Imágenes de páginas

takes place; the heating of the mass breaks up copiously evolved during the process or decomthe physical texture of the materials, and the position by all kinds of manure.-Gem. Tel. play of chemical affinities induced thereby, and constantly going on in the mass, tends to solve

Stone for Stable Floors. and prepare the same for the use to which it is ultimately to be applied.

The use of stone in the construction of floors of the almost infinite variety of materials used for stables, we believe, is not common in Ameriin composting operations, there are few which

operations, there are few which ca, at least not in the central counties. We require any previous preparation; they are all I found them in universal use abroad, and they of a character rendering their immediate addi

dinte addi presented quite a marked feature in contrast with tion to the mass of other ingredients practi

the plank floors which are so common with us. cable, and when so added the chemical changes

In some of the best stables both for cattle and they experience, gives them the conformation de

horses, cobble stones are bedded into the earth in manded for the exertion of their powers both

a similar way that pavements are made in the upon the soil and crop.

cities. At first they looked as if they might be . Muck is often found to contain an acid princi- uncomfortable, especially for horses, but we were ple which is easily corrected by the alkalescent

assured no bad results followed from their use, matter in the other ingredients, or by the fer

and the uneven surface was regarded as an admenting process which is, engendered therehy.

vantage, as it served as a preventive to the ani. The other ingredients of a purely or semi-vege

mals slipping. Immediately back of the arimals table character, decompose readily under the

the floors are inade to descend, forming a curved chemical influences to which they are exposed,

ditch or alley for conducting the urine. In and become homogenous and soluble in a high

looking at these stables, the thought often oce degree.

curred whether similar structures could not be No substance is perhaps more conducive to the

profitably introduced with us. The first cost health and rapid development of vegetation

may, perhaps, be a little more than plank, but in than good compost. It is almost invariably

the long run they are infinitely cheaper. There inuch more pure than simple animal excrement,

is another advantage--the saving of room and contains a greater number of the essential ele

the prevention of accumulated filth underneath ments of vegetable nutrition, as well as a more

the floor, quite common where plank is used. liberal quantity of those mineral matters which An objection might be urged, that in our cold act mechanically on the improvement of the soil. climate stone fioors are liable to become frosty,

In all cases where much crude vegetable mat- thereby rendering cittle uncomfortable and prorter is used in composing, a considerable quantity ing injurious; but in properly-constructed stables of caustic lime will be required, not only to ac it is doubtful whether any inconvenience would celerate decomposition, but to neutralize the result from this source. Being lower down than native acids they contain, often in large quanti- plank, and upon the ground, there would be less ties, and which are in their nature uncongenial | exposure to winds and cold from beneath, and to the life of plants. Muck that has been formed when timbers were properly underpinned with by submarine action or decomposition is almost wall, the lieat from the cattle must prevent invariably impregnated with an acid principle freezing in all ordinary winter weather. wbich, if not corrected, will be found highly At Alderman Mechi's farm near London, the detrimental to vegetable growth. Most of the stables for cattle have floors composed of slats plants belonging to the lower orders of vegeta- not quite two inches apart, the slats being three tion, require to be thoroughly decomposed before inches thick and four inches wide. Below this they can be rendered available as a manure, and floor is a tank built of brick and cemented waterthis, where there is not a powerful fermentation tight, for the reception of the manures, both in the mass, is, as a result, often found to be at- liquid and solid. The tank which is some three tended with considerable difficulty, unless assist- feet dcep, has a bottom that slopes toward the ed by the decomposing action of lime.

centre, and is connected with pipes to the large In forming composts from green vegetable cistern outside, and from time to time water is substance of all kinds, sulphuric acid should be let in to liquify its contents, so as to be conducted freely used. Sprinkling the heaps daily with a off in the cistern referred to. From this resergill of acid diluted with two thousand times that voir the liquid is forced by steam through differquantity of water, will add greatly to the effi- ent parts of the firm and the crops irrigated. ciency of the compost by absorbing and fixing Under the system of irrigation adopted by Mr. the ammonia and carbonic acid which are always Mechi, grand results bave been obtained, but

ibis plan of floor is more adapted to his peculiar

Alsike Clover. system of husbanding manures.

