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Baltimore Markets, Nov. 22.
Wholesale Produce Market. COPPEE.-Rio, 18 Ka19%c. gold, according to quality. Prepared for the American Purmer by ELLICOTT & Hewks, Produce Laguayra – , and Java — cts. gold.
and Commission Merchants, 67 Exchange Place.
BALTIMORE, Oct. 20, 1866.
BUTTER.-Ohio, in brls, and kegs, solid packed, 20 to
29 Low Middling ...................
25 cts.; Roll, 36; Virginia and Pennsylvania in kegs and 35
tubs, 20 to 25; Glades, 30a45; Goshen, 45. FERTILIZERS.-Peruvian Guano, none in the market, BEESWAX-45 cts. nominal, $96. California, do. $65; Rodunda Island, $25; CHEESE.-Eastern, 18; Western, 16. Reese & Co's. Soluble Pacific Guano, $65; Flour of Bone, DRIED FRUIT.- Apples, 10; Peaches, 17. $60; G. Ober's (Kettlewells) AA Manipulated, $70; A do., Eggs-In barrels, 85 cents per dozen. $60; Ammoniated Alkaline Phosphate, $65; Alkaline Phos FEATHERS-75 cents for good Southern. phate, $45; Baltimore City Company's Fertilizer, $40; do., LARD.-Brls. 15, kegs 15, jars and other country packFlour of Bone, $6
one, $45; do., Poudrette | ages 16 cents. $20; Baugh's Raw-bone Phosphate, $56;—all per ton of TALLOW.-11% cents. 2,000 lbs.; Pure Ground Plaster, $13.50a$14.00 per ton. Shell Lime, slacked, Bc., unslacked, 10c. per bushel. F194.- Mackerel. ---No. 1, $21a23; No. 2, $18a21 ; |
CONTENTS OF THE DECEMBER NO. large new, No.3, $14.75a15.25. Herrings --Shore - none. Farm Work for the Month...
......... 105 Labrador, $8.00a9.00; Potomac and Susqueh'na, $8.50a9. The Vegetable Garden ........ ............... 166 Codfish, new, $7 50a$8.50.
The Fruit Garden, etc...... ....... ............. 166 Corn.-White, $1.12a$1,20; Yellow, $1.14a$$1,18 per The Flower Garden ....
... . 167 bushel.
Managing Old Peach Trees..........
...... 169 $11.75; Family, $14.50a15.00; City Mills Super, $11.00a An Essay on Blackberries...................... 11.25; Baltimore Family, $17.00.
Rogers' Hybrid - No. 4 Grapes, .................... Rye Flour and Corn Meal.-Rye Flour, new, $7.25a Grapes in City Yards............................... 7.50; Corn Meal, $5.25a5.50.
New Jersey Lands - Its Fruits..................... 172 GRain.- Wheat.-Good to prime Red, $2 90a3.00; The Feeding of Stock as a Branch of Farm ManageChoice White-scarce-$3.00; good to prime, $3.00a $3.25 ment.......................................... 174 per bushel.
Elements of Cattle Food............ ................ Rye.-$1.25 per bushel.
Preservation of Meat by Sulpherous Fumigation.... Oats --Heavy to light-ranging as to character from 57 The Science of Agriculture ........ a65c. per bushel.
Cost of Lamb and Mutton, Veal and Beef..
u Deer....... HAY AND STRAW.-Timothy $27a30, and Rye Straw $28 Oxen and Horses............ per ton.
Dutch Cowg............. Beans.--Common, $2.50a3.00 as to quality.
Stying and Feeding Pigs....................... 150 POTATOES.-$4.00a4.25 per bbl.
The Weight of Cattle............
...... 18 PROVISIONS.-Bacon.--Shoulders, 16a16 X cts.; Sides, Tobacco Prospects in Virginia ...................... 180 16%a18f Hams, plain bagged, 19 cts.; sugar cured, 20 ots. Butter Making .........
............. 181 per lb.
