Imágenes de páginas

Gas Tar for Posts and Timber. | tar to posts. She had previously used a brush, That Gas Tar might be very beneficially used | but found this mode too imperfect and inefficient. for preserving timber seems probablc, yet we do A tank was made of the best sheet iron, torty not know that it has been applied to any consid.

| inches high, and over two feet in diameter. A erable extent-probably from its not having been

grate of oak sticks covered the bottom inside, to sufficiently tested, and from want of a knowledge support the posts and protect from accidental of just how to use it.

blows. This tank was set on an old cook stove A writer in the American Agriculturist gives

placed out doors. It was then filled with posts an account of what seems to have been careful

placed on end, supported by a frame to prerent experiments carried through a period of fourteen

tipping the tank. It was filled with gas tar, a years. Four pieces of timber were tried, both in

fire built in the stove, and the wood boiled in the and out of tho ground : No. I received no tar at

tar until well saturated—the time not stated. all; No. 2 was boiled for half an hour in coal

We may add that the wood should be thoroughly tar; No. 3 was coated with hot coal tar with a

seasoned before the application, in order that the brush; and No. 4 treated in the same way, and

tar may enter the pores. We have no doubt covered with a coat of sand. They were all

that, were this work well done, (the gas coating buried in garden soil to the depth of four inches.

extending some inches above the earth,) that At the end of nine years, No. 1, without tar, had

posts of white oak or other good timber would rotted away and disappeared ; No. 3, coated with

last at least fifty years, and perhaps considerably tar, had rotted very much, but still retained its

| longer. form, No. 2, boiled in tar, showed signs of de

Raising Calves. cay; the one coated with tar and sand was still

When fresh cows sell from forty to sixty dolsound. At the end of thirteen years, while the

lars cach, is it not time to consider whether it others were all decayed, the one coated with tar

will not be good policy to raise some calves, and sand was, to all appearances, as sound as

especially if we have good stock to raise from? when put there. The same preparation was made of pieces of

Last season I raised two, and this spring I have

alrendy started three more; I consider early spring wood, which were afterwards exposed on the

the best time to start them, as grass comes, when roof of an out-building. At the end of thirteen

tbey will require but little care until fall. years the one without tar had rotted and blown

llow I Start them.--A calf that I am going to away; a portion of the one coated with tar still

raise I never let suck the cow; it is much easier to remained, but rotting rapidly; the one boi.ed in

learn it to drink before than after. I have had tar was slightly decayed ; the one with tar and

them drink alone, without the aid of the finger, sand was perfectly sound.

before they were twelve hours old; and, after the The writer says: “From these and various

second day have but little trouble with them, as other experiments I have made, I have come to they drink freely if they are in good health ; the conclusion that, while coal tar may contain | beside, the great advantage is, when they are little by itself that will preserve timber from rot

turned with the cows they never trouble them ; ting, it may be so mixed and combined with neither have I to put straps around the nose with other substances as to prevent moisture from long nails in, to prevent their sucking, as they penetrating the pores of the wood, thereby pre- | know nothing about it. venting or arresting decay.".

What I feed them. The first two weeks I give For a convenient method of making the appli-| them milk drawn from the mother of the calf; cation to posts, we give the following from the after that the cud comes, then I give them a little Country Gentleman :

cake-meal, bran and salt, mixed with water, “We have often had occasion to recommend about milk-warm. It is better to scald the meal the use of gas tar as a protection from moisture and let it soak twelve hours before fveding. If and decay. We bare known an instance where any is left, feed it to something else, and make acrid substances induced the complete rotting of fresh for the calves every time, as it will sour. pine boards in less than two years; when re- About this time they will eat a little hay-clover placed with new boards, thoroughly coated with is best; as soon as there is grass enough for them hot gas tar, they lasted fifteen years, and ap- to get a bire, I turn them out, and I soon slack peared then to be perfectly sound. The last No. off their feed. of the Horticulturist gives a communication from a small enclosure, with water and shade, is Mrs. Sbimer, of Carroll County, Illinois, who de the most suitable, where horses or cows are not scribes an excellent contrivance for applying gas permitted to run.- Germantown Telegraph.


