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This serious attack upon our home business has occurred at a time when our own business was badly crippled from the effects of the general business depression. Some of the American mills ran only onethird of the time during the first six months of the year, and the average output of the American mills was not over 50 per cent of their normal productive capacity.
The Swedish and Scandinavian mills have advantages not possessed by the American mills. Their cheap labor, as shown above, is naturally their chief advantage. But they also have the advantage of low construction costs for their buildings and machinery. They have large and cheap water powers, and low transportation costs, owing to abundant inland waterways. Their ocean freights are also exceedingly low, as freight is often taken at practically ballast rates. Their wood is also said to be lower in price than the spruce wood largely used by the American mills.
In view, therefore, of the magnitude of this industry, and the advantages possessed by our foreign competitors, we confidently look to your committee not to penalize an industry struggling against unequal odds and fighting to maintain the American home market against the onslaughts of foreign competition, and earnestly request the retention of the present rate of duty on unbleached sulphite.
I thank you for your courtesy and regret that the illness of an American manufacturer, much better equipped than I to give information to your committee, necessitated the hurried and imperfect preparation of this statement.
(The exhibits referred to by Mr. Steele are as follows:)
(Norwegian division of the Scandinavian Cellulose Company.) EXHIBIT A.-Wages I, fourth quarter 1907, sulphite factories.
(NOTE.-- In the present table time for meals and rest is in all cases included in the term "shift.")
Ai General remark: For over- Al Mechanics receive for the
first 10 hours 50% addi-
Ci General remark: No addi-
and up to 100% for each hol- holiday work in the fac-
vats and conduits, etc. Ei General remark: Overtime
25%, holidays 50%.
first 2 hours, 50% for all
close of ordinary overtime
EXHIBIT A.-Wages I, fourth quarter 1907, sulphite factories--Continued.
Ai For Sunday work, 2 kroner
additional for those who
are on the 8-hour shift.
Alt On duty every third Sun
regular holiday work
in the factory. Cii In part Sunday work.
Al 4.80 (chip
Ai For Sundays, 2 kroner addi- Ali On duty every third Sun
tional for those who are on day.
Ci See under stokers.
Cii See under stokers.
Ali On duty every other Sun-
Coal wheelers (on
B 3.00. Ci 2.96. Eli 3.50. Ell 3.60 (beaters).
Ai 3.75.. Ali 3.25. Ei 3.75.
Ci 1st boiler 5.00...
Avl Free lodg- Al For Sundays 2 kroner addiing
See under wood cleaners.
Al On duty every other
.... AHI 6.53.
Al For Sundays 2 kroner addi- ci See under stokers.
Cii See under stokers.
Cii Unloaders and loaders 32
kroner per week, no
fixed division into
shifts. About 10 peri-
ods of work per week.
division: 1 foreman
ordinary work time on the
Ci 3.00 ('ii 3.00.
Al 5.26 and 4.80