« AnteriorContinuar »
makes 330 lbs. of potatoes and 58 lbs. of oats
Hints on Manures. equivalent to 100 lbs. of hay. If we compare
We reproduce some useful hints, for which we the equivalent values of different species of food;
are indebted to a practical man, whose experience deduced from actual feeding of animals, we find
has authorized him to give his opinions. It will the confusion even worse confounded. Block
be observed that he economizes and preserves, in makes 216 lbs. of potatoes equivalent to 100 lbs.
the best manner, the manure from horses, cattle, of bay; Petri, 200 lbs.; Meyer, 150 lbs. Block
sheep, hogs, poultry, all under a uniform system found 39 lbs. of oats equivalent to 100 lbs.; Pe
of management. While exception may be taken tri, 71 lbs.; Thaer, 86 lbs.; Pbaes, 60 lbs.;
to some points of his practice, it cannot be denied Scheveitzer, 371 lbs. I have searched industri
that on the whole it deserves high commendation: ously for chemical or experimental researches in
First, the horse stable is kept well littered with this country, with which to compare the discor
dry leaves, applied, sometimes, as often as once dant results of Europe, but I am compelled to
a week ; at others, only once a fortnight. When confess that if such exist, I have been unable to
the stalls get about twelve inches deep in manure, find them.
they are emptied by first throwing the manure Chemical analysis indicate that timothy has
into the stable passage with the dung forks, and twice as much muscle making nutriment, and
then carrying it in wheelbarrows into an adjointwice and a half as much fat making nutriment,
ing shed, to remain until wanted for the land. as sweet-scented vernal grass. It has 25 per cent.
This removal and spreading checks the fermentamore muscle making power than Kentucky blue
tion and the consumption by fire fang, to which grass, or than Fescue grass; but I cannot find
stable manure is liable, except under careful that this has ever been verified experimentally
management, and saves it from being sobbed with either in Europe or America.
rain water. CORN.
The cattle are penned on the same spot every We learn from analysis of Mr. Salisbury, that
night in the year, in a square yard, with an open 100 lbs. of the Ohio Deut corn contains 8.58 lbs.
shed on its north side, fifteen feet wide. This of flesh forming principles, and 60.34 lbs. of fat
shed and lot are regularly littered, and the maand heat forming principles—while 10 lbs. of
nure never disturbed but three times in the year. the small eight-rowed corn contains 13.80 lbs. ofl. The sheep lot adjoins both horse and cow lots, flesh forming, and 44 lbs. of fat and heat forming and is regularly littered, and the sheep are penned principles. Now, if such difference really exist
in it every night in the year. This lot has also in these varieties, farmers may make a great deal
a house on the north side, and in this house the of money by knowing it. But they do not know
sheep are salted three times a week, the year it, or even suspect it; with them, a bushel of | round, and fed every night during the winter. corn is worth a bushel of any other corn, just as
To the objectiou made to penning on the same much as one gold eagle is worth another; and spot throughout the year it is answerable that vet we see, if Mr. Salisbury's analysis is reliable. sheep are not safe from dogs in the fields or in 100 lbs. of the eight-rowed corn will lay 25 per
the hurdles, but are safe in a lot immediately adcent, more muscle upon a hog or a bullock than joining the other stock. It is also objected th the Ohio Deut.
the labor of moving the pens and hurdles during There is not a single experiment upon record
the busy season makes it liable to be neglected. which has, for its object, the verification of this Into the horse lot, which is also littered, the chemical indication by actual feeding. If the hogs are called and fed every night, if it is only fact were once reliably proved, the knowledge a nubbin to each. Here they sleep, and are would be worth half a million dollars annually turned out every morning. In the winter, the to the farmers of the State.
hogs fattened to kill are penned upon leaves, and
then a load of manure is made to every hog, and MANURES.
the loads are always a four borse wagon body If a lond of horse manure, a load of cow ma- full. nure, and a load of hog manure, should be of The cbicken coop is littered with a little fine fered to a farmer, each at a specified price, he straw, occasionally sprinkled with lime, (plaster could not tell which would be the cheapest - would be better,) charcoal dust or ashes. This There is not a farmer in the State that knows is considered equal to guano, pound for pound, exactly what profit he can make upon a load of but rarely finds its way to the farm, being thought any kind of manure.- From Address of J. Stan- the best manure for onions, tomatoes, Irish potaton Gould.
