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am satished, is a change in our system of farm- more valuable than lime, bushel for bushel; they
Maryland State Sorgho Convention.
The third annual Convention of the Maryland
State Sorgho Association assembled at GilA J. R. mour's Hotel on Tuesday, 12th February, and
was called to order by the President, A. R. DurFor the "American Farmer.”
bin, of Carroll county, who made some remarks. Joyner's Depot, V. C., January 18, 1867. He said there was no doubt that molasses and Editors American Farmer :
sugar could be made from the sorg ho, but
whether it will pay Maryland farmers to raise Will you please imform me, through the bar.
the plant for their own use is a problem yet to mer, low to prepare and manure, with bought
be solved. During the past year the product manures, (as home made manures are not to be
showed a marked deterioration, more than half had) one acre of poor land for clover. The land
the cane having been worthless, though raised will produce only about ten bushels of corn in
from pure seed. He thought the annual meetits present condition, and the clay is about fifteen
ing of the cane growers will be productive of to eighteen inches from top of ground. I wish
good, and the members would do all in their to sow an acre in clover for a few hogs, and it
power to present to the farmers the importance (the land) will not produce the clover in its pres
of producing their own syrups. The report of ent condition, and I wish you to inform me what
the State Board was presented, and its questions kinds of bought manure is best, and how much
discussed. Fifty specimens of syrup, one of of each kind should be applied to make the land
granulated sugar, and several of mush sugar, produce good clover. What is the difference be
were exhibited, and a committee appointed for tween shell and stone lime for agriculture, as a
the purpose made a lengthy report on their qualmanure? Which is worth the most, a bushel of
ities. ashes or a bushel of shell lime? How many bushels of lime are necessary to be applied to an
The following resolutions were discussed and acre of land ?
A. C. S.
| adopted :
Resolved, That regular sorgho is the most proAnswer-Land that will produce but ten bushels
ductive and valuable variety of cane for general of corn to the acre, should have two hundred to
purposes, but that the Liberian, possessing some two hundred and fifty pounds of some good super
peculiar qualities, is worthy of further cultiphosphate--whatever you have found to do well
vation. Offered by Mr. II. Ball, of Harford in your neighborhood-in order to get a good
county. growth of clover. A bushel to the acre of ground plaster, (sulphate of lime,) should be sown upon
Resolved, That early and deep plowing, plantthe clover wben it gets the third leaf. The land
ing more seed than is intended to stand, the must have been well cultivated the previous sca
plant then suckering less, with thorough working son in corn, or other hoed crop. It is difficult
with cultivators, is the best method of cultivato get a set of clover on poor, and very sandy
tion. Offered by Mr. Kinsey. land, without a top-dressing of manure, having
Resolved, That any speedy market fertilizer is straw or other litter in it.
more desirable to start cane than stable manure, Ordinarily, shell lime is quite equal in value
but that a well-improved soil is to be relied on to stone lime, weight for weight; fifty bushels for its successful growth. Offered by Mr. Brus. of slaked lime per acre is a medium top-dressing. ter. It will help very much to make light lands pro- Resolved, That a light sandy loam soil, with a duce clover and grass. Good oak ashes, are trace of lime in its composition, is preferable to a clay loam or sub-soil. Offered by Mr. Arrival of First Steam Plow at N. Orleans. Cloud.
It will interest our planting friends, factors, Resolved, That the planting of soaked or dry and others interested in the agricultural developseed is successful in proportion to the kind of
ment of the South, to know that one of the steam weather that succeeds said planting, and that a plows of Messrs. Fowler & Co., Leeds, Englan mixture of soaked and dry seed is advisable, so
has arrived by the steamship Alhambra, from as to adapt its growih to any weather that may
Liverpool, consigned to Messrs. Longstreet, Ove follow the planting. Offered by Mr. C. C. Kinsey.
