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The Preservation of Leather. Band leather is often improperly oiled. A contributor to the Shoe & Leather Reporter When oil is applied to belting dry, it does not gives some valuable hints in relation to the spread uniformly, and does not incorporate preservation of leather. The extreme heat to itself with the fibres as when partly dampen. which most men and women expose their boots cd with water. The best way to oil a belt is and shoes during the Winter deprives the to take it from the pulleys and immerse it in a leather of its vitality, and renders it liable to warm solution of tallow and oil. After allow. break and crack. Patent leather, particularly, ing it to remain a few moments, the belt should is often destroyed in this manner. When lea- be immersed in water heated to one hundred ther becomes so warm as to give off the smell | degrees, and instantly removed. of leather, it is singed. Next to the singeing caused by fire heat, is the heat and dampness Publication of the Reports. caused by the covering of rubber. Close rub:

The dissemination of the reports of this ber shoes destroy the life of leather.

department is tenaciously adhered to by ConShoe lentlfer is generally abused in polishing gressmen, acting for and at the direct and it. Persons know nothing or care less about urgent request of their constitutents, notwith: the kind of material used than they do about standing occasional expressions of dissent the polish produced. Vitriol blacking is used from persons engaged in publishing agriculuntil every particle of the oil in the leather is tural books. Recognising the great utility of destroyed. To remedy this abuse the leather the distribution, and to some extent the should be washed once a month with warm reasonableness of a protest against issuing a water, and when about half-dry a coat of oil mere agricultural compilation on general and tallow should be applied, and the boots topics, the Commissioner has expressed his set aside for a day or two. This will renew intention of restricting the acceptance of the elasticity and life in the leatlier, and when essays from outside sources and confining thus used upper leather will seldom crack or the matter mainly to the actual work of the break.

department, thus making the annual volume The practice of washing harness in warm in reality and exclusively a Report of the water and with soap is very damaging. If a Department of Agriculture. No book pubcoat of oil is put on immediately after washing, lisher could then, on any pretext, object to the damage is repaired. No harness is ever so their wide circulation, and all would concur soiled that a damp sponge will not remove the with a correspondent-one of a multitudedirt ; but, even when the sponge is applied, it who says: “They would increase the demand is always useful to add a slight coat of oil by for such works by stimulating the appetite the use of another sponge. All varnishes, and and awakening a desire for further investigaall blacking containing the properties of var- tion." nish, should be avoided. Iguorant and indo The Monthly Report cannot, in any sense, lent hostlers are apt to use such substances on come under this protest, as it is not sent to their harness as will give the most immediate individual farmers, but to the agricultural, effect; and these, as a general thing, are most metropolitan, and local press; to officers of destructive to the leather. When harness loses agricultural societiese statistical reporters; its lustre and turns brown, which almost any meteorological observers; industrial and techleather will do after long exposure to the air, nical societies in this country and in Europe; the harness should be given a new coat of and writers for the press. The design is grain black. Before using this grain black, simply to furnish useful data, officially obthe grain surface should be thoroughly washed tained_much of it otherwise practically inacwith potash water until all the grease is kill- cessible—to the people, not directly, but ed; and, after the application of the grain through the press. Its office is to enlarge and black, oil and tallow should be applied to the enrich, in an agricultural point of view, the surface. This will not only “fasten the col. current matter of such publications, and not or," but make the leather flexible. Harness to compete or interfere with any of them in which is grained can be cleaned with kerosene the slightest degree. If this aim is properly or spirits of turpentine, and no barm will re- understood there certainly cannot be found : sult, if the parts affected are washed and oiled publisher with views so narrow or prejudices

so small as to make possible the least hostility immediately afterward.

or jealousy in the case. --- Feb. Rep. Dep. Ag.

Sunday Reading.

