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Courage and confidence-J. W. Manning's in band, who is about to revive the WinnisiaNursery.

met nursery in Chelsea, which was established he In every department of life, and in every in his father. dustrial pursuit, there are always plenty of Little Mr. Manning has built up, in within the last Faiths, while the Great Hearts are about as sel-twelve years, quite an extensive business at Readdom met with as they are in Pilgrim's Progress. ing. We are particularly pleased with a late Among fruit growers the tenants of Doubting addition to his grounds of some ten or twelve Castle have been greatly increased of late, by acres, consisting of almost every variety of soil, such Lions in the Way, as canker worms, curcu from a deep muck to a light sand, on which he lios, borers and certain indefinable and mysteri- was at work at the time of our visit. This bad ous, but potent adverse "atmospheric influences." the fresh appearance of "new land ;" most of it Against the ravages of wild beasts and insects, having been recently cleared of trees, busbes. against anything, in fact, that can be seen or rocks, and water, at a large expenditure for felt, anything that has flesh and blood-men had chopping, blasting, ditching, plowing, subsoilias courage to contend long and brarely; but now and trenching. Here and on other portions of that the “Prince of the powers of the air" is the grounds, the display of the triin bodies and pitted against the cultivators of fruit; now that graceful branches of some four thousand maple. blight has chartered the thunder cloud that from six to sixteen feet high, the spruce” ap passes over the tree in blossom; now that sun-pearance of some two hundred thousand evershine and the soil are channels of disease and greens, with elins, apples, pears, and other fruit death, brave indeed must he be whose faith is trees in corresponding profusion, arranged with unshaken and whose heart quails not. And yet all the military precision of a dress parade, with there are such men,-men who, in the face of all uncounted grape vines, currant bushes, še.. these discouragements, believe that fruit may be richly repaid us for the pleasant spring morning still raised in New England! We catch a glimpse spent in this nursery. The standard apple, pear, of such an individual in another article in this cherry, and even peach trees, appeared to be reweek's FARMER. We allude to J. A. Harwood, markable thrifty and healthy, the cherry and Esq., of Littleton, on whose farm there are large peach being in full blossom. Mr. Manning has apple and peach orchards, and who thinks there no faith in the theory of the degeneracy of fruit are as good inducements now as ever for en- trees, in the omnipotence of insects, nor in any gaging in the cultivation of fruit. In our paper permanent unfavorable change in the seasons, of the week before, Mr. Comings, of New but believes that those who plant trees and take Hampshire, expresses the opinion that the care of proper care of them, will have no occasion ti trees will pay if the care of lambs and pigs will; complain of want of success.- New Englased and Elder Frederick, a New York Shaker, tells Farmer. brother Hepworth, " thee sees we love our garden," and intimates that his trees both know and Roanoke Tobacco Company. love bim. A week or two ago, the Boston Cul- Above Danville, in Virginia, toward the bead. tivator told us of Capt. Geo. Pierce, of Arlington, waters of the Dan river, are the celebrated gres (late West Cambridge,) who, in the midst of lands, which produce the famous high flavora! legions of canker worms, and all the other ills tobacco, now monopolized and manufactured by that trees are heir to in the older portions of the this company; a small lot of this tobacco, of twe country, sold last year $1198.07 worth of apples, i quali ies, the "Maryland Club” and the Prince and $532.25 worth of pears and squashes, from of Wales," were forwarded to this office some three acres of what was once called “Poverty time since, by Col. George P. Kane, the SuperPoint."

intendent of the Company. We have smoked If these are brave men, is not he a braver man the Turkish tobacco, eren the famed Latakia, still who goes into the nursery business in these sent by the Sublime Porte as a unique and comtimes ? This question brings us back to the place plimentary present to all foreign diplomatie of beginnirg-Mr. J. W. Manning's nursery, agents within the Turkish Empire. The "Lode Reading, Mass., which we recently visited. Jack" and "Here's Your Mule," have cheered

Mr. Manning is a practical nurseryman. He us on many a lonely bivouac, but we must say was an apprentice and student to the late S. W. that tbe tobacco from the grey lands of the upper Cole, author of the Fruit Book, and first editor Dan, manufactured by the Danville Company, is of the monthly New ENGLAND FARMER. In this

the best we have ever smoked. Dealers wishing

supplies of this tobacco can apply to the selling connection we may remark that we had the and purchasing agency of Bruce. Millard & Skinpleasure of meeting here one of his sons, spade / ner, 37 Park Row.