Behind the stable is a pen built of logs, into cay of corn stalks and coarse straw. But it which is thrown occasionally a load of leaves, should be protected from rain. Some farmers and upon these leaves are thrown all the leached pitch long manure in the wagon with borse ashes of the farm, all the dead chickens, pigs, forks. But I never could perceive that the prac. rotten eggs, sweepings of the house-yard, soap-tice would pay, because a horse fork will no1 suds, now and then a peck of salt, the slops from hold as much as a horse is capable of elevating. the chambers daily, and all kinds of bloody water It is easy for any one to try the experiment, or slops that the hogs will not eat.
which will soon satisfy all anticipations or doubts The manure is never touched till it is dry, and on this subject.- North British Agriculturisi. only hauled out when the land is dry. In this way the loads seldom contain less than eighty
A correspondent of the Germantoron Telegrapi The manure is never put down in heaps, or gives the following sensible advice: little conical piles, to be scattered hereafter. It! "A majority of farmers do not attach importis scattered from the wagon broadcast, and tenance enough to the subject of saving and making or twelve wagon loads cover an acre; of horse manure and compost. To them manure aod lalot manure, only trampled leaves, twenty wagon bor are what capital and credit are to the mer loads are put on; of good dry and pulverized chant. They think they cannot afford to pay stable manure, about eight hundred bushels, or five and six dollars per cord for manure, and it eight to ten wagon loads per acre.
does seem a high price; but one thing they can We have given these items of manure manage- do, they can take better care of what they have, ment as an example for large or small farmers, and prevent the waste of what is the most valuwho have heretofore been careless in the matter. able part. Many hog pens are built on sloping Some extra work of course will be required to ground, the manure sinking away to some drain supply the large amount of litter. One hand on and lost. Now with proper care the manure of a large farm would be sufficient for the purpose every hog raised and fattened is worth twenty and do a good many otber useful jobs. On a dollars to put in corn hills. It is better not to grain farm, a proper use of the straw and stalks let hogs wallow in the manure, as most of firwill amply supply the place of leaves. Not only mers do, with the view that the hogs will work will a great quantity of good manure be manu fine the coarse trash generally thrown into the factured, but the stock of every description will pen. Make a tight board floor to the pen to prebe greatly benefitted by the abundant littering. vent the leakage of the urine and manure, then
throw in the absorbents, such as weeds, strar.
shavings, sawdust, leaves, chip dirt, briers, and Forking Barnyard Manure Over.
in fact almost fine hickory brush, clean the str This is essential to rotting well. When corn
out once a week, and throw the manure into a stalks, straw and ordure of animals are all trod
square pile, exposed to all the rain that falls, and down firmly during the winter and spring, the
in a dry time keep the manure moist by the adair is effectually excluded, and the material will
dition of water, or cover with damp earth to not rot until it has been forked over, were it to
prevent the "blue blazes." By this arrange remain there for a year or more. If it is loosened
ment, with ten hogs and plenty of material, a up so that the air can circulate among it, the en
e en- farmer will make near two hundred dollars' tire mass will decay in a few weeks, so that it worth of manure ready for the land in good conwill be easy to pitch and spread it. Now, the dition, and have better hogs than if he allowed most expeditious manner of pitching manure up them to wallow at pleasure in the mass. clean from the bottom is to do the greater portion of it with a horse fork. Set up three long CHARCOAL FOR TURKEYS.- A California paper poles as for pitching hay on a round stack, and says a recent experiment has been tried in feedmake a hole down to the bottom of the manure ing charcoal for fattening turkeys. Two lots of first; then thrust the tines of the horse fork un- four each, were treated alike, except for one lot der the manure, and turn it up in large rolls, finely pulverized charcoal was mixed with masbed and tear it to pieces with hand forks. Horse potatoes and meal, on which they were fed, and forks are of great service where the manure is broken pieces of coal also plentifully supplied. very long. After it has rotted, a man, or two The difference in weight was one and a half men, can pitch much faster by hand. If barn- pounds each, in favor of the fowls supplied with yard manure remains in the yard all summer, it coal, and the flesh was superior in tenderness and should always be forked over to facilitate the de' flavor.
