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Ja Every seed contains three principles, the CATTLE MARKET.--Common, $7.00a$:.75; Good, 38.254 organ of nourishment, the nascent plant or plu- $8.75; Prime Beeves, $9.0029 25 per 100 lbs. inule, and the nascent root or radicle.
Sheep-4%a5% cents per lb. gross. Lambs $3.00a3.75
per head. Jari The annual fair of the Indiana State Ar
Hogs—$10.00a10.75 per 100 lbs., net. ricultural Society will be held at Terre Haute, commencing Sept. 30th.
Wholesale Produce Market. Baltimore Markets, June 29, 1867. Prepared for the American Purmer by HIKWES & WABXX8, Produce
and Commission Alerthants, 67 Exchange Place. COFFEE.-Rio, 16a18% cts. göld, according to quality.Laguayra and Java
BALTIMORE, June 29, 1867, COTTON.- We quote prices as follows, viz:
BUTTER. -Western so id packed 12 to 20; Glades, 12 to Grades.
16; Goshen, Ordinary.
BEESWAX-38a40 cts. Good do.........
CHEESE.-Eastern, 17a18; Western, 16. Low Middling
DRIED FRUIT.-Apples, 6 to 7; Peaches, 10 to 12. Middling..........
Eags--23a25 cents per dozen. FERTILIZERS.- Peruvian Guano $80; Patapsco Co's $60
FEATHERS.-Live Geese, 70 to 80 cents. Reese & Co's. Soluble Pacific Guano, $65; Flour of Bone
LARD.-Western, 12a13 %; City rendered, 122147 cts.
POTATOES.--New, $4.25a$4.75 cents per bushel.
CONTENTS OF THE JULY NO. Bone, $50; Andrew Coe's Super-Phosphate of Lime, $60;
1 --all per ton of 2,000 lbs.; Pure Ground Plaster, $13.50a Editorial Gossip from the Farm
% $14.00 per ton, or $2 50 per bbl. Shell Lime, slacked, Quantity per Acre of Seed.....
Farm Work for the Month....
3 6c., unslacked, 10c. per bushel, at kilns. F181.- Mackerel.-No. 1, $8aa8.50; No. 2,
The Vegetable Garden ........
5 No. 3,
The Fruit Garden ............
6 and Susqueh'na, -; Codfish, 5a5 * cts. per lb. FLOUR.-Howard Street Super and Cut Extra, $10.25a
The Flower Garden .......
7 -; Family, $14,50al6.50; City Mills Super, $9.00a The Cattle Plague in Holland.....
7 11.00; Baltimore Family, $17.00.
Employers and Employed ......
8 Rye Flour and Corn Meal.--Rye Flour, new, $7.75a
Large Farms and Associated Capital. 8.25; Corn Meal, $5.75a6.00.
Serı adella (Ornithopus sativus.)..
9 GRAIN.- Wheat.-Good to prime Red, $2 20a2.50;
9 White, $2.35a$2.50.
10 Rye.-$1.30a$1.40 per bushel.
Selecting and Keeping Seeds........ Oats.-Heavy to light-ranging as to character from 84
Resources of California.......
Scientific Farming......... a86c. per bushel-bulk. Corr.-White, $1.06а$1.07; Yellow, $1 06а---- per
Management of Grapevines....
13 HAY AND SIBAW.--Timothy $26a28, and Rye Straw
Courage and Confidence-J. W. Manning's Nursery.. 14
14 PROPISION8.--Bacon.-Shoulders, 9%a10 cts., Sides,
15 12a12%; Hams, plain bagged, 15al6 cts.; sugar cured,
A Fruit Critic Criticised............................
16 16 Xa174 cts. per 1b.
Ilow to Keep Up Your Hay Crop......
16 Gas Lime as a Fertilizer.......
16 Salt.-Liverpool Ground Alum, $2.10a--; Fine, $3.10; Turk's Island, 58a60c. per bushel.
Wool Growing in Texas--Scab in Sheep.
17 SEEDS.-Buckwheat $2.00 per bushel.
18 TOBACCO.-- We give the range of prices as follows:
The Agricultural College......
19 Utility of Moles..... Maryland. Frosted to common......................... $1.50a 3.00
Ville's Chemical Manures.....
21 Middling 6.000 8.00
21 Good to fine brown.... ....................
The “Moral Bearings" of Tobacco Culture..........
23 Upper country.. ..........................
3.00a30.00 A Maryland Milk Dairy Farm..... Ground leaves, new .........
Straw for Feeding...........
The Power of a Growing Tree...
27 3.00a 6.00 Brown and spangled...
Too Rich for Wheat..
