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around among his Springfield acquaintances, he he will do what he has done in this-furnish masaw a possible biographer in every bucolic face, terial which some more discriminating and skillwe shall never know. We only know that the ful hand will utilize in a more satisfactory work. spirits of mortals, however great and clothed with

THREE BOOKS OF SONG. By Henry Wadsworldly honor, when subjected, like Mr. Lamon's

worth Longfellow. Boston. Osgood & Co. hero, to the fond and exclusive recollections of

1872. neighbors, schoolfellows, and relatives, have, in

There is no other American poet whose books deed, very little to be proud of. The profound

are looked for with such satisfaction and read with analysis of one's character by one's corner.grocer, the exhaustive criticism of one's talent by of Song" will doubtless prove no exception to the

such pleasure as Longfellow's, and “Three Books one's mother-in-law's second cousin, and the rare and always valuable information vouchsafed by than either of his last volumes, the New-Englana

rule. In fact it is certain to be far more popular one's schoolfellows, when gravely collated and put before an expectant world, must, indeed, objective narratives and simple ballads seem more

Tragedies or the Divine Tragedy. Its romantic, make even the most philosophic shade tremble.

in harmony with Longfellow's genius than the And this is what Mr. Lamon has done for Mr.

graver themes to which he has lately invited his Lincoln. In fact, there is little doubt but that

muse, and reading them is like going back to the Mr. Lincoln's dejection was caused-not, as Mr.

sweet singer who won our ears and touched our Lamon puts it, by grief for the untimely death of

hearts a score of years ago. one of his early loves—but by the equally untime.

The volume opens with a new series of the ly and persistent existence of some of his early charming “Tales of a Wayside Inn," where the friends.

second day finds, “While every admirer of Abraham Lincoln will feel keenly the degrading influence of such a

“ A cold, uninterrupted rain,

That washed each southern window-pane, biography, it is unfortunate that but few will be

And made a river of the road; able to separate their hero from his biographer,

A sea of mist that overflowed and refer their mortification to its proper source, The house, the barns, the gilded vane, Mr. Lamon. There is nothing essentially unhe- And drowned the upland and the plain, roic in the details of Lincoln's youth except in Through which the oak-trees, broad and high, the telling of it, and that is not Mr. Lincoln's

Like phantom ships went drifting by; fault. The world is not concerned with the facts

And, hidden behind a watery screen,

The sun unseen, or only seen that he was foolishly in love with two or three

As a faint pallor in the sky; women at the same time, that his youth was awk- Thus cold and colorless and gray, ward and gawky, that he wrote bad verse and in- The morn of that autumnal day, dulged in very coarse satire, and that he was gen

As if reluctant to begin, erally like the average of his backwoods friends

Dawned on the silent Sudbury Inn, and acquaintances, unless so far as these facts

And all the guests that in it lay." give some clue to his after-career. But it is the The “guests” to whom we are introduced again remarkable quality of this sort of biography that are the Poet, the Theologian, the Student, the they never do. The general tone of the biogra- Musician, the Sicilian, and the Spanish Jew, and pher is either of astonishment at the consequent as they can not go forth from the Inn on such a fame of his subject, or of absurd and far-fetched day, they while the hours in telling tales to each deduction of cause and effect. In fact, data of other. The Sicilian tells the story of “ The Bell this kind are absolutely wanting in what should of Atri” “famous for all time;" the “Spanish Jew” be their essential quality and their only apology, tells of the city of “ Kambalu;" the Student truth. It is one of the consolations of medio- does more than his share and tells two tales about crity to believe that success is purely accidental, The Cobbler of Hagenau," and "The Baron and there seems to have been a prevailing im- of St. Custine;" the musician sings "The Ballad pression in Springfield, and among Mr. Lincoln's of Carmilhan ;" the Poet tells of “Lady Wentearly associates, that, understanding him much worth;" and the Theologian gives a new version better than other people, and being fully cogni- of “ The Legend Beautiful.” All these tales are zant of his faults, they were naturally much bet- in Longfellow's best manner, and the reader will ter fitted to assume that responsibility laid upon

feel nothing but regret when, his drooping shoulders than he was himself.” A sudden wind from out the west

At the close of his book, having brought the Blew all its trumpets loud and shrill; life of Mr. Lincoln down to his inauguration, Col.