Sunday Reading.

with us under Christ, their and our Lord and

Head, but also and especially, that thưy might God communicates Himself with great variety | be the witnesses of His righteous judgment at the to His saints, now in this ordinånce, and now in | last day, when His Son shall come in His Glory, ebat, on purpose that He may keep up the esteem

with millions of His holy angels, to judge the of all in our bearts. Take heed, therefore, Chris

world. tian, thou neglectest any one duty. How know As if abstinence attracted that invisible influest thou, but that is the door, at which Christ

ence, and (iod loved to converse more with perstands, waiting to enter into thy soul ?

sons, that are enemies to pampering of their God's commandments hang together ; they are bodies, than with those that delight in corporal knit and woven together, like a five web, wherein

food, and choicer diet. Indeed, the more the you carnot loosen a single stitch without danger body is cherished, the more sleepy will the soul of unraveling the whole. If a man lives in the be; and the less it is cockered and pleased, the breach of aby one of God's commandments, if he more active will the spirit be; and I think I may allows bimself to indulge in. any one sin, none

lay it down, as a maxim, that the greatest reve can tell where he will stop. There is no letting

lations and inspirations have been most voucbany one devil into our souls, without the risk of safed to men that have been most given to abstibis going and fetching geven other devils, wick

nence. eder than himself;" and the purer the house may | The smallest rule we lay ourselves under a nebitberto have been, the more eager will they be cessity of observing, is of great benefit, as it to come and lodge in it.

| teaches us some part of the government of ourIt is noted by the Psalmist, as a wonder of selves, as it keeps up tenderness of mind, as it God's mercy, that "He maketh the barren woman

presents God often to our thoughts, and brings a to keep house, and to be a joyful mother of child sense of our religion into the ordinary actions of dren.” It is a pity he was ever born, that holds

our common life. not children a blessing; yet not simple and ab Let us beware of that proud pbilosophy which solute, but according as it may prove. She hath | affects to inculcate philantropy, while it depouua double favor from God, that is "a joyful mother ces every home-born feeling, by which it is proof children :"-Many a one breeds her sorrow, duced and nurtured. The paternal and filial breeds her death.

duties discipline the heart, and prepare it for the The Lord does not delay, as if He were unwil

love of all mankind. The intensity of private ling to bestow; but that His gifts might increase

attachment encourages, not prevents, universal in their value with the increase of our desires.

benevolence. The nearer we approach the sun,

the more intense his heat; yet what corner of the A Christian congregation calling upon God,

system does he not cheer and vivify ? with one heart and one voice, and in one reverend and humble posture, looks as beautiful as "Jeru

According to the proverb of the Jews, "Misalem, which is at peace with itself."

chael flies with but one wing, and Gabriel with

two." God is quick in sending angels of peace, of these sweet ingredient perfumes, (Petition, and they fly apace; but the messengers of wrath Confession, and Thanksgiving, ) is the incense of come slowly; God is more hasty to glorify His prayer composed, and by the Divine fire of love servants, than to condemn the wicked. it ascends unto God, the heart and all with it; |

He must be more stupid and senseless than a und when the hearts of the saints unite in joint

| stock or stone, whose sloth and carelessness in prayer, the pillar of sweet smoke goes up the

his duty, torporem et oscilantiam, is not shaken off greater and fuller.

by this one consideration, that the government The holy angels of God are the observers of of the Church is the theatre of God and angels. our prayers and good actions on earth, and the

In the hearing of mysteries, keep thy tongue. relaters and remembrancers of them in heaven.

quiet. Five words cost Zacharias forty weeks Not bat the All-seeing God of Himself knows

silence. In such heights convert thy questions and takes notice of all the good actions of men,

| into wonders; and let this suffice thee--the reaand records them to perpetuity in the most faith

son of the deed is the power of the doer. ful register of His Omniscience; but He would | bave His boly angels to be conscious of our good! Because men desire to be more great than humactions, not only that they might congratulate ble, they are suffered to become vain in their our happiness, as fellow-servants and members' imaginations.