To be short, there is nothing that more

maintaineth godliness of the mind, and drivetli The whole mystery of Christ was made up away ungodliness, than doth the continual of power and meekness. His conception was reading or hearing of God's word, if it be by the Holy Ghost, miraculously of a pure joined with a godly mind, and a good affecvirgin; but the outside mean, His mother but tion to know and follow God's will. For an earthen vessel, the spouse of a poor car without a single eye, pure intent, and good penter. His birth made known and published mind, nothing is allowed for good before God. by an angel; there is the heavenly treasure ; but discovered, not to the great ones of the Parables possess an inward marrow, difworld, but to the poor shepherds. His lodg- ferent from what their exterior form would ing pointed out by a glorious star; and yet lead us to expect; and as gold is sought in His cradle but a cratch, His nursery but a the earth, the kernel in the nut, and the hidstable. Being in the wilderness, He was at- den fruit in the rough coating of the chesnut, tended by angels; but see the poor outside,

so in Parables there is a Divine spirit and He was “among the wild beasts.” In His meaning which we must explore. agony He was full of trembling and horror; but then He was comforted from heaven by an angel. At His death He was crucified

It is not without a definite mysterious with thieves; but yet the power of heaven intention that the Lord appearing in our and earth trembled at it. The tidings of His flesh, was pleased to be called and regarded Resurrection first published by an angel; but as a carpenter, and son of a carpenter. For yet sent into the world by poor, weak women.

rather by this title He declared Himself“, A carnal eye saw nothing in Christ but Son” from before all ages, who “in the beweakness and infirmity; but a spritual eye, in ginning created the heavens and the earth.” all these passages, “beheld His glory, as the glory of the only Son of God.” The Gospel Few things remind us more strikingly that is so carried by God that Infidelity finds oc we live in a sinful, disordered world, than casion to stumble, and Faith a sure foundation this; that our blessed Lord selects the most to stand.

joyous season in the whole year, as a type of

the most awful and stupendous event that can When the Emperor Julian was about to be conceived, the last judgment. wage war against the Persians, and had threatened, when the war should be over, bitterly to persecute the Christians, insolently

They, who prematurely put themselves for. mocking the carpenter's Son, as one quite unable ward to root out whatever is displeasing to to succor them, Didymus, an Ecclesiastic, them, overthrow the judgment of God, and pronounced this sentence upon him: "This rashly intrude upon the office of the angels. carpenter's Son is even now making a wooden coffin for Julian !" (Julian died soon after.)

How gloriously bright we may suppose the

souls of men will be when even their bodies Consider the excellency of the text of shall be as resplendent as the stars in the Scripture itself, how things quite above reason tirmament? consent with things reasonable. Weigh it well what majesty lies there hid under hu

It is a sure rule, that whatsoever heights of mility; what depth there is, with a perspicuity piety, union, or familiarity any man pretends unimitable; what delight it works in the soui, to, it is of the devil, unless the greater the that is devoutly exercised in it; how the pretence be, the greater also be the humility sublimest wits find in it enough to amaze

of the man. them, while the simplest want not enough to

The man wants to be robbed who makes a direct them.

show of his treasure on the public road. However the devil labors to keep his own kingdom in peace and tranquility, yet he I have always found that such preaching seeks nothing more than to cause divisions in of others hath most commanded my heart, the kingdom of Christ.

which hath most illuminated my head.


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NOTICE.-.We have only time before going WOOL -We quote: Unwashed, 28a30 cts.; Tub-washed,

38a42 cts.; Pulled 30a36 cts.; Fleece -a- cts. per Ib. to press, to allude to a valuable invention,

CATTLE MARKET.-Common, $6.00a7.75; Good to fair, "The Sampson Platform Weigh Scale," one $7.00a8.00; Primne Beeves, $9 00a10.75 per 100 lbs. of which we have examined and tested at Mr.

Sheep, Fair to good sheared, 6a7%; extra unsheared,

7a8% cts. per Ib., gross. Washburn's coal yard, in this city, and which Hogs-$12.50a14.50 per 100 lbs., net. we think the most accurate, sensitive and durable scale we have ever seen. We learn

Wholesale Produce Market. that the Company intend establishing a large

Prepared for the American Farmer by Hawks & WALKER, Produce depot in Baltimore, and that, for the present,

and Commission Merchants, 18 Comerce street. Messrs. M. Keith, Jr. & Co. are taking orders

BALTIMORE, April 25, 1868. for these Way Scales. See June number.