The windows rattled with the blast, Lamon promises that, “in another volume we

The oak-trees shouted as it passed, shall endeavor to trace his [Lincoln's] career as

And straight, as if by fear possessed,

The cloud encampment on the hill the nation's chief magistrate during the ensuing

Broke up, and fluttering flag and tent four years." We could almost hope that the crit- Vanished into the firmament, icism on the present volume would convince him And down the valley fled amain that his time could be spent in a more promising The rear of the retreating rain." occupation ; but, doubtless, in the next volume, Then,



“Like prisoners from their dungeon gloom, takes have been pointed out here and there-false Like birds escaping from a snare,

deductions from imperfectly observed facts—but Like school-boys at the hour of play,

as a whole the sketches are acknowledged to be All left at once the pent-up room, And rushed into the open air;

singularly truthful and acute, while they abound And no more tales were told that day.”

in those brilliant generalizations and felicitous de

scriptions which distinguish Taine's more famous The “second book” of the volume consists of works. “Judas Maccabæus," a tragedy founded on a ter

About as interesting as any other part of the rible episode in the history of the Jews. It is book is the “introductory chapter" in which Mr. interesting, and contains some fine verses, but it Rae, the translator, gives a satisfactory sketch of proves over again that the poet's genius is lyrical M. Taine's life, a remarkably lucid and subtle and not dramatic, and that in such an effort he fails analysis of his method of criticism, and some to do justice to his powers.

critical remarks on Taine's works in general which The “ third book” is a “ Handfull of Transla. have hardly been surpassed elsewhere. tions” from European and Oriental sources, all

A portrait of Taine prefixed to the volume of which are admirable and some of which are ex.

makes him look very like an American gentleman quisite. Every reader, of course, will study the

of forty, possessed of means and culture. volume for himself, so we will close our notice by quoting a charming bit from Goethe entitled “A Cooper's Novels. New-York. D. Appleton Wanderer's Night-Songs :"

& Co.

In the small portion of American literature

which has become classical, the novels of J. FenThou that from the heavens art,

imore Cooper must be assigned a high place. Every pain and sorrow stillest, And the doubly wretched heart

They have been rather neglected of late, owing Doubly with refreshment fillest,

perhaps to the exceptional popularity of one or I am weary with contending !

two more modern writers in the same field ; but, Why this rapture and unrest ?

notwithstanding their quaintness and the straightPeace descending

forward, old-fashioned narrative of which they Come, ah, come into my breast !

largely consist, the reader who goes to them now

will find himself amply entertained, and in the O'er all the hill-tops

company of one of the best and most national of Is quiet now,

our writers. In all the tree-tops

The copyright of Cooper's Novels having passHearest thou

ed into their hands, Messrs. Appleton & Co. are Hardly a breath;

now publishing a popular edition at a low price. The birds are asleep in the trees:

Two volumes of this edition, “ The Last of the
Wait ; soon like these
Thou too shalt rest.

