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men and women of them is no doubt one sitting and standing room taken up, but of the causes, but still it must be acknow- with men hanging on to the platforms, and ledged to have some good effects too. that under no necessity of exceptional
At whatever age you may see an Ameri- pressure, but as an every-day occurrence. can boy and girl together, you are never One is apt to hear in this country unfavorapained by that wretched mauvaise honte so ble comments on American manners, and common in England.
it is true that they may often be found not A college boy of fifteen, or seventeen altogether consonant with the highest grace in New-York will make visits to his girl or finish, but a stranger may travel “ from friends of thirteen or fourteen, and treat Maine to California, and from the Great them with thorough courtesy: He will Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico," with very have plenty to say to them, and will say it tolerable certainty that he will never ennaturally, -not in the least off his ease, and counter the slightest willful impoliteness unyet not as a general rule forward. It is his less he himself gives occasion for it. On ambition to know many of them, to be a the other hand, he will often find excessive favorite with them, and their pursuits and courtesy from rough exteriors where he amusements out of school will be in com- might little expect it, exhibited not in waste mon. These boys go into society at a ri- of words, but in kindness of action. Even diculously early age, and are often very in- in a California emigrant steamer, an Engdifferently educated. Many of them of lishman, busy in taking care of his guns course are readers, and make up in later and of his bath-tub and of himself generlife for any early deficiencies, but many are ally, may, if he has the eyes to see and the apt to have an extremely low intellectual heart to understand, learn some lessons in standard; being quite contented with that chivalry-an accomplishment of by-gone amount of knowledge or native smartness days from these same rough Western felthat will enable them to succeed in import- lows, who may have shocked his delicate ing fancy dry goods or in selling stocks sensibility by eating peas with their knives, and gold in Wall Street; and yet with all and by chewing tobacco. Under a glarthat there will generally be found a “grace ing tropical sun it will be their first busiof courtesy" ingrained in them which ness on arriving at Aspinwall to carry makes it impossible for them to be other- ashore the chairs and other movables, inwise than polite to a lady, or indeed to any cluding babies of women in no way conother human being.
nected with them, helpful to get them good It would be absolutely impossible to find places in the new steamer at Panamatwelve American gentlemen in an omnibus unmindful, till that is done, of their own on a wet day some of whom would not comfort. Is it, then, this equality of conmake room for a woman and do it with ditions that tends to greater courtesy, greatgrace, as if they had a pleasure in the do- er kindliness in manner ? Certainly these ing of it. They would always prefer even qualities are noticeable among American that a man should come in and stand on men. As for the women, they are very their toes with his umbrella dripping over bewitching from their sprightliness, but them, than that he should be left out in dis- they are sometimes spoilt more or less by comfort. Most of us who take occasion the attention they receive, looking upon to travel in these not very aristocratic the men merely as providers for their amuseconveyances in London may remember to ment, and they may be a little too apt have noticed the expressions and actions to regard what they designate “having a of the five on each side when a lady pas- good time" as the most important object in senger makes her appearance as No. 11 at life, but still as a rule they appear to make the door-the alacrity to make room and good wives and mothers. And while they remove her embarrassment as to which side are young life certainly is made very easy she should choose, and the pleasant wel- to them, very joyous, as it naturally should come given! However, we have rules be. Their association with the other sex and regulations as to complements which is encouraged in every direction. Nothing are conspicuous for their absence in New- so pleasantly surprises an English gentleYork. It is outrageous the way in which man who goes to a New-York ball well inthey fill their omnibuses and cars-exactly troduced, as to be asked by half-a-dozen like the carts one sees in London streets fair maidens of eighteen to twenty years filled with calves-not only with all the of age, to whom he may have been presented, to call on them any evening. As reclining with a third cavalier among bufit is only in most exceptional instances that falo robes in a sleigh, rattling along under their papas or mammas add to the crush the merry music of its silver bells. In in a ball-room, he is not likely to have the whatever form the men amuse themselves, faintest idea who his new friends may be; the companionship of ladies seems to be a but the invitation having been given in the necessity for their thorough enjoyment. frankest, kindest manner, he naturally takes And to this may be attributed the advantage of it, and on the first