Imágenes de páginas

When a farm is worked on shares, the pro- | poor farming district before the introduction of prietor should so frame the contract that hay rye growing, and now the farmers are making straw, cornstalks and other coarse material shall good incomes. The mills at Herkimer are now pot be carried off the soil; and he who works it using six tons of rye straw per day. Matthew should make and apply a given amount of ma- Smith, of Frankfort, grew last year on an acre nure annually. If foreign fertilizers are ap- of land and from two bushels of sowing, fortyplied, the proprietor ought to sustain a small seven bushels of rye, for which he got one dollar portion of the expense, if he receives a share of aud twenty cents per bushel, and two tons of the çrain. The contract should not allow a man straw which were sold at twenty-four dollars. to plow up the entire farm at one time, so that This makes eighty dollars and forty cents as the there will be no grass the next season, either for yield from one acre, which may be considered a pasture or meadow.- Working Farmer.

very profitable crop. Probably the farmers of Herkimer would find it to their advantage to

grow rye in connection with the dairy. The Rye as a Farm Crop.

Herkimer mills are using two thousand tons of This grain is little cultivated in regions well

straw annually, and are forced to get their supe adapted to those more valuable and of more gen

ply from Schenectady. It comes in bales. Rye eral use. It belongs more properly to cold, hea

straw is worth from twenty-four to thirty dollars vy highlands, where Indian corn is in yearly

per ton in New York city, and is of ready sale. danger from frosts at both ends of the season,

At the mills East they pay twenty dollars per ton and grass is the main crop. If grown exclusive

for it. The business is confined to the States of ly for the grain it is an unpleasant and somewhat | New

New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Maryexpensive crop to handle, on account of the bulk

land, Delaware and Illinois. Nine-tenths of the iness of straw, and the grain itself does not bring

bring printing paper made of straw is produced in New a comparatively high price in the market. But !

arket. But York." the straw is far more valuable than that of any

of any We give the above from the Rural New York

Woo of the cereals. The farmer has many uses for it.

er as an offset to what was said last month on For thatching purposes it excels, and a roof of

rye as a grain crop. It was as a grain crop this material well put on, will last twenty-five or

against wheat, and for grain districts, where thirty years. Why should not farmers use straw

straw is not merchantable, that our remarks roofs in preference to expensive ones, or hum

were intended to apply. bugging patent rights ? Rye straw is excellent for cutting and mixing with more nutritious food, and for many purposes around the farm it is con Barns.-We should like to preach a sermon to venient. It makes cheap and good protection | all our parishioners on barns. We think they for fruit trees. But the paper makers will pay need a sermon on this subject--and it should be the most money for it, and farmers will find it | enforced in a positive style. There should be no profitable to grow rye straw to supply their de milk-and-water sentiments or opinions uttered mands wherever paper mills are in operation on a subject of so much importance to every within convenient distances. The Utica Herald Western farmer. Millions of dollars are wasted gives some information respecting the value of every year by the want of good barns. Grain rre straw in the central part of this State, which and bay are stacked in the fields, and exposed we copy :

to the storms of the seasons, and damaged mate“The making of white printing paper from rye

rially thereby. The waste and destruction thus straw was commenced at Fort Edward, N. Y.,

caused would pay more than 25 per cent. interest in 1857. At that time, rye straw could not be

on every judicious investment of money in barns procured in sufficient quantities to keep one mill

on every farm in the West. They are indispenrunning. It takes two tons of straw for a ton

sable appendages.—Exchange. of paper. The farmers began 10 grow the crop in Washington and Saratoga counties, and now that the incrense of live stock in Australia ten large mills are in operation, using in the ag- has so outgrown the requirements of the popugregate fifteen thousand tons annually. The lation that an influential meeting of squatters of straw at these mills, for the prst five years, has | the Riverine districts was held at Demliquin in averaged less than fifteen dollars per ton, and May, at which it was resolved to establish at two hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars Hay, on the Murrumbidgee, a joint stock estaba are brought into these counties for straw alone. lishment capable of boiling down ten thousand Then there is the value of the grain. It was a 'sheep a week.

Sunday Reading.