Mohicans” and “ The Deer-slayer,” have just

been issued, and a third is announced. The style NOTES ON ENGLAND. By H. Taine. Translated, is all that could be desired, neat and attractive; with an Introductory Chapter, by W. F. Rae. and each volume is copiously illustrated with exNew-York. Holt & Williams. 1872.

ceptionally good wood-cuts by F. 0. C. Darley. “Notes on England” is much the most desulto Readers can try this edition, or if they prefer ry and unmethodical of M. Taine's works, consist. they can wait for the “Library Edition,” which ing simply of a series of papers which he contribu• is to be commenced immediately. ted last summer to a Paris journal, Le Temps. As a general thing books made up in this way are THE Desert OF THE EXODUS. By E. H. barely tolerable, or perhaps it would be truer to Palmer, M.A. New-York. Harper & Bros. say are not tolerable at all; but these “ Notes"

This volume gives a highly interesting and are about as suggestive as a book can well be, and valuable record of journeys on foot in the wilderfurnish most interesting and instructive reading to ness of the forty years' wanderings, and attempts Frenchman and Englishman alike. To the French- to furnish “an exhaustive account of the scenes man,

for instance, it presents a truthful and re- of Israel's Wanderings." The author accompamarkably vivid impression of England in its social nied the Ordnance Survey Expedition to the Pen. and industrial as well as in its external aspects; and insula of Sinai in 1868 and 1869, and subseit enables the English reader to escape from him- quently visited Moab and surrounding regions, self and the routine which has blunted his percep- on behalf of the Palestine Exploration Fund. He tions, and to see England as it is seen by a trained had exceptional advantages for studying the to. and acute observer, whose sympathy is that of a pography and customs of the country, and his spectator and not of one whose view is biased by book is the most complete and authentic descripidentity of race, and similarity of custom and tra- tion of that portion of Palestine that has yet been dition. For this reason perhaps the “Notes” are given to the public. even more valuable than Hawthorne's Our Old The book is handsomely illustrated with pic. Home, or the English Traits of Emerson. Mis. tures from photographs and drawings taken on

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the spot by the Sinai Survey Expedition, and valid, " the presence of the last phantom never contains five excellent and useful maps.

quits me. I in vain tell myself a hundred times MR. H. T. WILLIAMS, the well-known horticul.

over that it is no reality, but merely an image sumtural publisher, sends us a couple of books which moned up by the morbid acuteness of my own exare very fascinating merely to look into, and

cited imagination and deranged organs of sight: which ought to be highly useful to the ladies.

science, philosophy, even religion, has no cure for “Window Gardening” is a finely-printed and il

such a disorder, and I feel too surely that I shall lustrated volume, “devoted especially to the cul

die the victim to so melancholy a disease, although ture of Aowers and ornamental plants for indoor

I have no belief whatever in the reality of the use and parlor decoration.” “Every Woman phantom which it places before me.” “In what her own Flower Gardener," is a neat little manu

part of the chamber,” inquired the physician, al, by Mrs. S. O. Johnson, and tells all about

“ do you now conceive the apparition to appear ?" the culture of flowers.

“ Immediately at the foot of my bed,” answered the invalid. “ When the curtains are left a little open, the skeleton appears to fill the vacant space."

“You say you are sensible of the delusion,” said SCIENCE.

his friend; “have you firmness to convince yourSPECTRAL ILLUSIONS EXPLAINED. An old self of the truth of this ? Can you take courage widow woman, living in a retired village, came enough to rise and place yourself in the spot so one day to the parson of the parish in a state of seeming to be occupied, and convince yourself of great despondency. She said she had had a “sig. the illusion ?The patient heaved a sigh and nal warning,' and she was sure she would soon shook his head. “Well," continued the physibe in her grave, for she was continually haunted by cian, “we will try the experiment otherwise.” a "skeleton.” The parson having in vain tried Accordingly he arose from his chair by the bedto convince her that she was under a delusion, set side, and placing himself between the two halfabout a systematic examination of her eyes. He drawn curtains at the foot of the bed indicated as first made her shut her left eye, and then asked the position of the phantom, inquired whether the her if she still saw “ the skeleton.” “Yes, there apparition were still visible. “Not entirely so,” it was still.” He then made her clo her right replied the patient, “ because your person is beeye and open her left, when to her astonishment twixt him and me, but I observe his skull peering the apparition had vanished. After several repe. above your shoulder !” The doctor, despite his titions of this experiment the old woman became philosophy, made an involuntary start on receivconvinced that the dreaded skeleton was due to ing this eircumstantial information of the proximisome defect in her right eye. She returned home ty of the spectre to his own person. He resortmuch consoled, and all the better for her "signaled to other remedies, but without success. The warning” and its lessons. She no longer dreaded sufferer sank deeper every day into dejection, and the "bogy,” for whenever she wanted to get rid not long afterwards he died in the same distress of it she had nothing to do but to wink at it. A

