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public faith stands now pledged. Allow me, more.
District of KENTUCKY, to wit: over, to hope that it will be a favorite policy with
In Convention, July 28th, 1790. you not merely to secure a payment of the debt Resolved. That it is expedient for, and the will of, funded, but as far and as fast as the growing re- the good people of the District of Kentucky, that sources of the country will permit, to exonerate it of the same be erected into an independent State, on the principle itself. The appropriation you have the terms and conditions specified in an act of the made of the Western lands explains your disposi. Virginia Assembly, passed the 18th day of December, tions on this subject, and I am persuaded the sooner 1789, entitled “ An act concerning the erection of that valuable fund can be made to contribute, along the District of Kentucky into an independent State.” with other means, to the actual reduction of the pub. Resolved, That we, the Representatives of the peolic debt, the more salutary will the measure be to ple of Kentucky, duly elected in pursuance of an act every public interest, as well as the more satisfactory of the Legislature of Virginia, passed the 18th day of to our constituents.
December, 1789, entitled “An act concerning the Gentlemen of the Senate
erection of the District of Kentucky into an inde
pendent State," and now met in Convention; having, and House of Representatives:
with full powers, maturely investigated the expediIn pursuing the various and weighty business of the ency of the proposed separation on the terms and present session, I indulge the fullest persuasion that conditions specified in the above recited act; do, by your consultations will be equally marked with wis- these presents, and in behalf of the people of Kendom, and animated by the love of your country. In tucky, accept the terms and conditions, and do de. whatever belongs to my duty, you shall have all the clare that, on the 1st day of June, 1792, the said Disco-operation which an undiminished zeal for its wel-trict of Kentucky shall become a State separate from, fare can inspire. It will be happy for us both, and and independent of, the Government of Virginia, our best reward, if, by a successful administration of and that the said articles become a solemn compact, our respective trusts, we can make the established binding on the said people. Government more and more instrumental in promot
" said people.
To the President, and the Honorable the Congress ing the good of our fellow-citizens, and more and more the object of their attachment and confidence.
of the United States of America. GEO. WASHINGTON.
| The memorial of the Representatives of the people
of Kentucky, in Convention assembled, pursuant UNITED STATES, December 8, 1790.
to an act of the Legislature of Virginia, passed the The President of the United States having 18th December, 1789, entitled "An act concernretired, and the two Houses being separated, ing the erection of the District of Kentucky into Messrs. ELLSWORTH, King, and IZARD, were an independent State," humbly showeth: appointed a committee to prepare and report the That the inhabitants of this country are warmly draft of an address to the President, in answer
devoted to the American Union, and as firmly attachto his speech to both Houses.
ed to the present happy establishment of the Federal
That, migrating from hence, they have, with great Ordered, That a letter be written to the hazard and difficulty, effected their present settleCommissioners of the city and county of Philaments. The hope of increasing numbers could alone delphia, acknowledging a proper sense of the have supported the early adventurers under those respect shown to the General Government, by
arduous exertions. They have the satisfaction to the offer made to Congress, of the use of so com
find that hope verified. At this day, the population
and strength of this country render it fully able, in inodious a building during its residence in the
the opinion of your memorialists, to form and supcity. A message from the House of Representatives
port an efficient domestic Government.
The inconveniences resulting from its local situainforined the Senate, that they have resolved
tion, as a part of Virginia, at first but little felt, have that two Chaplains of different denominations be
for some time been objects of their most serious atappointed to Congress for the present session, tention; which occasioned application to the Legisla. one by each Honse, who shall interchange ture of Virginia for redress. weekly.
Here your memorialists would acknowledge, with Whereupon, the Senate proceeded to consi- | peculiar pleasure, the benevolence of Virginia in per. der the resolution of the House of Representa-mitting them to remove the evils arising from that tives, of this day, for the appointment of two source, by assuming upon themselves a state of inde. Chaplains; and
pendence. Resolved, that they do concur therein, and that
This they have thought expedient to do, on the the Right Rev. Dr. William White be appointed on
terms and conditions stipulated in the above recited the part of the Senate.
| act; and fixed on the first day of June, 1792, as the
period when the said independence shall com. Ordered, That the Secretary communicate
mence. the concurrence of the Senate in this resolution It now remains with the President and the Conto the House of Representatives, together with gress of the United States to sanction these proceedtheir proceedings thereon.
ings, by an act of their honorable Legislature, prior A message from the President of the United to the first day of November, 1791, for the purpose States communicated sundry papers referred to of receiving into the Federal Union the people of in his speech to both Houses:
Kentucky, by the name of the State of Kentucky.