Mr. Chauncey Miller, of the Shaker Family, Slatted floors, however, as a matter of conve!

near Albany, furnishes us the following statenience, could be adopted with good results in hog-ment of his experience with this plant for the pens, and also for young calves in spring, wbich

Country Gentleman: must be stabled until the weather is warm

We find the Alsike Clover a very guperior enough to turn them out. In both cases they | grass in the following plants : would serve the purpose of keeping the animals

1. For its value as a hay crop, on a great dry and clean, a consideration which adds great- variety of soils, being of a growth, in height, ly to their thrift. In raising calves, every one varying according to quality of soil, from tea must have observed how difficult it is to keep the stables dry, requiring constant attention, in one-and-a-half to three tons per acre, according change of bedding, which soon becomes foul.

to soil; thus comparing with our best red cloWith slatted floors and conveniences for remov

vers, though, of course, not so high as the great ing the manure below from time to time, would

western pea vine clover, but, with us, one-third not only lessen labour out by the use of muck

higher than the small, southern red clover. or other absorbents to take up the liquid as it

2. For fineness of stalk, or haulm. passes through the slats, would add considerable

3. For its multitude of sweet flowers, bloomto the compost heap. For hogs Mr. Mechi's slats ing, perhaps, three or four times as much as reci are three inches wide, and one-and-a-quarter

clover, making, when in bloom, literally " a sea inches apart. For calves, two inches thick, three

of flowers." wide, and one-and-five-eighths apart.

4. Its adaptation to heavy soils, clays or heavy

clay loams, as well as sandy soils, not being so We saw floors in England that had been in use

liable to heave out by frosts in winter and spring, an hundred years with little or no repairs, and

| as red clover, on account of the root being more which were likely to last one hundred years more. The time will come when stone floors in

fibrous, partaking somewhat of the character of

the white clover, (trifolium repens,) being the many parts of our country will become a neces

product of a cross between the red and white sity, and it is a question whether their adoption

clovers originated in Germany. upon farms where stone may conveniently be bad would not now be far more economical than

5. To all farmers who keep bees largely, the

crop would be of great value, as bees can work wood.- Utica Herald.

upon the flowers equally as well as upon white

clover, as they are about the same size, and preEnglish NationAL HORSE Show ASSOCIATION.- cisely the same habit, as the latter, but are much It is proposed to establish a Grand National Horse more abundant in honey ; bees appear as fond of Show Association, holding its shows annually in the flowers as of mignonette, and, in its seaso:2 the city of Hereford. The Hereford Times says: of flowering, which lasts about six weeks, are

Even such an exbibition as that afforded by the continually upon it, from dewy morn until dusky Bath and West of England Society, is tame and ere. insipid compared with the incidences of a horse 6. To those farmers raising clover geed for show, as we have now come to interpret the term, market, the Alsike clover, in our opinion, would viz: a show in which the horses are exercised in be of great value, as it seeds enormously, and what we may call their "trades ;'' that is, the tbe seed threshes easily, by flail or machine, leavhunter crossing the country, taking "bullfinch- ing a beautiful quality of bay, the stalks retaines," gates, water leaps, and such other ob- ing their greenness, when most of the seed is struction as come in the way of the huntsmen; quite ripe. the hack, well mounted and showing his step-! 7. It holds many weeks in bloom, thus giving ping powers, whether his calibre be that of a the farmer lee-way of time and weather, in re16-hander, a cob, a pony, or for carrying a lady; gard to securing the crop. ibe harness horse driven in harness, and proving In the past the three years we have spent about the style in which he can do his ten or twelve sixty dollars for Alsike clover geed to sow upon miles an hour, without any risk of coming our lands; we have tried it upon a variety of "down. These are what we now regard as soils. We like it so well, that should all circumthe leading elements of a horse show, and it is stances favor the enterprise, we think of seeding, such a show that the promoters of the Grand next spring, in considerable quantity to this National Association are desirous of establishing grass, and, if practicable, it is possible we may in Hereford.

import pure seed from Germany for that purpose,

not raising enough of our own seed to sow; as The Wool CROP OF CALIFORNIA, for 1866, so we find, on trial, that much of the seed of this far marketed, is about 5,000,000 pounds, of plant, which has been imported into this coun- which 3,000,000 pounds have been purchased for try, other than through the Patent Office Depart. the mills in San Francisco, and the balance exment, has been largely adulterated with other ported to the Atlantic States. Oregon this year clovers, daisy, &c., &c., either before or after produced not far from 1,800,000 pounds of wool, entering this country; possibly we may not be | 1,100,000 pounds being taken by her woolen able to obtain pure, even in Germany, but we mills, 300,000 by San Francisco mills, and the hope to do so. We mention this incidentally, as balance exported. The wool used by the Pacific much futile inquiry has been made by farmers, coast mills varies in value from sixteen to twentyaparians and seedsmen, where pure seed could be seven cents per pound. Oregon wool being obtained, and we fear it is to be obtained only cleaner and of finer quality, brings the highest in Germany. A party in Vermont has affected price. California wool loses about fity-five per to distribute much Alsike clover seed to aparians cent., and Oregon forty per cent. in cleaning. within the past three years, five dollars worth of which we tried, and found it did not contain one-thousandth part of Alsike clover seed, but The Cotton Planters' Asso. of Georgia was quite pure white clover seed.

