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ly and so well, it has entered so much into ern thought, modern belief, and modern our thoughts and feelings, that we can not civilization would have been very different conceive how men thought and felt before. from what they are. But for Petrarch and his successors, mod

[From Macmillan's Magazine.

THOUGHTS UPON GOVERNMENT.

BY ARTHUR HELPS.

CHAPTER III.

to the comfort and recreation of the in

habitants. There is scarcely any money RECREATION.

better expended by Government, than that This is a subject which may seem some- which is spent in preventing this evil. what foreign to that of government; and One difficulty, which immediately ocindeed any direct action of Government curs in making provision for these open upon recreation would be, in the highest spaces, is that the necessity for them and degree, absurd and ineffective. We all the claim that would be made for them, if know what the attempt of James the First, people were wise enough to perceive that with his "Book of Sports," led to; and necessity, are not confined to any parthere could not be a surer method of pro- ticular centre of population. The want is voking people to Puritanism than for any almost universal. The Government, howGovernment to attempt to direct what the ever, can only act occasionally in this people should do in their leisure moments. matter, and will always be liable to the

But still it can not be otherwise than a accusation of favoritism, when it does so subject of grave import to every Govern- act. It will be said, for instance, to favor ment, wisely to encourage, or even, when the Metropolis, if it especially devotes itpossible to provide for, judicious recrea- self to insuring open spaces for the chief in. It can not be unimportant for a centre of population. The fear of this acGovernment to consider how one-thint of cusation must be resisted, and at the same the time of the people it governs is spent time care should be taken to avoid such a or may be spent, and, accorling to my course of action as would render the acnation, it is the duty of a Government to cusation just. In matters not of a very provide the principal facilities for recreat dissimilar kind, a mode has been found of

encouraging some good work of a local The principal feality is sprace Herein character, without incurring the reproach the curcumstances citer very much in an- of favoritism-namely, by giving a sum cient and in modern times in ancient from the Imperial Exchequer bearing some times there was free Pace roundabout, or proportion to the amount of funds proper far from every man he put in allen har the purpose in question. tion was connected together. In mendera To provide such finds on the part of times this first meeswax has one & an Imperial Gerenmeni, wall be a betmatter of great shittierulzy to prove there wr made a beneding farme generations is not any thing which a toreument, dan hen & mula sa v the Nasional Debt. lage to govern a population wwwmuratura li pete Ere in curt, and to de into great mass scheda de Artes recreation at a fuwatehtud toodeain, thea per sett turen me existence of great towns, umection wità sus centres de lave en venter for greater expopulation. Here is an instant me perkembawa they would be Rozengda ha (ovvernance wohl der dy mua vé the National

serial and wat meer with or wiss is beir to be eserve the gratitude of every severely ** treg is the principal generations we can not shut our WW X Coveruments, and the fact that large towns are set wat ding the hou must keep a view CURREY which surrounds there. What W. *** vasitlerin the re zer wäich muse be any thing but tree *

ous.

Another object, which Government fairly included in a work upon Governshould have in view, is so to regulate its ment, using the word Government in the Licensing System as to restrain, if not to ordinary sense. I have, however, the right prevent, the adulteration of the liquor to extend that sense, as in the former part which will be drunk by the people, while of my work I was careful not to limit that at the same time it must not, in a frivolous word to its ordinary signification. By and vexatious manner, hinder its subjects Government I did not mean only the from procuring refreshments of any kind, twelve or thirteen over-worked persons at any reasonable time, and at any fitting who form the Cabinet, and whose chief place.

occupation is to bring in Bills, which at There is another mode in which Gov- first are as trim and neat as a regiment ernment may indirectly favor and further upon parade, but which, when developed one of the best and safest means of re- into Acts, present the appearance of the creation. This is by making music one same regiment after a battle-much dimof the subjects for education in all Ele- inished in number, and with many of the mentary Schools. It is almost impossible survivors wounded, wayworn, and largely to overrate the effect upon the manners, bespattered with mud. In a free State the the morals, and the enjoyments of the really governing people are very numerpeople, which may be produced by the As regards, however, the suggestion encouragement of an art which especially I am about to make, I mean to allude to lends itself to the best kind of social re- those only who are the possessors of land, creation.