Answer to the President's Speech.
(Dec. 13, 1790.
Should this determination of your memorialists tressed our Northwestern frontiers, should have renmeet the approbation of the General Government, dered offensive measures necessary, we feel an entire they have to call a Convention, to form a Constitui confidence in the sufficiency of the motives which tion, subsequent to the act of Congress, and prior tu have produced them, and in the wisdom of the dispothe day fixed for the independence of this country. sitions which have been concerted, in pursuance of
When your memorialists reflect on the present the powers vested in you; and, whatever may have comprehensive system of Federal Government, and been the event, we shall cheerfully concur in the when they also recollect the determination of a for- provisions which the expedition, that has been unmer Congress on this subject, they are left without dertaken, may require on the part of the Legislature, a doubt that the object of their wishes will be accom- and in any other which the future peace and safety plished.
of our frontier settlements may call for. And your memorialists, as in duty bound, shall for the critical posture of the European Powers will ever pray.
engage a due portion of our attention, and we shall GEORGE MUTER, President. be ready to adopt any measures, which a prudent Attest, Thomas Todd, Clerk of the Con. circumspection may suggest, for the preservation of A letter from the Secretary of War was com
the blessings of peace. The navigation, and the municated to the Vice President, enclosing sun
fisheries, of the United States, are objects too interdry papers referred to in the President's speech
esting not to inspire a disposition to promote them, to both Houses of Congress, on the 8th instant,
by all the means which shall appear to us consistent which, being read, were ordered to lie for con
with their natural progress and permanent pros
Impressed with the importance of a free inter.
course with the Mediterranean, we shall not think FRIDAY, December 10.
any deliberations misemployed, wbich may conduce A letter from Monsieur Beniere, President of to the adoption of proper measures for removing the the Communalty of Paris, addressed to the Pre- impediments that obstruct it. sident and members of Congress of the United. The improvement of the judiciary system, and the States, with twenty-six copies of a Civic Eulo- other important objects to which you have pointed gy on Benjamin Franklin, pronounced the 21st our attention, will not fail to engage the consideraday of July, 1790, in the name of the Coinmon- tion they respectively merit. alty of Paris, by Monsieur L'Abbé Fauchet, was in the course of our deliberations, upon every sub. delivered to the Senate, by Mr. Lear, Secreta-1 ject, we shall rely upon that co-operation which an ry to the President of the United States. undiminished zeal, and incessant anxiety for the pubRead, and
lic welfare, on your part, so thoroughly ensure; and, Ordered, That the letter and copies of the
as it is our anxious desire, so it shali be our constant Eulogy be sent to the House of Representatives.
endeavor, to render the established Government A message from the House of Representatives
more and more instrumental in promoting the good informed the Senate, that they have, on their
of our fellow citizens, and more and more the object part, appointed the Rev. Dr. Blair one of the
of their attachment and confidence. Chaplains to the present Congress.
Ordered, That the Address to the President Mr. ELLSWORTH, from the committee an. of the United States, in answer to his Speech, pointed to prepare and report the draught of an be presented by the Vice President, attended Address to the President of the United States, by the Senate, and that the committee which reported accordingly; and, the report being reported the address wait on the President, and amended, was adopted, as followeth:
1.desire to be informed at what time and place he 7b the President of the United States of America. I will re
will receive the same. We receive, sir, with particular satisfaction, the
MONDAY, December 13. communications contained in your speech, which confirm to us the progressive state of the public cre. P
William S. Johnson, from Connecticut; and dit, and afford, at the same time, a new proof of the
Philip $CHUYLER, from New York, attended.
ri solidity of the foundation on which it rests; and we
Mr. ELLSWORTH, from the committee apcheerfully join in the acknowledgment which is due
pointed on the 10th, to wait on the President of to the probity and patriotism of the mercantile and
the United States, reported, marine part of our fellow-citizens, whose enlighten.
That it would be agreeable to the President ed attachment to the principles of good government
to receive the address of the Senate, in answer is not less conspicuous in this than it has been in
I to his speech to both Houses of Congress, on other important respects.