28 WHISKEY-30a36 cts, per gallon, in barrels, in bond. Hints on Manures.........
Wool.- We quote: Unwashed, 27a30 cis. per lb.; Tub. Forking Barnyard Manure Over.................... washed, 42a45 cents; Fleece, 40a18 cents; Pulled, No. 1, Compost. cts.; Merino, -cts. Sunday Reading.....
this is a horse; or poor Artemus Ward, when
" this is rote sarkastikul." I find my“ The seed must die, before the corn appears
self somewhat taken down occasionally by a Out of the ground, in blude and fruitful ears. Low have those ears before the sickle lain
matter of fact reader, who can't for the life Ere thou canst treasure up the golden grain. of bim see a joke; or, by another, who, supposing The grain is crushed, before the bread is made; it to be the only duty of an agricultural editor And the bread broke, ere life to man conveyed.
to tell him what to do, and wbat not to do, in all Oh! be content to die, to be laid low,
the phases of his agricultural life, takes me to And to be crushed, and to be broken so."
task for prescribing, for instance, so preposter.
ous a practice as “ digging up every year all the Editorial Gossip from the Farm.
fruit trees in the orchard and moving them to Goop FARMER : This monthly “Gossip" pro- fresh places." fesses to be a free talk with your readers, and not I got a letter from such a friend some time mere “tattle” let us hope. The dictionaries de back, which, being mislaid, I could not publish. fine gossip “trifling talk," and a gossip, "a tri- With a very kind expression of general appreciafling talker;" but do you know that its early tion, it found fault with several articles as tending mesning was a “Sponsor in Baptism?” Mr. to damage the character of the Farmer's teachTrench should put it on his list of word-bistories, ings. He objected to that headed “Cats and and tell us how it came to pass that what in the Clover," as being, in his opinion, a beginning expressed a solemn promise and vow to fetched” conjunction of ideas; failing to see that God, has become in these latter days trifling it was "rote sarkastikul,”' and that the very fun talk. Have the vows of god-fathers and god- of the thing was the “far-fetchedness" of the mothers come indeed to this complexion ? con-cat-enation.
But this is not agricultural; neither are the Then that matter of moving the fruit trees. beautiful lines at the top of the page agricul- The article in question related the experience of tural. But I make free, at least on this page, to an English fruit grower, and bis remarkable deviate from the ruder way of the merely prac success in the removal of even full-grown fruit tical to gather a flower here and a fruit there, for trees, with a material improvement in their the reader's refreshment. The gem wbi each bearing. It claimed indeed that the experimenter month gilds our opening, and the aphorisms had found a profit in his practice. The article for “Sunday Reading,' that close each number, received credit from the intelligent and experiare very treasures for those who will use them enced editor of the Gardener's Monthly, where well. Read again the lines above, and read often we found it. In transferring it to our columns our closing page.
it was not supposed that a single reader would It may be necessary, oftener than we suppose, go to work to dig and remove his fruit trees. to explain for the benefit of some readers what Had every one of them given it full credit, not such and such articles mean, or are designed one still but would have found that he had someto teach ; as the boy writes under his picture, I thing else to do. But was there nothing to be
and still bear better than before, there seems to 1
learned from such an article? First this, that if Who ever saw a sick chicken which took an extena full grown, or half grown, tree could be profi- sive range away from the kitchen door? What tably moved, we need never sacrifice a good fruit gleaners would they make of grain fields, and tree because it happens to be in the wrong place, how plump and fat would they become, without nor keep it in the wrong place for fear of losing cost to the owner-saving all the waste of the it. Secondly, we need not think it necessary to farm. Moveable poultry establishments would plant very young trees, and so be several years certainly get rid of the difficulty as to health of longer withont fruit, if big trees can, with pro- the birds, which meets us in all schemes for raisper care, be as safely removed. Thirdly, there ing them in large numbers. But let the reader seemed to be this special lesson taught, that to gee what is said of the method of management, keep trees in good bearing the roots need fresh the utility in destruction of grubs, &c., which pasture ground. If they will endure all this is set forth in this account of the earnest Frenchmutilation of roots which the change involves,
This writing brings ng to the middle of July, be the strongest testimony to the value of fresh with not more than half of the bay barvested, soil. If we will not remove our trees, we may and that which is, looking black enough with remove two or three incbes of the surface mould the rains that would catch it before it could be and replace with some other.
cured and put away. The corn is but poorly Then, it was objected that we had published worked, and the working not completed, for the an article condemning the practice of planting same reason. It is not to grumble over the seacorn and other crops among fruit trees, when soo, but to make a record of the extraordinary our correspondent assures us he and his neighbors impediments to all farm work. The grass lands know very well that the orchards are benefited and the woods are as richly green as on the first by the working. They may be the better for of June.
