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This serious attack upon our home business has occurred at a time when our own business was badly crippled from the effects of the general business depression. Some of the American mills ran only onethird of the time during the first six months of the year, and the average output of the American mills was not over 50 per cent of their normal productive capacity.

The Swedish and Scandinavian mills have advantages not possessed by the American mills. Their cheap labor, as shown above, is naturally their chief advantage. But they also have the advantage of low construction costs for their buildings and machinery. They have large and cheap water powers, and low transportation costs, owing to abundant inland waterways. Their ocean freights are also exceedingly low, as freight is often taken at practically ballast rates. Their wood is also said to be lower in price than the spruce wood largely used by the American mills.

In view, therefore, of the magnitude of this industry, and the advantages possessed by our foreign competitors, we confidently look to your committee not to penalize an industry struggling against unequal odds and fighting to maintain the American home market against the onslaughts of foreign competition, and earnestly request the retention of the present rate of duty on unbleached sulphite.

I thank you for your courtesy and regret that the illness of an American manufacturer, much better equipped than I to give information to your committee, necessitated the hurried and imperfect preparation of this statement.

(The exhibits referred to by Mr. Steele are as follows:)

(Norwegian division of the Scandinavian Cellulose Company.) EXHIBIT A.-Wages I, fourth quarter 1907, sulphite factories.

(NOTE.-- In the present table time for meals and rest is in all cases included in the term "shift.")

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Ai General remark: For over- Al Mechanics receive for the
time, 50%

first 10 hours 50% addi-
B 25% and 50%, respectively. tional; after that, 100%
Ci 25% to 50%

Ci General remark: No addi-
D General remark: 25%, 50%, tional pay for regular

and up to 100% for each hol- holiday work in the fac-
iday's work, for example, tory.
water work, cleaning of

vats and conduits, etc. Ei General remark: Overtime

25%, holidays 50%.
Eli General remark: 25% for the

first 2 hours, 50% for all
other overtime, 100% for
Christmas, Easter, and

Pentecost.
Elii For the first 2 hours after the

close of ordinary overtime
on the first 5 workdays in
the week 25%; for all other
overtime work on any week
day or holiday, 50%; for the
great festivals-Christmas,
Easter, and Pentecost, 100%.

[graphic]

EXHIBIT A.-Wages I, fourth quarter 1907, sulphite factories--Continued.

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Ai 5.06
Aii 4.68.
Aiv 3.64.
AV 4.60.
Avi 4.56+over-

time.
B 4.69.
Ei 4.75.
Eii 3.80.
Ai 4.12.

Ai For Sunday work, 2 kroner

additional for those who

are on the 8-hour shift.
Ci 25%-50%
D See above.
Ei 25%-50%.
Eii See under wood cleaners.
Eiii See under woad cleaners.

Alt On duty every third Sun

day.
Ci No additional pay for

regular holiday work

in the factory. Cii In part Sunday work.

[blocks in formation]

Aiv 3.11.
AY 4.23.
B 4.02.
Ei 3.86.
Eii 3.67.

Al 4.80 (chip

vật).
Aiii 4.66.
Avi 4.44.
D 4.00.

Ai For Sundays, 2 kroner addi- Ali On duty every third Sun

tional for those who are on day.
the 8-hour shift.

Ci See under stokers.
(i 25%-50%

Cii See under stokers.
D See under wood cleaners.
Ei 25%-50%
Eli See under wood cleaners.
Elii See under wood cleaners.
Ali 50%

Ali On duty every other Sun-
Ci 25%-50%

day.
D See under wood cleaners. CI See under stokers.
Ei 25%-50%
El See under wood cleaners.
Eli See under wood cleaners.

Coal wheelers (on

wheelbarrows).

B 3.00. Ci 2.96. Eli 3.50. Ell 3.60 (beaters).

Ai 3.75.. Ali 3.25. Ei 3.75.

AV 4.23.

Alii 4.40.
Avi 3.80+over- Aiv 3.39.

time.

Boilers: foramen

Ci 1st boiler 5.00...

Avl Free lodg- Al For Sundays 2 kroner addiing

tional.

See under wood cleaners.
El 25% and 50%, respectively.
E See under wood cleaners.
E il See under wood cleaners.

Al On duty every other

Sunday.
Chi Sunday work.

AI 6.05.

.... AHI 6.53.
Al 5.18 (boiler). EI 5.96.
Alv 5.39.
AY 5.70.
Avi 6.04.
B 5.23.
Eli 4.88 (chief

boiler).
Elli 5.09 (ist

boiler).
Ai 4.12.

All! 4.66.
All 4.46 (boy). D 4.35.
Aiv 3.31. Ei 4.55.
Av 5.00.
Avi 3.99.
B 4.20
Eli 4.11.
Elii 4.36.

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Ei 4.06.

Al 3.25.
Cii 3.50.
Eiii 3.70.

Aill 4.66.
Aiv 4.30.
A 5.37.
B 5.02.
D 4.65.
Eii 4.15.

Al For Sundays 2 kroner addi- ci See under stokers.
tional.

Cii See under stokers.
Ci 25%-50%

Cii Unloaders and loaders 32
D
See under wood cleaners.

kroner per week, no
Ei 25%-50%.

fixed division into
Eii See under wood cleaners.

shifts. About 10 peri-
Elii See under wood cleaners.

ods of work per week.
El For boiling and chemical

division: 1 foreman
with yearly salary of

1,500 kroner.
B Overtime 50%.
Ci 25% and 50%.
Cli For the first 2 hours after

ordinary work time on the
first five work days of the
week, 25%. Otherwise 50%,
except for Christmas, Eas-
ter, and Pentecost, when it

is 100%
D See under wood cleaners.
Ei 25 and 50%, respectively.
Eii See under wood cleaners.
Eiii See under wood cleaners.

250-500
Cii See under oilers.
D See under wood cleaners.
Ei 25 and 50%, respectively.
Ei See under wood cleaners.
Eiii See under wood cleaners.

Washers...

Ci 3.00 ('ii 3.00.

Al 5.26 and 4.80
Aii 4.32.
Aiii 4.40.
Aiv 5.73 first

pulpshov-
eler (knot
strain er
attend-
ant) and
4.68 kro-
ner (sec-
ond knot
strainer
attend-

ant).
A 4.95.
Avi 5.08 (strain-

er boys).

EXHIBIT A.-Wages I, fourth quarter 1907, sulphite factories-Continued.

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