BUTTER. -- Western solid packed 25a45 and Roll 45a50; Glades, -a-; Goshen, 50a60.

BEESWAX_-38a40 cts.

CHEESE.- Eastern, 18a18; Western, 15a16.
Baltimore Markets, April 25, 1868. DRIED FRUIT.-Apples, 6 to 7; Peaches, Salo.

EGGS-20121 cents per dozen.
Copper.-Rio, 15 % al8 cts. gold, according to quality; FEATHER8.- Live Geese, 60 to 80 cents.
Laguayra 17 % al7% cts., and Java 24 %a25 cts., gold. LARD.-Western, 19; City rendered, 20 cts..

TALLOW.--1212% cents.
COTTON.--We quote prices as follows, viz:

POTATOES.-$1 50al.60 per bushel.

Upland. Gulf.

00 Good do....

.263 28 00


.......................... 29a29% 00 Middling........ ..30% a31% 00 Agricultural Implements, &c.-Richard Cromwell.

Jno. M. Griffith & Co. FERTILIZERS.- Peruvian Guano. $80; California $70;

N V. Slade & Co. Rodunda Island $30; Patapsco Co's $60; Reese & Co's

Tobacco Curing Apparatus-Bibb & Co. Soluble Pacific Guano, $65; Flour of Bone, $co; G.

Harvester Knife Gripder--Stevenson Manf'g Co. Ober's (Kettlewells) AA Manipulated, $70; A do. $60;

Drain Pipe and Tiles—H Gibson and American Farmer Ammoniated Alkaline Phosphate, $55; Alkaline Phos. $45; Business Agency. Baltiinore City Company's Fertilizer, $10; do., Flour of

) angstroth's Bee Hives-Ricliard Colvin. Bone, $60; do., Ground Bone, $45; do., Poudrette, $20;

Howe Sewing Machine-J. F. Mckenney & Co. Baugh's Raw.bone Phosphate, $56; Baugh's Chicago

Self sealing Fruit Jars---A. J. Weidener. Bone Fertilizer, $48; Baugh's Chicago Blood Manure,

Tonic Syrups-J Jacob Smith $50; Maryland Powder of Bone, $46; Rhodes' Super: Phosphate, $55; Lister's Bone Super Phosphate $55; Ber

Tobacco, Snuff and Segars-Jno. T. Hanneman.

Fr. Mueller, ger & Butz's Super-Phosphate of Lime, $56; Andrew

Shamburg House-F. H. O'Connor. Coe's Super-Phosphate of Lime, $60; -all per ton of

New Book-Agents Wanted-National Publishing Co. 2,000 lbs.; Pure Ground Plaster, $13.50a$14.00 per ton,

Rhodes' Superphosphate-B. M. Rhodes & Co.
or $2.50 per bbl. Shell Lime slaked, 6c., unslaked, 10c
per bushel, at kilns.
FLOUR.-Howard Street Super, $10 50a11.26; High

Contents of May Number.
Grades, $12.25a13.00; Family, $13.26a14.00; City Mills
Super, $10.50a11:25; Baltimore Family, $15.00a15.50. Work for the Month ...........

............ 321 Rye Flour and Corn Meal.-Rye Flour, $10.25a10.50;

The Vegetable Garden ............................. 323 Corn Meal, $6.00.

The Fruit Garden.................................. 324

The Flower Garden.... ....................... 324 GRAIN.- Wheat.—Good to prime Red, $3.10a3.15; Cheese Making its Flavor..... White, $3.10a3.30.

An Essay on Colic and Bots in Horses (continued)., $25

Horse Breaking and Horse Sense...... : Rye.-$2.00a2.10 per bushel,

**Restitution" Oats.--Heavy to light-ranging as to character from 85

Raising Turkeys......

329 a93c. per bushel.

Drainage-Practically, understood by few TheoretiCorn.-White, $1 12a1.14; Yellow, $1 20al.23 per cally, by all

330 bushel.

