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bearers of a memorial to the late viceroy, Said
Canning Fruits. Pasha, praying his highness to use erery possible!
First-can the fruit the same day it is gathered. effort to encourage the cultivation of cotton.
More than balf the secret of having fine preserved The reply was characteristic, and evinced a correct impression and almost a prophetic dread of
fruit lies in this simple direction. the revolution that would be produced by an im
| Second-Never can fruit without adding as moderately enhanced price for coiton. He said, much sugar to it as you would to prepare it for "Prices alone will prove a sufficient stimulus
the table. This is imperative, else your fruit without any effort on my part: but God forbid will inevitable be leathery; cook it in, I should that I should ever see the abandonment of the
say, at the rate of one-quarter of a pound to every ordinary succession of crops for the production
pound of fruit at least; but taste and try, as I of cotton, to the exclusion of those products on
did, and when it suits your palate cease from all which we subsist.
saccharine matter. “Within a short period from that time Egypt, ! And now for the modus operandi : -pare and which had ever been a large exporter of grain, extract the pit; cut into halves and plunge into of beans, &c., had to seek food from other coun cold water until ready to cook, else your peaches tries, and became an extensive importer. Grain will be black; this, of course does not apply to was considerably dearer in the interior than at other kinds of fruit. Place your cans in any Alexandria. In some places absolute famine en- vessel where they can stand at least half way up sued. An undesirable change was wrought, the in boiling hot water, which keep so until sealed. recovery from which will be as slow as its ac- I usually take a large dripping-pan and put it complishment was rapid. The value of land was on top of the stove at one side, while my prequadrupled ; wages rose in an equal ratio ; la- serving kettle is on the other. Make your sirup borers earned so easily sufficient for their wants and when it comes to a boil, put in your peaches that they became indolent; an excessive luxury and let them cook (if clings) until you can pierce sprang up, and that not of a nature to benefit with a piece of broom corn; if freestones, when the commercial world, being displayed in a de- the sirup boils up over them the first time, skim mand for white slave girls, costly pipes, and such out and put into the cans. When the latter are other appliances wbich, the consul remarks, do full of the peaches, fill up with boiling hoi sirup, not much benefit the industrious world without. wipe off the tops with a rag wet with cold water,
"Meanwhile the land, from the constant crops being careful that no juice remains on them, of cotton in succession, has become impoverished. tben put on the covers, remove from the water Cotton, howerer, bas long been, and must con- to the stove hearth, and seal. tinue to be, the most important production of Everything must be hot from the beginning Egypt. It is sown in March or April, and ar- to the end-hot sirup, hot cans, hot fruit, hot rives at maturity in August or September. An sealing wax, and harder than all, hot and blow zy average yield in good summers is three hundred
hands and faces just when the thermometer is at pounds to the acre; the New Orleans variety has blood beat in the shade! been found to yield eight hundred pounds per
All small fruits are subject to the same process, acre; but it is found ununarketable, and is, there
except that the rule for them is simply to allow fore, little cultivated. Cotton seed has become
them to come to a boil, and not remain longer an important source of profit. In 1858, the ar
in the sirup. Strawberries, to retain their color deb of two hundred and seventy pounds sold for
and flavors, require more sugar, and to be put twenty-five tariff piastres; now it sells for from
into glass, stone, earthen, or any thing but tin. sixty-five to seventy-five piastres. Formerly it
The same is true of blackberries.—Tomatoes I was not of sufficient value to justify its being
scald, peel, and then bring to a boil again, with sent to Alexandria, and it was used as fuel; now
a little salt added, when I put them in new tin, it is all shipped to Europe, and from it is pressed
and seal. I have never been fortunate with an excellent oil, and from the refuse a cake is
glass or earthen. If stone jars are used be sure made which is said to be more nutritious than linseed cake. The cattle murrain, which com- |
that you buy dark colored, well baked and menced in Egypt before it proved so severe a
glazed ones, not the yellow.–Farmers' Adrer
tiser. scourge in England, destroyed, the first year, eight hundred thousand head of horned cattle. In lower Egypt almost every animal was de
Best Cows should always be milked regularly stroved, and it will take years to restore the num-/ and clean. ber of animals."
and opinion here has been always favourable to
early planting in this regard, but the objection "Thine, Autumn, is unwelcome lore
to it is the poor turn-out. These Harrison's, To tell the world its pomp is o'er;
Goodrich's, and others, may allow of the earliest To whisper in the rose's ear,
planting, and still give very productive crops. That all her beauty is no more.