Yours truly, &c. the working, notwithstanding the corn. It was the corn we objected to. Does the orchard profit by that? And so there were other things which
Cranberry Culture. we now forget that, our friend said, he and his
The following is from an old cranberry grower neighbors made merry over. There was no oh. in Massachusetts : jection to that had they laughed where the fun
The Choice of LOCATION.–First, cranberries was, but what if they laughed in the wrong will grow on bigh, moist land, and sometimes place?
produce well; but their proper place is low and I send you this month an interesting account springy, or wet land. The best place, however, of a system of poultry management put into is a peat bog and swamp muck. successful operation by a Frenchman, (M. Giot)
PREPARATION OF THE GROUND.–First, make which is designed to be suggestive only. Our the surface of your ground as even as possible, and correspondent above noticed will observe, that it nearly level, with a slight inclination towards 3 is not our purpose to advise him to ride his hens drain, if you have one, in order that it may be around the form in an omnibus or wheelbarrow, easily flowed, and no ponds remain after drawas this Frenchman does, and yet we think there ing off the water. This may be done with any are good bints to be taken from the description. material. There should then be put on this Whether the French monarch, who wished to see
level surface, about four inches in thickness of at pullet in the pot of every prasant, took the swamp muck or pent, which should be again live from the prevailing fondness of the French covered with about three inches in depth of loose people for poultry, or the people took their fancy sand, free from grass and its fibres, and also from from the speech of the King, it is certain that clay or stones. It is not important what the color they trike the lead of any other in the extent and
or quality of the sand, if it be not adhesive, and is success of their poultry raising, and we may well free from roots and grass.— Massachusetts Ploughtike lessons from them in consideration of their enormous exports of eggs and poultry, after suppiying home deminds.
is not this matter of poultry raising of vastly BREEDS OF SWINE.-In an article on swine, in more importance in this country now than ever be the Farm and Fireside, Mr. John Dimon, of Pomfore, as being work which women are especially fret in Connecticut, recognizes seven, and only fitted for? The moveable system of M. Giot, if seven, distinct breeds in this country, viz: Yorkfound to be practice.ble, will be economical and shire, Chester County or Chester White, Essex, especially promotive of the health of poultry. I Suffolk, Berkshire, Lincolnsbire and Chinese.
Farm Work for the Month.
Keep the tobacco well worked as long as it can In August, if ever, the farmer may take things be done with safety to the outsprending leaves. leisurely if not lazily. He has worked through Give a second hoeing, drawing the carth modthe great labors of planting and hoeing and har- erately to the plant, and lay by when the leaves vesting, which allow no intermission, and little reach across the rows. rest. Now the demands on his industry are less urgent, and he may take to the shade at noon, go a fishing on Saturday, or even whirl away
If worms become very numerous, the greatest by steam, for a change of scene, and change of diligence must be exercised in subduing them life. Yet there is work to be done, and enough before they get much size. It is a great damage of it.
to the crop to have it ragged and eaten by the THRESHING GRAIN.
worms after the leaves have attained much size, To get the wheat crop, as well as other grains, in readiness for market, is usually the work of this season, and it is well if, under present cir
The following mode of preventing them by cumstances, it can be accomplished
If labor poison, is recently started as the experience of a be scarce, and there is no pressing need of the Kentucky planter, but was published many years proceeds of the crop, it may be left for winter ago in the American Farmer. In February No., work, and the time now occupied in preparation 1859, a correspondent gave us this mode of using for another crop, bauling manure, or other out the poison, which had been before recommended door work.
in our pages: “Cobalt must be beat into an imTake special care to guard against accidents palpable powder. Two or three ounces of this with the machine. The driver must be so fixed, powder put into a half pint measure, and water that lie cannot, if he is so disposed, thrust his and honey in equal parts added thereto. From legs among the cog-wheels, and a machine that
three to six drops of the poison to be put into makes it very convenient to the feeder, to have the flower of the Jamestown weed, and in the his hand torn to pieces, should be condemned as
flower of the seed plants in various parts of the unfit for use. Let the face of the driver be well
field.” It may be set in saucers on the tops of protected against the dust by a mask of sponge children, or others, be poisoned by it. White
posts; but care should be taken lest negro kept moist.
sugar used instead of the honey is less liable to
sour. To be most effective, this poison should Let this work be done early, the sooner the be used throughout a neighborhood. It destroys better. As the ground is likely to be too hard the hornblower effectually, and stops the propato plough, no opportuuity should be lost when gation. it can be done. Otherwise the seeding may be delayed beyond the right time.