occasion lightness of the atmosphere of Ameriwill probably be introduced to the parents can entertainments. At à New-York dinand the rest of the family. But on all fu- ner there is certain to be a very large ture occasions he is more likely than not to proportion of young married ladies and find the young lady quite alone. Not that girls recently come out," and these woshe will deliberately so contrive it as to be men are apt to be so beautiful to look alone. It would be truer to say that no on and so coquette, (without being flirts one else will deliberately contrive that she at all in the offensive sense of the word,) should not be alone, and yet so habitual simply so frankly ready to be admired is this custom that there will not be the and to be pleased, and so anxious to smallest constraint or consciousness in her please, that no man can have time to realmanner. She conducts herself exactly as ize any defects or wants. He welcomes if it was the most natural thing in the world the new sensation of seeing people thorthat two young people should be alone oughly and unrestrainedly enjoying themtogether. Perhaps the most common form selves in their own way. It may not be for the visit to take will be that the young the highest way, but they are there for the lady receives her friend in an ante-room, purpose of enjoyment, and they do enjoy while the rest of the family, with folding themselves, and do not consider it necesdoors open between, will be proceeding sary to give themselves airs either of frigidwith their ordinary avocations in the ad- ity, gushing sentimentality, literary enjoining room, precisely as if no foreign ele- thusiasm, or fastness. They are simply ment were present. Each girl in the fami- natural. Of course in a city of the size of ly will have her own distinct circle of ac- New-York there are numerous sets in what quaintance, both men and women, so that may be called “the best society," comprisMaria's friends are possibly unknown ex- ing every tone of culture or want of culcept by sight to Julia, and papa's and ture, and it is therefore impossible to give mamma's friends are quite unknown to an idea of the average style of conversaboth young ladies. In some large houses tion. It would not surprise you to find in in New-York, where two or three of the an average dinner company several men girls are in society, each receives her own unaware of the existence of well-known friends in her own boudoir, where her visi- recent works, as for instance the “Idyls tor is shown up straight from the front door, of the King," “ The Spanish Gipsey," or and where she has her piano and her own “ The Ring and the Book." But at the favorite books and flowers about her. He very same table you might find yourself comes and goes without seeing any other taken up sharp by a girl in her teens if you member of the family, and this uncon- ventured to air a doubtful knowledge of strained intimacy is apt to tend naturally Mr. Herbert Spenser's writings, or were towards matrimony.
to quote Buckle inaccurately. It would The safety of the arrangement lies in probably, however, be difficult to find anythe numbers. For the visitor going out is thing like the number of quiet dinner likely to stumble on another coming in, parties in New-York that may be found in and the same young lady will walk or ride London, where various subjects of politialone in the park with a different gentleman cal, literary, or scientific interest are conevery day of the week, or will be seen one versed about with considerable knowledge day perched on one of those marvelous on the part of the talkers, and where it “light wagons,” with very scanty room for would be impossible for any one to circutwo on the seat, behind a pair of trotters late without a very fair acquaintance with speeded up to a “two-forty gait,” (twenty- the current literature of the day. “Shop” two miles an hour;) the next day, along- is the general bane of average New-York side a different driver, on an English dog- dinner conversation among men. cart with a tandem team; or a third day Then there is generally a hearty desire on the part of every one to have a "good generally hired by any one wishing to give time;" and as hospitality is one of the car- a large private ball. The suit of rooms is dinal virtues of American character, what- sufficiently handsome; and as four or five ever your host has of best in the wayof wines hundred people can be accommodated and cigars is sure to be forthcoming with without crushing, there is generally room out stint. There is none of that repression to move about and to dance. The bulk of which is the cold blanket on so many the matronizing is done by comparatively English entertainments, where those who few young married ladies, each of whom consider themselves as a little grander social- will take charge of any number of girls ly than their neighbors must always be as- who report themselves to her as a matter serting their supremacy; and where from of form. It is a very pretty sight to see the butcher to the baronet so many people one of these young matrons enter the salon are always striving to be what they are not, bleu, the reception room, with half-a-dozen and to force themselves into the society of girls in her train, each carrying from one others whose whole end and aim in life is to half-a-dozen bouquets of exquisite flowto avoid associating with them. In New ers.