Ours could as well have been planted on the first “The lily's sword is broken now,
of March as of May, and been off the ground by That was so bright and keen before And not a blast can blow, but strews
first of August, giving place to turnips or any With leaf of gold, the earth's dark floor." fall or winter crop. We will bear in mind, how
ever, that this season is exceptional; it is not
often there is one so favourable throughout to Editorial Gossip from the Farm.
the growth of this crop, but if these new pota
toes shall give us respectable early crops, safe Weather, Polato Rot, Grapes, Cheval Gras, fc. DEAR FARMER: It was said long ago of us indeed, a benefactor.
from rot, Mr. Goodrich will have proved himself, country people, "their talk is of bullocks ;'' let
Of grapes, let it be said that notwithstanding it be acknowledged, that our thoughts are now
hot suns and continued moisture, the Concords raised above the old theme, when we have them
| are ripening with very little loss. Mr. William always on the clouds, or on the sunshine as it
Griffith, whose article is found on another page, occasionally peers through them. “Wet weather,
claims that his Lake Shore region is the Canaan sir." "A foggy morning, sir." "Very hot sun
of grape growers, where Delawares, lonas, and to-day.” So we greet one another, and so it is,
all the better sort, shall gladden the hearts of up to how late in September, we do not now say. I
the happy who dwell there, while only Concords The corn gets the good of it, at any rate, and is
and the baser kind shall comfort the Egyptians. doing better than we hoped last month. The
We do not give up to him this point, and do not, ears are filling out finely.
of course, give up the Delaware or lona. CaBad news comes from various quarters of rot- tawba is a dead failure, dropping its leaves, and ting potatoes. I get no damage as yet. A small | leaving the fruit all green. Of Adirondac, and planting of Harrison's, planted about first of Salem, and others, we will say more some time May, have come out sound and beautiful, and
hence, but in the meantime, while there is no the ground cleared of them by the first of Sep- / worse plague in Egypt than a bunch of Concords, tember, and yielding at the rate of twenty to well ripened in Maryland soil by Maryland sun, one. Early Goodrich, not so productive, but I we are likely to linger by her flesh pots-more the same result otherwise. Peach Blows planted
especially as so many other Egyptians have the two weeks sooner are green and growing still.
same poor taste, and are willing to buy at a payA very intelligent French experimentalist writes ing price, and we are sure to have a plenty to lately, that he can, with certainty, protect his sell. potatoes against rot, by planting in February, ! Speaking of taste, how submissive we are to habit, or rather to our notions or prejudices.
Farm Work for the Month. Great objection is made to swine's flesh, because it is said the hog is an anclean animal, and truth to say, he is not always so nice as he
TOBACCO CROP. might be, but has excellent capabilities in the Qur notes for the past months give all the neway of ham, sausage, &c., but what say our cessary directions up to this time. If they have squeamish friends to borseflesh? Don't turn up been attended to, there is little to be done-but your nose, good sir. There's never a cleaner press forward and close up the labor of housing animal surely. But your mental associations by the 10th. Look carefully to the hanging in suggest that unpleasant carcass left by the road- the house. Let it not be put so close, but that side, and so your nose settles the question and each plant will bang clear of the other when it not yourself. But Frenchmen rise above such bas wilted. When damp nights with foggy weakness. Cheval is an article of diet in Prance. mornings occur, close the doors at sundown and Cheraux gras contribute tons of wholesome food open at sunrise; also in all rainy or damp weato her labouring people, who bave been taught ther, and in bigh winds, which beat and whip to eat it by French savans.
the leaves abont. If a hard frost is expected A writer, giving an account of several cattle after housing, shut up the house at night to preshows he had visited, says: “Il nous reste a par- vent freezing of tbe uncured stems. ler de l'exposition des chevaux gras." At the town of Nancy, it seems, among the other attractions,
CORN FIELD. was a competition of fat borses destined for the As the corn field will now be peculiarly liable butcher. "M. Pincaud, the butcher of Nancy, I to the inroads of unruly stock, let it be properly was the exhibitor of the filly, twenty-seven guarded, the fences and gates looked to, and free months old, weighing 8 cwt., and of the thirteenquent inspection given the field generally. If year old horse, weighing nearly 11 cwt.; both
fodder has been secured by cutting tops and pullof which were paraded about decked with gar
ing blades, let all be put away safely as soon as lands and flowers.”