This work should be done just as the plant is ciates the importance of early seeding, indeed its coming into bloom-topping down to leaves six necessity, will not fail to see how desirable is the inches in length, early in the season, is the pracdue preparation of the ground before the heat tice of Maryland planters. Later in the season, and drought have made it impossible. In any it should be topped still lower, to give the upper good wheat ground, a team of three horses should leaves the opportunity of getting a good growth. be used to break up well to the depth of full
The tobacco will be ready for the house in eight inches.
about three weeks after being topped. In the The practice of sowing oat stubble, and ma
meantime the "suckers" will start from the foot ouring with the yard accumulations of the past of each leaf, and should not be allowed to make season, is a good one; but it is bad practice to much growth before they are taken out, as they plough under the manure, as is still too much suck the juices that should give substance and the custom. In the first place, the ploughing, weight to the leaves. It is very necessary to rewhich should be done promptly, is unnecessarily
move all suckers before cutting, as they will condelayed till the manure can be hauled out, and
tinue green in the house, and when finally killed in the second place, the manure is less effective by frost, stain and damage the leaves. both for the wbeat and the grass following. Let the whole team be used in breaking the ground, and the manure be applied at leisure, throwing it Continue to work crop of late potatoes until out broadcast from the wagons.
they come into bloom.
PLOUGHING FOR WHEAT.
TOPPING AND SUCKERING.
RUTA BAGA AND WHITE TURNIPS.
BUSHES AND BRIARS.
The Vegetable Garden. Sow without further delay the first named. It is a valuable crop on ground well manured and Prepared for the American Farmer, by DANIEL BABEBB, well worked. Sow other sorts from 10th to 20th
Maryland Agricultural College, of the month. The ruta baga should be sowo on slightly raised ridges. Peruvian guano and
AUGUST. well ground bones, or some good phosphatic guano-one hundred weight of the former to two Warm weather and showers have done good of the latter--makes a good dressing per acre on to everything, and everything promises a good ground in good condition, but should be in- harvest; and the promise of "seed time and creased for poor land.
harvest" is again being fulfilled. The present is a good time to go through the garden with
the cultivator and boe, and destroy the weeds If rye is to be sown get the gronnd in readiness this month, and sow by the first of Septem- hours of bright sun will destroy them. Such
while young. When cut up in that state a few ber. As a grain crop, rye is little prized in
bad roots as dandelion, dock, &c., should be cut Maryland; but for green food in early spring it
often, and the roots will die; but it is much is very valuable.
more effectual to dig the roots up, which plan
we adopt, labor to the contrary notwithstanding. On grain farms, there will be opportunity now Upon walks and roads, our plan is to cut the to run over the fields and destroy all bushes and root below the surface as deep as possible, and briars. Mullein and other such weeds, should put a little salt upon the top of the root. This be destroyed before the seeds ripen.
plan we have ever found effectual in the total
destruction of the root. The best plan with TIMOTHY SEEDING.
which we are acquainted is to cut up all weeds The sowing of timothy in ground not occu
before they are an inch high. Those who have pied with grain, is less customary now than for large estates to look over, must rack their brains merly. The better practice is to grow it in a as to what must be done first, and manage so rotation with wheat and clover, sowing the seed that no two steps shall be taken when one will immediately after the wheat is put in, on the do. Two weeks since we congratulated ourselves surface, the clover seed to follow in the spring. upon having a clean garden; in passing over it The timothy in such case, occupies the field two, again this morning we found not only first, but three, or more years, according to circumstances second and third crops seeding. Old and young If it is proposed to sow the seed alone, the plants forming a dense carpet, the wbole forming ground should be got in readiness, and sown by a fine collection of weeds; there was work for the last of the month. The same practice is pro- the cultivator, hoe and hand. per for herd's grass or red top.
We are confident that one year's neglect will
give plenty of work for twenty years to come. Keep them well supplied with litter, and accu
The seeds of many of the most destructive weeds mulate material for manures. If you have movea
are very tenacious of life, and will only vegetate ble pens in the field, do not allow them to stand when brought near the surface. Every fresh longer than two weeks, and cover the ground of turning up of the soil will bring great numbers the new pen with a good thickness of straw,
of these seeds sufficiently near the surface to leaves, or whatever litter you can command.
vegetate, and when they are destroyed the gar
den may be tolerably free for that season; but EXERCISE Your HORSES.-Farmers should not
the fresh stirring of another year brings myriads neglect to give their horses proper exercise. Do
to the surface, and another carpet is the result; not suffer the horses to stand the whole week in and then, having no plants seeding, some friend the stable, but give, at least, one hour's exercise just beginning to tread the labyrinths of science, daily. Give sloppy food at least twice a week, begins to entertain some notions about spontaand throw a lump of rock salt in the manger.
neous generation, combined with other wild ideas Stock Journal.
of what can be accomplisbed in forming organ
ized existence out of peculiar combinations of Death of Hon. Isaac Newton.—The Honorable matter, &c. Making all allowances, there can Isaac Newton, Commissioner of the Department be no question that the seeds of many plants of Agriculture at Washington, died on the 19th plowed or spaded down into the ground will of June, after an illness of some weeks.
retain their vitality for a long period, and will