Monday next, at 12 o'clock: whereupon, In confidence that every constitutional preliminary | The Senate waited on the President of the has been observed, we assure you of our disposition United States at his own house, and the Vice to concur, in giving the requisite sanction, to the ad. President, in their name, communicated to him mission of Kentucky as a distinct member of the the address agreed to in the 10th instant; to Union; in doing which, we shall anticipate the happy which, the President of the United States was effects to be expected from the sentiments of attach- pleased to make the following reply: ment towards the Union, and its present Govern. I GENTLEMEN: These assurances of favorable attenment, which have been expressed by the patriotic tion to the subjects I have recommended, and of eninhabitants of that district.
tire confidence in my views, make the impression on While we regret that the continuance and increase me which I ought to feel. I thank you for them of the hostilities and depredations which have dis- / both, and shall continue to rely much for the success
of all our measures for the public good, on the aid proceeded to the second reading of the bill, they will receive from the wisdom and integrity of supplementary to the act, entitled “ An act your councils.
| making further provision for the payment of the GEO. WASHINGTON. I debts of the United States." The Senate returned to the Senate Chamber. Agreed, by unanimous consent, so far to disOn motion,
Jipense with the rule, as that this bill now pass Ordered, That the Secretary furnish the to the third reading. members of Senate, from such printers as they Resolved, that this bill do pass, that it be entitled may respectively direct, each, three newspa-“ An act supplementary to an act, entitled 'An act pers, to be left, from time to time during the making farther provision for the payment of the session, at their several places of abode. debts of the United States,” that it be engrossed
and carried to the House of Representatives for conTUESDAY, December 14.
currence therein. The following message was received from the
The Senate entered on Executive business. President of the United States:
The following message was read from the PreGentlemen of the Senate,
sident: and of the House of Representatives:
UNITED STATES, December 17, 1790. Having informed Congress of the expedition which | Gentlemen of the Senate: had been directed against certain Indians Northwest Since your last session, I have appointed Robert of the Ohio, I embrace the earliest opportunity of Morris, Judge of the District of New Jersey, in place laying before you the official communications which of David Brearly, deceased; and John Heth, of Vir. have been received upon that subject.
ginia, an Ensign in the troops of the United States, GEO, WASHINGTON
in place of Richard Archer, who has declined his ap. UNITED STATES, December 14, 1790.
pointment. The message, and communications reterred f'As these appointments expire with your present to, being read, were ordered to lie for consider session, I nominate Robert Morris to be Judge of the
District of New Jersey, in place of David Brearly, On motion,
deceased; and John Heth, of Virginia, to be an EnOrdered, That Messrs. SCHUYLER, MONROE,
sign in the troops of the United States, in place of and JOHNSON, be a committee to considerand re
Richard Archer, who has declined his appointment. port on the papers referred to in the President's
I likewise nominate John Sitgreaves to be Judge speech, relative to the district of Kentucky.
of the District of North Carolina, in place of John Stokes, deceased; William Hill, to be Attorney for
the United States in the District of North Carolina, WEDNESDAY, December 15.
in place of John Sitgreaves, if his nomination as Judge JOSEPH STANTON, junior, from Rhode Island, meets your concurrence; Zachariah Rowland, to be attended.
Surveyor of the port of Richmond, in the State of Ordered, That Messrs. LANGDON, MORRIS, Virginia, in place of Corbin Braxton, who has resignKING, STRONG, and ELLSWORTH, be a commit- ed his appointment; and Jeremiah Nicols, to be Coltee to consider that part of the President's lector of the port of Chester, in the State of Maryspeech which relates to the commerce of the land, in place of John Scott, deceased. Mediterranean.
Ordered, That the message lie for consideraThursday, December 16.
tion. Ordered, That Messrs. SCHUYLER, HawKINS, and ELLSWORTH, be a committee to pre
Monday, December 20. pare and bring in a bill supplementary to the A message was received from the House of act, entitled An act making further provision Representatives, which informed the Senate, for the payment of the debts of the United that they have passed a bill, entitled “ An act to States.”
continue an act, entitled 'An act declaring the Mr. SCHUYLER, from the above-mentioned | assent of Congress to certain acts of the States committee, reported a bill, which was read the l of Maryland, Georgia, and Rhode Island and first time.
| Providence Plantations;'" in which they desire Ordered, That this bill pass to the second the concurrence of the Senate. reading.
Ordered, That this bill be read the first Ordired, That Messrs. ELLSWORTH, Haw-l time. KINS, and ScHUYLER, be a committee to take Ordered. That this bill pass to the second into consideration and report on that part of the reading. President's speech which relates to the appoint
The memorial and remonstrance of the public ment of Consuls.
creditors who are citizens of the Commonwealth
of Pennsylvania, praying for a revision of “An FRIDAY, December 17.
act making provision for the debt of the United THEODORE FOSTER, from Rhode Island, at States," was, by Mr. MORRIS, presented and tended.
read. Agreeably to the order of the day, the Senate Ordered, That this memorial lie on the table. SENATE.]
