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Wool Growing in Texas-Scab in Sheep., bolic dips, are that it not only destroys all insect
life in the animal dipped, but that none will Eds. Co. Gent.--Sheep farming was fast becoming the most important interest in this State, again attack the same animal for months. That when, just before the war, a lot of Merino bucks its effects upon the skin of the sheep are healing brought from the North, disseminated that terri- and cleansing, and equally good upon the wool, ble pest, scal, far and wide. It has spread in For the foot ointment equal efficiency is claimed. our clear climate in a wonderful manner, as it
For the carbolic or cressilic soaps, tbey assume did in Australia, well nigh there putting an end
that fleas, bed bugs, cockroaches, &c., will not to the business of sheep-breeding.
remain upon floors, beds, &c., washed with it.
I know that its use is required in hospitals, jails, At this moment, notwithstanding the tempo
ships, &c. rarily improved prospect of the wool grower from
The crude acid, such as is evidently used in the recently levied duties on that staple, the business is in so depressed a condition that good the manufacture of sheep dip, deck soap, &c., flocks can be purchased to almost any extent, at
But some which I smells strongly of coal tar.
saw used by laundry-women had but a faint $1 to $1.50 per head in coin, and this almost
smell, which I was assured disappeared when entirely from the prevalence of scab.
the clothes were dried. Hand soap had no offenI made it my business in Europe, to learn sive smell. It is said that mosquitoes will not what means were used there to cure this disease touch the face and hands washed with it. Gloand keep the flocks clear of it; to destroy lice, rious, if true! cads, ticks, &c., and to cure foot-rot, and found
I hope that some of your correspondents have that a somewhat recent discovery of the wonder- tried the carbolic dip by this time, and can tell fully destructive effects of carbolic, cressilic or us of its effects. I only wait its appearance in phenic acid, (one of the products of coal-tar,) | market to give it a thorough trial.- Thomas upon insect life, led to its eroployment upon Affleck in Co. Gent. sheep, to rid them of the various pests to which
Glenblythe," near Brenham, May 16, 1867. that patient animal is so liable. McDougall's Sheep Dip is almost the sole remedy used. (See [We had the pleasure of making the acquaintmention of its effects, page 246 of Dell's Annual ance of Mr. Affleck as he passed through BaltiScientific Discovery for 1862.)
more on his return from Europe. He was well In my boyish days sheep were smeared with known to us before, by reputation, as one of the a mixture of pine tar and palm oil, or coarse most entelligent agriculturists in the South. ED.) butter. But that being found objectionable, from several causes, various dips, powders, pour
Renovating Worn OuT LAND.-At a recent ing oils, &c., were used. All contained poisons agricultural meeting in Boston one of the speakof some sort or other, injurious to man and
ers remarked that "on a tract of land which was beast; or, as in the case of tobacco water, pow
overrun with woodbox, briars, and other shrubs, ders, &c., were ephemeral in their effects; and he turned one bundred and fifty sheep. At that although I found some still using compounds of time a cow could not have lived on the whole tobacco, sulphur, hellebore, mercury, arsenic,
tract. The sheep were kept there several years, &c., &r., it is to a very limited extent, while the and so killed out the wild growth that the tract McDougall Dip is used to a vast extent. The
now affords good pasture for fifteen cows." "Glycerine dip,” and “Girdwood's Melossoon dip," are mere infringements upon McDougall's.
It is estimated that there are thirty-two On arriving in New York, I learned that Professor Seely and Dr. Eames had discovered the and one-half millions of sheep in the loyal twensame effects of carbolic acid, and had patented ty States and two territories. It is supposed that
the annual number of lambs will be over twencertain compounds to be used for the destruction of insect life some years ago. They are now
ty-four millions.- Conntry Gentleman. manufacturing sheep dip, soaps, disinfecting “oyal” States.— Ed. Farmer.
Not definite enough. Wbich are the twenty powders, foot-rot ointment, &c.