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Jan We extract the following from the last to it the prosperity and wealth of Baltimore is aanual report (for 1865) of the Baltimore Board chiefly due. We may well felicitate ourselves, of Trade :

then, in thus contemplatiog these great highways

of our city's enterprise, and we should regard In presenting this, the Sixteenth Annual Re- with gratification the promised extension, in latport of the Board of Trade of the City of Balti

eral roads, whenever the wants of the trade de more, it is fitting that we offer thanks to the

monstrate them as feasible and practicable.” Divine Ruler of the Universe, for the return of peace to our torn and lacerated country, as well as to invoke a continuance of His favors, until

The Tournament and Fair in Prince strife and the spirit of passion sball no more be

George's County, Md. known in the land; and that henceforth we may The fair nnd festival held by the ladies of the dwell together, as did our fathers, dispensing | Forcst, Prince George's county, Md., on the 29th justice to all. “Commerce, with its healing wings, has been

| and 30th of May, at Elverton Hall, for the beneoutstretched everywhere, and our city has appa- | fit of the destitute people of the South, was a rently awakened, as from a deep slumber, resolved decided success. It was the intention of the to be no laggard in the race for the golden prize. "Since the return of peace, numerous steamship

managers to open the fair by a tournament on lines have been organized and put in successful

Tuesday, but owing to the inclemency of the operation.

weather, it was postponed to the following day. "We have, through the commendable enterprise

The following "knights'' entered the lists : of the executive department of the Baltimore and • Ohio Railroad, a regular semi-inonthly line of

Knight of Misfortune, H. B. B. Bowie; Knight good and substantial steamers plying to Liver- / or Ivanhoe, George N. Walker ; Knight of Despool: wbich, with the support and encouragement decardo, Wm. I. Berry, Jr.; Knight of St. M of our merchants and importers, cannot fail to add / J. Frank Smith: Knight of the Lost Cause. w. largely to the general interest and prosperity of our city. This is, now, the only American line of

A. Jarboe, Jr.; Knight of Spaldings, T. Semmes steamers to Europe, and this fact, alone, should Tolson; Knight of Marlborough, A. T. Brooke; enhance the interest of our citizens.

Knight of the Branch, Norman Hill; Knight in “The Havana New Orleans Line, more recently

Grey, Francis Jenkins ; Knight of Northampton, organized, is equally worthy of commendation to its projectors, and, we believe, there is every en Albert Andrews; Knight of the Forest, William couragement for its complete success, under the Roberts; Knight of P. George's, Upton Brooke. energetic management of those in charge of the Col. Odin Bowie was the chief marshal, and W'. enterprise. "To Southern ports we have numerous lines es

W.W. Bowie, Esq., delivered the opening address. tablished--such as to Savannah, Ga.; ('harleston, Two tilts were allowed each. At the end of 3. C.; Wilmington, N. C.; Richmond and Nor which trial there was a tie between the Knight folk, Virginia. Others, much necded, are con

of St. Mary's and the Knight of the Lost Cause, templated; but no further organizations have been perfected. It is all-important that every fa

when the contest was continued between them cility should be afforded to accommodate the for three tilts more, which resulted in the Knight growing trade with the South. Our merchants of St. Mary's being declared victor, and entitled bave superior claims, over those of other cities, 1

les, to crown the Queen of Love and Beauty. The for a large increase of the Southern trade-geographically nearer, and with an outlet for its Knight of the Lost Cause, as second in the day's productions, both by sea and rail, together with tourney, was declared by the judges entitled to na alliance of sympatby and feeling, and with crown the first Maid of Honor; the Knight of more moderate charges, generally, for the handling of merchandize and produce, than is exper

Marlborough the second Maid of Honor, and the ienced elsewhere. In return, we claim it as our