met at Milledgeville a few days ago. The followAgain, we would say to farmers that we have

ing named officers were elected for the ensuing found it to be necessary, in order to be sure of year : B. C. Yancey, of Clark, President; B. B. seed, to order it in the fall, or early winter, as

Moore, of Tbomas, 1st Vice-President; J. B. the demand is generally such that it is all sold

Jones, of Burke, 2d Vice President; T.J. Smith, off before sowing time in the spring. If we are of Hancock, Treasurer, and Capt. H. L. French, successful in sowing in larger quantity, we will

of Schley, Secretary. A resolution was adopted again report, and we propose to try it on a great providing for the introduction of a bill in the er variety of soils.

Legislature to change the name of the body from

“Cotton Planters' Association " to "The AgriDer The following remarks on the advantages cultural and Mannfacturing Association of the of book-keeping, are from the Phrenological Jour- State of Georgia." nal:

"If the internal revenue shall cause farmers, manufacturers, all classes to keep accounts' of Tue Cotton.CROP.-We have very good reason incomes and outgoes, and for what, we think it to believe that in Maury county there never was will be worth millions to the country. The pres- before raised in one year as much cotton as has ent 'slip-shod manner' with many is ruinous. been grown this year. Some large farmers may How few there are who know exactly how they have raised more in other times, but there never stand-whether they are gaining or losing! and was a season when so many acres in the connty how almost universal is the habit of crying “hard were devoted to cotton. Every farm in the countimes,' when, if the great Icaks were stopped, all ty almost bas a patch of cotton on it this year. would go well and each have plenty. One 'saves As a bappy result, everybody that 110w farms, is at the spigot and wastes at the bunghole,' and getting in a little money, and the merchants are for want of accurate accounts seems insensible as selling goods, and trade generally is brightening to the causes of his being forever 'short of means' | up. The depression in the cotton market, howto carry on his work. Another becomes thrifty lever, is disappointing everybody very sadly.and forehanded by careful attention to his ac- | Columbia ( Tenn.) Gazette. counts. Every man ought to have his business so clearly recorded that he can tell in a moment to a fraction exactly what he is worth, what he A new and fatal disease is killing the hogs is making or losing on each particular item, be in Fleming county, Kentucky. Mr. D. Johnson it grain, fruits, flesh, or other productions. But has lost one hundred and forty-eight bogs by how few there are who do it. If the book un- what he calls diptheria. He says he examined der notice will serve to systematize this thing; them very closely, and found a yellow thick subif it will enable and induce men to keep ac- stance around the windpipe, and nothing wrong counts, it will, we repeat, be worth millions to with their entrails. They run a bloody subour country in dollars; and that which money stance from their ears and nose. He foots up his cannot buy, namely, that peace of mind which loss in hogs at over one thousand dollars.-Danresults from a perfect knowledge of our affairs." ville Advocate.

Sunday Reading.

The soul of the true Israelite is as “a garden

| by the river's side," not only lowly and situate Religion is a generous and noble thing in re-, where she may have the advantage of springs gard to its progress; it is perpetually carrying

and rivers as well as rain from heaven, (i. e., all on that mind, in which it is once sented, towards the means of grace,) but be well fenced and enperfection. Though the first appearance of it | closed, both by the discipline and the orders of upon the souls of good men may be but as the the church, and the conseqent favor and protecwings of the morning, sprcading themselves up

tion of Providence. . . . Her verdure is conspicuon the mountains, yet it is still rising higher and

ous and ever constant; whether in the summer higher upon them, chasing away all the filthy

of prosperity or the winter of adversity, her acmists and vapors ef sin and wickedness before

tions and principles are ever upright and fair; it, till it arrives to its meridian altitude. There

her lopes and affections and desires are ever asis the strength and force of the Divinity in it; cending towards the noblest and most sublime and though, when it first enters into the minds objects, the things that are above, the glorious of men, it may seem to be " sown in weakness," things of heaven. .. .. The deeper the soul is yet it will raise itself " in power." As Christ

rooted in humility and grace, the higher will its was in His bodily appearunce. He was still in- affections ascend towards heaven, and the wider creasing in wisdom and stature and favor with God its branches of charity extend towards men. and man, until He was perfected in glory; so is He also in llis spiritual appearance in the souls of