and who have the means to sustain that The great object in recreation is, that it position adequately. should occupy time, and that it should be Many of these persons are undoubtedly social. The recreation which is mainly doing what they can to raise those who chosen by the male part of the poorer are dependent upon them into a higher classes, combines almost every possible and better sphere of being. The suggesdisadvantage, as it is found mainly in the tion I would make is, that these governgin-palace. It is taken quickly: it is taken ing persons should also provide for the reunsocially: it is for the most part taken creation of the poorer classes around unwholesomely. That the existence of them; and there is one way of effecting an entirely opposite state of things is not this good object, which in my opinion beyond the bounds of possibility, may be would be found to have the best results. seen in many continental towns; where, I would have them erect in, or near, the in gardens not remote from these towns, village or the town which is contiguous to, there is music of an excellent kind, and or central in, their estates, a building suitwhere the townspeople may be seen, from able for purposes of recreation. Accordthe highest to the lowest, enjoying with ing to my fancy it should be a square, or their families the delights of music and of oblong, like the Cloth Hall in Leeds in dancing; the time thus spent occupying a miniature, or like the cloisters attached to large portion of that leisure which is so some cathedral, having an open space in dangerous when no means are provided the centre, and covered shedding round it. for employing it. How different a state This construction might be ever so roughof things is that in which the British ly made, or rather might be made accordlaboring man seeks a few brief moments ing to the means of the landholder. It . of excitement, or forgetfulness, by repeat- would be well if over the whole, or any ed visits to some gaudy building, wherein part of it, an awning could be stretched. provocatives to thirst are largely inter- As for an open green, you might as well, mingled with the liquors that should as- during many months of the year in our suage that very thirst.

fickle climate, have a pond. At this very I need hardly add, that, on all occa- time that I am writing, at the end of the sions where there is any thing of a festive joyous month of May, there have been character in which government has a hand, about three days in the month during it would be desirable to extend the means which people could recreate themselves in of partaking that festivity to the largest the open air. Jean Paul is not far wrong concourse of people that can be provided when, in reference to certain parts of the for. Here I venture to make a sugges- globe, he says that mankind are after all tion which may at first appear to be un- but “water-insects” (Wasserinsecten.)

stood whistling, with his hands in his pock- “I am not going out this evening," he ets, while the children were got ready. said. “We need not wait supper for Ro

Clémence sighed when they had all salie ; she has gone to bed.” gone away. It had been sad enough to “ What is it ?” Clémence asked herself. see the disunion between Rosalie and her “There is a constrained atmosphere in grandmother, but this was worse. Was this house. I dare not ask a question, Louis really an unkind husband, and was lest I should do mischief or make a quarthis the secret of the change in Rosalie ? rel. Are Louis and Rosalie really misBut her grandmother's bell rang loudly, erable, or is it only before others that and she was soon by the invalid's bed, lis- they speak so coldly ?” tening to the reiteration of all her suffer- Marriage was different from what Cléings, the wealth and importance of the mence had pictured it; and yet when she family Van Rooms, and the devotion evinc- thought of her father and mother, she felt ed by Madame de Vos to her grandchil- that there must be something amiss bedren.

tween Louis and Rosalie. “ I am glad the day is so fine," said Next morning, at breakfast-time, LouClémence.

lou sat close to his mother. Madame de Vos grunted and turned “ The aunt Clémence is a good fairy," away with a discontented look on her he said ; “if I am crying, she makes me pink face.

happy again: she is like sunshine; the “Thou art glad for Rosalie to play pea- room is dark and sad when she goes out cock. Ah, Clémence, if thou wert mar- of it. Maman, get some sunshine from ried to Louis, would it be necessary for our aunt Clémence." thee to chatter to all the officers in the Rosalie was pouring out coffee; her town ?"

hand shook, and the table-cloth was spoiled. Clémence gave a little start, but she be- She turned a crimson face on Loulou, gan to talk of something else; she would and boxed his ears. not believe evil of Rosalie.

“Go upstairs, naughty chatter-box: see Louis came home long before Rosalie the mischief thou hast done." did; he brought Loulou with him. Clé- Louis Scherer looked up from his newsmence found the little boy in his nursery, paper. Generally he ate his breakfast crying.

without making a remark of any kind; " Papa has sent me away from him," but Loulou was his special darling. he sobbed; " and maman has called me “Thou art unjust,” he said to his wife : a naughty boy, and I'm not naughty, my “it is not Loulou who upset the coffee." aunt."

