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PREFACE.

The beginnings of Ohio were the beginnings of the great Northwest. From it grew the majestic group of States now lying at the heart of the Republic. The famous ordinance of 1787, by which the Northwest Territory was established, and dedicated to freedom, and which is not extravagantly described

one of the three title deeds of American constitutional

as

liberty," was first expounded and applied by the pioneers of Ohio, who guarded its honor with zealous patriotism, cherishing the covenant as a guarantee of political progress and moral

success.

Ohio was thus a pioneer State, hewing paths which our quick civilization trod with amazing alacrity. First settled by New England, she received the best blood of the East, and acquired a sturdy personality that has profoundly affected the great community of States, which she was the seventeenth to enter, and in which she has for nearly fifty years held a third place. She became, indeed, and has remained, a superb epitome of the best elements in our national life.

The editor of the series has permitted to the author of each narrative the privilege of defining in his own way the familiar term “story.” But this involves a responsibility as well. In writing the story of Ohio the author has been influenced by a conviction that the features of the State history, and the lineaments of the modern commonwealth, have not yet been rendered trite, as well as by the belief that, while political events are essentially a manifestation of popular feeling, they have in

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themselves but an imperfect power to make known the character and impulses of the people.

In one particular the writer upon Ohio suffers from an embarrassment of riches. The Buckeye State has been so fertile in great men (and let it not go unsaid — in great women also) that the names may not be catalogued without undue extension on the one hand, and an inevitable appearance of brag upon the other. There has generally been no recourse but to fit the names to the exigencies of the narrative, which, by the limits of the volume, necessarily follows the form of a sketch ; and much that is interesting and even important has had to be omitted. Yet it is hoped that a substantial compensation may be found in the resulting compactness and accessibility of the story.

ALEXANDER BLACK.

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The fight for supremacy. Indians attacking the mounds
Friar Hennepin
A French soldier of 1700.

Initial
An unsafe interpreter
After Braddock's defeat
Sentinel and ploughman. Initial .
The summons of Pontiac “ Drive them from the land !"
Surveying under difficulties
Manasseh Cutler. Initial
At the Bunch of Grapes; forming the Ohio Company
The second Mayflower .
The emigrant wagon.

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Colonel Ludlow laying out the site of Cincinnati
Young Brant and Louisa St. Clair
Anthony Wayne. Initial
Arrival of the mail boat

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Travel in 1800

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Moses Cleveland.

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In Carter's cabin ; the first ball
"Blennerhasset saw a stranger standing within his

grounds.” .
The harvest field. Initial

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