Hop Growing Second Season ................


New Material for Paper ...................... HAY AND STRAW.— Timothy $21a23, and Rye Straw $ The Profitableness of Small Fruit Culture........... 334 a$- per ton.

Profit of Apple Growing....

......... 336 PROVI8I0N8.--Bacon.-Shoulders,14 % a14 % cts.; Sides,

Astronomical Movements of Plants................. 336 16 *a17ots.; Hams, Baltimore, 21 cts. per lb.

"Back to the Land"

............................... 337 SALT.--Liverpool Ground Alum, $1.95a2 05; Fine, $2 95

Gapes in Chickens................................. 337 a$3,05 per sack; Turk's Island, 50a52 cts. per bushel.


Superintendent of Agriculture and Immigration.... 338 SEEDS.--Timothy 30.00a0.00; Clover $0.00a0.00; Flax A Word to Friends.............

333 $2.85a2.90.

Japan Spring Wheat..........

S35 TOBACO.-We give the range of prices as follows:

Mr. Joseph Harris .................................... 38
A Word for Young Men...

........ 339
"A Falr appointed by Act of Assembly

............ 540 Frosted to common. ........................

$3 75a 4.50 Artichokes ........................................ 340 Sound cominon.............................

4.50a 5.00
Book Table....

.......................... 341 Middling

7.50a 9.50
Cultivation of Small Grain........

........ 342 Good to fine brown.........................


Remarks on a New Mode of Curing Tobacco........ 342
Fancy....... ............................. 17.00a 25 00 The Busy Bee near Boston....,
Upper country..

How to Learn Rational Farming..

346 Ground-leaves, new ........................

Lice on Cattle and Sheep.....

347 Embryological History of Oysters................. 347 Ohio.

Artificial Water and Food for Oysters... Inferior to good common ................... 5 00a 6.00 The Crow........

348 Brown and greenish. ...

6.00a 7.00 Seeding Down Often .... Medium to fine red and spangled


The Preservation of Leather........................ 350 Fine spangled ............................ 15.00a 20.09 Publication of the Reports ........................:

350 Fine yellow and fancy 20.00a30.90 Sunday Reading...


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For the ordinary purposes of corn cultivation,

destroying very young grass, and keeping "Leaf, blossom, blade, hill, valley, stream,

the surface loose, shallow cultivation only is The calm, unclouded sky, Still mingle music with my dream,

needed, and the work is most expeditiously Ag in the days gone by.

done by a cultivator which does not run When summer's loveliness and light,

deeply. Let the crop be thinned as soon as it Fall round me dark and cold,

is safe from worms and birds. I'll bear indeed life's heaviest curseA heart that bath waxed old.”


It is very desirable to have this crop planted Work for the Month. before the middle of the month. Planting

seasons become then very precarious, and the This is the month of increase, and as it is ground has become so hot that they are of the farmer's especial care to make such things very short duration. Let the utmost energy grow as ought to grow, so he must be sure to be used therefore in getting ground in readikeep down such as ought not to grow. If he ness, and if there is any doubt of the sufficiallow the grass to get possession of grounds ency of your own force, engage assistance in devoted to corn or tobacco, or any other crop, advance, that the crop may be set at the earlihis season's operations may be a failure. And est planting season. this may very readily happen, if a long spell Of course the ground must be put into the of rain comes in June, unless he take care to finest possible tilth to make sure of the plants check the first movements of the enemy. Let

et taking regularly. Careful hands only must be the ground be kept thoroughly worked from entrusted with the work of planting; it is the beginning

necessarily done in haste, and only experienced

and careful hands will plant well. They should This remark is particularly applicable to be required to open the earth with two or the corn crop, for more than the reason given. more fingers, that the root may be inserted Should the field get grassy, extra work with without doubling, and the loose soil should the plough will be required to get it again in then be pressed closely back to the full depth order, and by considerable increase in the cost of the hole made. of cultivation, a reduced crop may be made; It is advisable to give the first working with but besides this, there is the further reason the hoe very soon after planting, scraping the necessity, in order to insure a full crop, of carefully the whole surface crust from around working thoroughly in the early stage of the plant, and picking away with the fingers growth, and so to avoid cutting, and tearing the smallest sprig of crab-grass or purslane. up the roots after harvest, when the crop has one of these left behind will soon throttle the the utmost need of every source of supply. ' young plant. The work of hoeing must be