of mind in which he had lingered on through the very singular story is related by Sir W. Scott, closing years of his melancholy life. In both but with a more tragical termination. A gentle. these stories the apparition was definite and conman, a lawyer of good standing in his profession, stant in form, so far at least as the description of and possessed of high intelligence and good sense,

the patients themselves is to be relied upon; and was observed by his friends to be suffering from

it seems at first sight difficult to understand how a profound despondency, the cause of which he re- an accidental opacity within the eye could give rise fused to explain. Being at length prevailed upon

to a clearly defined object such as a “cat,” or a to confide to his physician the secret of his de

“ skeleton," or a “gentleman usher.” But on pression, he declared himself haunted by persecu- further consideration the difficulty will appear less ting visions, so painful and so abhorrent, that, to

formidable. In the first place, it may be taken use his own words, “his reason was totally inade. for granted that in each instance the sight was quate to combat the effects of his morbid imagina- more or less impaired, and that all external obtion, and he was sensible that he was dying, a jects were seen with a dim and hazy outline; evewasted victim to an imaginary disease.” The ry thing, in fact, was seen through a mist or fog. visions, it appeared, had first begun to haunt him But it is well known that objects are much altersome two or three years before, when he founded in shape and appearance when seen through a himself embarrassed from time to time by the misty atmosphere or in the dusk of the evening; presence of a large cat, which within the course of and it is almost always under such circumstances a few months was succeeded by a gentleman ush- that ghosts have been seen. er in full court dress, with bag and sword, tamboured waistcoat, and chapeau bras. After some OUR ATMOSPHERE.-How deep are we buried time this visitant was followed by one far more in air? The question has long been one of the horrible to the sight and distressing to the imagi- vexed. Thirty miles, says Biot, is the minimum nation-a grisly skeleton, the image of death it. depth. At that distance from the earth's surface, self. “ Alone or in company,” said the poor in the atmosphere ought to be as rare as the vacuum in our air-pumps, which we know is only an fought, or shook hands together, after their kind. approach to a vacuum. Observation shows that In the midst of this gigantic laboratory oxygen there must be some sort of atmosphere consider- and hydrogen combined, and there was water. ably higher, and the last new notion is that, on Air, at present principally a mixture of oxygen the top of the terrestrial atmosphere in which we and azote, must have undergone considerable live, there floats, like cream on milk, another changes before arriving at its actual condition. much higher and etherized atmosphere. In this We may fairly surmise that it once contained both region occur the phenomena-shooting stars, more carbonic acid and more oxygen, the former aurora boreales, and the freaks of reflected and being solidified as coal, timber, and vegetable tisrefracted light-which are still such puzzles, as sue, the latter combined with metallic bases, as seen from our lowly place of observation.

we now see it producing rust in iron.—All the The upper atmosphere should be stable; the Year Round. lower one unstable and ceaselessly agitated. Its movements, caused by winds and tempests, would AMERICAN EXPLORATION OF PALESTINE.vary in height according to the seasons.