It is of exceeding interest to us, in Texas, to know what is done, and the results, in this way Je A correspondent of the Prairie Farmer in the north and west. Will your correspond at the Paris Exposition says: “The competition ents instruct us?
in ploughing has thus far been between France The great advantages claimed in England, and England, resulting very greatly in favor of Australia and New Zealand, from the use of car the English manufacturers."
Ft Will all who write us on any subject, but
The American Farmer. especially in reference to subscriptions, please
state the Post-office, (the old one as well as the
new, if a change has been made since last Baltimore, July 1, 1867.
writing.) We have several communications that
must remain unattended to until we know the TERMS OF THE AMERICAN FARMER. Post-office address of the parties.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
8.50 15.00 25.00
20.00 35.00 60.00
35.00 60.00 110.00
60,00 110.00 200.00
SUBSCRIPTION TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
A few days after the issue of our June No. we Eight lines of small type constitute a square.
were visited by a subscriber from a distant county
of Maryland, who came to Baltimore for the es
1 Year. pecial purpose, for anght we know to the contrary, One Square... $2.00 í $5.00 $10.00 $15.00 of paying bis bill to the Farmer. We bave rarely
seen a case of more wholesome fear of copseHalf Page One Page.
quences. “To die and give no sign,' to be "dropped off” without a word, was a melan
choly end of him that he could not stand. WORTHINGTON & LEWIS.
Exacting a promise from us not to stop the
Farmer without due notice, he paid his bill and
his pocket to cover dinner and railroad charges. The delay in the issue of The Farmer
A somewbat curious inquiry discovered to us this month is owing to the break down of the that the state of our friend's finances was dae, paper mill on which we depend; one of those perhaps, to the fact that bis spare corn had gone unlucky accidents that human affairs are sub- South for starving women and children. ject to.
We beg our friends everywhere to bear in Poultey AdvertisemENTS.—There is a large mind that subscriptions are now due for the new demand, we tbink, among our subscribers, for volume, of which this is the first number. The choice poultry. Those who have a taste for the printers and the paper makers are inexorable, best of every sort of stock, but whose means and must have their bills paid. Surely those forbid large expenditure, will yet find themselves who are abundantly able to pay promptly $2 for able very often to indulge in the comparatively what we furnish, need not be urged to so small small cost of poultry of the best breeds. A sub
a sacrifice, when it puts it in our power to oblige scriber, now writing from Cheraw, South Caro- many who are not able to pay. lina, asks for lists from poultry breeders “of their
The following letter, which is a sample of rery different breeds and prices per pair, delivered at many that we get, indicates the necessity of the Adams Express Office in Baltimore."
punctuality among those who have abundant Poultry breeders will find room in our columns
means to pay : for their advertisements.
BARHAMSVILLE, VA., June 11, 1867.
Messrs. Worthington & Lewis : Trial OF THE Star Drill.–This implement, GENTLEMEN—Enclosed please find $2, being the in accordance with a notice given in our last, amount due for your invaluable paper for the made a special trial of its working capacity on past year, which you have kindly sent me; and the sixth of June at the Agricultural College. just here I would offer you an apology for not For the reason that there was no ground avail- having long since remitted you the money, if I able, on which its peculiarities conld be fairly were not aware of the fact that your wide spread testeå, the trial was not a satisfactory one. There knowledge of our devastated country and ruined was only corn land of last year, foul with briars fortunes supersedes the necessity for making any and not cleared well of the stalks. Those who excuse. I was a regular subscriber to the Anersaw it operate, were quite satisfied that on land ican Farmer ten or twelve years prior to the war, well prepared in advance, the Drill will accom- and never tired of its rich store of valuable inplish all that is claimed for it as a grain drill and formation, characterized no less for its invaluable corn planter, with the advantages of ploughing agricultural instructions than for the manly and under the seed, at a perfectly uniform depth, and noble christian virtues which it inculcates, diffirfollowing with the roller at the same operation. 'sing much light on many subjects of material
& new career.
interest, and affording, at the same time, great The Agricultural College. pleasure to all who are favored with the privilege We take pleasure in being able to say, that at of perusing its pages.