It is a wonder how full of shifts nature is, rendy to turn over all good purposes. If we

think of death she suggests secretly, " Ticoh, it Alone must every son of man meet his trialhour. The individuality of the soul necessitates

shall not come yet;'' if of judgment for sin, that. Each man is a new soul in this world, un

" this concerns not thee, it shall not come at

all;"' if of heaven and our labor to reach it, tried, with a boundless possible before him. No

| " trouble not thyself, it will come soon enough one can predict what he may become, prescribe his duties, or mark out his obligations. Each

alone;'' address thyself to pray, “it is yet unman's own nature bas its own peculiar rules, and

seasonable, stay for a better opportunity;" to

give alms, “thou knowest not thine own future he must take up his life-plan alone, and persevere in it in a perfect privacy with which no stranger

wants ;' to reprove, “what needest thou thrust intermeddleth.

thyself into wilful batred ?" Each man's temptations are

Every good action

hath his let : he can never be good that is not made up of a host of peculiarities, internal and

resolute. external, which no other mind can measure. You are tried alone, alone you pass into the desert, alone you must bear and conquer in the

It is good to make a jest, but not to make a

trade of jesting, Jest not with the two-edged agony, alone you must be sisted by the world. There are moments known only to a man's own

sword of God's word. Will nothing please thee

to wash thy hands in but the font? or to drink self, when he sits by the poisoned springs of existence, “yearning for a morrow which shall

healths in but the church chalice? Let not thy free him from the strife." Oh, it is then when

jests like mummy, be made of dead men's flesh. human advice is unavailable that the soul feels

Abuse not any that are departed, for to wrong what it is to be alone.

their memories is to rob their ghosts of their winding-shects. Scoff not at the natural defects

of any which are not in their power to amend. Satan would seem to be mannerly and reason Oh, 'tis cruelty to beat a cripple with his own able, making as if he would be content with one crutches. No time to break jests when the half of the heart, whereas Gud challengeth all heart strings are about to be broken. or none; as indeed He hath most reason to claim all, that made all. But this is nothing but a crafty fetch of Satan, for be knows that if he I never loved those salamanders that are never bare any part, God will have none, so the whole well but when they are in the fire of contention. falleth to his share alone. My heart, when it is I will rather suffer a thousand wrongs than offer both whole and at the best, is but a strait and one; I will suffer a hundred rather than return unworthy lodging for God. If it were bigger one; I will suffer many ere I will complain of and better, I would reserve it all for Him; Satan one, and endeavor to right it by contending. I may look in at my doors by a temptation, but have ever found that to strive with my superior he shall not have so much as one chamber-room is furious; with my equal, doubtful; with my set apart for him to sojourn in.

inferior sordid and base; with any, full of un

quietness. An evil man is clay to God, wax to the devil. God may stamp him into powder or temper him A man under God's affliction is like a bird in anew, but none of his means can melt him. a net, the more he striveth the more he is enContrariwise, a good man is God's wax, and tangled. God's decree cannot be eluded with Satan's clay: he relents at every look of God, impatience. What I cannot avoid I will learn but is not stirred at any temptation. I would | to bear. rather bow than break to God; but for Satan or the world I would rather be broken in pieces

I find that all worldly things require a long with their violence, than suffer myself to be

labor in getting, and afford a short pleasure in bowed unto their obedience.

enjoying them. I will not care much for what I have; nothing for what I have not.

God is Lord of my body also, and therefore challengeth as well reverent gestures as inward I care not so much in anything for multitude devotion. I will ever, in my prayers, either as for choice. Books and friends I will not have stand, as a servant, before my master, or kneel, many: I would rather seriously converse with a as a subject to my prince.

few than wander amongst many.


Large Auction Sale of Alderney Catt'e and

Ohio. Trotting Horses, to take place OCTOBER 10th, at the Inferior to good common.......

3.00a 6.00 THREE TUNS STABLES, Baltimore. About 20 COWS | Brown and spangled ..............