I do not understand those for poor wbich are ragabonds and beggars, but those that labor to
live, such as are old and cannot travel, such poor The militant and the triumphant are not two widows and fatherless children as are ordered to churches; but this the porch, and that chancel
to be relieved, and the poor tenants that travel of the game church, which are under one head,
to pay their rents, and are driven to poverty by Jesus Christ : so the joy and the sense of salva
mischance, and not by riot and careless extion, which the "pure in heart” have here, is
penses : on such have those compassion, and God not a joy severed from the joy of heaven, but a
will bless thee for it. joy that begins in us here, and continues, and accompanies us thither, and then flows on, and
How silly it would be to envy a man that was dilates itself to an infinite expansion ; the plenary drinking poison out of a golden cup: and yet consumation thereof being respited till we "see
who can say that he is acting wiser than this, God."
when he is en vying any instance of wordly It is no brag to say that the ministry of the
greatness? gospel is more glorious than that of the law.
For those, who mix in the world with safety, God would have everything in the last temple there is needed just the reverse of the very gifts more glorious than in the first, which was nga which make men the worlds' favorites, namely, ured by the outward frame; more glorious in
gifts of caution, retirement, and silence. Christ's time than that of Solomon, as that was beyond the tabernacle. This is a " better testament." That had the shadow-this is the sub.
When injured by any one, we should remem
ber that God presents to us the most glorious opstance.
portunity of showing forth his own image, No bound or measure can be assigned in the mercy and forgiveness. reception of divine grace, as is the case of earthly benefits. The holy spirit is poured forth co
Endeavor to subdue all thy irascible, as well piously, is confined hy no limits, is restrained by
as concupiscible, affections; the sum of all huno barriers : He flows perpetually; He bestows
manity and the height of moral perfection is in rich abundance. Let our hearts only thirst,
"bear and forbear." and be open to receive Him, as in proportion to the capacious faith we bring, will be the abound
The love of one's friends is common to all reing grace we receive.
ligions; the love of one's enemies is characteris
tic of christians. Nothing can be our happiness in this life, but what is to be the foundation of it in the next.
Heaven is the universal measure of all things If I cannot serve God and my Saviour with de earthly. Riches, pleasures, honors, will not light, and make a kind of heaven of it here, He | profit there. has no other heaven for me hereafter.
Happy the soul that, in the lucid intervals of a Make not the hungry soul sorrowful ; defer not
wounded conscience, can praise God for the
same. the gift to the needy; for if he curse thee in the bitterness of bis soul, his prayer shall be heard
Blessed is he, O Lord, who loveth Thee, and of Him that made him.
loveth his friend in Thee, his enemy for Thee.
Praise for pensiveness, thanks for tears, and Music is sweetest near or over rivers, where the blessing God over the floods of affliction, makes 'echo thereof is but rebounded by the water. the most melodious music in the ear of heaven.
God has two thrones; one in the highest How did the martyrs glory in their sufferings | heavens, the other in the lowest hearts. for Christ? calling their chains of iron chains of gold, and their manacles bracelets.
The joy of the world is nothing but the im
purity of sin. The tree of life, said the holy Hyperichus, grows in heaven; and humility is the grace that! He sure is rich, that has the key to God's climbs and touches the top of it.