Knight of Misfortune the third Maid of Honor. natural field for distributing our dry goods, both The Knight of St. Mary's crowned Miss Maggie imported and domestic; our bacon, corn, flour, H. Bowie, of Vansville district, as Queen of Love &c., as well as our manufactured articles, in many of wbich our city excels, especially such as relate

and Beauty; the Knight of the Lost Cause crowned to agriculture, steam machinery, house furnish Miss Alice M. Hopkins, of Washington, D. C., ang ing goods, furniture, and the like.. And, whilst the first Maid of Honor; the Knight of Marlborwe enumerate, these urgent claims for Southern

ough crowned Miss Alice Ilarper, of Marlborough, trade, we are not uomindful that we have equally striking advantages, by reason of the same geo

second laid of Honor; and the Knight of Misforgraphical position and our great railway system, tune crowned Miss Rose Beall, of Marlborough which, stretching forth North and West, with district, as third Maid of Honor. innumerable connections, brings our city nearer,

On Wednesday night there was a grand ball at by several hundred miles, to all the leading Westera markets and distributing points, than any

Elverton Hall; previons to the inauguration of other city on the seaboard; and there is no rea- which Mr George C. Merrick, orator of the ocson why a large incrtase of trade, by the inter- casion, delivered a very eloquent address. It is change of commodities, may not be anticipated expected that about $3,000 will be realized by from this vast field ; and it was for this that our the efforts of the ladies of Prince George's county, great railway system was first inaugurated, and I for the destitate people of tbe South.


Hale's Early Peaches.

are thought by many to refer: “O deliver not We have received from the grower a sample of

the soul of thy turtle dove into the multitude of very early peach, and think the matter suffi.

the wicked; forget not the congregation of thy ciently worthy of attention to publish the ful

attention to publish the full poor forever." As the turtle cleaves to her mate lowing letter in relation thereto:

with unshaken fidelity, so these interpreters say,

Israel adhered to their God.
HiGutstown, N. J., June 5, 1866.

The dove is a harmless and simple creature, Messrs. WORTHINGTON & Lewis :

equally destitute of skill and courage for combat, Gentlemen : I send you by Adams' Express, a

and smallest of the family. She is the most proper small box of Hale's Early Peaches, raised in my

emblem of the national imbecility into which the orchard house. This is a comparatively new va

people of Israel had sunk, in consequence of the riety, but is already creating a great sensation in

numerous iniquities with which they had long the pomological world, on account of its earli

provoked the God of their fathers. Dess. I have fruited it for the last four years in

J. JACOB BOWER.. the orchard bouse, and also out of door, and find it all of two weeks earlier than the Troths, which The Culture of Fish in England. has been heretofore the earliest market variety. A writer in the London Field, in treating the In point of growth and hardiness, it compares subject of the culture of fish at Stonnontfield, a favorably with the standard market varieties. ish-breeding establishment in England, on the The past winter, in New Jersey, was unusually River Tay, gives the following details in relation severe with peaches. The Hales is the only va to the capacity of the establishment and of tbe riety in this section that escaped even with a few breeding process. “The establishment of Stromblossoms.

ontfield, with 300,000 ova each, has increased the In the August number of the "Horticulturist,"

rental of the Tay 10 per cent. Before the experiof 1863, there is an engraving of the Hales, with ment, the annual average take of salmon and some remarks of mine concerning it. I then grilse was 70,000; it is now 80,000, and is still

lated that it was from six to ten days earlier on the increase; 10,000 fish—the increase-are than the Troths. As it was then an entirely new worth £3,000. But when we come to consider variety, I wished to be perfectly safe in my state

the very small number of fish from which this ments. A longer experience with the peach, has great increase is derived, the result can be conconvinced me that I was under the mark as to its sidered nothing short of wonderful. The number relative time of ripening.

allowed to escape for reproduction in the Tay is The Hales promises to be a valuable acquisition 40,000. Of these, only about 25 females are reto the list of peaches, as it lengthens the peach quired to stock the Stromontfield breeding boxes; senson two weeks. Yours truly,

a proportion so small, that were they destroyed, Isaac PULLEN. or even ten times their number, they would not

be missed. It must, indeed, be a small salmon river The Dove.