6.00a 12.00 and HEIFERS and 3 YOUNG BULLS of pure breve and Medium to line red and spangled............ 800a 20.00 best pedigree, Catalogues can be had of the publishers. Fine yellow and fancy ........ .......... 20.00a30.00


Govanstown. Ma. Wool -We quote: Unwashed, 27a29 cts. per Ib.; Tuboct WM. C. WILSOX, Springvale. | washed, 37a40 cts.; Fleece 36a42 ctb.; Pulled 25a32 cts.

per lb. Maryland Agricultural and Mechanical CATTLE MARKET.--Coumon, $4.75a5 25; Good, $600a Association - The annual meeting for the selection of | 7.00; Prime Beeves, $7 00a8.00 per 100 lbs. officers of the Maryland State Agricultural and Mechani. Sheep-$3.00a4.00. Lambs $2.50a4 00 per head. Stock cal Association will be held at the oflice of the society, 69 Sheep $200a3,00 per head. West Fayette street, on THURSDAY, 31st October, at 8 Hogs-$10.00a10.75 per 100 lbs., Det. o'clock P. M.

By order of

WU. DEVRIES, Prest. BH. WARING, Gen'l Sec'ry.


Wholesale Produce Market. Baltimore Markets, Sept. 21, 1867.

Prepared for the Araerican Fermer by HEWE & WAXNR, Produce COFFEE.-Rio, 15a18 (ts. guld, acoording to quality

and Cuminíssion Alerchants, 67 Archange Place. Laguayra —, and Java CoTTox. ---We quote prices as follows, viz:

BALTIMORE, September 21, 1867. Grades.

Upland. Gulf. BUTTER - Western sold packed 20 to 28; Glades, 25 to (Ordinary...........

• 20

30; Goshen, to Good do... Low Middling .................


BEESWAX.-38240 cts. Widdling .............................


CHETBE. — Eastern, 16a18; Western, 14a15,
FERTILIZERS.-Peruvian Guano. $82; California $70; /

DRIED FRUIT.-Apples, 5 to 6; Peaches, 10.
Rodunda Island $30; Patapsco Co's $60; Reese & Co's Eggs—18a22 cents per dozen.
Soluble Pacific Guano, $65; Flour of Bone, $co; G.

FEATHER8.-).ive Geese, 60 to 80 cents.
Ober's (Kettlewells) AA Manipulated, $70; A do. $60;

LARD.- Western, 13 Zal44 : City rendered, 14%a15 cts. A inmoniated Alkaline Phosphate, $55; Alkaline Phos. $15;

TALLOW.--1011 cents.
Baltimore City Company's Fertilizer, $10; do., Flour of

POTATOES.--$2 000,00 per barrel.
Bone, $60; do., Ground Bone, $45; do., Poudrette, $20;
Baugh's Raw-bone Phosphate. $56; Maryland Powder of
Bone, $50; Rhodes' Super Phosphate, $55; Lister's Bone

Contents of October Number.
Super-Phosphate $55; Andrew Coe's Super-Phosphate of
Lime, $60; -all per ton of 2,000 lbs.; Pure Ground Plas. Editorial Gossip from the Farm .......
ter, $13.50a314.00 per ton, or $2 50 per bbl. Shell Lime,

Farm Work for the Month..... slaked, 6c., unslaked, 10c per bushel, at kilns.

The Vegetable Garden FLOUR.-Howard Street Super and Cut Extra, $9 25a The Fruit Garden ......

..... 101 9.50; Family, $12.50a13.00; City Mills Super, $9.25a

The Flower Garden.................... ...... 102 9.30; Baltimore Family, $14.50a 15.

Planting Asparagus in the Fall .................... Rye Flour and Corn Meal.-Rye Flour, new, $8.25a

Surface Manuring ..................... 8.75; Corn Meal, $6 50.

The Selection of Dairy Cows Again................. GRAIN.– Wheat.-Good to prime Red, $2 50u2.78; Scientific Farming .............

.. 106 White, $2.50a2.80.

Pet Hawk, to Scarce Yellow Birds..

....... 107 Rye.-$1.40a1.45 per bushel.

Grape Culture...........................

...... 108 Oats.-Heavy to light-ranging as to character from 65

Cream and Butter .............

...... 110 a70c. per bushel.

The Midge and the Weevil.....

