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Report of the Commissioner of Labor and of immigration is likely to effect much withAgriculture.
out such agencies, as we took occasion to We gave in our last a brief summary of the urge some months ago. The lines of steamleading points of this Report, and as it has been ships about to be started, wbich will put widely circulated by the Legislature, within Baltimore in regular monthly communication the State, we devote the further room we can with each of these ports, will facilitate very rive to it to the consideration of the topics it much the purposes in view, and a very presents of greatest as well as most general moderate degree of success in introducing interest. It will be found that they interest hardy labourers with more or less means, communities outside of our State, while they would greatly overbalance whatever might be only more directly concern us, under the the necessary cost. There is no more direct wise provision of our Constitution, establish- and practicable means than this of adding to ing a State Department of Agriculture, with a the wealth of tbe State, even apart from the Chief Officer having all these matters in peculiar necessity there now is for effective special charge.
labourers. The Superintendent, Dr. McPherson, takes It is directed by the proposed law, that a comprehensive and appreciative view of bis these agents shall speak the language of the duties, and the practical and business-like people among whom they are to operate, and character of his Report commends him to the distribute maps and other information furconfidence of the public.
nished by the Superintendent, as well as exert The Legislature, there is reason to suppose, themselves by personal intercourse with the will second his suggestions, by suitable pro- people, in advising and aiding useful and invisions of law. A bill now in progress in the dustrious persons to emigrate to Maryland. Senate is designed to give them effect.
The design being to fix in advance of their • It is indeed a happy circumstance that the leaving home the final destination of the way is laid open to all the ends proposed in emigrants. the provision of the Constitution establishing The Superintendent is required also to keep this Department by one which free's it from a register of such citizens of Maryland as any financial embarrassment. The proposed require his assistance in procuring labourers, tax upon oysters is just and practicable. It and through his agents abroad to invite the is matter of wonder, that this very large pro- | attention of immigrants to the offers extended perty of the State in her waters, has been so by our citizens, and wlien necessary, to Jong overlooked; or rather, so bunglingly man- furnish written directions to all applicants for aged as to yield no revenue to its Treasury employment or lands, to such places in the The Commissioner proposes a tax of three State as may be selected by them. cents a bushel on oysters, which at the rate of On the important subject of Inspections product of the past year-estimated at about the Superintendent says: “Considering the 12,000,000 bushels-will give $360,000. The immense aggregate of capital annually inproper means for protecting this property and vested by our farmers in artificial fertilisers, for the collection of the tax being provided and in many cases without the least increase for, there will be left an amount worthy the of crops, it is desirable that prompt and ef. notice of a financier, and very likely to in- fectual protection, should be afforded them by (rease from year to year. The lover of oysters the State through this Department. Upon may grumble at such a tax, but, in truth, the this subject I may be excused for asking your matter of price cannot be made much worse attention to a suggestion made by a committee than it is now, and we can consent the more who reported this 10th article for the conreadily when we recollect how large a portion sideration of the Convention: · of the product is sold to outsiders in the “There is no question, but that if a high interior.
standard of inspection was established for In the matter of immigration, so very im- such articles as are compounded of really ferportant in the present aspect of our rural tilising materials, an immense trade for them industry, the bill reported to the Senate auth- would be attracted to Baltimore from this and orises the appointment of agents to reside all the Southern States; and we can see no abroad, one at Liverpool and the other at better mode of securing that standard of exBremen. No scheme for the encouragement cellence in artificial fertilisers than by requir. - - ing the manufacturers of them to obtain a
Benevolent Institutions. license from the Department of Labour and There are some good people who in their Agriculture, and pay therefor such suims as high appreciation of the American Farmer, and would enable it to guard us from fraud, by perhaps of agricultural papers generally, seem having the materials carefully inspected by a to look upon them as purely benevolent InstiChemist, and, if necessary, by having the / tutions. whole process of manufacture and manipula-1 We have a letter from a gentleman at North tion, supervised by sworn agents. These Williston, Vermont, not a subscriber, who manufacturers could well afford to pay for / writes to us that he has “a young horse with such inspection, because, while it secured our the Ringbone,” which he very naturally farmers from imposition, it would increase wishes to cure, (we suppose it is a Blacktheir trade immensely, and banish from the hawk.) and writes to us for the ingredients of a commerce of the State all rival compounds prescription which bas been published by us. not so inspected. Should your Honorable but does not even send a postage stamp to pay Bodies desire to act upon this subject, I should | for the reply to his letter. We refer him to be pleased to invite a conference with the Dr. Dadd, Vet. Surgeon, No. 65 N. Calvert st., gentlemen engaged in this trade; and as their who will, no doubt, give him a satisfactory true interest corresponds with that of the
response for a proper “consideration." Agriculturists, which this Department is de
From Texas we have a letter written in the signed to protect, I doubt not but that a plan most courtly phrase of diplomacy, in which of supervision satisfactory to all may be
satisfactory to all maybe we have every assurance of the writer's “disdevised."