Report on Public Debt.
(Dec. 21, 1790.
The Senate, on Executive business, confirmed thirteen shillings on the pound - $54,494 99 the nominations to office received yesterday. In certificates purchased at twelve shil
lings and ten pence on the pound. 1,500 00
In said certificates, purchased at twelve
shillings and six-pence on the pound 87,434 95 The Senate proceeded in the second reading In funded six per cent. stuck on the of the bill, to continue an act, entitled "An act books of the Treasury, purchased at declaring the assent of Congress to certain acts fourteen shillings on the pound . 60,688 54 of the States of Maryland, Georgia, and Rhode In funded three per cent. stock on the Island and Providence Plantations."
books of the Treasury, purchased at Ordered, That this bill be committed to seven shillings and two pence two Messrs. HAWKINS, LANGDON, and Read.
farthings on the pound · · 10,484 14 The Vice President, from the Commissioners
In deferred six per cent. stock on the appointed by the law passed the last session books of the Treasury, purchased at of Congress" making provision for the reduc
six shillings on the pound - .. 13,262 49 tion of the public debt," communicated the fol
In indents of interest issued by direc. lowing report:
tion of the late Board of Treasury,
purchased at seven shillings and four PHILADELPHIA, December 21st, 1790. pence on the pound . . . 299 00 The Vice President of the United States and Pre. In said indents of interest, purchased sident of the Senate, the Chief Justice, the Secretary at seven shillings and two pence on of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the At. I the pound - - - - - 19,988 12 torney General, respectfully report to the Congress In warrants drawn on the Treasury for of the United States of America,
said indents, purchased at seven shilpursuant to the act making provision for the 1 lings and four pence on the pound 800 30 reduction of the public debt, they, on the 26th day In said warrants, purchased at seven of August last, convened at the city of New York. shillings and two pence on the pound 3,462 16 and entered upon the execution of the trust thereby | In arrearages of interest on certificates, reposed in them.
calculated to the first day of January, That, in conformity to a resolution agreed upon
1788, for which payment was made, by them on the 27th, and approved of by the Presi- |
as for indents, at seven shillings and dent of the United States on the 28th of the said | two pence on the pound
455 23 month, they have caused purchases of the said debt to be made, through the agency of Samuel Meredith,
Amounting to . .' . $252,869 92 Treasurer of the United States, which, on the 6th On the certificates of registered debt day of December instant, amounted to two hundred before mentioned, amounting in the and seventy-eight thousand six hundred and eighty. whole to $143,429 94, interest was seven dollars and thirty cents, and for which there due from January 1st, 1788, in addi. have been paid one hundred and fifty thousand two tion to the sums before stated, which hundred and thirty-nine dollars and twenty-four cents interest, calculated to the 1st day of in specie; as will more particularly appear by a re January, 1791, would amount to - 25,817 38 turn of the said Samuel Meredith, confirmed by an | The amount of the domestic debt ex. authenticated copy of his account, settled at the tinguished by the purchases of the Treasury of the United States, which are herewith said Agent, including interest there. submitted, and prayed to be received as part of this on to January 1st, 1791, is therefore 278,687 30 report, and in which are specified the places where, the times when, the prices at which, and the persons of whom, the said purchases have been made.
For which purchases, the said Agent
has paid in specie, at the rates be.
fore mentioned, agreeably to a par
ticular statement of his accounts TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
herewith transmitted, the sum of . 150,239 24 Auditor's Office, Dec. 20, 1790. Leaving a balance in his hands in speI have examined and adjusted an account between cie, for which he is to be debited in the United States and Samuel Meredith, Esq. Agent . a future settlement of his accounts, to the Trustees named in the act of Congress, passed the sum of · · · · · 49,760 76 on the 12th day of August, 1790, for reducing the domestic debt; for purchases of said debt made be
$200,000 00 fore the 7th day of December, 1790, and find that the said Samuel Meredith, Esq. is debited in the The statement on which this report is founded, books of the Treasury for this sum advanced to him and the indents and warrants for indents before menon account of said agency. - - $ 200,000 00 tioned, are herewith transmitted for the decision of
the Comptroller of the Treasury thereon. I also find that the following purchases
OLIVER WOLCOTT, Jun. Auditor. have been made by said Agent:
Ordered, That this Report lie for considera-, In certificates of registered debt, is
tion. sued by the Register of the Treasury,
. A message from the House of Representaexclusive of interest since the first
tives informed the Senate, that they have passed day of January, 1788, purchased at
I the bill sent from the Senate, entitled An act
Dec. 28, 1790.7
supplementary to an act, entitled -66 An act the last session of Congress, and that the petition of making further provision for the payment of the Thomas M‘Kean and others, styling themselves a debts of the United States."