done with great care, especially if the ground be on hand. As to time of cutting clover, we be quite dry, as a touch of the hoe may loosen have thought, for some yeare past, that the the plant from its hold, and destroy it. With common practice delays it too long, and that the greatest precaution many plants die out the consequence of such delay is the very bad in weeding. If the weather become very hot quality of the article; the black stems, the and dry, it may become necessary to stop the burnt leaves and the impalpable dust that work till a shower come.

unfits it especially for horses. The common If the tobacco field has not been manured, indication of fitness for the scythe is the turna supply of superphosphate or prepared guano ing brown of two-thirds of the bloom. We should be at once procured, and strewn broad- dare to suggest that a better rule would be to cast on the ground, at the last harrowing. cut where the bloom is well developed, and When the plough is used to checker for the before it is browned at all. Cut at this stage hills, the fertilizer will be put in position to be of progress, and cured quickly, without such drawn into the hills where it will be most ef- exposure to the sun as will scorch and crisp fective.

the leaves, it will make a winter provender Plaster is used on the plant in small quan- for cows, superior to any other, and for horses, tity, immediately weeding, and some hardly inferior to the best. have followed the practice of plastering a Professor Horsford determined by experisecond time broadcast, at a later period of ment that the clover cut when the heads first growth. This is, however, not to be advised. begin to appear, produces only 0.80 per cent. The effect of plaster is to injure the quality of of sugar; but when fully developed 1.15 per the tobacco, and in the heavier class of soils cent. of sugar-very near fifty per cent. more it is objectionable on this account, except in than that cut first. “If clover," he says, “ is very small quantities to stimulate the early not cut when sugar is most prevalent, it goes growth.

to perfect the seed, and the same loss of POTATOES.

nutriment is the result." It is during this month, that the main crop Orchard grass should be cut when in bloom. of potatoes should be planted, and not before It makes very poor hay if allowed to stand the middle of it. We have repeatedly given longer. the result of our own experience, and that

WHEAT HARVEST. of others, in this particular. A crop planted Have every thing in readiness for the barearlier begins forming its tubers in the midst vest, at whatever time it may come on.of the excessive summer heat and drought, Engage, at once, such extra help as may be and is forced to maturity before they can be needed. Provide necessary implements and fully developed. It is thus almost sure to be get others in proper order. When this imcut short. Planted later, the process of de- portant crop is fit for the scythe, there should velopment goes on during the moister and not be an hour's delay, in securing it against cooler weather of September.

the vicissitudes of the season. There is some caution to be observed in

As to the precise condition in which it may planting at the time suggested, lest the germi- be advisable to harvest the wheat, it is difficult nation of the seed be affected by exposure to to determine it by any rule. There are the the hot sun. The cutting of the seed may be strongest reasons why the crop should be cut done some weeks in advance of planting, that at the earliest time allowable. The quality of the sets may heal. They should be spread the grain is injured by too long delay, and it carefully in a cool place, where the sun will not is most unwise to have the crop exposed to reach them. On taking them to the field do the changes of weather a day longer than not allow them to be exposed to the hot sun. necessary. Yet it is not safe to follow the Let the furrow be opened immediately in ad- | advice, so vague in its character, of cutting a vance of the planting, and the earth be thrown certain number of days before the grain is back again before it can dry. Such precau- ripe. The best advice we can offer is to watch tions will ensure the regular coming up of carefully the progress of the ripening, and the seed, which is liable to be destroyed begin the first hour the grain may be safe without them.

from shrinking. This will be when it is pass

ing out of the milky state. Let the risk of The harvest of the earlier grasses will soon loss be rather on the early than the late side


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