ers. They have a rare faculty for dressing York the lawyer, the banker, the merchant, well--understanding how to wear their fine and the broker all associate on terms of things, and having in general a perception perfect equality as gentlemen ; and out of of the harmony of colors, aided by a liberbusiness hours you may see the young ality in allowance attained by a diversion broker without a shilling of fortune, but of much that English fathers devote to the who is a gentleman, take a position in so- hunting and shooting proclivities of their ciety that a millionaire banker who may sons. A ball-room presents a rich, brilnot be a gentleman would give his ears to liant appearance, like a gay parterre of obtain, and never can obtain. In England flowers. Dancing has been elevated althere is a very general-almost universal 'most into an art, and it is very rare to see -impression or reproach that money will either man or woman who does not dance do any thing in New-York; but we who really well. Pace and endurance are not live in so thin a glass house can not afford so cultivated in America as grace: and the to throw stones. Many a railway mag whole room does not set-to dancing, or nate who may have amassed a fortune- rather jostling one another at the same compared with which Hudson's in his moment. Rows of respectable but uncallpalmiest days would have been scarcely a ed-for papas and mammas consuming valcompetence—is as rigidly interdicted from uable air and space are unknown. The any decent society in New York, as Hud- young girls are consequently the lords of son was warmly welcomed in those circles the ascendant, and they look as if they felt which claim to call themselves the select it as they are entitled to do in a ball-room. society of London. It is very hard to say Quadrilles and lancers are never danced, what does constitute the right of entrée into having gone out of fashion as completely good society in New-York; but it most as stage coaches. Waltzes and galops alcertainly is not wealth alone. There seems ternate till twelve o'clock, when the favorto be a sort of process of natural selection ite German cotillion, with its many fanciof all those people who in themselves con- ful, pretty, and graceful figures, commences tribute something to the general enjoy and lasts till any hour in the morning. ment. For in all their social gatherings en- Dancing young ladies seem to be divided joyment is the chiefest point considered. into two sets: one of which dances any This is especially noticeable in a ball-room. thing except, and the other nothing but, The genius of the people goes out much “ the German." toward dancing. Nothing can be more The men having been taught dancing perfect of its kind than one of their assem- from their infancy, and having kept it up blies at “Delmonico's.” “Delmonico's" ever since, seem to enjoy a ball as much as is an institution of New-York, a Swiss the women, and the women are radiant. family of that name having for long been The universality of flower carrying adds the chief restaurateurs of the city. They very much to the effectiveness of their aphave rented a couple of the handsomest pearance. It is extremely rare to see any houses in Fifth Avenue, and have built a lady quite bouquet-less; and it is a pleasball-room behind them, which is used notant custom and a natural one that a man only for these public assemblies, but is very should send to any woman or to many New SERIES.-VOL. XVI., No. 2.
women whom he admires, or to whom he Another pleasant innovation is the cusmay be indebted for civilities, flowers either tom of giving theatre or opera parties. in baskets for their boudoirs or in bouquets Any unmarried young lady or gentleman to swell their triumphs at a ball. They ex- can select a matron and ask half-a-dozen press a sentiment as lightly as it can be or a dozen of their friends to go to the expressed, without having any undųe weight theatre or opera; the entertainment being attached either by giver or receiver. The generally prefaced by a dinner, or followed sending of the flowers is good for the man, by a supper and an impromptu "German" in that for the moment he has thought of at Delmonico's. You very rarely turn insome one's pleasure besides his own: the to any theatre in New-York without seereceiving of them is good for the woman, ing a party of young people enjoying thembecause it puts her in charity with all men selves in this way. It is, perhaps, as pleasand women. The drawback is the want ant a way of passing an evening as any of moderation apt to characterize things other, to dine at half-past six and go to the American. The cost of a choice ball bou- opera afterwards. If unfortunate in your quet is ten or twelve dollars, so that a belle right and left at dinner there is the chance may often be seen entering a rooin with of a new deal subsequently, and, that again ten or twelve pounds sterling worth of failing, there is always the piece to look at, flowers in her hands, as five bouquets will with closed eyes perhaps if the light is be no unusual number. As they will all strong! It will be understood that the be cast out next day, the waste of money opera is a much cheaper amusement in is excessive and reprehensible, for the sen- New-York than in London, and in itself timent can not be measured in dollars. inferior in fully equal proportion. In fact, Baskets of flowers of course run to much there is nothing first-rate about it except greater excess, twenty pounds or forty. the toilettes of the ladies in the audience. pounds being often paid in winter for hand- But whether a young lady prefers the some ones.
constant society of a gentleman or gentleEven in their club life, the New-York men at her theatre parties or in her walks, men seem to aim at including the other her rides, her drives, or her church-going, sex.