a meeting of the Board of Trustees of the ColYou will please accept my best wishes for a lege, held on the 6th of June, it appeared from more extensive circulation of your paper, and the report of the Registrar, that every dollar of believe me to be
the indebtedness of the Institution was provided Very respct’ly your ob't serv't, J. S. L. for, and, notwithstanding that a corps of ProP.S. Should you think fit to continue send- fessors larger and better paid than ever before ing me a copy, I will, if life Jasts and nothing was engaged, the Board found itself able to beprevents, remit you the amount of subscription gin at once a plan of improvement at the College after awhile.* Truly, &c., J.S. L.
consistent with the designs of the Institution. *In every such case we will take pleasure in
and capable, when completed, of answering all
its needful purposes. These improvements are continuing the farmer.
W. & L.
already begun, and consist first, of all necessary AMHERST COURT HOUSE, VA. repairs of the College Building, with such changes
June 19th, 1867. as experience has suggested, especially for thoEditors American Farmer :
roughly warming it; and all necessary refurDear Sirs : You will, I trust, pardon my de- nishing and refitting. lay in forwarding my subscription for the Far The Farm improvements, the necessary buildmer," which I have read with so much profit; 1ings, the addition of suitable stock, and a syshope, however, I am “bringing up the rear tem of cultivation, land improvement, planting, guard," and that when you issue the July num- &c., are already in operation to an extent that ber all of your subscribers for the past year will will mark the present season as the beginning of have liquidated their indebtedness. Your kind
We do not mean to say that every ness in forwarding the “ Farmer” to your old thing is to be done at once that may be desired, subscribers, after so many years of fierce and for that, present means do not allow; but that cruel war has swept over and devastated our be a judicious plan of operations is to be executed loved country, makes an irrisistible appeal to all with energy, and to the full extent of the finanwho have received it to aid you in your noble cial ability of the Board. Such a plan well beenterprise. I hope your subscription list may gun now, will answer present purposes, and its increase an hundred fold. Any one having only prosecution, through several years to come, will
garden to cultivate cannot invest $2.00 better be matter of interest and instruction to agriculthan by subscribing for your old and valued tural students. journal. The information given under the head It should be understood, as the published cirof "Work for the Month” is more than worth the cular indicates, that this Institution is to be subscription.
what its name implies, a Maryland College. Its With many kind wishes for your future suc
standard of instruction is to be not below that cess, I am truly yours,
G. A. R. T. of other colleges in or out of Maryland. A Pre
paratory School is not embraced in its scheme,
and no student admitted under fourteen years of Kinds of Grass and Quantity of Seeds per acre. ago, unless fully prepared for the Freshman -A. E. W., Wilmington, N. C., will find his in- Class. If it may be deenied expedient in the quiries as to quantity of seeds per acre, answered beginning to allow the College Faculty to pre
pare for the Freshman Class such as are not fully The best and only grass seeds that it is worth up to its requirements, these cases would be exwhile to sow on "wet lands" is "Red Top," ceptional. called here commonly Herds' Grass. Timothy There are two distinct Courses of Instruction. and Orchard grass are the best for hay on dry The Academic Course, which is that of other land. All may be sown at the time of wheat colleges, embracing the Ancient Classics, Modern seeding in the fall, but in this latitude Orchard | Languages, Mathematics, &c. And, The Agrigrass is usually sown in spring, with clover seed. cultural Course, which embraces "thorough in. Clover is especially valuable for pasturage and struction in the Schools of English, Mathematics, land improvement.
Agriculture, with the Sciences applicable to it, Orchard grass and clover may be cut twice on and one or more modern languages.” These very rich land, but it is better to give the land courses will run parallel, and as far as practithe benefit of the after growth, moderately cable be combined, but any student make take grazed.
on another page.
There were added to Part I
III IV V VI
Of Commercial Potash...