How many thanks and praises do we owe unto men; and accordingly the New Testament does |

Him for this our salvation, wrought by His dear more than once distinguish, of CHRIST, in His

and only Son Christ! who became a pilgrim on several ages and degrees of growth in the souls

earth to make us citizens in heaven; who beof all true christians.

came the Son of man to make us tlie sons of God; who became obedient unto the law to de

liver us from the curse of the law; who became As in the first institution of nature, and the

poor to make us rich; vile to make us precious; propagation of corporeal essences, it was enact

subject to death to make us his forever! What ed und yet continues, that "every thing should

greater love could we silly creatures desire or bring forth fruit, after his kind;" so I find it in

| wish to have at God's hands? ... Therefore, let the propagation of virtue and vice; they bring

us confess Him with our mouths, praise Him with forth fruit "after their kind.” Virtue begets

our tongues, believe on Him with our hearts, and virtue, vice begets vice. And it is as natural

glorify Him with our good works. for a man to expect a return of virtue out of virtue, and a return of vice out of vice, as it is for

Can we think that Holy Scripture thus tells us him to expect an elephant should beget an ele of the sacred childhood of Jesus, and ineans us phant, or a serpent a serpent. Nay, not only

not to reverence childhood? Feel we not (at ihe germs but the very species holds, and often

least if we be not deadened by this world's vantimes the proportion of that species too. . . . He

ities) a drawing forth of our in most hearts tothat sows iniquity, must look to reap it. Did not

wards them, a tender love, a reverence for them, David's murder and adultery bring the sword

which, alas ! we cannot have for ourselves, and and incest into his family?

often not for others of riper years ?

Our Lord sanctified every age of life by His

Good men are always walking on from strength own susception of it and similitude to it; for He

to strength, till at last they see God in Zion.came to save all people through His own person ;

| Religion, though it hath its infancy, yet it bath

i no old age : while it is in its minority, it is alall, I say, whio, by Him, are born again unto God-infants, boys, children, young men and

ways in motu; but when it comes to its maturity old. Made an infant, He sanctified the state of

it will always be in quiete; it is then “alway? infancy; and being Himself a child, He sancti- |

the same, and its years fail not, but it shall entied the state of childhood.

dure for ever."

The empyrean heaven saved not the angels, It is fit that the Word, being more precious who in that heaven committed sin. The terres. than gold, yea, than much fine gold, a priceless trial Paradise saved not Adam, who in that Parpearl, should not be laid up in the porter's lodge, adise committed sin. And dost thou presume tu the outward ear, but even in the cabinet of the hope in the church for impunity of those evils, mind.

| wäich in the church you perpetrate?







Baltimore Markets, Dec. 22.

Wholesale Produce Market. COTIZE.-Rio, 18%a19%c. gold, according to quality. Prepared for the American Perwer by ELLICOTT & Heves, Predres Laguayra —, and Java — cts. gold,

and Commission Merchants, Exchange Place. COTTON.-We quote prices as follows, viz:

BALTIMORE, Dec. 22, 1866. Grades.

Upland. Gulf.

BUTTER.-Ohio, in brls, and kegs, solid packed, 20 te

25 cts.; Roll, 35; Virginia and Pennsylvania in kegs and Ordinary................................ 27

tubs, 20 to 25; Glades, 30a45; Goshen, 45. Good do............................... 29 Low Middling ......................... 31

BEESWAX-45 cts. Didaling............................... 35

CPEESE.-Eastern, 18; Western, 16.

DRIED FRUIT.- Apples, 10, Peaches, 17. FERTILIZER9.—Peruvian Guano, $80; Reese & Co's.

Eggs-In barrels, 35 cents per dozen. Soluble Pacific Guano, $65; Flour of Bone, Sco; G. Ober's

FEATHER8-75 cents for good Southern. (Kettlewells) AA Manipulated, $70; A do.. $60; Ammo

LARD.--Brls. 14, kegs 15, jars and other country packniated Alkaline Phosphate, $55, Alkaline Phosphate, $45;

ages 16 cents. Baltimore City Company's Fertilizer, $#0; de., Flour of

TALLOW.-21 cents. Bone, $60; do., Ground Bone, $45; do., Poudrette, $20; Baugh's Raw-bone Phosphate, $56; -all per ton of 2,000 CONTENTS OF THE JANUARY NO. Ibs.; Pure Ground Plaster, $13.50a $14.00 per ton. Shell

Farm Work for the Month.... Lime, slacked, 6c., unslacked, 10c. per bushel.

