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much higher in England than here. We may cite portrait-painter in Rome. Caggiano, the pupil of the case of a youth who was sent at great outlay Dupré at Florence, sends an ideal statue, entitled by his friends to be educated as an artist in Rome. “ Bread and Labor.” A young girl, who has eviHe received three medals and considerable credit dently just risen, sits busily netting; a portion of at the Academy of St. Luke, but on returning to a loaf of bread lies in a basket at her feet. It beLondon proved incompetent for the primary class longs to the style of the “Reading Girl," a class of the Royal Academy. The French nevertheless which has become very numerous since the first show their wisdom and generosity, in the import appearance of that popular statue. Many clever ant school which they established many years since artists are altogether opposed to exhibiting in for their countrymen in the spacious and stately England. They dislike subjecting their works to Villa Medici, and which they still maintain, in the ordeal of being jostled into public notice, and, spite of rumors as to its being converted into the consequently, foregoing praise and censures, French embassy, and of the fact of the Italian choose to make their way by slower means. Mr. Government having offered to purchase it for Leighton, however, who does not shrink from cri. Ministerial purposes. While the difficult position ticism, will unquestionably acquaint thousands of a new Government in a divided city calls for with the results on canvas of his visit to Rome every allowance, there is at the same time reason this winter; other birds of passage too will imfor grumbling. The blockers-out and marble. port innumerable Italian incidents of life and workers find, in many cases, the bread taken scenery to the walls of the Academy. In the from their mouths by rivals from Florence, at a meantime, among the regular residents in this period when freshly imposed taxes and dearness city, we can not begin more suitably than by of provisions hang heavily upon the whole popu- mentioning Mr. Glennie, whose landscapes rank lation. The municipality has therefore acted with the best samples of the English school of judiciously in adding thirty busts of popular water-colors in Rome. Specimens of this gentleItalians, such as Cavour, Savonarola, and Cola di man's skill and mode of rendering may be annuRienzi, to those of other celebrated men in the ally seen at the old Water-color Exhibition. His Pincian Gardens, and thereby employing a num- easels and portfolios present innumerable pleasing ber of native artists and work-people. No small illustrations of Italian landscape; and prominentoffence too has been given by the difficulties which ly so his various views of Pola. exist in taking casts from the treasures of the Vatican. The galleries have been used by the Pope vations at Capua, a prize vase has recently been
AN ATHENIAN VASE.—In the course of excafor his daily promenade, and thus closed alike to found, which was won at the gymnastic sports at work-people and visitors. This was especially Athens in the year 332 B.C. The skeleton that annoying in the depth of the winter, when admittance by ticket could be merely gained between lay in the tomb beside it is probably that of the the early hours of eight and ten. With milder winner. Unlike our costly cups, it is simply an weather, and probably because his Holiness can amphora of clay, with a painting that represents now walk in the grounds
, the regulations have on one side the goddess Athene hurling her spear been altered. In the midst, therefore, of much the place of contest, each column being sur.
and striding between two columns, which indicate blundering and mismanagement, it is a relief to mention, that a very promising monthly journal mounted by a figure of Victory; on the other side has been started under the direction of native ar. ing on, and an umpire on the right, a bearded old
a group of wrestlers, with a youth on the left look. tists, entitled Roma Artistica. The information which it at present affords is not great, and is front is written the name of the chief magistrate at
man, with branch of office in his hand. On the chiefly confined to an essentially Italian sphere, Athens for the year, and the words “a prize from but the illustrations are good; so that it merely Athens.” Such vases are rare, and apart from requires to be known and encouraged to become a most useful feature of Roman Literature.
their archæological value in determining the charWould that the public exhibition of the Fine Arts, awaken a more general interest from the circum
acter of this branch of art at a particular time, opened in the last week in February at the Piazza stances in which they are found. del Popolo, were equally encouraging. It is a most depressing spectacle, the works sent are few Two pictures received at the French Academy in number, and, with rare exceptions, would do have been withdrawn by the order of M. Thiers, small credit to an English provincial town. Pro- because they represent scenes from the Francofessor Bompiani is one of the most noted exhibi- German war. M. Edouard Detaille and M. Bentors. His “Sappho" occupies the place of honor jamin Ulmann, two very well-known French arin the sculpture-room. She is seated on the Leu- tists, had each contributed a picture representing cadian rock, her lyre at her side. Bompiani, how the pillage of French goods and chattels by Gerever, who is considered a better painter than man conquerors. They were admitted by the sculptor, exhibits in the picture gallery his “Bath committee, who could not but approve of them as of Diana,” which has gained considerable applause works of art. M. Thiers heard of the subjects from the Italians, as well as a very clever head of treated by the artists, and after consulting with an aged man, the likeness of Canevari, the noted M. Jules Simon, he politely requested the com. mittee to solicit the withdrawal of the pictures, of soap and a bunch of loose tow, tied together at on the ground that they may give offence to Ger- one end; he makes a thick lather, with hot water many.