Jet Every seed contains three principles, the CATTLE MARKET.-Common, $7.00a$7.75; Good, $8.25a organ of nourishment, the nascent plant or plu- | $8.75; Prime Beeves, $9.00a9 25 per 100 lbs. inule, and the nascent root or radicle.
Sheep-4%a5% cents per lb. gross. Lambs $3.00a3.75
per head. The annual fair of the Indiana State Ar Hogs—$10.00a10.75 per 100 lbs., net. ricultural Society will be held at Terre Haute, commencing Sept. 30th.
Wholesale Produce Market. Baltimore Markets, June 29, 1867. Prepared for the American Purmer by Hxwek & Wakxxx, Preduce
and Commission Alerthants, 67 Exchange Place. COFFEE.-Rio, 16a18 cts. güld, according to quality.Laguayra - , and Java
BALTIMORE, June 29, 1867. Cotton.- We quote prices as follows, viz:
BUTTER.-Western so id packed 12 to 20; Glades, 12 to Grades.
16; Goshen, - to , Ordinary ...........
BEESWAX--38a40 cts. ............ 22
CHEESE.- Eastern, 17a18; Western, 16. Good do............. ................. 23
DRIED FRUIT.- Apples, 6 to 7; Peaches, 10 to 12. Low Middling .........................
Eags-23a25 cents per dozen.
FEATHERS.-Live Geese, 70 to 80 cents.
LARD.-Western, 12a13X; City rendered, 12a14 cts. $60; G.Ober's(Kettlewells) AA Manipulated,$70; A do.$60;
Potatoes.--New, $4.25a$4.75 cents per bushel.
CONTENTS OF THE JULY NO. Bone, $50; Andrew Coe's Super-Phosphate of Lime, $60; -all per ton of 2,000 lbs.; Pure Ground Plaster, $13.50a Editorial Gossip from the Farm ................. $14.00 per ton, or $2 50 per bbl. Shell Lime, slacked,
Quantity per Acre of Seed ..... 6c., unslacked, 100. per bushel, at kilns.
Farm Work for the Month.... Fish.— Mackerel.–No. 1, $8aa8.50; No. 2, ---
The Vegetable Garden ........................ No.3, - Herrings-Labrador, - -- Potomac
The Fruit Garden .......... and Susqueh'na, - ; Codfish, 5a5 * cts. per lb.
New Strawberries...... FLOOR. --Howard Street Super and Cut Extra, $10.25a
The Flower Garden .............................. ; Farily, $14.50al6.50; City Mills Super, $9.00a
The Cattle Plague in Holland... 11.00; Baltimore Family, $17.00.
Employers and Employed ....................... Rye Flour and Corn Meal.-Rye Flour, new, $7.75a Large Farms and Associated Capital.... 8.25; Corn Meal, $5.75a6.00.
Serradella (Ornithopus sativus.).... GRAIN.- Wheat.--Good to prime Red, $2 20a2.50;
Agricultural Schools.............. White, $2.35a$2.50.
The Currant........ Rye.-$1.30a$1.40 per bushel.
Selecting and Keeping Seeds... Oats.—Heavy to light-ranging as to character from 84
Resources of California........ a86c. per bushel--bulk.
Scientific Farming......... Corn.-White, $1.06а$1.07; Yellow, $1 06а---- per
Vineyard Management...... bushel.
Management of Grapevines........................ HAY AND STRAW.-Timothy $26a28, and Rye Straw --- Courage and Confidence-J. W. Manning's Nursery.. per ton.
Roanoke Tobacco Company......... PROFISION8.--Bacon.-Shoulders, 9% al0 cts.; Sides,
Dairy Galloways............. 12a12%; Hams, plain bagged, 15al6 cts.; sugar cured,
A Fruit Critic Criticised.. 16 Xa17/4 cts. per Ib.
Ilow to Keep Up Your Hay Crop............ Salt.---Liverpool Ground Alum, $2.10a--; Fine, $3.10;
Gas Lime as a Fertilizer............ Turk's Island, 58a60c. per bushel.