tinguished consideration,” except that he has In view of these and other important no idea of paying for his paper. Having charges committed to the Superintendent of made this very apparent, he requests us to do Labour and Agriculture, we can but join in him the further favour of having mailed to the hope with which he concludes, that his him regularly one of our City Dailys. We future Reports will disclose the fact that his commend him to the good graces of our Department has become a most useful one to neighbours of the “Sun” or “Gazette," and the State.
will furnish them the address of our corres.
pondent whenever they send for it. Southern Planter and Farmer.-The Rich- We have another from the noble and mond Farmer having been merged into the wealthy State of Kentucky, as follows: Planter, the title of the latter has been made
JANUARY 21st, 1868. to correspond, and we have now The Planter
Sirs: Believing you to be desirous for the and Farmer, showing in its varied and excel
improvement of Agriculture, and a few of us lent contents the result of the combination.
having united in forming a farmer's club, we We notice an interesting article from the
hope that you will be kind enough to send us vigorous pen of Mr. F. G. Ruffin, on the Watt
| your paper for the present year and oblige, Plough, and on the important matter of
Yours, FARMER'S CLUB. "fixing" a plough for work. We club with the Planter and Farmer,
With the most affectionate wish for the furnishing it and the Am. Farmer at $3.50 for proper nourishment of all the “babes and the two.
sucklings” of agriculture, we must decline,
for its own good, to accede to the request of LOUISA Co., VA., Jan. 16, 1868.
| this youthful club. We assure our young
friends, that thcy have started wrong, and Eps. Farmer: I have a large orchard, and
that the very first principle of agricultural wisii to know how it would answer to set it
progress is to take an agricultural paper and in orchard grass and turn the sod with a
Pay for it. plough every year after cutting the grass, for the benefit that it would be tu the trees.
Mr. Willard says, in the Country GenAno.-An apple orchard may be set in grass tleman, that Mr. Stearns, of Danube, Herkiafter the trees are well grown, but the sod mer Co., N. Y., last year raised 96 bushels of could not be turned every year and yield a wheat from four bushels of seed sowed broadcrop of orchard grass too.
cast on three acres.
False Packing of Tobacco. the privilege of making them where they A Committee of the Legislature appointed please, and with the whole outside surface exto visit the Tobacco Inspection Warehouses posed to view when the bogshead is open. made majority and minority reports, giving We cannot believe that any thing but the their views on various points embraced in their grossest carelessness could ordinarily fail to investigation. On the matter of fraudulent detect the false packing complained of. packing, the majority report has the following: “Your committee, from all the obtainable
Hop Growing. information, and they sought knowledge from! In reply to several inquiries as to the manevery source from whence it could possibly be agement of a crop of hops, we refer to an arafforded, are satisfied that the present system of
ticle in our last number, and will give hereafter inspection is very defective and should be reme
such further information as may seem to be died. They have had before them letters from demanded. For the present, we give an estithe leading tobacco merchants, not only of this mate of the cost and profit of a yard of five country, but of nearly the whole of Europe, acres, as we find it in the Prairie Farmer Anand there is not in the large number, one nual Agricultural and Horticultural Adversingle exceptional case as to the imperfect tiser. Any one wishing to get what seems to system of inspection in Baltimore city. The
be a very good essay on the subject of hop fault is in the law, not in the inspectors, for,
growing, would do well to send 25 cents to from a personal knowledge of these gentle.
the Prairie Farmer office, Chicago, and get a men, your committee are satisfied they are as
copy of this little publication, containing this competent as any of their predecessors.
and much other useful matter: We propose two remedies for the correction “The cost and profit of hop raising, based of these abuses. The first is to repeal the
on an estimate of a ton to the acre, 50 cents present tobacco laws, and enact in lieu thereof a box for picking and board, considered witii such as will embrace the following leading the present high provision and labour, is as features. The details of the proposed changes follows for a yard of five acres: have been written out and handed to the
Five acres of ground, $30 per acre ............. $150 00 honored chairman on inspections:
Five acres of hop roots, $15 per acre......
9000 poles (3 to the hill, delivered at $125 per M. 1125 00 First. There should be a penalty for false For sharpening same, $7 50 per M .............. 67 50 packing, to be exacted by the inspector from
Agricultural implements, &e.......
Hop house, with press, stove, hop boxes, &c.... 875 00 the owner or agent, where the design is a Double horse team, wagon and rig........... 550 CO
Eighty loads of inanure, $3 per load.....
240 00 palpable intention to defraud, but before such
Three months' work, pole setting, vine training, a penalty is exacted one or more of the associ
&... .................................. 125 00 ated inspectors should be called upon to hold Pickim 5 tons of hops at 50 cents per box...... 500 00
Four box tenders, 12 days, at $2 ...............
