amendments,
Nars.--Messrs. Ames, Benson, Foster, Gale, Ger- / rose and reported the same. ry, Goodhue, Grout, Sedgwick, Smith, of Maryland, | The House further amended the bill, and it Smith, of South Carolina, Thatcher, Trumbull, was then ordered to be engrossed for a third Wadsworth. --15.
reading to-morrow. Mr. Madison, from the Committee of Conference on the bill to regulate trade and inter
WEDNESDAY, July 21. course with the Indian tribes, from which the
FEES OF CONSULS. Senate had agreed to strike out the fourth sec The engrossed bill for establishing the fees tion, and which amendment the House had dis- and perquisites to be received by Consuls and agreed to, reported on behalf of the committee Vice Consuls of the United States in foreign that the House should recede from their disa-parts, and for other purposes therein mentiongreement; it was moved that the House should ed, was read the third time and passed. accept this report, and recede; the question be- ! U. STATES AND INDIVIDUAL STATES. ing put, it passed in the affirmative.
| Mr. SedgwICK, from the Managers appointed DISABLED SEAMEN AND SOLDIERS.
on the part of this House to attend the conferThe House resolved itself into a Committee lence with the Senate, on the subject matter of the