Wool Growing in Texas--Scab in Sheep.......... SEEDS.-- Buckwheat $2.00 per bushel.
Subscriptions, &c. .............
The Agricultural College......
Utility of Moles.......
. $1.50a 3.00
Ville's Chemical Manures.................. Sound common....
3.500 4.00 Book Table ........................................ Middling .........
The “Moral Bearings" of Tobacco Culture..
Straw for Feeding..............
The Power of a Growing Tree...........
Too Rich for Wheat............. Medium to fine red and spangled ............ 8.00a 20.00 Why Scalded Meal is More Nutritious than Raw.... Fine yellow and fancy...................... 20.00a30.00
Necessity for More Reliable Experiments... WHISKEY-30a36 cts. per gallon, in barrels, in bond. Hints on Manures............................
Wool.-We quote: Unwashed, 27a30 cts. per lb.; Tubo | Forking Barnyard Manure Over.................... washed, 42a45 cents; Fleece, 40a18 cents; Pulled, No. 1,
...... ........ - cts.; Merino, - cts.
I Sunday Reading......
this is a horse; or poor Artemus Ward, when
he says “this is rote sarkastikul." I find my“ The seed must die, before the corn appears
self somewhat taken down occasionally by a Out of the ground, in blade and fruitful ears. Low have those ears before the sickle lain
matter of fact reader, who can't for the life Ere thou canst treasure up the golden grain.
of bim see a joke; or, by another, who, supposing The grain is crushed, before the bread is made; it to be the only duty of an agricultural editor And the bread broke, ere life to man conveyed.
to tell him what to do, and wbat not to do, in all Oh! be content to die, to be laid low,
the phases of his agricultural life, takes me to And to be crushed, and to be broken so."
task for prescribing, for instance, so preposter.
ous a practice as “ digging up every year all the ditorial Gossip irom the Farm. fruit trees in the orchard and moving them to Good FARMER: This monthly “Gossip” pro- fresh places." fesses to be a free talk with your readers, and not 1 I got a letter from such a friend some time mere tattle" let us hope. The dictionaries de- back, which, being mislaid, I could not publish. fine gossip " trifling talk," and a gossip, "a tri- With a very kind expression of general appreciaAling talker;" but do you know that its early tion, it found fault with several articles as tending meaning was a “Sponsor in Baptism?” Mr. to damage the character of the Farmer's teachTrench should put it on his list of word-bistories, ings. He objected to that headed “Cats and and tell us how it came to pass that what in the Clover," as being, in his opinion, a "farbeginning expressed a solemn promise and vow to fetched” conjunction of ideas; failing to see that God, has become in these latter days trifling it was "rote sarkastikul,'' and that the very fun talk. Have the vows of god-fathers and god of the thing was the “far-fetchedness" of the mothers come indeed to this complexion ? con-cat-enation.
But this is not agricultural; neither are the. Then that matter of moving the fruit trees. beautiful lines at the top of the page agricul- The article in question related the experience of tural. But I make free, at least on this page, to an English fruit grower, and his remarkable deviate from the ruder way of the merely prac- success in the removal of even full-grown fruit tical to gather a flower here and a fruit there, for trees, with a material improvement in their the reader's refreshment. The gem wbich each bearing. It claimed indeed that the experimenter month gilds our opening, and the aphorisms had found a profit in his practice. The article for "Sunday Reading,' that close each number, received credit from the intelligent and experiare very treasures for those who will use them enced editor of the Gardener's Monthly, where well. Read again the lines above, and read often we found it. In transferring it to our columns our closing page.
it was not supposed that a single reader would It may be necessary, oftener than we suppose, go to work to dig and remove his fruit trees. to explain for the benefit of some readers what Had every one of them given it full credit, not such and such articles mean, or are designed one still but would have found that he had someto teach ; as the boy writes under his picture, I thing else to do. But was there nothing to be