in'which you cannot capture 25 females salmon ; The form and manners of this bird so nearly | and these, if properly managed, can be made to resemble those of a pigeon, that a particular ac- produce 10,000. This gives us some idea of the count of her is unnecessary. They are only dif- dormant wealth of our salmon fisheries. I am ferent species of the same family, and exhibit the aware that there are many difficulties in the way, same general character, although they differ in but these may be crercome when the subject rome particulars. The voice of the turtle is hoarse comes to be thoroughly ventilated and underand plaintire, and heard frequently in the woods. stood. It is erroneously supposed that the great It is pleasing to the ear of the husbandman, and destruction of frey takes place in the sea ; the to the lover of nature, because it announces the destruction which takes place there is undoubtedly arrival of spring, so dear to the tenants of the great-perhaps 90 to 95 per cent. of the smells forest. The sacred writers occasionally refer to which are bred in the river ; but this is as the dove. “Rise up, my fair one, and come nothing when compared with that which takes away; for lo, the winter is past; the rain is over place in the river, where from each thousand ova, and gope; the flowers appear on the earth; the not more than ten fry to reared to the migrating time of the singing of birds is come, and the stage. By cultivation, 500 smelts can be raised voice of the tortle beard in our land." The turtle from 1,000 ova. A salmon of 10 lb. weight dove never admits of a second mate, but lingers produces in its wild and uncultivated state, firo out her life in sorrowful widowhood. To this grilse ör salmon; in its domestic or cultivated remarkable circumgtance, these words of David I stage it will produce 200 to 250.


Wholesale Produce Market. I SEEDS.-Clover, held at 36a6.50; Timothy, $4.25a4.50 ;
Prepared for the American Farmaer by ELLIOTT & HkW 8, Produce Flaxseed, $3.
and Cummission Nerchants, 67 Exchange Place,
BALTIMORE, June 12, 1868.

TOBACCO.-Receipts continue good or both Maryland

and Ohio Leaf, but the market is unsettled, owing to the
BUTTER.-Ohio, in brls. and keys, solid packed, 25 cts ;
Roll, 28; Virginia and Pennsylvania in kegs and tubs,

political and financial troubles in Europe. We give the

25 to 28; Glades, 35; Goshen, 40.

range of prices as follows:

BEESWAX-42 cts.


CHEESE.-Eastern, 22; Western, 18 to 20. .

Frosted to common........

...... $2.500 4.00

Sound common...............

DRIED FRUIT.-Apples, 14 to 16 cents, and Peaches, 16

4.50a 6.00

Middling ..................

6.50a 8.50

to 22 cents per pound.

Good to fine brown....

10 00a15.00

Egos-In barrels, 24 cents per dozen.


.... 17.00a 25 00

FEATHER8—95 cents for good Southern.

L'pper country.. ..........................


LARD,-Brls 22, kegs 23, jars and other country pack-

Ground leaves, new.................... 3.00a12.00

ages 25 cents.

Tallow.–12 cents.

Infericr to good common...

5.000 8.00

Brown and spangled..........


Baltimore Markets, June 12. Good and fine red and spangled............. 14 00a17.00

Agneg.-Pot, $7.50a $7 75; Pearl, $15 per 100 lbs. Fine yellow and fancy...................... 20.00a30.00

COPTER.-Rio, 16 to 20% cts. guld, according to quality

WHISKEY-$2.30a2.32 per gallon, in barrels.
Laguayra and Java--no sales reported.

Wool -Demand very good, and prices are better. We

COTTON.-We quote prices as follows, viz:

quote: Unwashed, 30 to 33c. per Ib.; Tubwashed, 45 to 50


Upland. Orleans.

cts.; Fleece, common, 40 to 43 cents; Fine, 43 to 48 cents;


...... 32 33

Pulled, No. 1, 32 to 36 cts.; Merino Pulled, 42 to 46 cents

Good do...........


per lb.

Low Middling ...........:

38 · 37

Kiddling ............................ 38 -

CATTLE MARKET.-Common, $6a7.50; Prime Beeres,


Prices were maintained under the enhanced premium soal per 100 lbs.
on gold last week, although European advices continue

Sheep-5a6% cents per lb. gross.
discouraging for shipment.