96 00 a survey of such hogshead or hogshealls sup
Dryer for 12 days, $5 per day .................. 60 00 posed to be designedly falsely packed, and / Six days baling and preparing for market... 45 00
475 days board at 50 cents per day..
237 50 their decision shall be final."
$4196 00 This report seems to be an acknowledge
Five tons of hops at 50 cents per Ib............. 5000 00 ment of the charges of customary false The first season clear of all expenses........... 804 Go packing made against Maryland planters.- 1 There being $2,877.50 of the above cost How or to what extent, the tobacco growing for permanent improvement, at the same, the community will clcar their skirts of it, re- second year $3,681.50 would be cleaned. mains to be seen.
Fifty cents is a very large price, and like The committee lays the charge of failing to the prices of other agricultural products, may detect these frauds, in the Baltimore inspection or may not be continued. The crop is subhouses, to the defect in the law. We do not ject to rust and mildew, and about as precariknow in what points the law is different now, ous, we suppose, as many others that we rely from what it has been in many years past, on. As to soil, it will grow on any good loam when no such complaint was heard of, and made rich, and as hop vines have been growwe are not willing to have the Inspectors go ing from time immemorial in all our old garfree of blame in allowing such abuses to grow dens, we do not see that there should be any up under their eyes, with an obligation upon serious difficulty in the matter of climate. To them to make five breaks in a hogshead, and manage the crop, lowever, requires skilled
labour for some departments of it, and it tion to the agricultural community, at any should not be entered upon, on a large scale, point, which intelligent and industrious adverunadvisedly.
tising could reach. Their wise policy has The planting is done in rows 8 feet apart been to be very sure of having excellent each way, making 680 hills to the acre. articles for sale, and then as sure that every
body should know it. Soluble Pacific Guano, Advertisements.
and Flour of Raw Bone they offer.
Lister Bros. Fresh Bone Superphosphate of We beg the attention of our readers to the Lime is
Lime, is offered by the enterprising firm, advertising pages of this number. Weare well Townsend & Sons, Agents, and is highly reassured that the business men who seek the
commended. substantial pages of the Farmer, through
Rhodes & Co. offer their far-famed Superwhich to communicate with the agricultural
phosphate, which we have reason to think community, are of such character as to give
has a substantial merit that may perhaps, in a the strongest assurance of the value of what
measure justify them in not advertising so they offer for sale. We exclude with all the
freely as in years past. care we can, humbuggery and quack adver.
J. B. Ruth & Co. offer Bergen & Butz's tisements, and seek only those of reliable
Superphosphate of Lime, and bring up the business men, engaged in legitimate trade and rear of our list, making such a variety of ferresponsible in their dealinys, and we have the
tilisers, and of such character as afford the satisfaction of knowing that our pages put
best opportunity for selection. such advertisers in communication with the
Nurseries— Trees, Fruit and Ornamental most stable men of the agricultural class, and
Plants. Se ds, &c.-Edward J. Evans & Co., such as want to buy and are generally able to
R. Halliday & Son, Baltimore. Also Plants Of Fertiliser9,--We have the Rodunda Island Guano, offered by Wm. Crichton & Son,
Ellwanger & Barry, Rochester, N. Y. General Agents. The agents sent last fall a
Richard Cromwell, Baltimore. lot of this guano for trial, to the Agricultural
Henry K. How, New Brunswick, N. Jersey. College, which unfortunately miscarried, and
(Hewes & Warner, Agents, Baltimore.) no report can be made of it. Very strong
John Saul, Washington City, D. C. Also, assurances are given by gentlemen who have
Plants, Flowers and Seeds-specialty. tried it, of its value and cheapness.
Wm. Corse & Son, Baltimore. The Baltimore City Fertilising Company, a Frank L. Morling, Baltimore. Also Plants valuable institution for preserving the health
and Flowers-specialty. of the city, by utilising its filth and offal,
H. F. Crowell, Hammonton, N. J. offer various fertilisers, including bonedust
Lukens Peirce, Ercildoun, Pa. and poudrette.
Small Fruits, Seeds, &c.-D. H. Brown, N. George Dugdale offers Baugh's Raw Bone
Brunswick, N. J. Phosphate, of which enormous quantities are
John S. Collins, Charles Collins, T. C. Annow being manufactured, and which has drets Moorestown
h has drews, Moorestown, N. J. obtained a National reputation.