We strongly recommend the attentiou of agriResolved, That a committee of three he ap.
culturists to this fact, believing, as we do, its pointed to experiment with canes, as follows:
introduction will at no far distunt day prove it Take pure seed, and plant free from contact with
an implement of the greatest importance in the any species of the millet family; then plant the cultivation of our cotton and sugar lands, and same kind of seed with broom corn and other
in the highest degree save a vast amount of anispecies; after the canes are matured, test re-maland human labor in the production of one sults as to quantity, quality, and density, and
products, sugar and cotton. report result to next annual meeting. Offered
Messrs. Fowler & Co. bave introduced their by Mr. Bruster.
| plows throughout England and in Egypt, and Resolved, That shallow and rapid evaporation
we are informed hundreds of them are now be is attended with the best results; also, that fire
ing worked by the Arabs and Bedouins in the is more convenient and durable than steam as
valley of the Nile, preparing the soil for the crop an evaporating agent.
of this year. Mr. Eylb, the engineer, accompaResolved, That sorghum syrups should be cool
nying the engine, informs us that as soon as all ed down to a temperature as low at least as 175
the parts of the machine are landed from the degrees as soon as possible after being removed
vessel, an exhibition of its working will be given, from the pan.
in the vicinity of the city, to afford an opportaResolved, That Maryland farmers can produce
nity for our planting friends and others to see it and manufacture sorghum syrup at a cost per
in operation, and to test its power and suitabiligallon not exceeding one-half the cost of corn
ty for the great agricultural district of the Mis per bushel.
sissippi valley.- Nero Orleans Weekly Times. Resolved, Twat for ordinary domestic operalions in sorghum, vertical mills, being less ex
KICKING Cows.-J.J. Watson writes the New pensive, and receiving the power more direct,
England Farmer in this wise: I had a kicking are the most economical and appropriate. În
heifera perfect kangaroo. I tried moral suklarge operations, requiring machinery of large
sion-no use; then retaliation-when she kickcapacity, horizontal mills should be used.
ed, I kicked-she grew worse and I do better. A paper was adopted declaring, for the benefit I then "tied her up," but that didn't affect ber of all operators, that all taxes upon sorghum hind legs-she spilled her milk-she jammed the syrup and sugar have been abolished; and that pail- she rapped my shins. I was then advised manufacturers are only required to procure a to take up one fore foot and slip a short strap license when the whole product of the season's over her knee, so as to compel her to stand on operations exceed $1000.
three legs, being "tied up," of course. This Mr. Bruster, of Baltimore county, offered the done, cut your nails, and milk at your leisure. following resolution, which was also adopted : Sbe can't hurt you, and will come to her
Resolved. That the State Board be authorized | milk,” and give up kicking. to confer with the officers of the Maryland State Agricultural Society with a view of introducing
JA A Scotch paper says a farmer in that counand benefitting the sorgho interest in its various
ty found two lambs in a culvert where they had branches by encouraging with premiums and
been, without any food, for twenty-one days. A otherwise.
third lamb had died, but these two were still The Convention, after some conversational dis
alive, although very weak. cussion, adjourned sine die.
thee The plan of planting a few acres with
forest trees, to be used as fuel, and allowed to To The Secretary of the Iowa Board of Agri. grow up again, thus furnishing a perpetual supculture claims that full one-third of the receipts ply, is strongly recommended to prairie farmers of wbeat at Chicago are from lowa.
I by some recent writers.