Dairy Galloways.

| taken, my own observations included, the folThere was a promise passed I know, to impart ! lowing points which I believe to be facts. to the public through the medium of the Jour- The Galloway cow, though affording a smaller nal,' at an early day, something which some quality of milk per day when fresh, than any of one happened to know of the qualities and char- the English or American dairy breeds or grades, acteristics of the pretty little provincial cows of by maintaining a maximum flow throughout the Britany. But just at this time I have no means season, and milking from three to five weeks of determing whether that promise was made by longer than the average with other breeds, the Yours Respectfully, in person, or some one of amount of milk in the aggregate will equal that three or four personal friends. N, importe- of any of the ordinary breeds of cows. The hold myself responsible for the fulfilment of the amount of butter per cow per week, calculating obligation, and would cancel it now, but for the all together from the dairy herd of thirty or more interposition between my pen, the publisher and animals, down to single cows kept by gardeners, the public beyond, of a bovine of another charac- ! mechanics, &c., and counting eight months as the ter so well worthy of favorable public opinion that season, the average will be very nearly eiglit for this time Britany must go to the wall, while pounds. Though in many instances Galloways the North Britian walks up for presentation to kept on “short commons," or rather keeping our American stock breeders, dairymen and far- themselves as best they can on commous, or iners generally.

“ browsing" ont their board abroad in woods An eminent English herdsman, whose anthor-, and swamps, will average nine pounds of best ity is unquestionable, thus writes of the Scottish quality butter per week through the entire seaGalloways: "Small, harmless, hornless, docile con. Have we many cows among us of any and hardy animals—color dark brown or black, breed or grade that under like conditions will do flesh of fine grain and quality-milk moderate as well? in quantity, but excessively rich-almost cream About two-thirds the bulk of feed required to as it flows from the udder, the milking period be- keep a cow of any of our ordinary dairy breed 3 ing considerable longer than with any of our fa- in medium milking condition during the feeding vorite Southern breeds. Inability to endure portion of the year in the Middle and Northern severe winter weather unsheltered, the Galloways States, will carry a Galloway through a cold have no equals, and in capacity for maintaining Canadian winter a month longer than ours, a supply of milk and themselves in good heart maintaining a maximum flow of milk, and the condition, they are excelled only by the Irish animal in first class condition. It is the popular Kerries."

opinion, both in Scotland and British America, Though my own practical experience with the that provided with a well littered vard, and orGalloways has not been a tithe of that of the dinary open shed, fronting the south, the Gallogentlemen quoted, I have seen a great many of way cow will do better than she will cribbed, them-milked with my own hands more than a confined and cooped up in a close stable. I hundred different cows of the breed, never in a have seen them cropping out a comfortable subsingle instance, so far as I can now remember, sistance from resources where the most enterprizmeeting with one who moved head or heels with ing Alderney, Devon, Hereford or Short Horn vicious intent during the process of milking, so that ever went afield would perish with famine. that my own conclusions in that direction are And many a time have I seen the black, Scottish that I was either singularly fortunate in the se | "buffaloes" wading and wallowing through CaIcction of animals to experiment upon, or else the nadian drifts, braving Artic blasts and blinding Galloways are the most docile, well behaved | snow storms, with the mercury down to nothmilkers that milk man or maid erer put a pail| ing, seemingly as insensible to cold as a Russian under.

sable. In Canada, and throughout the British posses- The Galloway cattle are less liable to any of sions in North America, the number of Scottish | the ordinary diseases incident to bovine existGalloways kept for dairy and ordinary milking ence than any other breed of stock, if we except purposes, probably exceeds at the present time the wild cattle of the South American plains and that of all other breeds counted together, and pampas, and being excellent breeders,, kind in having made diligent and close inquiries respecto disposition, amiable in habits, cheaply maintained ing them, from many parties best qualified to and so easily obtained from our Canadian neigh

bors, it seems to me that an early experiment afford correct information-during a recent ex

with the Scotch Galloways would be well worth tended excursion through Canada and the pro | the attention of our breeders, farmers and dairyvinces east, I make up from all the testimony men.-Victor in the Am. Stock Journal.