Rosalie's eyes flashed. Clémence always stole some minutes “No; of course it is always I who am to every day from the invalid, to play with blame- I who am wrong with every one." the children ; but to-day she staid in the She got up, and left the breakfast-table. nursery longer than usual. It was a large Louis muttered an exclamation, and then room at the top of the house : no fear he smiled at Clémence. that noise could reach mother or grand “Will you pour out coffee or shall I?” mother. Clémence romped and laughed he said. till she was fairly tired; she loved Loulou Clémence felt miserable. dearly, he was so caressing and affectionate. “Go after her," she said in a low voice.

“ Thou art a good fairy, my aunt," the Louis raised his eyebrows. child said as he came downstairs with her “You are not used to Rosalie; it is neto the door of his great-grandmother's cessary to her to be jealous. It is you room. It is always bright in the house and the children to-day; it will be some now thou art here; I am never triste." one else to-morrow. It is better to leave

He hugged her so tightly that Clé- her alone.” mence's face was hidden in her curls. “And yet," Clémence thought as she

At that moment Rosalie appeared at sat afterwards in her grandmother's room, the other end of the passage; she looked “what can this leaving alone come to ? flushed and angry, and she passed on into Must not each of these little jars weaken her room without a word.

love? And how they loved each other When Clémence went downstairs to sup- once; ah! if I could only see them happy per, she found Louis alone.

again !"

She heard a rustling at the door; open- ever help loving thee. Jealousy should ing it gently, she saw little Louis sobbing, never trouble thee.” curled up on the passage floor.

Rosalie's eyes flamed with anger. Clémence held out her hand, but the “Thou art as unjust as Louis is. I am child shrank away.

not jealous, I am not vain; but surely “What is it, darling ?" She went when I find every one preferred, when after him, and caught him up in her husband and children too desert me, it is arms.

time that I should feel it. I am not insen“It is thy fault, not mine now.Asible, Clémence. Cold, correct people do look of infinite relief came into the little not know how warm hearts suffer.” Tears troubled face. “Maman says I am naugh- sprang to her angry eyes, but she wiped ty to love thee so much; and now it is them away. “It is useless for one to try thou who lovest me, Aunt Clémence; but to teach another." he twined his arms round her neck, “I Clémence put her arm round her sister, do love thee best in the world."

and kissed the flushed unwilling cheek. Aunt Clémence was glad to hide her “I did not mean that thou hadst not eyes among his golden curls. She was sorrows, dearest; only thou must not brood shocked, frightened even, that Rosalie over them. Vexations are like eggs; if we could thus teach her child evil; and yet, leave them to grow cold, they will perish what could she do ? If she spoke to Ro- out of existence; but if we nurse them, salie, it might perhaps bring open discord they will gain strength and life. Why not between them.

go and romp with the children now ?-it She stood hugging the child in her arms, would do thee good.” and Rosalie's door opened.

Rosalie drew herself proudly away. Clémence felt guilty before her sister's “Single women talk of what they can frowning face, only for an instant, then she not understand," she said bitterly. “I set little Loulou down.

suppose I shall get a lecture next on be“Run upstairs,” she said quietly; "go havior towards Louis: I am thankful all and play with the little one."

the same;" she curtseyed profoundly, and The boy looked from one face to the then swept haughtily on to the door; “but, other, and hesitated.

Clémence, when I want advice about my “Go, Loulou," said Clémence; and he behavior, I will ask for it.” bounded upstairs.

“ Why dost thou send him away, Clemence? When I asked thee to come and MONSIEUR DE Vos is pacing slowly up nurse our grandmother, it was not that thou and down the courtyard of the“Ours d'Or," mightest rule my children and my house.” his head droops forward, his hands are

Clemence opened her bedroom door. clasped behind him; between them he

“Come in here,” she said. Rosalie had holds an open letter. He has been walkspoken in a high, constrained voice, and ing up and down in perplexed silence for one of the servants was crossing the end at least ten minutes—silence unbroken exof the gallery.

cept by the vociferations of Clémence's Rosalie followed her sister, but she went canary-bird from his green and gold cage on speaking

in one of the arbors. “ I care not who hears me: I have done The silence, however, is not solitary. no wrong this time. No mother can sub- Eulalie stands at her kitchen door. The mit quietly to be robbed of the love of her wind has a keen easterly twang in it, but children.”