In our

The Holy Land is rich in remains of the highest own neighborhood the troubled portion overlying historical value, memorial of the most ancient lathe earth would be eight or ten miles high in

bors of mankind, and of the first efforts in archiwinter, and about twice as high in summer. The tectural art, and in alphabetic writing. Most of upper atmosphere would experience only a very them have, also, a very important bearing on the slight and scarcely sensible disturbance, arising study of the Bible. from the heaving of the denser aërial surface on Although many ruins have been despoiled by which it rests. Into this calm stratum floating the modern inhabitants for the erection of their overhead neither living creatures nor even clouds own, dwellings, while they have long repelled obtain access.

foreign explorers, still a rich mass of material reWe can readily conceive that, above our atmos- mains to stimulate the hopes and desires of schol. phere of oxygen, azote, and watery vapor, there

ars; and, in these later years, the natives are, happiexists another excessively light atmosphere, per- ly, becoming more tolerant of inquisitive travelers. haps a couple of hundred miles thick, composed Only there is no time to be lost in rescuing from of the very lightest gases, especially of hydrogen.

oblivion treasures of the value of which these peoThis is rendered more probable by the composi- ple have no idea. tion of air, which differs essentially from that of The Palestine Exploration Society of this coun water. Water consists of two gases chemically try is vigorously preparing for an expedition combined, and when once combined, extremely which may represent the interest that America difficult to separate, whereas air is only a mixture takes in the great enterprises of literature. Other of gases no more combined than oil, water, and nations have had their parties in the field, and quicksilver stirred together in a pot. Happily now, under a special call from England, this Sofor us, winds and tempests keep stirring these ciety has been organized here. It is made up of elements; but where they can find a place of rest men who are of the highest standing in the pubthey are perfectly at liberty to part company. lic regard and confidence.

Where is the bottom of the atmosphere ? Not These now appeal to their countrymen to sus. the earth's surface, for air penetrates earth's poo tain them by generous contributions, that the rous substance, as well as every thing upon it. work may be promptly done, and in a manner We ourselves, it has been stated, are full of air. worthy of a great people. Individual Americans We are all of us proud frogs puffed up with wind, have hitherto done much in contributing to the which helps us to resist the pressure of wind world's knowledge of Palestine. It is now prowithout. Air insinuates itself among the mole- posed to send a party thoroughly equipped for cules of liquids, as well as through the interstices making researches in all departments of science, of rocks. Not merely plants and all organized under the best leadership, and thus maintain creatures, but water itself admits the ingress of our good name before the nations. air. In some important cases, the ingredients of In order to insure success, all who are familiar air thus infiltrated are slightly altered in quantity. with the subject, through foreign travel or other

Was it, for instance, by creative design, or by wise, should enlist themselves as active friends mere chance, that in air absorbed by the teeming and patrons. Bible students will of course feel ocean, the proportion of oxygen is greater than in the importance of the work. Israelites can not be ordinary air, thus enabling the sea to sustain its indifferent to researches in their fatherland, and increased myriads of living beings.

a number of them are already interested. Masons The ocean is probably considerably older, as will rejoice in efforts which may cast light on their well as much more unchanging in its composition, ancient traditions. than the atmosphere. We must seek for the lat. An enterprise so noble should not be allowed ter's origin in the period when the globe, still to lag in a country as well able as this is to do molten and liquid, began to be covered with a large things, and abundantly intelligent to underthin solid crust, giving off from its surface incon- stand the claims of science. ceivable quantities of gases and vapors, which Further information may be obtained from the

General Agent, Rev. James H. Dwight, 26 Ex

THE LAND OF MOAB.-News has been rechange Place, Room, 14 New-York. Contribu. ceived from the Rev. Canon Tristram, who, by tions may be sent to James Stokes, Jr., Esq., 104

fresh travels, has again widened our knowledge John street, or to the Banking House of Ver- of Scripture geography and topography; in this milye & Co., Nassau street.