A Fruit Critic Criticised. can be grown with as much uniformity and in The farmer of Edgewood, in a recent number | as large quantity. This, we think, is true of of the American Journal of Horticulture, ad many other pears of the first quality. Farmers, vances some very sceptical and heterodox no- and beginners in fruit culture, should not be tions in pomology, calculated to discourage im- discouraged from trying to grow the best varie provement in this fine art. He says: “I doubt ties, by the idea that they require specially nice very much if the finest flavored fruits can be treatment. They will do better with this than grown as easily as the grosser tasting ones." without it, as the Bartlett will, but they are And again, "in the pear line, it is quite possi- quite as likely to succeed with ordinary care.ble that, with great nicety of treatment, both in The best are quite as likely to succeed in your garden culture and in the ripening process, soil and climate as inferior varieties. There(which last counts for a great deal,) a higher fore, plant them. A great deal of horticultural and finer flavor may be given to the Beurré Diel, writing is an account of local experience, valuor the Flemish Beauty, or the Beurré d'Anjou, able us far as it goes, but it should be distinctly or even the Duchess, than belongs ordinarily to stated that they are only individual opinions. the Bartlett. But put the Bartlett in comparison No one man is able to lay down rules for the with either, under tair average treatment, and whole extent of this vast country.-American upon ordinary garden lands, and I think two Agriculturist. luscious Bartletts will present themselves, to one of either the other names." The idea here ad

How to Keep Up Your Hay Crop. vanced, that the finer kinds of pears require

A farmer who had been in the habit of selling specially nice treatment in order to succeed, is his hay for many years in succession, being asked mischievous, and is certainly not sustained by how he kept up his hay crop without maporing facts. The Seckel, the highest flavored of all or cultivating his land, replied, “I never allowed pears, is even more hardy than the Bartlett, and the after swath to be cut." If this rule was will bear good fruit in almost any soil that is generally followed, there would be less said adapted to the pear. It is improved in size by about running out of grass fields or short crops bigh cultivation, but that is true of all pears~ of hay. Some farmers feed off every green thing and of the Bartlett as well. We do not think and compel their cattle to pull up and knaw of the flavor of the Seckel is improved by its size. the roots of the grass. Cutting rowen is cutting The Flemish Beauty and the Beurré Biel, upon ruin, and hard fall and winter grazing is certain ordinary garden lands, and with the fair aver death to hay crops. A farmer had better buy age treatment, have always borne as well as the bay at $40 per ton than ruin his hay field by Bartlett, in our experience. The Beurré d'An- close grazing. The general treatment of grass jou is a newer pear, but it is notoriously a good | lands in this respect is wrong and expensive, and grower and bearer, and may prove itself adapt- should be abandoned as a matter of profit and ed to as wide a range of soil and climate as the economy.- Wisconsin Farmer. Bartlett. The Duchess is more fastidious about its soil, bit where it finds congenial alimeot, it

Gas Lime as a Fertilizer. is as easily raised, ripens as well, and keeps bet- An officer of the Edinburg Gas Company, ter than the Bartlett. We found four large, writing to the Scottish Farmer concerning gas well grown trees, upon pear stock standing in a lime as a fertilizer, says: common meadow, three years ago, in Westcbes- "I believe that waste gas lime is equal in ter county. They have never had any special efficiency to fresh lime for most of the purposes care, apparently; they stand in sward land, and aimed at in its use in farm lands. I sold all the yet for three years in succession, they have borne lime thus produced at the gas works in Forfar abundant crops. A cow-pasture seedling could shire, for sixteen years, to several farmers, who not be more hardy, or bear with more unitormi- | uniformly expressed their satisfaction therewith. ty. This variety, we are told, does very well at One very useful application of it was its mixtare New Haven, and is comparatively worthless at with the large pile of weeds and tangled roots of Hartford. This depends, we suppose, not at all grass cleared off the fields annually. On being upon treatment or culture, but upon the original composted in this way, the lime gradually killed character of the soil. The Paradise d'Automne, all the vitality of these weeds, and returned them the Muskingum, the St. Ghislain, pears of exqui to the land in the way of manure. It also served site flavor, are quite as successful with us as the the purpose of opening up stiff clay soils, being Bartlett. In soil that suits them, without any | first spread over the surface, and then plougbed special manipulation or culture, we think they'down."