Eulalie has forgotten her rheumatism; she “ Listen to me." Clemence spoke firmly. stands with her left hand clasping her “Rosalie, thou art not happy, and thy waist, and the fingers of the right hand vexation makes thee unjust to all. Chil- pressed against her lips, as if to keep in dren always like new faces; if I were here words. always, Loulou would not care for me; For, though she has been dumb, her and it is the same with bonne-maman. face is full of defiance. She has burst Why, Rosalie,” Clemence's eyes were full forth once in vehement disapproval, and of tender sweetness—she smiled into the has been bid to hold her peace; but the refair sulky face,“ thou knowest thou wast al- mainder of her objections are on her tongue ways the pet and the favorite: no one could with a sure purpose of being spoken.

New Series.-VOL. XVI., No. 3.

IV.

20

The letter between her master's fingers Madame de Vos had not recovered the is from Clémence; it tells in simple words use of her left hand; but she was no longthat Madame de Vos is better, but that er bedridden, and her tongue wagged quite she needs change of air and scene, and as freely as ever. that Clémence wishes to bring her grand- She told her son that she was quite sure mother home to the “ Ours d'Or." Rosalie's ill-temper and jealousy had driven

In his heart Monsieur de Vos feels the Clémence away from Bruges. truth of his old servant's words, that Ma- Monsieur de Vos felt indignant; that dame de Vos has always ill-treated Clé- his good patient child, after all she had mence, and that there will be strife if she suffered, should be ill treated by any one, comes back; but Augustus de Vos is too was hard to bear; but unkindness from dutiful to permit Eulalie's tongue this li- Rosalie, for whom Clémence had given cense, and he has told her sternly to mind up the happiness of her young life, seemed her own business.

to the tender father the highest pitch of “It is my business," muttered the cook; ingratitude. “but it ought to be yours."

“ And Louis, my mother, how does he He stops at last in his walk, and comes behave ?" up to Eulalie.

“I have no quarrel with Louis; he is “ They will be here to-morrow," he says: perhaps not at home so much as he used “you had better see that their rooms are to be, but what will you, Auguste ? If a ready."

woman is jealous and finds fault, you can“Monsieur,” Eulalie's face looks as not expect a man to be always patient.” wooden as one of the painted figures in the “When people love each other so foolcourtyard, “I love you and Mam’selle, but ishly, that it is necessary to set others I can not obey a new mistress; you must aside that just these two may marry, ma then engage a new cook for the Ours mère-it seems to me,”—here Monsieur d'Or.'"

de Vos became conscious of his frowning “ Eulalie," the master's face is as set as brows and irate voice, and smoothed himthe maid's, “ you are good, but you are self into a more dutiful aspect—" it seems also imbecile. Do you not know that you to me that such a pair should be more could not live away from Mam’selle Clé- than usually loving and happy. But it is mence ? do you not know also that any true in this as in other things, ill-gotten other soup than yours would give me indi- goods never prosper.” gestion ? There, it is ended; I will not Madame de Vos put her handkerchief hear another syllable."

to her small round eyes. She was not Monsieur de Vos probably thinks it best crying; but it seemed to her that her son's not to trust to his cook's self-control, for he words were personal, and it behooved her walks quickly up the arched entrance-way, to resent them. and stands looking out over the little place. “You forget that I approved of the

Clémence does not complain in her let- marriage, Auguste, and it is impossible ter to her father, and yet the tone of it with my experience that I could mistake. troubles him. Like many another silent Louis was much more suited to Rosalie man, seemingly self-absorbed and indiffer- than to Clémence." ent, Auguste de Vos is keenly sensitive to “I agree with you;" and this ended the the joys and sorrows of those he loves; discussion, but not the anger of Monsieur his sympathy with Clémence is so perfect, de Vos. that he knows already that her visit to Bruges has been unhappy, but he is not

v. going to question her.

MEANTIME at Bruges the sad discord “ She will tell me what I ought to had increased. Till her illness, Madame know," he said. “Clémence is good; de Vos had taken all housekeeping matters but she has a gift that is rarer among off Rosalie's hands; and now that she had women than goodness—she knows when no one even to consult, the young wife to speak, and when to be silent."

found her task too irksome. Her sharp But when she came, though Clémence temper made her servants dissatisfied and was silent, Monsieur de Vos was soon in- unwilling, and Louis Scherer complained formed of the disunion in the Scherer bitterly of the discomfort of his home. household.

“ If you stayed indoors, Rosalie, and

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