Poultry............... Salt.-Liverpool Ground Alum, $2.20a2.30; Fine, $3.10 Fattening Fowls............................. 23.25; Turk's Island, 62 X c. per bushel.
Maryland State Agricultural Society.......... ...... 182 SEEDS.--Clover, held at $9.25a0.50; Timothy, $3.50a3.75 Garlic, Sorrel, and Ox-Dye Daisy................... Flaxseed, $3.15
Landlord and Tenant..........................
.... 184 TOBACCO.-We give the range of prices as follows: Book Table.................................... Maryland.
The Maryland Horse Fair........................ Frosted to common......................... $2.50a 3.00 Our Correspondence........... Sound common..................... ........ 3.50a 4.00 Business Notices..............
.... 189 Middling ......................... ........ 6.00a 8.00
Remarks of Col. A. Bowie Davis..
...... 190 Good to fine brown...........
..... 10.00a15.00 Fancy......................................
Vis Medicatrix Nature, or how Diseases are Cured Upper country............
..... 3.00a30.00 without Medicine.............................. 19 Ground leaves, new ............
...... 192 Infericr to good common............
Young Trees in Winter............................ 192 Brown and spangled ........................ 7.00a12.00 Good and fine red and spangled............. 13.00a17.00
Housekeeper's Department......................... Fine yellow and fancy ..... ................. 20.00a30.00 Sunday Reading......
the farm. Have horses, cattle, hogs, sheep, im"Yo war, or battle's sound
plements of every description valued at their Was heard the world around
cash value-also the erops on hand. Have your The idle spear and shield were high up-hung; farin and improvements put at their cash value, The hooked chariot stood,
and require that they pay you six per cent. inVastained with hostile blood; The trumpet spake not to the armed throng;
terest, and the personal effects ten per cent., And kings sat still, with awful eye,
after paying all necessary cost of labour, feed. As if they surely knew their sovereign Lord was by.” ing, &c., for the year. It is very advisable too,
to keep accounts with separate crops, and with JANUARY.
the different kinds of stock, that you may deter
mine, at the close of the year, which has paid “When now, unsparing as the scourge of war, you best. Such accounts will give an important Plasts follow blasts, and groves dismantled roar,
insight into the business of the farm, and prove Around their homes the storm-pinched cattle lows, No nourishment in frozen pastures grows."
of inestimable value if properly kept, and adhered to for a sufficient length of time. .
WHEAT FIELDS. Farm Work for the Month.
If the wheat fields have been infested with the We enter now upon the duties of the new
fly during the fall, it will be advisable to graze year, with the experience of the past to instruct
closely with sheep and other stock, during frozen us, and with fresh expectations, and new hopes.
weather. Keep water furrows well opened, that Tbe engagements of the future will command
excess of surface water, which causes so much our best attention. The plan of operations for
winter killing, be avoided. the year must be thoughtfully considered, and
TOBACCO CROP. carefully arranged. Determine what crops are to Continue to "strip,” whenever the weather is be cultivated, the extent of ground to be allotted suitable, look to the careful handling of the to each, and its particular location. Avoid espe- bundles when tied, as well as the proper assortcially, under the present uncertainty of labour, | ment of qualities, and despatch the work of pre. the evil of over-cropping. Ascertain what paration for market. Get in readiness material amount of foreign fertilizers must be added to for hogsheads. The timber for hoops should not your home resources, and arrange for their sup- be cut until about to be used, as it will not work ply in due season. Examine all implements, so well. supply what is wanting, and make repairs when
SOWING SEEDS. needed. Look carefully to your accounts of the Tobacco seeds may be sown whenever the past year, and start with the determination to ground can be got in good order, and this not have them kept strictly the coming season. unfrequently occurs in the month of January.