Wool Growing in Texas-Scab in Sheep.. bolic dips, are that it not only destroys all insect

life in the animal dipped, but that none will Eds. Co. Gent.--Sheep farming was fast be

again attack the same animal for months. That coming the most important interest in this State,

its effects upon the skin of the sheep are healing when, just before the war, a lot of Merino bucks

and cleansing, and equally good upon the wool. brought from the North, disseminated that terri

For the foot ointment equal efficiency is claimed. ble pest, SCAB, far and wide. It has spread in

For the carbolic or cressilic soaps, tbey assume our clear climate in a wonderful manner, as it did in Australia, well nigh there putting an end

that fleas, bedbugs, cockroaches, &c., will not to the business of sheep-breeding.

remain vpon floors, beds, &c., wasbed with it.

I know that its use is required in hospitals, jails, At this moment, notwithstanding the tempo

ships, &c. rarily improved prospect of the wool grower from

The crude acid, such as is evidently used in the recently levied duties on that staple, the

the manufacture of sheep dip, deck soap, &c., business is in so depressed a condition that good

smells strongly of coal tar. But some which I focks can be purchased to almost any extent, at

saw used by laundry-women had but a faint $1 to $1.50 per head in coin, and this almost

smell, which I was assured disappeared when entirely from the prevalence of scab.

the clothes were dried. Hand soap had no offenI made it my business in Europe, to learn

sive smell. It is said that mosquitoes will not what means were used there to cure this disease

touch the face and hands washed with it. Gloand keep the flocks clear of it; to destroy lice,

rious, if true! cads, ticks, &c., and to cure foot-rot, and found

I hope that some of your correspondents have that a somewhat recent discovery of the wonder

tried the carbolic dip by this time, and can teli fully destructive effects of carbolic, cressilic or

us of its effects. I only wait its appearance in phenic acid, (one of the products of coal-tar,)

market to give it a thorough trial.--Thomas upon insect life, led to its eroployment upon

Affleck in Co. Gent. sheep, to rid them of the various pests to which

Glenblythe," near Brenham, May 16, 1867. that patient animal is so liable. McDougall's Sheep Dip is almost the sole remedy used. (See [We had the pleasure of making the acquaintmention of its effects, page 246 of Dell's Annual | ance of Mr. Affleck as he passed through BaltiScientific Discovery for 1862.)

more on his return from Europe. He was well In my boyish days sheep were smeared with known to us before, by reputation, as one of the

most en telligent agriculturists in the South. ED.) butter. But that being found objectionable, from several causes, various dips, powders, pour

RENOVATING WORN OUT LAND.-At a recent ing oils, &c., were used. All contained poisons

agricultural meeting in Boston one of the speakof some sort or other, injurious to man and

ers remarked that “on a tract of land which was beast; or, as in the case of tobacco water, pow

overrun with woodbox, briars, and other shrubs, ders, &c., were ephemeral in their effects; and

he turned one bundred and fifty sheep. At that although I found some still using compounds of time a cow could not have lived on the whole tobacco, sulphur, hellebore, mercury, arsenic,

tract. The sheep were kept there several years, &c., &c., it is to a very limited extent, while the

and so killed out the wild growth that the tract McDougall Dip is used to a rast extent. The

now affords good pasture for fifteen cows.". "Glycerine dip," and " Girdwool's Melossoon dip," are mere infringements upon McDougall's.

It is estimated that there are thirty-two On arriving in New York, I learned that Pro

and one-half millions of sheep in the loyal twenfessor Seely and Dr. Eames had discovered the

ty States and two territories. It is supposed that same effects of carbolic acid, and had patented

the annual number of lambs will be over twencertain compounds to be used for the destruction

ty-four millions.- Conntry Gentleman. of insect life some years ago. They are now

Not definite enough. W bich are the twenty manufacturing sheep dip, soaps, disinfecting

"loyal" States.- Ed. Farmer. powders, foot-rot ointment, &c.