..... 111 Corn. -White, $1 20a1.30; Yellow, $1 30a1.35 per Agricultural Reconstruction ....

...... 112 bushel.

The Colorado Potato Bug .................. HAY AND STRAW.-Timothy $22a24, and Rye Straw $20

Our Educators.................. ................ 115 a $22 per ton; Oat $15a17.

Book Table................................

.... 117 Proris1028.-- Bacon.-Shoulders, 14%a15 cts.; Sides Hope-What Varieties to Plant....

... 118 16%a18%; Hams, plain bagged, 19 cts.; sugar cured, 23a

Centrifugal Disseminator.....

... 118 24 cts. per lb.

The Profits of Farming ......

....... 119 SALT.-Liverpool Ground Alum, $2.25a2.30; Fine, $3.00 Experiments in Feeding Cattle...

...... 120 a$3.20; Turk's Island, -a- cis. per bushel.

Manuring the Wheat Crop..................

....... 130 SEEDS.--Timothy $3a3.25; Clover $8.75a 9; Flax 2.75 New York Nurseries.........

..... 121 a3.

leading off the Curculio.....

..... 121 Golden Fleece..........

Winter Wheat - Drilling and Manuring.........

Preparation of Land for Wheat .................... Frosted to common.......

............ $ -a Sound common.............

4.00a 4.50

Wheat Bread..................................... Middling .......................

7.50a 9.00 Beet Sugar in Illinois.............................. Good to fine brown.... ..............

...... 10 00a15.00

How to Rent a Farm...... Fancy.............................

...... 125 17.00 a 25 00 Upper country..................

... 3.00a-30.00
Rye as a Farm Crop, ...

..... 128 Ground leaves, new ........................ 3.005.00 Sunday Reading.................















AMERICAN FARMER: Agriculture, Horticulture, and Rural Economy.






Sixth Series.


Vol. II.-No. 6.


interest will soon cease, and that the whole coun

try will ere long be devoted to the interests of " White ermine now the mountains wear,

peace. Not until then can the material interest To shield their naked shoulders bare.

of Southern Agriculture, on which allother inThe dark pine wears the spow, as head

terests are based, be restored to that point from Of Æthiop doth white turban wear.

wbich it may take a start on a new career of

prosperity. The mind of the Southern people is The floods are armed with silver shields, Through which the Sun's sword cannot fare:

ready for this work, whenever the complications

and embarrassments of their political condition To mutter 'twist their teeth the streams, In icy fetters, scarcely dare.

shall allow it. Hushed is the busy hum of life;

Within a year past the people of Maryland 'Tis silence in the earth and air.”

have spent a million of money to feed the hungry and clothe the naked of the States of the

South. The voice of protest against their poGossip from the Farm.

litical wrongs which sounds unbroken from the

| tops of her Alleghanies to the shores of the Good FARMER: This month of November is a

Ocean, has a moral worth which is of more vamonth of elections, and all the country is alive

lue than food and clothing. Yours, truly, &c. with politics. What sball a countryman say then, if something he must say, and sbun the ground, for your pages, forbidden. He may re Work for the Month. cord a fact which is very remarkable now, and in long years coming will interest such readers The work for this month on the farm is the as may be conning the record of the past in your closing up the operations of the season generally, then musty pages; it is this, that in this good and making all those necessary preparations, yet old State of Maryland, every county, every towu,

unfinished, which conduce to the comfort and every ward, has cast its vote the same way well-being of all within the circle of the farmer's electing Governor and erery State Official, every

care. Senator, every Member of Assembly, every Judge,

CORN CROP. every Attorney, every Clerk and Register, all The corn should now be got under lock and Sheriffs, County Commissioners, Mayor and City key as quickly as possible. It is by this time Councilmen of Baltimore-all without exception | sufficiently cured, and is every day, as the season of that side that, in the belief of her people, | advances, more liable to depredations. The caremeans kindness and good will and sympathy and ful manager will always inform himself of the love for our afflicted and helpless brethren of the number of barrels put away, and of the quantity South.