If you have not yet done so, take an inventory When this is the case, the opportunity should of the personal effects necessary for carrying on not be lost. The burning of beds is a laborious and expensive process, and since the use of guano
PLANTING TREES. • has been found to be a substitute for it, has been If trees are to be planted in spring, take any
very much dispensed with, unless the necessary opportunity of the ground being in order to dig burning material is abundant and near at hand. | the holes; the earth will be the better for expoGuano (the best Peruvian) is used at the rate of sure to frost. Set stakes near trees planted out 800 to 1000 lbs. to the acre, and the preparation in autumn, and fasten the trees to them with of the ground is made as thorough as possible ropes of straw. Turn over all piles of weeds. without burning. It is chopped in, mainly, and other trash, and kill the field mice you will during the hoeing of the ground, a light dressing probably find there. Fill a bag with straw for a being put on in immediate connection with the cushion, and go on your knees, with knife a seed. When brush is to be used for burning, prube, to hunt out the destroyers of your peach have it cut early, and got together, to avoid de- trees. lay when the ground comes in order. If guano
MANURES. be not used, a good compost of stable and other Gather from every source, material for manures, manures well rotted, and free from grass seeds, Save very carefully, and compost the rich manure should be chopped in at seeding time. Get this from the pens where your hogs were fattened. compost in readiness now. An experienced See that the spouting around your farm pen takes planter, of St. Mary's county, top-dresses his the water well off, without carrying a strong bed, when ready for sowing, with the freshest solution of the manure. stable manure—wheat straw alone having been
. LIBE AND ASHES. used in the horse-racks—and sows the seed on
When these are needed, and can be obtained, top of this dressing.
get them, and spread at once upon the surface of I STOCK.
any ground you propose to apply them to. Give stock of every description the best care. Lands to be ploughed for spring crops, however, Sows becoming heavy with young, should be need not be dressed before ploughing. separated from other large bogs for fear of accident. As ewes approach the lambing season,
The Vegetable Garden. see that they are kept well up in flesh, though they need not be fat. Let them have a little
Prepared for The American Farmer, by DANIEL BARKER grain if necessary. Fill up deficiencies in your
Maryland Agricultural College. working stock. Look to it that young hogs have no opportunity of lying in heaps of fer
JANUARY. menting manure.
Drain ! drain! drain! These words should be WORKING IMPLEMENTS.
repeated again and again in every agricultural Keep them, of every description, out of the and horticultural journal and magazine, throughweather. If you have not heretofore prepared pro out the year. We believe that about nine-tenths per shedding, or house room for everything, see of the diseases of fruit trees, the non-production of now the necessity for doing it, and use the present strawberries, raspberries, &c., the ravages of the leisure for the purpose. Have gearing, of every potato disease, &c., are the results of a watersort, overhauled, repaired, and occasionally I logged condition of the ground, during the fall and greased. Give blades of scythes, the knives of spring months. The crops are planted in the midst reaper and mower, and everything about your
of damps, we were going to say swamps, and agricultural machines or implements that is like-| taken up after the fall rains have soddened the ly to suffer from rust, a thin coating of grease produce. So by canker, and moss, on fruit and beeswax, melted together. Have ice-hooks,
trees, abundance of bloom but no fruit; a cold leather mittens, saws and axes, all ready for a
axes, all ready for a state of the ground in spring, which renders it speedy gathering of the ice crop.
impossible to raise the early vegetables, fruit, CLOVER FIELDS.
&c., and a general failure accompanied with mil
dew, and an unsatisfactory condition of almost Be sure to protect these from the hoofs and | noses of intruders. Let nothing touch them,
everything grown. "These things ought not so
ods to be." till the proper grazing season come.
Jf, therefore, any part of the garden be wet, FENCING AND WOOD.
drain it effectually, making the drains from 2} to 'Have full supply of wood for next winter cut 3 feet deep, and from 15 to 20 feet apart, accordand corded. Cut early, all the fencing material ing to the nature of the soil; use tiles, and place that may be peeded.
six inches of brick ends or stone upon them, as stated in article upon "renewing orchards," in
The Fruit Garden. November number of Farmer, page 136.
