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2.03.6

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

FROM
THE BEQUEST OF
EVERT JANSEN WENDELL

1918

INTRODUCTION.

WHILE History is occupied with the public deeds of the great and the mighty of the earth, and with the consequences which result from them, it is the province of Biography to penetrate into the inmost recesses of their souls ; to explore the peculiarities of individual disposition, character, and way of thinking; to study the influence of external circumstances upon these; to search out the real motives of actions; to follow its subject into the privacy of domestic and social life ; and to draw a faithful picture alike of his virtues and his vices, his excellences and his failings, his passions, propensities, and eccentricities—in short, of every trait by which he is distinguished from the rest of mankind.

The observant reader need scarcely be reminded how often trivial circumstances and expressions afford a clearer insight into the real motives, views, characters, and dispositions of men than could ever be obtained from the mere consideration of their public conduct. Hence the sagacious biographer, extending his re

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