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2. Isaiah xlv. 1. Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden,* to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two-leaved gates ; and the gates shall not be shut;

2. I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron :

3. And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the LORD, which call thee by thy name, am the God of Israel.

4. For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.

5. I am the LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me :

6. That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else.

The same, re-arranged, 1. Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus,

(whose right hand I have holden to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to

open before him the two-leaved gates; and the gates 2. shall not be shut) - I will go before thee, and make

the crooked places straight; - I will break in pieces

the gates of brass, and cut asunder the bars of iron; 3. and I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and

hidden riches of secret places; - that thou mayest

know that I, the LORD, (which call thee by thy 4. name) am the God of Israel. For Jacob my servant's

sake, and Israel mine elect, I have called thee by thy name; I have surnamed thee (though thou

* Margin, strengthened.

5. hast not known me); - I am the LORD, and there is none else;

there is no God beside me; I girded thee 6. (though thou hast not known me) that they may

know, from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else.

3. St. John xii. 3. Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.

4. Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray him,

5. Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?

6. This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.

7. Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this :

8. For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.

The same, re-arranged. 3. Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard,

very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and

wiped his feet with her hair : - and the house was 4. filled with the odour of the ointment. Then saith

one of his disciples, - (Judas, Simon's son, which 5. should betray him) - Why was not this ointment

sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor? 6. (this he said - not that he cared for the poor ; - but

because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare 7. what was put therein.) Then said Jesus, - Let her

alone; - against the day of my burying hath she 8. kept this ; - for the poor always ye have with you;

but me ye have not always.

4. Colossians iv. 7. All my state shall Tychicus declare unto you, who is a beloved brother, and a faithful minister and fellowservant in the Lord :

8. Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that he might know your estate, and comfort your hearts ;

9. With Onesimus, a faithful and beloved brother, who is one of you. They shall make known unto you all things which are done here.

Re-arranged 7. All my state shall Tychicus declare unto you

(who is a beloved brother, and a faithful minister 8. and fellow-servant in the Lord); whom I have sent

unto you (for the same purpose, that he might know 9. your estate, and comfort your hearts), with Onesi

mus (a faithful and beloved brother, who is one of you); they shall make known unto you all things which are done here.

4. 1 Peter i. 3. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

4. To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,

5. Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

The same, re-arranged. 3. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus

Christ - which (according to his abundant mercy)

hath begotten us again unto a lively hope (by the 4. resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead) - to an

inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away,

reserved in heaven 5. who are kept (by the power of God, through faith) unto salvation, - ready to be revealed at the last time.

for you,

Many other examples might be selected from the sacred writings; but a remarkable instance of the injury which is done to the sense, by an exact attention to the division of the verses, will be found Ephesians i. The pupils can make additional selections.

III.-Figures of Speech. Every variety of Figure of Speech (and not unfrequently in the boldest form) is found in the Holy Scriptures. In all such cases, the same inflections of voice, under such restrictions as have been already pointed out, are as necessary for their reading, as if they occurred in any other compositions.

EXAMPLES.

(1.) SERIES. 1. The LORD thy God bringeth thee into a good land, a land of brooks of waters; of fountains and depths, that spring out of valleys and hills; a land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig-trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil-olive, and honey; a land wherein thou shalt eat bread without scarceness, thou shalt not lack any thing in it; a land, whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills thou mayest dig brass. (Deut. viii. 7—9.)

2. Let love be without dissimulation : abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love ; in honour preferring one another; not slothful in business; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord; rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer; distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality: (Rom. xii. 9—13.)

(2.) ANTITHESIS.* 1. When the LORD thy God shall have brought thee into the land which he sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give thee great and

* The Book of Proverbs abounds with Antitheses.

goodly cities, which thou buildedst not; and houses full of all good things, which thou filledst not; and wells digged, which thou diggedst not; vineyards and olive trees, which thou plantedst not; when thou shalt have eaten and be full; then beware lest thou forget the LORD, which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. (Deut. vi. 10–12.)

2. Behold I set before you this day a blessing and a curse; a blessing, if ye obey the commandments of the LORD your God, which I command you this day : and a curse, if ye will not obey the commandments of the LORD your God. (Deut. xi. 26—28.)

3. The LORD maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof; and it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller ; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury unto him. The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled. (Is. xxiv. 143.)

4. There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars : for one star differeth from another star in glory. So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption; it is sown in dishonour, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven. As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy; and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. (1 Cor. xv. 41-44; 47, 48.

(3.) INTERROGATION. 1. Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea ? or hast thou walked in the search of the depth ? Have

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