CAULIFLOWERS. --Give all the air possible to the Whenever the weather is open and dry, plow, plants in frames. Watch for mice, and see they dig, and trench up all vacant ground which has do not injure the hearts of these plants as they not been done during the fall months, or any are very likely to do during the winter months. that may have been cleared of crops. In frosty
weather wheel dung on plots intended for plantASPARAGUS.--Whenever the weather may per
|ing during the spring months. It is very immit, make preparation for new plantations by
portant that all operations that can be performed marking out the ground, and trenching from 20
this month should be completed, as the two folto 24 inches deep. A light, sandy loam is the
lowing will each bring their own cares, and rebest soil for asparagus, and a soil almost wholly
quire all the labour and care which can be besand is better than one most wholly clay, because
stowed on them. Attend to all plants which when highly manured the sand will suit it ad.
may suffer from frost. At the end of the month mirably, but without plenty of manure will be
prepare dung for wet beds, to be ready against useless. In a deep, fertile loam, a moderately
the next month. Cut the dead wood out of heavy manuring will suffice, the manure.being
raspberries and blackberries; prune currants and well mixed with the soil, and under all circum
gooseberries. If any fruit trees, grape vines, stances have the ground well drained. If no
&c., remain to be planted in spring, they should other thau a clay soil, lay on six inches of sand,
be looked after the first favourable opportunity. and spade it in to a depth of twenty inches,
If it is worth while to occupy the ground with mixing it well with the soil, letting the ground
fruit trees, and incur the expense of planting remain in that state for three weeks; then spade
them, it is certainly worthy of serious consideraagain and manure liberally. If it be intended,
tion whether the ground is in the best state of merely to sow for transplanting, a good manur- |
preparation for being planted with fruit trees, ing, one full spade deep, will be sufficient.
and to incur the expense and trouble which may CABBAGE.-Young plants are apt to die off be requisite, in order to render the ground unless kept dry; a little dry sand, and wood suitable as can be made for the kind of tree with ashes, will be useful to sprinkle amongst them which it is to be planted. where they are suffering from damp. If the To do this is seldom a work involving much plants are too crowded they will kill each other;' | direct outlay, for if the ground he well drained it is best to thin at once if necessary.
| there is little else required except labour. It LETTUCE-On protected borders and in frames. / will prove a great disappointment to plant trees See that they are properly protected and looked where there is not a fair prospect of their doing over upon all favourable opportunities, removing well, and be it remembered that it can be much all decaying matter, and covering up when the more conveniently, cheaply, and efficiously made, weather is very severe; keep the surface about previous to planting. tbem constantly stored whenever it is sufficiently dry.
The Flower Garden. HORSE-RADISH.-Make plantations of this neglected but useful plant, in deeply trenched and
Time's stream flows on-now fast, yet fair it flows; well-manured soil, if you would have it fine.
How sweet life's flower upon its margin grows;
And he who plucks its tender blossom here, MANURING should now be proceeded with, and
Gathers with hope, yet touches them with fear, plots marked out. Get ready for sowing as soon
Will find their fragrance and their bloom will last. as weather permits. Take advantage of every
When the fair bounds of fading earth be past. open day to push on all kinds of out-door work. Plow and ridge up vacant ground to the frost. | ANNUALS sown in boxes towards the end of the During frost, empty manure pits, wheel out month, and placed in a green-bouse or frame manures, and when the ground is not too hard where frost is excluded, will make a good start frozen, turn over the plots that have been spaded for early bloom; the seeds sbould be sown thinup to expose a new surface to the frost. When ly, the boxes or flower-pots bave plenty of drainground work of all kinds is suspended through age, and a light, fibry soil should be used. severe weather, jobs may be found in repairing Mignonette is one of the most useful 10 sow now, fences, buildings, wet bed soil, clearing up rub- as it will come into bloom by the time the bish, collecting material for walks and roads, weather is sufficiently genial to allow of the pots burning weeds, refuse, &c.
being placed in windows. The beautiful varie
ties of “Phlox Drummondii" offers the gayest
Hardy Herbaceous Plants.. flowers for early display in the green-house, sitting, and drawing rooms.