already fed to hogs and other stock, and thus Let it be hoped that it is a barbinger that all ascertain as nearly as possible the yield per acre. division of sentiment on matters vital to their | The young farmer who will, every season, care

fully estimate his crop by its appearance as it being fed for the butcher may be confined to stands in the field, and then pass it through the their pens, prorided they be fattened off as quickly corn barrel, will soon be able, by such practice as possible and are amply littered. Store sheep in this and other crops, to form a correct judg. should have full liberty in all good weather. ment of the value of land by the growing crops, Hogs.-Continue the feeding of hogs for besides having the advantage of knowing at slaughter, as heretofore directed, until you get every step of his business, just what he is doing. rid of them. Give them a little salt occasionally, The corn shucks make a valuable fodder, and

or corn soaked in salt water, and charcoal or should be well preserved under cover.

rotted wood, and let them be very quiet. In CARE OF STOCK.

slaughtering do not indulge servants in the brutal We have spoken repeatedly of the care of stock

practice of bleeding them to death, without first at this season. No time should now be lost in

striking on the head; nor do not allow them to making all necessary provision. It is too much

be raced around ip catching them for slaughter. the practice to allow store cattle to shift ior them

Such practice is injurious to the quality of the selves in the fields to so late a period that they

meat. Store bogs should be kept in thrifty conbegin to lose flesh before the regular winter feed

dition, and not allowed to sleep about manure ing in the yard begins. This is very bad econo

heaps, or other filthy places. A bed of leaves on my. Experience amply shows that cattle kept

a wooded hill-side to the south, is best for them. well to their flesh in this month are much more

Water.-Have water in your yards if possible. economically fed through the winter, than when The purest is the rain water from a clean roof, allowed to fall off as they soon will do, to a point

and it costs little to haly cistern and pump. inconsistent with vigorous health. Cows that

TOBACCO. are to calve in spring are particularly liable to

Whenever the tobacco is soft enough to admit suffer seriously, and their lives are often endan

of being handled without breaking, the work of gered by this sort of carelessness.

stripping off the leaves and tying, in preparation Work Horses.-Work horses and mules, if they

for market, should be carried on with no loss of have work to do now, need more than usual

time. Early in the season, a press of other work care. Let them have ample stable room and bed

is very apt to cause the stripping to be postding. Let them never be put up without being

poned, and if the crop be a large one, the getting rubbed dry, and their feet and legs cleaned.

ready for market is too long delayed. Great Working Oxen.—These should always be fed care should be observed in the proper sorting apart from other cattle. When not at work they and handling. On each plant there will be will drive off the weaker stock from their food, usually three or four sorts, wbich should be put and when kept out of the yard at work they will each in its separate allotment. In taking down suffer in turn by having their rations interfered the crop for stripping, do not allow the sticks to with.

he thrown to the ground, but handed down with Cows.-Such as are to furnish milk through care. The bundles are to be neatly tied, and the winter should be as well tended as a riding then while held in one hand, pressed by the or driving horse, with warm shelter, good bed, other against the breast of the stripper into the perfect cleanliness, with bran and cornmeal, and shape it is intended to have when taken out of sugar beet or ruta baga. A good cow pays well the hogsliead for inspection. It shows better for the best attention. Cows in calf should be when pressed into a fan-like shape. This is very comfortable and very quiet. Do not make them quickly done by passing the hand over it; then very fat, but keep them in strong condition. the bundle is to be laid down with care, not

Calves.-Calves weaned should be provided thrown down. It is an easy matter to make it with shelter open to south and east, and have keep this shape throughout the preparation for best hay or coro fodder, with little bran or meal market. The value of the crop is much enhanced daily, if you would have them continue to grow. by neatness in handling it, and attention to such Do not suppose it necessary that young animals little matters begeis a habit of care very essenshould cease growing now, and take two or three tiat to the successful planter. On the close of a months of spring to fill up their wasted dimen- day's work all done during the day is to be laid sions, before starting for another season's growth. in bulks of two rows, with the tails somewhat They need not be forced, but let them not lose a lapping, and with no weight upon it but a few day of growth.

tobacco sticks. The floor of the house is to be Sheep.-Sheep should have open shelter, and cleared up, the sticks put out of the way, and racks and troughs for feeding. Such as are 'the tobacco stalks preserved under cover. It is

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