Hogs-$13.25al4 per 100 lbs., net.
FERTILIZERS---Peruvian Guano, $100 pr toz; Patapsco
Company's Soluble, $63; Rhodes' Standard Manure, $55 CONTENTS OF THE JULY NO.
(bbls.,) $57.50 (bags;) Baugh's Rawbone S. Phosphate,

The Old Farmer to its Old Friends....


The American Farmer....

$55; Dissolved Bone, $55; Fine Ground do., $45; Plas.

To Keep Milk Sweet.....

ter, $18. The ton of 2,000 lbs.

farm Work for the Month....

FI88.---Mackerel.-No. 1, $19 50a20; No. 2, $18a18.50; / The Vegetable Garden ....

The Fruit Garden.................

large new, No. 3, $16a16.50. Herrings -Shore (split,)

The Flower Garden ........

$6a6; Labrador, $8a9; Potomac and Susqueh'a, $7.30a8. Foot Rot in Sheep .....
Cod fish, new, $4a4.50.

Vanilla, &c............

Scalded Meal.......

FLOUR.-Howard Street Super and Cut Extra, $10 25a

Visiting Farmers.........

$10.50; Family, $14.50al5.50; City Mills Super, $9.50a Care of Cows ......

9.76: Baltimore Family, $17.60..

Surface Manuring........

Flax Culture ..............

Rye Flour and Corn Meal.-Rye Flour, new, $6.25a

Cruelty to Animals......


6.60. Corn Meal, $4.50a4.75.

Remedy for Scour in Lambs....

GRAIN.—The general tepor of the advices indicate a Reconstruction ... ........


Lice op Cattle, &c......

short supply of Wheat.

Top-Dressing Lawns and Meadows....

Wheat.-Ipferior to fair Red, $2 50a2 75; prime to Halits of Sheep .............


choice Maryland, $3a3 07. White, $3 26a3.50 per bushel. | Mulching Fruit and Ornamental Trecs.....


Chloride of Lime for Vermin...............


Corn:-White, 98a98c. for good; prime, $1. Yellow,

c. for good; priue, 1. U n , Rinderpest .................... . .

87a90c. per bushel Market active.

How the Government Teaches Tobacco Growing.....

Rye.-Small offerings. Held at $1 10 per bushel for What the Government Teaches of the Destruction

of Soils" ........................................

prime Maryland.

Cats and Clover.............................. .. .

Oats --Heavy to light-ranging as to character from 70 Fruit Cultivation.....................

a77c. per bushel.

The Friends of the Farmer.......

Correspondents, &c...........

HAY AND SrBaw.-Good supply. Timothy $19a20, and

Southern Correspondence ..
Rye Straw $20 per ton.

Cultivation and Manare as Fertilizing Agents ...
MILL FEED.-Brownstuffs, 27a28c.; Middlings, light, 43 Cream Cheese......

Sandy Lands and their Improvement.........


845c; heavy, 45a48c.


PEAS AND BEANS.--Scarce. Last sale prime New York Winter Feeding Cattle for Beef.......

State at $1.85al.90 per bushel.

Cattle for Feeding.............

Use of Muleg ...............

POTATOES. - In good supply. From vessel's side, $1.40

Management of Young Pixe....
al.45, for Maine and Peach Blows.

Gay Tar for Posts and Timber...

PROVISION9.- Bacon.-Shoulders, 15a15%c.; Sides, 18

Raising Calves.........

Sunday Reading.........................

18; Hams, plain bagged, 23c.; sugar cured, 24a25c.

Extract from Report of Board of Trade.....
per Ib. Buik Meat. Shoulders, 14c; Sides, 17 Xc.

Tournament in Prince George's County.....
SALT.-Ground Alum, 91.90a2; Marshall & Worthing.

Hale's Early Peach .............................

The Dove ................................
ton's Fine, $3.25; Turk's Island, 58460c. per bus. Rock,

The Culture of Fish in England..

$32486 per ton.

Markets and Table of Contents..........

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