The President elect, Charles L. C. Minor, Esq., Ville's Chemical Manures. of Hanover Co., Va., visited the College in the
M. Ville, who has been largely encouraged in past month, and co-operated with the Resident his researches in vegetation by the Emperor of Faculty in the preparation of the Course of
France, has classified mannres under four general Study, and on the invitation of the President of heads.' He represents these by 1, nitrate of soda the Board of Trustees, attended its meeting on
or sulphate of ammonia; 2, quicklime ; 3, superthe 6th of June. He will enter upon the duties phosphate of lime, and 4, carbonate of potash. of his responsible position in September, having When he has an untried soil before bim, he dithe fullest confidence of the Board and his asso
vides it into four parts, to each of which he adds ciates of the Faculty, and their heartiest support.
one of these substances. The result of the crop We shall scrupulously abstain from one word
shows him wherein his soil is deficient, and how that may look like puffing the College into fa
to rectify that deficiency. His complete, univervour, but we will bespeak for it, from the com
sal manure is a mixture of these substances. munity, a generous confidence, which we believe its future will justify. We ask especially that this principle, and the results are quite striking.
Recently some experiments have been tried on Marylanders will give it the support due to a
M. A. Cavalier divided a hectare (2.471 acres) peculiarly Maryland Jostitution, and help those into six parts, and manared them as follows: engaged in the good work, to build up a seat of sound learning within her borders, which, as
Of Sulphate of Ammonia.11% 11% 11% 0 11% 0 lbs. such, will do honor to the State, while it shall
Of Phosphate of Lime.... 5% 5% 5% 5% 0 0 lbs. foster and elevate the pursuit which was first in
5% 5% 0 5% 5% 0 lbs. Of Quicklime
5% 0 5% 54% 5% 0 lbs. the thoughts of its founders, We are not working for the present, only, but for a long future; The crop cultivated was beet root, and the not for ourselves and our sons only, but for their quantities obtained were calculated to the hecsons, and the generations to come of Marylanders.
less Lime, ....... 47.445 Utility of Moles.
From part III.
less Potash.......25 34 From part IV.
Jess Ammonia,...36.824 An interesting experiment, which shows the
From part v.
less Phos. Lime...37.881 service rendered to agriculturists by moles, and From part VI. Without any manure.............25.550 the impolicy of destroying these lirue quadru
Thus the complete manure gives an increase of peds, has been made.
In a commune of the can- 25} tons of beets, doubling tủe crop. The cost ton of Zurich, the municipal council were lately of the manure is 395 francs per hectare, so that about to proceed to the selection of a mole
the profit is 115 francs. catcher, when M. Weber, a distinguished natu
On repeating the experiment on two plots of ralist, laid before the board the following facts : 2} acres each, he gave to the
M. Weber had carefully examined the stomachs of fifteen moles, caught in different localities, but
Sulphate of Ammonia......1360
900 pounds. failed to discover therein the slightest vestige of Phosphate of Lime..........2000
Carbonate of Potash........ plants or roots; whereas they were filled by the
Lime..... remains of ascaris or earth-worms.
And the product was, of beet roots, perfectly M. Weber, not satisfied by this fact, shut up
cleaned and leaves and fibres cleaned off, from several moles in a box containing soda of earth,
the on which fresh grass was growing, and a smaller case of grab and earth-worms. In nine days Second plos..................
First plot..... two moles devoured three hundred and forty-one white worms, one hundred and ninety three ! M. Leroy, at Varesne, (Oise,) got the followearth-worms, twenty-five catterpillars, and a ing results :
Tons per hectare. mouse, skin and bones, which bad been enclosed
.62.37 while alive in the box.
potash .. M. Weber next gave them raw meat, cut up in
ammonia ................28.85 small pieces, mixed with vegetables ; the moles With Phosphate of Lime alone.....................18.90 eat the meats and left the plants. He next gave
With lime alone... them nothing but vegetables ; in twenty-four hours two moles died of starvation.
Feat During the last two months, R. L. Mait. Another naturalist calculated that two moles destroy twenty thousand white worms in a single land, of New York, has sold two Alderney cows year. Evidently farmers ought to endeavor to at $500 each ; five at $300; one at $250; and multiply moles rather than kill them.
three at $200 each.
.59.640 tons. 45.325 tons.
The “Moral Bearings" of Tobacco Culture.