practicable, where it is to be preserved for the In Paris, we are told, there are now fifteen winter. Corn should not be put in the house butcher shops for the sale of horseflesh; fonr until well cured, and this will not be till Norestaurants, where it undergoes scientific culi vember. nary treatment, which the public much appre
WHEAT SOWING. ciates; and five sausage shops, whose specialty is often better than the common sausages, though
If our suggestions of last month were observed sold at half price. So many shops are opening
we hope that the necessary preparations, at that it is feared the supply will become irregular,
least, for wheat sowing, have been made, and and that, consequently, the price will rise. The
we are now ready, with the utmost promptness, Provinces have followed the example of the to commit the geed to the earth. If sowing be capital, and the trade in borseflesh has sprung
delayed for fear of fly till the 5th of October, that up to such an extent, that men go about buying
should be the latest day, and then all should be horses for the butcher markets. It is looked
ready to finish this important work at once. We vpon not only as a most valuable addition to
are continually, and more and more impressed the meat supply of the country, but as adding
with the necessity of early seeding, if we would materially to the value of agricultural products,
secure maximum crops. There is, indeed, liasince a “done" horse, or as we should say, a |
bility to fly, and we may use the precaution of " used up" horse, that is, one healthy and
| waiting till the date above named to avoid the sound in other respects, but damaged in his feet
Fall attack. But let it be borne in mind that or legs, is increased in value many fold, so that
against the Spring fly, and every other enemy or t is said a horse, useless from age or accident,
disease, a full supply of vigorous roots, which which sold formerly at seven francs, will now
can only come by early seeding, is the best and bring at the butcher's one hundred francs.
only safeguard. Lest it may be thought, that I am riding the
TIMOTHY. cheval too long considering the state of his legs,
Timothy may be sown whenever you so I hand him over to the digestion of the reader, I wheat. Let it follow immediately after the puts only claiming that wben he sits down to a din
ting in of that crop, and follow it with the roller ner of pony, I may be there" to see."
to insure prompt germination. A peck of good Yours truly, &c. 'seed to the acre is sufficient.
The Vegetable Garden. The late crop of these should be secured, if possible, when the ground is dry, and not before Prepared for the American Farmer, by DANIEL BARKER,
Maryland Agricultural College, the latter part of the month. The digging is tedious work, and throwing out with the ordinary plough an imperfect operation. The potato
OCTOBER'. ploughs now in use are, some of them, very good implements, and will be paid for in digging an The decline of such crops as late peas, beans, acre of this crop.
cabbage, cauliflower, corn, &c., should be folFEEDING HOGS.
lowed by their immediate removal, and no deWe lose much valuable time in feeding by de
caying or useless matter of any kind should be
allowed to decay and rot upon the ground. All laying too long to pen our hogs that are to be faltened. The mild weather of early Fall is pe
vacant lots and spaces which are not required
for immediate cropping, should be spaded or culiarly favorable to putting on fat, and the
ploughed for exposure to the ameliorating insooner such hogs as are intended for the pen are
fluence of the weather. The application of put in a course of improvement, the more econom
| manure should be governed by a consideration ically they will be fed. A gradual cbange from
of the late and future crops. The lot assigne the range in field and forest is better than a sud
for onions the late spring, will probably hav den shutting up with full feed. They should be
received sufficient without further assistance for brought, therefore, within a small enclosure and
a crop of cabbage. Peas and beans impoverish fed moderately till they become accustomed to
the land as much as most crops, and that part of the change, when their supplies may be increased
the garden occupied by them will require a good till they get as much as they will eat. If we would not consult the strictest economy,
coat of barn-yard manure, and might be appro
priated to early potatoes next spring; make it a but make the best meat, the fattening should be
ru!e never to let any vegetable matter of any completed in a small grass lot with a running
kind go to waste. A convenient place for such stream, or other abundant supply of water, and a
things may be found outside the garden, where shelter open to the South, where they may be
all refuse should be taken, and a sprinkling of always dry. There is very great economy in the
ashes or charred refuse should be placed over use of well ground grain, and cooking increases
each layer, by which a valuable manure heap the value of the food very much. If, in addition
may be formed. to this, erery pair be put into a sty, raised from the ground and well protected from weather, the ASPARAGU8.—The stems should be removed, strictest suggestions of economy will be observed. and an adequate quantity of seed collected for In this case the bottom of the pen should be open the yearly sowing. enough to let all the droppings pass freely BROCCOLI, about the end of the month, should through to litter supplied underneath.
be taken up and laid in by the roots, in a horiCATTLE FEEDING.
zontal position, in some sheltered place; this The same general principles are, of course, to will not only protect it from frost, but check be observed in the feeding of cattle for the
luxuriant growth, and enable it to withstand butcher. Let it, therefore, be begun early, and continued moderately, with constant attention to CAULIFLOWERS just heading are easily damaged the comfort of the animal in bad weather. Cows by frost. Go over them frequently and tie the and store cattle should be provided with shelter, leaves over the advancing heads. A portion of and protected properly at night and during the less forward may be taken up, and treated as raius. Give them full opportunity to lay on a recommended for broccoli. Continue to prick Winter's store of flesh and fat. An animal that out young plants, and gradually harden off goes into Winter quarters in fine condition, is those which may have required protection. already half wintered.