and proceeds to cover us therewith ; then, filling one of the basins, at the side, with hot water, he
rinses off the soap; gradually letting in cold VARIETIES.
water until it is entirely cold. He then wraps DESCRIPTION OF A TURKISH BATH.-On our about us a large, dry Turkish towel, thick and arrival at the stable, after a long and dusty ride, soft; another about the shoulders, and a third, as what could sound more inviting than the invita- a turban, about the head, and we go back into tion to take a genuine Turkish bath. So after room number two, where we recline for a while ; paying what would be about twenty-five cents for when, exchanging our partially damp towels for our three hours' ride, we start out to find the fresh and dry ones, we return to the dressing baths. We have already been once, with Isaac room where we lie back on the comfortable pil. for a guide. Poor fellow ! long and lank and un- lows and enjoy the “rest after toil,” the dolce far gainly, with a most miserable smile on his sickly niente, the "sweet do nothing," while we sip the countenance, which was garnished with a few sweet coffee, from delicate little china cups, which yellow hairs. He followed us about so unmerci- the little Turkish waiter boys bring in.--- From fully on our first arrival, that we at length dis. “ Travels in the Orient.” missed him one night with a piastre, on condition that he would always keep out of our way in FREDERIKA BREMER.-Miss Bremer, the celefuture. By some misfortune we meet him again brated Swedish novelist, was in Rome, and the now, and he follows us to the entrance of the Hawthornes went to take tea with her by invitabaths. Very cool and inviting it looks within, as tion. They found her in a little room of a large we descend a few marble steps to the tessellated old building, a little way back from the brow of floor. We are shown into a little dressing-room the Tarpeian rock—a tiny, humble domicile, just at one side, with lattice work walls, and with two large enough to hold her narrow bed, her tealounges or divans, one at either end. Here we table, and a table covered with books. Of the disrobe, and wrapping a large, bright colored pleasant evening Mr. Nathaniel Hawthorne has shawl like a piece of cloth about the waist, and given the following record: “She welcomed us, throwing another over the shoulders, we step however, with the greatest cordiality and ladydown into the hall again, and at the same time like simplicity, making no allusion to the humbleinto a pair of wooden slippers, relics of the inqui- ness of her environment, and making us also lose sition. A piece of wood for the sole, with a little sight of it by the absence of all apology, any block two or three inches high under the heel more than if she were receiving us in a palace. and another under the toe, and only a single strap There is not a better bred woman; and yet one over the foot to hold it on. Imagine one walk does not think whether she has any breeding or ing on one of these diminutive stilts. It is awful, no. Her little bit of a round table was already and a twisted ankle seems inevitable; but the spread for us with her blue earthenware tea-cups, natives appear to navigate easily enough in them. and, after she had got through an interview with We are led first into a warm room where we lie the Swedish minister, and dismissed him with a down for a while on a mattress with a plentiful hearty pressure of his hand between her own, she supply of pillows. Presently, two domestics gave us our tea, and some bread, and a mouthful enter and commence manipulations. As we be- of cake. Meanwhile, as the day declined, there gin to get warmed through, a door opens, and had been the most beautiful view over the Camwe are motioned to enter. Within it is-well, pagna out of one of her windows, and from the hot ! and the air is dense and almost stilling. The other, looking towards St. Peter's, the broad roof is domed, and it is lighted by little round gleam of a mildly glorious sunset.... In and square windows with stained glass ; water is the garden, beneath her window, verging upon flowing from several marble basins on the sides, the Tarpeian rock, there was shrubbery and one and in the middle is a raised marble platform, large tree, softening the brow of the famous preupon which we lie down and actually begin to cipice down which the old Romans used to Aing melt, for the moisture runs out of every pore. their traitors, or sometimes, indeed, their pa
The attendants enter and begin to rub us down triots. .. There is no better heart than with a coarse, hair-cloth mitten. We begin to be hers, and not many sounder heads; and a little ashamed of ourselves immediately. We thought touch of sentiment comes delightfully in, mixed we were of “cleanly" habits, but alas, the fellow up with a quick and delicate humor, and the most rubs off the dirt in great rolls, which he shakes perfect simplicity. There is also a very pleasant off on the floor ; but our shame turns to conster- atmosphere of maidenhood about her; we are nation as he goes on-for those rolls are white sensible of a freshness and odor of the morning and must be the epidermis, and we think of the still in this little withered rose, its recompense horror of being flayed alive. He is done presently for never having been gathered and worn, but and retires, leaving us to regain our equanimity. only diffusing fragrance on its stem. I forget He soon returns, bringing a large basin, a piece mainly what we talked about,-a good deal about art, of course, although that is a subject of which at the depth of 1640 feet, in the white chalk. Miss Bremer evidently knows nothing.