It is of exceeding interest to us, in Texas, to know what is done, and the results, in this way! A correspondent of the Prairie Farmer in the north and west. Will your correspond at the Paris Exposition says: “The competition ents instruct us?

in ploughing has thus far been between France The great advantages claimed in England, and England, resulting very greatly in favor of Australia and New Zealand, from the use of car- | the English manufacturers."

The American Farmer. especially in reference to subscriptions, pleace

Jet Will all who write us on any subject, but especially in reference to subscriptions, please state the Post-office, (the old one as well as the

new, if a change has been made since last Baltimore, July 1, 1867. writing.) We have several communications that

must remain inattended to until we know the TERMS OF THE AMERICAN FARMER. Post-office address of the parties.




A few days after the issue of our June No. we Eight lines of small type constitute a square.

were visited by a subscriber from a distant county

of Maryland, who came to Baltimore for the es1 Mo. | 3 Mo. 6 Mo. 1 Year. pecial purpose, for anght we know to the contrary, One Square...... $2.00 $5.00 $10.00 $15.00

of paying bis bill to the Farmer. We bave rarely Half Coluinn.... 8.50 20.00 35.00 60.00

seen a case of more wholesome fear of copse Half Page.....

15.00 35.00 60.00 110.00 One Page....

60.00 110.00 200.00 quences. “To die and give no sign,' to be

“dropped off” without a word, was a melanPUBLISHED BY

choly end of him that he could not stand. WORTHINGTON & LEWIS.

Exacting a promise from us not to stop the
Office, 52 S. Gay street,
Near Exchange Place.

Farmer without due notice, he paid his bill and

went on bis way rejoicing, with thirty cents in

his pocket to cover dinner and railroad charges. The delay in the issue of The Farmer

A somewbat curious inquiry discovered to us this month is owing to the break down of the

that the state of our friend's finances was dae, paper mill on which we depend; one of those

perbaps, to the fact that bis spare corn had gone unlucky accidents that human affairs are sub

South for starving women and children. ject to.

We beg our friends everywhere to bear in Poultry ADVERTISEMENTS.—There is a large

mind that subscriptions are now due for the new demand, we think, among our subscribers, for

cribers for volume, of which this is the first number. The

printers and the paper makers are inexorable, choice poultry. Those who have a taste for the best of every sort of stock, but whose means

and must have their bills paid. Surely those forbid large expenditure, will yet find themselves

who are abundantly able to pay promptly $2 for able rery often to indulge in the comparatively

what we furnish, need not be urged to so small small cost of poultry of the best breeds. A sub

a sacrifice, when it puts it in our power to oblige scriber, now writing from Cheraw, South Caro

many who are not able to pay. lina, asks for lists from poultry breeders “ of their

The following letter, which is a sample of rery different breeds and prices per pair, delivered at

many that we get, indicates the necessity of

punctuality among those who bave abundant the Adams Express Office in Baltimore." Poultry breeders will find room in our columns

means to pay : for their advertisements.

BARHAMSVILLE, VA., June 11, 1867.

Messrs. Worthington & Lewis : Trial Of The Star Drill.—This implement, GENTLEMEN—Enclosed please find $2, being the in accordance with a notice given in our last, amount due for your invaluable paper for the made a special trial of its working capacity on past year, which you have kindly sent me; and the sixth of June at the Agricultural College. I just here I would offer you an apology for not For the reason that there was no ground avail- having long since remitted you the money, if I able, on which its peculiarities could be fairly were not aware of the fact that your wide spread testea, the trial was not a satisfactory one. There knowledge of our devastated country and ruined was only corn land of last year, foul with briars fortunes supersedes the necessity for making any and not cleared well of the stalks. Those who excuse. I was a regular subscriber to the Anersaw it operate, were quite satisfied that on land ican Farmer ten or twelve years prior to the war, well prepared in advance, the Drill will accom- and never tired of its rich store of valuable inplish all that is claimed for it as a grain drill and formation, characterized no less for its invaluable corn planter, with the advantages of ploughing agricultural instructions than for the manly and under the seed, at a perfectly uniform depth, and noble cbristian virtues which it inculcates, diffufollowing with the roller at the same operation. sing much light on many subjects of material

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