Had Hercules sat at home by the fireside, and
passed his life in effeminate ease and indulgence, Imagination cannot form to itself a nore ex
he had never been Hercules. They were the
lion, the hydra, the boar, and all those monquisite and affecting piece of scenery than that
sters he so laboriously defeated, which exercised exbibited by Solomon in the book of Proverbs.
his gallantry. What honor had he acquired, if In his seventh chapter, he introduces the world,
his virtue had not been thus dangerously emby its meretricious blandishments, alluring the
ployed? What benefit had mankind reaped unwary to the chamber of destruction. In the
from so great a soul, if he had declined the oce succeeding chapter, by way of perfect contrast,
casions of exerting it? appears in the beauty and majesty of holiness the Son of the Father, the true and eternal Wisdom of God, with all the tender love and affec
We are, by nature, half angel, half brute. tionate concern of a parent, inviting men to sub
We must rise towards the one, or sink towards stantial joys and enduring pleasures of immor
the other; and at length, associate to all eter tality, in the house of Salvation.
nity either with angels or devils. To feed, to strengthen, to exercise, the spiritual part of us,
is to rise. To feed, to strengthen, to exercise The high mountain and the pinnacle of the Tem- |
the brutal part, is to sink and be lost forever. ple seem to point to Satan's chief temptation, "We lost the innocence and dignity of nature the sin of pride, whereby he himself fell, and
and | by eating," says Athanasius, “and must restore wherewith he seeks to make havoc of our souls,
ourselves by abstinence.'' in things sacred, even in the very temple of God. How difficult it is, yea, impossible to mor
Before you begin your psalm of praise and rem tal man, to stand unmoved on the high places joicing in God, make this use of your imagninaof the earth, so as to say, “I refrain my soul and tion : Be still, and imagine, that you saw the keep it low." "Get thee behind me, Satan."
heavens oper, and the glorious choirs of the Che
rubim and Seraphim about the throne of God. How is it possible for God to make an intelli Think upon this, till your imagination has cargent creature to receive its happiness from any ried you above the clouds, till it has placed you thing, but Himself, since this would not only be amongst those heavenly beings, and made yon giving His glory to another, but in some sort an long to bear part in their eternal music. annihilation of Himself? For, 'whatever constitutes, or confers our happiness, will, in the rea
I suppose, that in the baptism of Christ, the son of the thing, be our God, and we cannot be
mystery of all our baptisms was visibly acted ; persuaded to place our desires, to pay our hom
and that God says to every one truly baptized, age anywhere else.
as He said to Him, (in a proportionable sense, )
"Thou art my Son, in whom I am well pleased." Consider four things; Christ's baptism, His departure into the wilderness, His fasting, and
Jesus is cleansed; and dost thou despise purilastly, His contest and conquest over the Temp
fication? By John, and dost thou say ought ter and temptation. In the first, we call to mind
against thy teacher? At thirty years old ; but our regeneration in the fountain of grace; in the
dost thou in teaching precede thy elders ? second, our departure from the vanities of the world; in the third, the mortification of the
Prayer is the way to have heaven upon earth, Besb; in the fourth, how to resist the enemy.
and to have some foretastes of the grapes of Cit
naan, whilst we are in the wilderness of the He, that brought ruin into the state of man,' world, before we get a full meal of them. began the same by eating; but He, that brought recovery into the ruinated state of Adam, began
It is a great deal easier to commit the second the same by fasting. He fasted days and nights ;
sia than it was to commit the first; and a great whence we may gather that we must be armed
deal harder to repent of a second than it was to against the tempter, as well in the days of pros
repent of the first. perity, as nights of adversity.
Prayer tranquillizes and cleanses the soul, so All the sayings, syllables, accents, and dots in as to render it more fit for the reception of God's the Divine Scriptures are full of meaning.
THE MARYLAND AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE.-The
Infericr to good common.................... 4.00a 6.00 duties of this Institution will be resumed on Mon
Brown and spangled ........................ 7.00a 12.40 day, 25th day of March. (See Advertisement.)
Good and fine red and spangled. ............ 13.00a17.00
Fine yellow and fancy...................... 20.00a30.00 zey Attention is called to the large public
WHISKEY-$2.25a2.30 per gallon, in barrels. sale at the farm
WOOL - We quote: Unwashed, 25a 27 cts. per 1b.; Tub. of J. Howard Mcllenry, Esq., I washed, 45a57 cts.; Fleece, common, 40a45 cts.; Pulled, near Pikesville, Md., on the 3d and 4th April. No. 1, 28a33 cts.; Merino, 37 a 40 cts. See advertisement.