The Vegetable Garden ......

.... 199 F198.-Mackerel.-No. 1, $19a20; No. 2, $18a19;

The Fruit Garden, etc....

... 192 large, No. 3, $14.50a15. Herrings -Labrador, $6.50a 7.50;

The Flower Garden ........ Potomac and Susqueh'na, $8.50a9; Codfish, new, $7a$7.50.

Hardy Herbaceous Plants ...... Corn.-White, $1.00a$1,05; Yellow, $1.05a$1.08 per

Curing Broom Corn.......... bushel.

Feeding Steek in Winter... .................... 201 FLOUR.--Howard Street Super and Cut Extra, $11a

On Ventilation as Affecting the Health and Feeding $11.55; Family, $15.50416.00; City Mills Super, $10.50a

of Animals.......... 11; Baltimore Family, $17.50.

Abortion in Cows.......................... Rye Flour and Corn Meal.-Rye Flour, new, $6.25a

Winter Management of Stock ................ 6.50; Corn Meal, $546.00.

Mashes for Horses ......... Grain.- Wheat.--Good to prime Red, $3 1543.30;

The Fast Nags......

.. 207 Choice White-good to prime, $3.25a $3.40 per bushel.

Dr. H. Hinkley ........ Rye.-$1.25 per bushel.

Plank Drains-Suggestions about Draining....... Oats --Heavy to lighl-ranging as to character from 57

The Fishes of the Valley of the Amazon ............. a62c. per bushel.

Facts in Farming................................. 210 HAY AND STRAW.-Timothy $26a28, and Rye Straw $28

Poultry Yard ..................................... per ton.

The Mineral and Agricultural Wealth of Southwes. BEANS.--$3.50a3 75 as to guality.

tern Virginia.........

............. 212 POTATOES.-$4.00a4.25 per bbl.

Coal Ashes .......

.. PROVISIONS.-Bacon.-Shoulders, 12a13 ets.; Sides,

......... 22

A Great Invention in Bee-Culture How to Empty a2a13; Hams, plain bagged, 19 cts.; sugar cured, 20 cts.

Combs ..... per lb.

Manurial Values......

.213 SALT.-Liverpool Ground Alum, $2.15a2.20; Fine, 83.10

The Agricultural College of Maryland..........

...... 215 13.25; Turk's Island, 62c. per bushel.

Farmers' Clubs ...........

... 215 SEED3.-Clover, held at $9.25, Timothy, $3.50a3.62;

Labour ............................ . ..

... 216 Flaxseed, $2 90.

Old Virginia...............................

.. 216 TOBACCO.-We give the range of prices as follows:

Experiments on Potatoes. .................

.. 217 Maryland.

Book Notices ................... Frosted to common......................... $2.50a 3.00

The Study of Agriculturol Facts ............. Sound common............................. 3.50a 4.00

Sowing Oats in February .......... Middling ..................................

Productiveness of North Carolina Lands ......

6.00a 8.00 Good to fine brown........................ 10.00a15.00

Rotting of Turnips........... Fancy..............

....... 17.00 25 00

Wheat Binders.................. l'pper country............................. 3.00a30.00

Lime Kilns-How to Make .... Ground leaves, new ........................ 3.00a5.00

Peach Orchards......

Lime on Wheat.......

Compounding Manures.....
Infericr to good common.................... 4.00a 6.00

Stone for Stable Floors........................

026 Brown and spangled.........

... 7.00a12.00

Alsike Clover.............. .......................
Good and fine red and spangled............. 13.00a17.00

Sunday Reading.......
Fine yellow and fancy ...................... 20.00a30.00
WHISKEY-$2.30a2.35 per gallon, in barrels.

post-We direct the attention of our renders, W004 – We quote: Unwashed, 25a 27 cts. per 1b.; Tub. | particularly those wbo are troubled with the washed, 45a57 cts.; Fleece, common, 40a48 cts.; Pulled, high price of cigars, to the advertisement, in No. 1, 27a32 cts.; Merino, 35a37 cts.

another column, of the “National Cigar MaCATTLE MARKET.--Common, $5.00a36; Good, $6.50a chine." The machine will be sent prepaid to $6.73. Prime Beeves, $7.50a8.00 per 100 lbs.

any address on receipt of $3, and will, no doubt Sheep4%a6 cents per 1b. gross.

if purchased, save you many a dollar in the course Hoge-$8.75a9.50 per 100 lbs., net.

of a year.

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