They have a Four-in-hand Club, the point that makes her life in America which certainly belongs as much to the different from any European experience is ladies as to the gentlemen, so far as re- that she is free as the air to dispose of hergards the uses to which it is put, and self as she thinks best. It can scarcely be the pleasures derived from it. The Club said that any part of the mode of life' deHouse is beautifully situated on a knoll scribed above is likely to contribute much overlooking the Hudson, some eight miles towards making people wiser: in fact, a from the city, and was built for the pur- disposition towards mere enjoyment is apt pose of giving dinners and dances. The to be much contemned by superior people view from it up and down the river is love- who are impressed with the many difficult ly, and many a pleasant ladies' dinner problems in life which have to be solved, (always including unmarried girls) is given and in the solution of which they themthere in the long summer afternoons. In selves may be aiding. But it must be rethe winter time, dances with thirty or for- membered how few of us are superior, ty couple, and the return home in a sleigh or have any intention-even granting we behind a gentleman whip slightly exhila- have the ability-to apply our leisure time rated, (of course by the keen frosty air,) to schemes for the improvement of ourand doing his honest sixteen or eighteen selves or of our fellow-creatures: and if miles an hour, with the moon shining out we don't get the amusement to which we, cold and clear—"no nebulous hypothesis" rightly or wrongly, think ourselves entias we are accustomed to in this little isle tled in one way, we will attempt it in an-and the bright stars, (much more stead- other. Pretty constant social intercourse fast than the driver,) and the solcs and the is good for the great mass of young people, choruses accompanying the joyous ring- even if a little frivolity be superinduced. ing of the silver bells, leaves a pleasant- But if ladies and gentlemen are to associvery pleasant-impression on the mind of ate together, let their proper relative posihim who, through the storm of the singing tions be maintained. Don't let us get and may still be listening to a still small voice keep the wrong side uppermost. very near him.
ever inferior New-York society may be in its intellectual development, on one point of living. It is quite possible that the same it may take its stand—that a man of thir- young lady who may sport with her (male) ty unmarried is looked on as a helpless, Amaryllis in the shade from four to six in hopeless bachelor, and no girl dreams but the afternoon, may have been doing good that she will be married should she so de- work from ten to four. The records of the sire it.
Sanitary Commission during the war showAnd notwithstanding the luxury in which ed wonderful achievements on the part of these young ladies are brought up, it is a American ladies, and of these New York common thing to see them marry men claimed no small share; and the splendid without a shilling of fortune except their charitable institutions of the city itself bear brains, and, after having been surfeited witness that these duties are in no way with every kind of attention and amuse- neglected. ment, take up their quarters in a three- It does not follow that work will not be pair-back in “ Bridal Row” without a mur- well done because play is well done. And mur, and live for a season on about the although the walks and the rides, the cost of the bouquets sent to them in a pre- drives and the dinners, the croquet parties vious season. As far as an outsider can and the evening parties, of ordinary young judge, they make contented, loving, and people may seem to be matters of very faithful wives; and perhaps, after all, they trivial interest or importance, it must be can not more worthily fulfill their destinies. remembered that the sum of these small No form of life can be more beautiful than daily incidents powerfully affects the disthat often practiced by English girls, of de position, the manners, and the bearing of voting a great part of their time and atten- whole sections of society. We in England tion to visiting the poor and to ministration are too apt to think that because the best in Sunday-schools, where the motive is specimens of our own countrywomen and pure benevolence, a strong desire to alle countrymen show types that are very rareviate misery or to root out ignorance, ly equaled and never excelled—so that the apart from any selfish idea that such con- words English lady and English gentleman duct will insure their own future benefit; convey, and convey rightly, to our mind but, on the other hand, one often sees a quite a distinct and different notion from character wholly devoid of that talent for mere “lady" or "gentleman"—therefore real benevolence, wasting a life in a public we are entitled to believe that our average exhibition of charity, while the poor whom Briton holds something of a superior social she has always with her at home suffer rank to all foreigners. But when the choice from a spirit of discontent and dissatisfac- specimens have been culled out, the fact is tion which might be relieved by a little that, owing to our inequality of condition, natural romance, for which nature has fit- the residuum in Great Britain is of a dull, ted her, if circumstances had only been pompous, selfish, ungenial nature, and may more favorable. For all such
learn something from much-maligned New
York--a city whose ways are ways of “ Were it not better done, as others use,
pleasantness, and whose paths we may To sport with Amaryllis in the shade, Or with the tangles of Neæra's hair ş" hope will be paths of peace, notwithstand
ing the too great smartness of Yankee lawIt would, however, be assuming too yers and the blatant nonsense of the Newmuch to maintain that there is any neces- York Herald. sary incompatibility between the two forms
[From Macmillan's Magasine.
A CHAPTER FROM THE LIFE OF AN ARCH-CONSPIRATOR.
BY T. A. TROLLOPE.
PIERRE LENET was a born conspirator, if seventeenth century. The exact date of ever there was one. And he had the hap- his birth is not ascertainable. But as he piness to live in times which offered a field became procureur-général of the parliament for the activity he delighted in, such as of Dijon by the cession of his father in the perhaps no other period and no other soci- year 1637, he could not have been born ety ever equaled in that respect. He was much after the beginning of the century. born at Dijon in the early years of the He died at Paris on the 3d of July, 1671..