committee of the public creditors of the CommonA motion being made that it be “resolved, wealth of Pennsylvania, cannot be granted. as the opinion of the Senate, that any deviation On motion, from the principles of the system contained in Ordered, That Messrs. STRONG, MORRIS, the act making provision for the debt of the SchuylER, BUTLER, and ELLSWORTH, be a comUnited States," would be dangerous and inex-mittee to take into consideration the Report of pedient, it was agreed that the consideration the Secretary of the Treasury upon the plan of thereof be postponed till Thursday next. a National Bank, and to prepare a bill upon
that subject. WEDNESDAY, December 22.
The Senate entered on Executive business, Ordered, That Mr. Foster be of the Joint
| The following message was received from the Committee on the part of the Senate, with such
President: as the House of Representatives may appoint
UNITED STATEs, December 23, 1790. on their part, to examine Enrolled Bills. Gentlemen of the Senate:
Ordered, That the Secretary desire the con- I nominate Woodbury Langdon, of the State of currence of the House of Representatives in the New Hampshire, to be one of the Commissioners for appointment of a Joint Committee, for Enrolled settling the accounts between the United States and Bills, on their part.
individual States, in place of John Taylor Gilman, A message from the House of Representatives who has resigned his appointment; and informed the Senate, that they have agreed to William Gardner, to be Commissioner of Loans in the appointment of a Joint Committee on their the State of New Hampshire, in place of Nathaniel, part, for Enrolled Bills.
Gilman, who has declined his appointment.
GEO. WASHINGTON. THURSDAY, December 23,
Ordered, That this message lie for considerA message was received from the House of ation. Representatives, informing the Senate, that
they had received a Report from the Secretary
Friday, December 24. of State, respecting coins, weights, and measures, and also a Report from the Secretary of
A message was received from the House of
Representatives, informing the Senate, that the Treasury, containing a plan for a National
they had received the following message from Bank; and to bring the said Reports to the Sel
the President of the United States, which was pate. Ordered, That these communications from
read, as follows: the House of Representatives lie for considera- | Gentlemen of the Senate, tion.
and House of Representatives: Agreeably to the order of the day, the Senate It appearing, by the Report of the Secretary of the proceeded to consider the motion made on the Government Northwest of the Ohio, that there are 21st instant, that it be
certain cases respecting grants of land within that Resolved. As the opinion of the Senate, that any Lature of the United States, I have directed a copy of
territory which require the interference of the Legis. deviation from the principles of the system contained in the act making provision for the debt of the United
said Report, and the papers therein referred to, to
be laid before you; together with a copy of the ReStates, would be dangerous and inexpedient..
port of the Secretary of State upon the same sub. On motion to postpone this resolution, and ject. substitute the following:
GEO. WASHINGTON. Resolved, That it would be inexpedient to alter the UNITED STATES, December 23, 1790. system for funding the public debt established during The papers referred to in the above recited the last session of Congress, and that the petition of message were read; and, .
Thomas M'Kean and others, styling themselves a com- Ordered, That the message, and papers acmittee of the public creditors of the Commonwealth
companying it, lie for consideration." of Pennsylvania, cannot be.granted:
The Senate, on Executive business, confirmIt passed in the affirmative.
ed the nominations which were yesterday laid And, on the main question, the yeas and nays before them. being required by one-fifth of the Senators present, and were:
Monday, December 27. Yeas.—Messrs. Bassett, Butler, Dalton, Dickin. No business of importance came before the son, Ellsworth, Elmer, Few, Foster, Hawkins, John- Senate to-day, son, Johnston, Izard, King, Langdon, Maclay, Read, Schuyler, Stanton, Strong, and Wingate.---20.
Tuesday, December 28. NAY.--Mr. Morris.--1.
Ordered, That Messrs. Izard, Monroe, So it was
MORRIS, LANGDON, and SCHUYLER, be a comResolved, That it would be inexpedient to alter the mittee to take into consideration the Report of system for funding the public debt established during the Secretary of State, on the uniformity of