Plant out in frames to stand the winter.
CABBAGE PLANTATIONS may yet be made of the The crop of pumpkins should now be gathered strongest from those pricked out last month, and and stored carefully in a sheltered place, where draw some earth to the stems of advancing they may be convenient for feeding. They make | crops. Plant out in beds upon sheltered borvery good food for milch cows in Autumn, add- ders and beds, but use no protection until severe ing to the quantity and quality of the milk. ' frosts. To protect cabbage and cauliflowers
from the ravages of the slugs, dust the ground / RADISHES.--Make a sowing the beginning of between the plants every few days with coal, soot, the month, which, if the weather does not set in or quick-lime. Keep the ground between the early, may prove useful. rows of growing crops constantly stirred with
Spinach.-Keep it well thinned and the ground the hoe or cultivator.
well boed and cultivated whenever the weather CARROTS, as soon as their growth is completed, | is favorable. In picking the leaves of Winter should be taken up and stored away for use. Spinach, care should be taken not to bruise or
COLEWORTS, BORECCOLE, or GERMAN GREENS. otherwise injure those that remain, as at tbis Seed may still be sown for Spring greens. season a bruise will invariably lead to decay. CELERY.—Continue to earth up growing crops.
Every leaf should be picked singly. Towards the end of the month the principal
Tomatoes, in late situations, where they are part may be taken up, and put in trenches about just ripening, should be picked off and ripened two-thirds deep as the plants are long, packing
in some warm place, as the least frost is fatal to closely, and leaving the tops exposed until severe
them. Continue to make a good supply of catweather.
| sup while the fruit is abundant. CORN.-Save seed from the best kinds and ! Sweet Potatoes should be taken up as soon store away from the ravages of rats and mice.
as the tops are killed by frost. After digging
let them be well dried in the sun, carefully han. CUCUMBERS.-- Pick every day those large enough
dled, and pack for Winter use in dry cut straw for pickles.
or cut chaff. ENDIVE.-Continue to plant out in frames and
TURNIPS should be taken up and stored for blanch those heads required for use by gathering
Winter use, upon the approach of severe frost. the leaves together and inverting a flower pot over the plant.
Salsify and Scorzoners will now be fit to LETTUCE.-Plant out in warm borders where
take up for storing. A portion may be left in they may receive protection during severe wea
the ground during the Winter, as the frost will ther-also upon the South side of ridges laid up
not damage it, and it will be more firm and about six inches from the natural level. Those
sweet for Spring use. in frames should be constantly looked over, and
Take every advantage to collect together prukept free from weeds, decayed leaves, and if slugs nings of trees, roots, large weeds, &c.; place are troublesome dust the ground with fresh lime. / them together and cover with earth, so as partly Where the accommodation can be afforded, a to char, and burn the remainder to ashes. To quantity may yet be planted in frames, which
this heap should be brought all the weeds, &c., will insure a regular supply, independent of the collected in the garden and surrounding grounds. weather.
There is nothing settles such things so well as Onions.-Continue to look over those that are
burning them. Upon this may be placed saw
dust and refuse from the wood yard, which will stored for Winter use, and remove any that are
become charred. Such a heap will be most valbeginning to decay.
uable for mixing with earth for potting plants, PARSNIPS should now be taken up, and stored
dressing the surface of beds for small seeds, &c. for Winter use, but this is not necessary if there is not convenience for doing it, as they will keep
A curious discovery is said to have been made
in France regarding the influence of iron on as well in the ground, and will be all the better for frost, only always have some ready for use in
vegetables. On the chalky shores, where there
is an absence of iron, vegetation has a sere and the event of the ground becoming bound by
withered appearance, which, it appears, is refrost.
moved by the application of a solution of the POTATOES.-Dig and store before frost sets in.
sulphate of iron. Harricot beans, watered with Those which have been taken up and stored
this substance, acquired an additional weight of should be looked over and sorted; one rotten
sixty per cent. Mulberries, Peaches, Pears, potato will very soon infect half a dozen.
Grape Vines and Wheat, derive advantages from RHUBARB.-Remove the leaves from the plank | the same treatment. In the cultivation of Clointended for forcing, and keep the crowns free ver, wonderful advantages have been gained by from weeds and slugs. Some roots may be taken the application of the sulphate of iron on soils up and planted in boxes, placing them in any | where it is desired to produce an early crop.warm cellar where there are not other conveni- | What becomes of all the scales which fall from ences for forcing.
I the anvils in this our land ?