CATTLE MARKET.-Common, $5 50a$6.25; Good, $7a $7.25. Prime Beeves, $7.50a8.00 per 100 lbs.
Sheep-7%a8% cents per 1b. gross.
Hogs-$10.50a11.25 per 100 lbs., Det.
Wholesale Produce Market. Ordinary............
Prepared for the American Parner by ELLICOTT & HEWKA, Produse
and Commission Merchants, 67 Exchange Place, od do............................... 30 Low Middling ......................... 31
BALTIMORE, Feb. 23, 1867. Middling............................... 32%
Butter -Ohio, in brls, and kegs, 20 to 25 cts.; Roll. FERTILIZERS.- Peruvian Guano, $82; Reese & Co's 30 to 33; Virginia and Pennsylvania in kegs and tubs, 20 Soluble Pacific Guano, $65; Flour of Bone, $c0; G. Ober's to 25; Glades, 25 to 43; Goshen, 45 to 50. (Kettlewells) AA Manipulated, $70; A do., $60; Ammo- BEESWAX--43 cts. niated Alkaline Phosphate, $55; Alkaline Phosphate, $45; / CHEESE.-Eastern, 20; Western, 18.. Baltimore City Company's Fertilizer, $10; do., Flour or DRIED FRUIT.-Apples, 10; Peaches, 17. Bone, 960; do., Ground Bone, $45; do., Poudrette, $20; EGG8--In barrels, 40 cents per dozen. Baugh's Raw-bone Phosphate, $56; Maryland Powder of FEATHERS--80 cents for good Southern. Pone, $50; Andrew Coe's Super-Phosphate of Lime, $60; LARD.-Brls. 13, kegs 13%, jars and other country pack -all per ton of 2,000 lbs.; Pure Ground Plaster, $13.50a ages 14 cents. $14.00 per ton, or $2 50 per bbl. Shell Lime, slacked, | Tallow.-11* cents. 6c., unslacked, 10c. per bushel, at kilns.
F19h.-Mackerel.--No. 1, $19a21; No. 2, $16 50a17.50; large, No. 3, $14a15. Herrings --Labrador, $6a7; Potomac CONTENTS OF THE MARCE NO. and Susqueh'na, - ; Codfish, 5%a6* cts. per lb. Farm Work for the Month...
.... 263 FLOUR. --Howard Street Super and Cut Extra, $10.50a The Vegetable Garden.......
264 $11.00; Family, $14.10a16.00; City Mills Super, $10.25a The Fruit Garden .......... 11.50; Baltimore Family, $17.50.
The Flower Garden .............
.......... 266 Rye Flour and Corn Meal.-Rye Flour, new, $6.75a Ivflammation of the Spleen--Carbuncle of the Spleen 7.25; Corn Meal, $4.62a4.75.
-Spleen Disease in Cattle...................... Grain.- Wheat.-Good to prime Red, $3.00a3.10;
Trees ....................................... ..... White, $3.30.
Estimating Corn in Crib...........................
... 270 Rye.--$1.25 per bushel.
Drainage of Flat Lands....
271 Oats.-Heavy to light-ranging as to character from 55
.. 272 a18c. per bushel--bulk.
Home made Super-phosphates.....
276 Corn.- White, 93a96 cts.; Yellow, 93a96 cts. per
The use of Lime.......... bushel
Value of Manures.......
.... 277 HAY AND Straw.—Timothy $25a27, and Rye Straw $27
Soil and Manures for Hops................. per ton.
Food for Plants...................
278 BEANS.--$3.00a3.25 as to quality.
What is One Horse Power?"....
... 279 POTATOES.—$1.00 per bushel.
Flowers and Vines in the House....
