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U.S. Congress. Senate Committee to

establish the teniversity of the
United States,

MARCH 10, 1896.-Submitted by Mr. KYLE, from the Committee to Establish

the University of the United States, and ordered to be printed.

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CONTENTS.

Page

Report of the Senate Committee to Establish the University of the United

States

5

Hearings in support of the university measure from-

Ex-United States Senator George F. Edmunds, LL. D.....

21

William Pepper, M. D., LL.D., former provost, University of Pennsylvania.

Simon Newcomb, LL. D., U. S. N., Superintendent of the Nautical Almanac. 23

Gen. John Eaton, LL. D., former United States Commissioner of Education. 25

Hon. Gardiner G. Hubbard, LL. D., President of National Geographic

Society

Ex-Governor John W. Hoyt, LL. D., Chairman National University Com-

mittee of One Hundred..

31

Hon. John A. Kasson, LL. D., ex-Member of Congress, lato United States

minister to Austria and Germany....

31

Hon. Andrew D. White, LL. D., ex-president Cornell University, ex-United

States minister to Russia and Germany, member of Venezuelan Commis-

sion

Ex-Governor John Lee Carroll, LL. D., general president Sons of the

Revolution

39

Communications from

Hon. Andrew D. White, LL. D., correcting erroneous statements before

Senate committee by officers of the “American University”

41

Ex-Governor John W. Hoyt, reviewing the several objections interposed by

officers of the “American University”.

42

Chairman of the National University Committee of One Hundred, by

request of Senate committee, transmitting list of members of said com-

mittee and of executive council..

49

Letters in support of the university proposition, as follows-

From leading jurists, Army officers, and statesmen..

From presidents of numerous colleges and universities.

From State superintendents of public instruction....

111

From heads of scientific institutions and bureaus..

129

From heads of national organizations, scientific and patriotic...

133

Objections received and auswered by the chairman of the National University

Committee of One Hundred....

149

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REPORT OF COMMITTEE.

The Committee to Establish the University of the United States, to whom was referred the bill (S. 1202) to establish the University of the United States, have had the same under careful consideration for several sessions, and have heard advocates both for and against the measure.

To those giving a thought to the unparalleled progress of nations in this close of the nineteenth century there would seem to be no question as to the need of such an institution in the United States as is contemplated in this bill. The spirit of the age calls for deeper penetration into the sciences and arts, and demands better equipped men. Why should not the United States, the cradle of liberty and the leader of enlightened Christendom, contribute her share to the advancement of mankind? Why should we borrow modern educational methods from Europe, and patronize foreign institutions? Why should we not build here an institution which would stir the pride and patriotism of American students, and furnish facilities unequaled in the world for the extension of knowledge?

The more we know of Washington the broader appears to have been his conception of a great nation and great institutions. Besides giving us a wise Constitution and laws, he planned a beautiful city, with wide streets and avenues, with parks and boulevards, rivaling the finest cities of Europe. He saw here the seat of government of a mighty nation, equipped with political and scientific departments and to utilize these in the promotion of advanced learning he conceived the proposed national university. He talked and wrote about it for years, and at his death bequeathed $25,000 as a first endowment, placing the institution in effect under the fostering care of Congress. Opponents have sought to belittle Washington's idea of a university, contending that he thought of nothing but an institution for political science, or at most but an ordinary undergraduate college. His thoughts were higher than this. His published words are clear and unmistakable. Harvard College, founded almost a hundred years before he was born, Yale College, founded early in the century, and other colleges, South and North, were doing splendid work when this university was proposed.

Washington spoke of them as seminaries of learning, and to this end endowed the University of Virginia. But in discussing the question of a national university he stated in the address to Congress, 1790, in a letter to the Commissioners of the District of Columbia, 1791, and in

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