The discharge from these great wells will prob. Before we left the court Miss Bremer bade us ably be equal to that of a small river. At Passy, farewell, kissing my wife most affectionately on notwithstanding some defective tubage, and the each cheek; and then, turning towards myself, circumstance that the surface of the ground is she pressed my hand, and we parted, probably there 86 feet above the Seine, the discharge at never to meet again. God bless her good heart! the surface is equal to 3,500,000 gallons daily; She is a most amiable little woman, worthy to be and it has been above 5,000,000, or enough for the maiden aunt of the whole human race. I sus. the supply of a town of 150,000 inhabitants. pect, by the by, that she does not like me half so The question may arise, and has arisen, why, well as I do her; it is my impression that she with a like geological structure, should not like thinks me unamiable, or that there is something results be obtained at London as at Paris.or other not quite right about me."
From an address of Mr. Prestwick. ARTESIAN Wells.-Numerous and useful as THE JEWS.-The Allgemeine Zeitung gives the London Artesian wells are, they sink into in- some interesting particulars as to the dispersion significance when compared with the application of the Jews over the world. In Palestine they of the same system in Paris. Our deepest wells have long been reduced to a very small proportion range from about 400 to 500 feet, and the water of their former numbers. They are now most comes from the chalk hills at a nearest distance of numerous in the northern part of Africa, between from fifteen to twenty miles from London ; Morocco and Egypt, (where, specially in the Barwhereas in Paris the well of Grenelle is 1798 bary States, they form the chief element of the feet deep, and derives its supplies from the rain. population,) and in that strip of Europe which water falling in the Lower Greensands of Cham- extends from the Lower Danube to the Baltic. pagne, and traveling above 100 miles under. In the latter region there are about 4,000,000 ground before reaching Paris. The well of Passy, Jews, most of whom are of the middle class sunk also through the chalk into the Lower among the Slavonic nationalities, while in the Greensands, at a depth of 1923 feet, derives its whole of Western Europe there are not 100,000 supplies from the same source. The water-delive of them. In consequence of European migraery is large and well maintained. These results tions, descendants of these Jews have settled in were considered so encouraging, that in 1865 the America and Australia, where they are already Municipality of Paris decided on sinking two Ar- multiplying in the large commercial towns in the tesian wells of unexampled magnitude. Hitherto same manner as in Europe, and much more rapthe bore-holes of such wells have been measured idly than the Christian population. The Jewish by inches, varying from fourteen to four inches, settlers in Northern Africa are also increasing so that of Passy alone having been four feet at the much that they constantly spread farther to the surface and two feet four inches at bottom; but south. Timbuctoo has, since 1858, been inhabit. it was resolved to exceed even the larger dimen- ed by a Jewish colony of traders. The other Jews sions of this well.
in Africa are the Falaschas, or Abyssinian black One of these experimental wells is in the north Jews, and a few European Jews at the Cape of of Paris, at La Chapelle, St. Denis, 157 feet Good Hope. There are numerous Jewish coloabove the sea-level. A shaft, with a diameter of nies in Yemen and Nedschran, in Western Arabia. 6% feet, was first sunk through tertiary strata to It has long been known that there are Jews in a depth of 113 feet. At this point the boring Persia and the countries on the Euphrates; in was commenced with a diameter of 572 feet, and the Turcoman countries they inhabit the four carried through difficult tertiary strata to a depth fortresses of Scherisebs, Kitab, Schamatau, and of 450 feet, when the chalk was reached. A fresh Urta Kurgan, and thirty small villages, residing bore-hdle was here commenced in August, 1867, in a separate quarter, but treated on an equal which in September, 1870, had reached the depth footing with the other inhabitants, though they of 1954 feet. The works were stopped on ac- have to pay higher taxes. There are also Jews count of the war until June, 1871, when they were in China, and in Cochin China there are both resumed, and the bore-hole has now reached the white and black Jews. The white Jews have a great depth of 2034 feet, with a diameter still of tradition, according to which in the year 70 A.D. 4 feet 4/4 inches. It is now in the gray chalk, their ancestors were 10,000 Jews who settled at and it is calculated that the lower greensands will Cranganore, on the coast of Malabar, after the be reached at a depth of about 2300 feet. destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem. The
The other Artesian well is at the Butte-aux- Jews remained at Cranganore until 1565, when Cailles, on the south-east of Paris, at an elevation they were driven into the interior by the Porof 203 feet above the sea. The tertiary strata tuguese. The black settlers are supposed to be are there only 205 feet thick. This well is not native proselytes, and have a special synagogue quite on so large a scale as the other, and is still, of their own.