.... 279 PROVISIONS.-Bacon.--Shoulders, 11912 cts.; Sides,
Payment of Subscriptions................ 12a13; Hams, plain bagged, 16 cts.; sugar cured, 17 cts.
Book Notices ..................................
.... 282 per lb.
Barley .............. .............. ..........
283 Salt.-Liverpool Ground Alum, $2.20a2.26; Fine, $3.25; /
284 Turk's Island, 60a63c. per bushel.
Large Farms and Associated Capital..... SEEDS.-Clover, held at $8.50a9.50; Timothy, $3.752
Labor Question Again-Change of System ........
286 4.00: Flaxseed, $2 75a $2.80.
Small Doses of Lime on Whent........... TOBACCO.-We give the range of prices as follows:
Improvement of Poor Land.......
287 Maryland. Cultivation of Basket Willow ......
... 288 Frosted to common.....
............ $2.50a 3,00 Speculations on Potato Planting, &c........ ...... 289 common.............................. 3.50a 4.00 Uses of Fruits and Vegetables Middling .................................. 6.00a 8.00 Tariff of Farm Wages..............
.... 291 Good to fine brown......................... 10.00a16.00 Inquiries... ................................
...... 201 Fancy....... ... 17.00a 25.00 Concontration of Forces..........................
.... 292 Upper country............................. 3.00a30.00 Small Farms.................................... Ground leaves, new ......................... 3.00a5.00 Maryland State Sorgho Convention.................
then make our marks for planting, å very large
portion of the proper work of preparation is left * Fled nor the sullen murmers of the north,
for the time in which the working of the crop The splendid raiment of the spring peeps forth;
should be accomplisbed, and this is necessarily Her universal green, and the clear sky, Delight, still more and more, the gazing eye.
carried so late into the summer, that the crop is Wide o'er the fields, in rising moisture strong,
damaged by the very means we take to make it. Shoots up the simple flower, or creeps along
Tbis valuable crop is so accommodating, that it The mellowed soil."
admits of having liberties taken with it, and we
commit it to the ground on a degree of preparaFarm Work for the Month. tion which tobacco and other crops would by no
menos admit of. To do it ample justice, turn SOWING OATS.
the sod well, and roll and barrow till there is a The work to be first despatched is the sowing
good seed bed. Then the laying off and crossing of oats, and other spring grains not yet disposed
is done without disturbing the bed, and the after of. The wet weather continued so long into
working is completed before the caring begins, March, has delayed the early spring work, and
instead of being carried into and beyond the redoubled energy will be needed to bring it up.
wheat harvest. Let the oats be sowed at the earliest period prac
To be able to plant close enough to make a ticable, and the grass seeds at the same time,
full crop, early working and early “laying by "> immediately after the harrowing, and to be fol
MAXURING. lowed by the roller.
Whatever manures are to be used, the earlier CORN PREPARATION.
they are got upon the ground the better, that We should not wish, under ordinary circum- they may be submitted to the solvent action of stances, to begin the planting of corn during spring rains. There is often, we think, much this month, in this latitude. The first weck of loss by too long delay in this matter. Apply May is time enough. But the work of prepara- early, and keep them near the surface. For mation must be accomplished by the close of the nuring corn in the hill, some well prepared commonth, that there may be no delay when the post of plas:er, ashes, and rich mould, or poultry right time comes.
house manure, with little plaster, or good superLet it be considered that a due preparation of phosphate, or mixed guanos, should be prepared. the ground now is not only much better for the Where it is not practicable to give the land a crop, but saves a great deal of summer work, sufficient broadcast manuring, it is very desirable wben time is more precious, and work more to have it manured in the bill. Indeed, under oppressive. There is no fact better established any circumstances, and with seeds of every kind, than the value of completing the work of the a little fertilizing material in immediate contact corn field much earlier than is done in our com- with seed is advisable, to give the young plant mon practice. If we only turn the sod, and ! a vigorous start.