The American Agriculturist suggests to its The Small Fruit CULTURIST, by Andrew S. readers, that over-production of Tobacco during Fuller. Practical Horticulturist, Bridgewood, N. the war having led to unprofitable prices, “it is J., beautifully illustrated. Published by Orange : a good time for the growers to pause and conJudd & Co., New York. This little work will sider the moral bearings of the crop, and its ingive valuable assistance to the multitude now füvence upon other products of the farm." engaging in small fruit culture. The author is If the Prince of Darkness should take occasion an intelligent cultivator of much experience, and to address himself personally to bringing Amerihis book may be relied on as a guide. He treats cans to his way of thinking, we are very sure he of the Barberry, Strawberry, Raspberry, Black-would find it politic to present any given subject, berry, Dwarf Cherry, Currant, Gooseberry, Cor- in the beginning, in its "moral bearings.” That svelian Cherry, Cranberry, Huckleberry, Sheperdia, much our good opinion of ourselves demands, and Preparation for Gathering Fruit.
and such concession to our virtue being made,
we take what follows easy enough. We confess AN ELEMENTARY TREATISE ON AMERICAN GRAPE
to a growing repugnance to this mode of treatCULTURE AND Wine Making, by Peter B. Mead.
ment prima facie, and our obserration has long Illustrated with nearly 200 engravings drawn ago satisfied us, that preachers should do all from Nature. Harper & Bros., N. York. The
the preaching, and stick to it, and other people author professes that “'indulging in no theorizing should study to do their own business in quietspeculations, and introducing nothing of doubt- ness, and rely upon a wholesome example to do ful verification” he has treated "of all the facts the share set them in evangelising the world. and principles involved in the subject, laying We eschew, therefore, these "moral bearings,'' them clearly in order before the student, and and do not propose to reply to our contemporary linking them together with just so much of the
on that score. theory as is necessary to explain lucidly their
But the influence of Tobacco growing upon relation to each other."
other products of the farm," and upon the conThe work is handsomely bound and printed, dition of the farm, is another matter. Let us as its intrinsic worth merits.
give the argument of the Agriculturist on these points at large, and condemn his reasoning out
of his own mouth. It is just the sort of remark THE MARYLAND EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL-pledged
we have all our life beard from careless observers, to no party or system--a School and Family
or shallow thinkers, about the destruction done Monthly, devoted to popular Instruction and
by Tobacco to Maryland and Virginia lands. Literature,--printed and published in Baltimore
He says: "The current of opinion as elicited by E. S. Zevely, at $1.50 a year; aided editori
at the last meeting of the Ct. Board of Ag., at New ally by a committee of prominent educators. Haven, was decidedly against the crop, on ecoSpecimen copies 15 cents. No. 114 West Balti
nomical grounds. It is not denied that a large more street--business and editorial office at Cum
sum of money may be realized by it, from a smal: berland, Md., where all letters, exchanges, &c., plot of ground. But the general confession is, should be addressed. Number of P. O. box, ibat it ruins all the rest of the farm, by leading the Baltimore, 1072-Cumberland, 214.
cultivator to neglect it. It demands large quanIt gives us pleasure to notice the appearance tities of manure, and all he can make goes to the of such a Journal in Maryland, and hope it will
Tobacco patch, and he buys a good deal besides. receive such support as will insure its success.
The meadows run out, the pastures become barIts appearance and contents indicate the deter- ren, the orchard fruitless, and if the cultivator mination of those engaged in it to make it worthy accumulates funds in the bank, as he may, it is of the all-important work of public education. by the ruin of his farm. Ten acres may be
splendid, but the other hundred have gone to The Farmer's HOME JOURNAL is a handsome, mulleins and burdock. and ably edited weekly, published at Lexington, “The influence of this crop upon the community Ky., by Miller & Marrs. $3 per annum. The is quite as disastrous as it is upon the farm. The first number was issued 1st of May.
tobacco growing district grows poorer. Other
farm crops decrease in quality and quantity:The Rural World says that until the 4th Less stock is raised, less beef, pork, butter, and of May there was no rain in the vicinity of St. other necessaries of life. The lands are all the Louis during the entire spring.
wbile decreasing in agricultural value, and in its