1 P. Sutton, Beverly, N. J. Neale, Ilarris & Co., an old Baltimore! Nou Plants and Seeds.-B. M. Watson, Plvfirm of the highest standing, offer the Patapsco mouth. Masy. (tuano Co's Ammoniated Solublc Phosphate. Grape Vines.-Sullivan & Ford, Sykesville,
Andrew Coe's Superphosphate of Lime has | Md. been long known in our market, and is in cx- Dr. John B. Keasliy, Washington, D. C. cellent hands, Messrs. Herbert & Hairston, Dr. R. T. Underhill, New York, who also Agents.
makes PURE WINE from the Grape-neither G. Ober offers his Manipulated and the drugged, liquored nor watered. Ammoniated Alkaline Phosphates. Mr. Ober Wheat and Grass Seeds--specialty. George has been long known and commended in this A. Deitz, Chambersburg, Pa. line, both on his own account and by his long Stock, Poultry and nero varieties of Oats.-N. association in the firm of Kettlewell & Ober. P. Boyer & Co., Chester Co., Pa.
John S. Reese and Co. need no introduc- | Agricultural Implements.--Our old friends :
R. Sinclair & Co., Richard Cromwell, Thos. A New Agricultural Monthly-We take Norris & Son, all of whom supply also Seeds, much pleasure in calling attention to the adver&c., &c.
tisement of The Farmer's Gazette, about to be Cresylic Soaps and Compounds, Plant Pro
issued at Richmond, by Col. S. Bassett French. tector, Sheep Dip, &c.-Jas. Buchan & Co., N.
We welcome to a seat at the Editorial Board, York. Hewes & Warner, Agents, Baltimore.
| one who has been long a warm friend of The
Farmer and a frequent contributor to its colHorse and Cattle Poroders.-David E. Foutz,
umns. The communication in this number Baltimore.
with his initials, and others during some of
the past months on practical topics, with the Chemical Manuridg.
initial “F." are from his pen, and will indicate We are indebted to a friend for the follow to our readers, in some measure, his ability ing extract from the Chemical News: | for the work he now enters upon. We wishi “On the property of M. Payne, at Boricourt
tbe Gazette the most ample success, and com(Aisne) there is an experimental plot of ground
mend it especially to the favour of Adverwhich is quite perfect in its way, and which
tisers. has already furnished important results. This
Having been for more than twenty years piece of ground is laid out similar to that at
in important public positions in “Old” Vir
of her citizens better Vincennes, where, by different chemical marginia, there are few nures, combined by the formulæ of M. Ville. known than Col. F., or more able to command we remark the same ascending scale of crops,
success. from the weakest to the most luxuriant, with
The Use of Paper.—We notice that there is out the law governing the culture having
a company in Camden, N. J., who manufacshown a single exception.
ture a Patent Water-Proof Paper, extensively Not far from the border of a road, in a used for building purposes, said to be cheap fiinty land of very bad quality, a plot was ma- and durable, and used in place of shingles, nured with 40 tons to the hectare; another tin, slate, &c., also for weather-boarding, walls, parcel of the same ground received a complete ceilings, and even for carpets, that are handinanure of 400 kil. of superphosphate of lime, somely designed and will wear many years. 200 kil of nitrate of potash, 250 kil. of sulphate of ammonia and 350 kil. of sulphate of THE ROYAL AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AT lime-in all 1200 kil.—the cost of which was
CIRENCESTER.—There seems to be a prevail325 francs per hectare (24 acres.) Stable dung ind
ing impression that this institution is defunct. produced a miserable crop of wheat; the
A few days ago we heard an officer connected chemical manure gave a splendid return.
| with one of our colleges say so, in so many From a letter addressed to the Journal de le
words. We believe, however, that the truth Aixne we learn the following:
is that the institution was never before in so A hectare of land treated by the complete prosperous a condition. A recent writer, wlio manure produced
has carefully examined its condition, and the 1.-8 hectolitres of wheat at 27 francs....... 756f. 00c.
results it produces as manifested in its stu2 - Straw 6070 kilos at Of. 4c.............. .2428. 80c.
dents, arrives at the following conclusion :
“Our own observation would lead us to re1002f. 80c.
commend any youth resolving on agriculture The same ground treated with good farm- as bis occupation in life, to place himself with yard manure, 40 tons per hectare, only pro- a tenant farmer for a year, to acquire what duced
may be called the grammar of agriculture. 1-28 hectolitres, 50 litres at 27 francs..... .229f. 50c.
With this preparation, he would be in a po2.--Straw 1696 kilos at Of. 4c................ 671. 84c. sition to derive greater advantage from a two 3-Small straw .....
... 18. 50c.
years' course of instruction at the college; 298f. 8tc.
after this, two years' residence with a skillful The hectare is about 24 acres; the kilogramme farmer, with daily observation, and the study is 2 lb., 8 oz., 1 dr., 14 gr.; the hectolitre is of the most approved agricultural literature, 6102.8 cubic inchies=2 bu. 838; the litre is would form a reasonably safe foundation to 1-1000 of the hectolitre,