instance by an explanation of parts of the Land

of Moab heretofore unvisited by Europeans. REMARKABLE USE FOR STRYCHNINE.-About No important inscriptions were found : the Arabs a year ago, Professor Nagel of Tübingen publish: being children of nature,” have learned that if ed reports of cases in which he had, by the use of they bury inscribed stones and choice sculptures, strychnia, restored sight to patients suffering from

a scarcity is effected, which raises the price when decay of vision or from blindness. Strychnia, as

accordingly, some months later, they make " disis well known, is a deadly poison, but it has a

coveries” of hidden treasures. The topographical wonderful effect in stimulating the nerves; and

work accomplished by the party is described as Professor Nagel found that in diseases of the optic satisfactory; they zigzagged through the whole of nerve, whether functional or organic, its opera

the highland plateau of Moab, and discovered tion is alike speedy and efficacious. The quantity many ruined cities, some of which contain remains used was of course exceedingly small, one-fortieth

of temples and of Christian churches; and the of a grain, mixed with water, and this solution is

sites of these places were carefully laid down on not to be swallowed, but is injected under the skin

maps we may hope, will one day be pubof one of the arms, which seems to render the re

lished. One part of the country is traversed by sult the more remarkable. This remedy has been the Callirhoe, a tremendous gorge, which is detried by oculists elsewhere with marked success;

scribed as highly interesting in its geology and and among recent instances occurs a naval captain, its botany; and the plains of Moab, between the aged fifty-two, whose sight was so much impaired hills and the Dead Sea, are found to contain much that he required to be led about. Within a few

fertile land with hot and cold springs. More than minutes after the first injection, as above describ.

one attempt has been made to establish an agri. ed, the fog which darkened his eyes became less

cultural colony in the Holy Land; will the existdense, and an impression of light was perceptible. After three day's use of the remedy, (an injection tion, occasion yet another ?

ence of good land in Moab, with means of irriganight and morning,) he could make out the furniture of the ward with sufficient clearness to guide himself about without feeling ; " and on the fourth day of treatment, without help, he succeeded at

ART. mid-day in walking alone through the thorough

PRESENT CONDITION OF ART IN ROME. fares of the city to the home of his family, a mile We spoke in a former paper, says the Art Jourfrom the infirmary." May we not hope from this experience that henceforth the number of cases of fected by its becoming the capital of united Italy.

nal, of the manner in which Rome was being afblindness will be largely diminished.

We would now add that this great event in his. TRANSIT OF VENUS.–We have from time to tory should finally promote rather than obstruct time mentioned the preparations which are in pro. Art. It will do so if the Italians are only patient, gress for observing the transit of Venus in 1874. not desirous of fresh political upheavals, and not It now appears that Russia will take part in the carried away by variety and meretricious display. great work. The astronomer at Pulkowa, near The Eternal City has always been a passive rather St. Petersburg, states that the number of Russian than an active inspirer and teacher of the Fine observing stations will be twenty-four, extending Arts. It is the stately ruins, the Art-treasures, from the shores of the Pacific Ocean to Eastern the beauty of position and climate, rather than its Siberia, and to Persia. Competent observers and elementary schools or professors, which make it efficient instruments will be provided for each sta- of inestimable value to the artist. Let a young tion; and as photography will be made use of, man come here, well-trained in England or else. some of the party have been exercising themselves where, and then make use of his own eyes rather in that art, and with such good results, that they than of oral instruction, and he will never regret can now take instantaneous photographs of the the labor nor the expense; otherwise, unless he sun with dry plates. This looks promising; and possess rare ability, the direct loss will be great. as other observers are practicing with the spec- It might be different were there at this time any troscope, we may be pretty sure that the coming prominent painter or sculptor to give a decided transit will be observed as transit was never ob- tone to Art; but since the death of Canova, served before. The Russians have already set on Thorwalsden, and Gibson, there has been no one foot meteorological observations at their stations, of sufficient merit to act as leader, though we have with a view to select places which usually have had, and still have, many artists of great merit. clear weather in December. Other countries are Each coterie has its favorite sculptor or painter, expected to co-operate; and we hear that the around whom it considers that the Art-life of astronomers of Germany will, ere long, publish Rome will centre, but these do not affect the their plan of operations.-Chambers's Journal. world at large. Again, the standard of Art is

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