ADAPTED POR THE GARDEN OF THE FARMER. Bulbs.—Of hyacinths, tulips, crocus, &c., /
No. 1.-PERENNIAL Phloxes.—There are few pushing the ground, should be covered by short
hardy, herbaceous flowering plants, superior, manure some two or three inches deep..
or equal, to the improved varieties of phlox Fuchsias should be looked over, and those decussata, combining, as they do, fragrance, wanted to bloom early should be re-potted and beauty, and size of flower, with a richness and placed in a warm, light part of the green-bouse variety of colour scarcely surpassed by any of or window.
the many beautiful varieties of bardy, herbaAZALEAS AND CAMELLIAS.—Take care that they
ceous plants ; they are also gifted with a hardi
| hood that enables the most delicate of the new have enough water, and, as the blooms open, remove them to a cooler atmosphere, to prolong
and improved varieties, with very slight protec
tion, to withstand the rigor of our winters with the blooming.
impunity; they are also very readily propagated EVERGREEN SHRUBS bad best not be trans- | by the young shoots in spring; they are also planted, or in any way disturbed for the next readily multiplied by division of the root when three months. We prefer not to remove them from one to three years old. The phlox delights till April or May. Where hardy shrubs have in a light, loamy soil, with a moderate coat of become unsightly through the loss of the lower leaf mold. I would here observe one marked branches, layering may be practicable whenever feature in the successful treatment of them, wbich the weather permits. The operation is a very sim- increases very materially these large beads of ple one; draw down a suitable branch and peg it flowers, as also the well-being of the plant generto the ground to mark where the tongue should I ally. They should at all times be in a position be cut, then enter the knife on the under side and | where they are sbaded from the mid-day sun, as make an incision half through the wood, and turn from the very delicate texture of the petals they the knife towards the tip of the shoot, and cut a are very readily scorched. In the February slit an inch long; remove some of the soil and number of the Farmer I will give a list of a few peg the branch down with a peg inserted in the of the best, from notes, when in flower, apon the cut to keep it open, and peg it down firm, cover- unique collection of Mr. John Saul, Washington, ing the tongue two or three inches deep with D. C. soil. It will, during the summer, emit roots, and may be left to produce new growth for the Hog Cholera.-The veterinary editor of the purpose of increasing the bulk of the specimen, North British Agriculturist recommends the folor be removed to form an independent plant. I lowing treatment.
Pirs and FRAMES.—These should be well pro- As the disorder is so rapidly fatal, remedial tected in severe weather, and abundance of air measures are seldom of much avail. The stombe given to ten week stocks, mignonette, pansies, ach anıt bowels should be unloaded if the pig is violets, &c. The early potted tulips and hya- tolerably vigorous, by an emetic of sulphate of cinths under sashes, &c., will now begin to grow, | zinc; a dose of castor-oil should afterwards be and should be removed to the cold pit, or frame, given : and if there is pain and scouring, the for a short time previous to placing them in a physic may be united with a little laudanum. higher temperature.
A warm, comfortable, clean bed is essential; the diet should consist of milk and water, or well
boiled gruel. We have seen little pigs benefited TRE WHEAT CROP IN EUROPE.-Returns from in the earlier stages by a warm bath; spirits and one hundred localities in England show that the water, or ammoniacal stimulants, should be freewheat crop for the present year is an average one ly used to sustain the failing strength. The prein ninety-six cases, over an average in twenty- | vention of cholera will be effected by cleanliness, one, and under an average in sixty-three places. comfortable housing, and proper diet, avoiding In a word, the crop is deficient about a fifth in especially all putrifying food and filthy water. both England and France. In Germany about | in arerage; same in Turkey. In Russia it is a great crop, and far above an average, but A Scotch farmer finds by measurement that whether to make the crop an average throughout his cattle drink over twenty-five pounds of water Europe is doubtful.