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forms a part, setting forth at the same time the cities or districts with which said city or district seeks to unite for the maintenance of a joint parental school. When such information has been received by the board of supervisors from all the cities or school districts, seeking to be united, it is hereby made the duty of the board of supervisors, by resolution, to declare such cities or school districts united for the maintenance of a joint parental school, to be known as the joint parental school district of (give the names of the school districts uniting). When the districts have been so united, the boards of education or boards of trustees of the cities or school districts so uniting shall appoint a board of trustees for the joint parental school district, to consist of five members (unless the number of cities or school districts uniting exceeds five), who shall be appointed from the membership of the board of the several districts or cities uniting, by the respective boards in approximate proportion to the census children between five and seventeen years of age, in the districts uniting; provided, however, that each district shall be represented by at least one member on the board of trustees of the joint parental school district. The members so appointed to serve for the remainder of the term of office for which they were electd on their respective boards of education or boards of trustees, and when vacancies occur on said board of trustees of joint parental school districts, they shall be filled by the board making the original appointment. The superintendent of schools of each of the cities or school districts uniting, shall be ex officio members of the board of trustees of the joint parental school district, without the right to vote. In the management of a parental school within a school district, city, or city and county, the right to transport pupils to and from school at public expense, when, in the judgment of the board of education, or board of school trustees, the interest of the pupil demands it, is hereby conferred upon such boards. All the powers and duties by any section of this act conferred or imposed upon the boards of school trustees or boards of education of any city, or city and county, in the management of, and the securing of, funds for a parental school within a city or school district, are hereby conferred upon and imposed upon the board of trustees of any joint parental school district in the management of and the securing of funds for the support of a joint parental school; provided, however, that in estimating the expense of maintenance of a joint parental school the amount of money needed for the payment of teachers' salaries and for the furnishing of school supplies, shall be included in the estimate of expenses; and provided, further, that the estimates shall be transmitted to the board of supervisors of the county of which the joint parental school district forms a part. When such estimates shall have been so transmitted, it is hereby made the duty of the board of supervisors to levy a special tax upon the taxable property within the boundaries of the joint parental school district, sufficient to provide the facilities requested by the board of trustees of the joint parental school district, and for which such estimates shall have been furnished, and yearly thereafter when the estimates of the total expense of the maintenance of the joint parental school and increased facilities shall have been furnished the board of supervisors, it shall be the duty of said board to levy a special tax sufficient to maintain the school for the year. All taxes in this act provided shall be computed and entered upon the tax roll and collected in the manner prescribed for the collection of taxes in section 7 of this act; provided, that all moneys so collected shall be collected by the county tax collector and apportioned to the credit of the joint parental school district, and placed in the fund for which they were specially collected. If for sites or buildings, to be placed in a fund known as the joint parental school building fund, to be used exclusively for the purposes for which they were collected, the same as set forth in section 7 of this act. The board of trustees of joint parental school districts shall organize, by the election of one of their number as chairman, and by the election of a secretary who shall be the city superintendent of schools, or the secretary of a board of education or the clerk of one of the boards of education or boards of trustees of the cities, or school districts united, and such secretary shall serve without additional salary. All moneys in a joint parental school fund shall be paid out on the order of the board of trustees of the joint parental school district for the purposes herein set forth, and in the same manner that funds are paid from the ordinary school funds of a school district. Fines paid to parental school fund.

8 9. All fines paid as penalties for the violation of any of the provisions this act shall, when collected or received, be paid over by the justice or officer receiving the same to the treasurer of the city, or city and county, in which the offense was committed, to be placed to the credit of the parental school fund of such city, or city and county, if there be such a fund, otherwise to the credit of the general school fund of such city, or city and county, or to the county treasurer, to be placed to the credit of the school fund of the school district in which the offense was committed. Deaf or blind children must be sent to school.

§ 10. Any parent or guardian of any deaf, dumb, or blind child, legally entitled to admission to said institution, shall send such child to said institution until such child shall have been therein for five years, or shall have reached the age of majority, unless such child shall be excused from such attendance by the board of education or board of trustees of the city, city and county, or school district in which such child resides, for the reason that the child's bodily or mental condition is such as to prevent or render inadvisable attendance at said institution, or for the reason that such child is receiving proper instruction at home or in some public or private school. Any parent or guardian failing to comply with the requirements of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and be punishable as provided in section two of this act. Officers having jurisdiction.

§ 11. Any justice of the peace, or recorder of the city or city and county or any justice of the peace of the township in which the school district is located, or in which the offense is committed, shall have jurisdiction of all offenses committed under the provisions of this act.

$ 12. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after July first, nineteen hundred and three.

§ 13. An act entitled an act to enforce the educational rights of children, approved March twenty-eight, eighteen hundred and seventy-four, and all acts and parts of acts in conflict with any of the provisions of this act are hereby repealed. An act to aid the enforcement of an act entitled, An act to enforce the

educational rights of children and providing penalties for violations of the act," approved March 24, 1903.

[Approved March 8, 1909 ; Statutes 1909, p. 209.) § 1. All minors coming within the provisions of an act entitled, “An act regulating the employment and hours of labor of children, prohibiting the employment of minors under certain ages, prohibiting the employment of certain illiterate minors, providing for the enforcement hereof by the commissioner of the bureau of labor statistics and providing penalties for the violation hereof,” (approved February 20, 1905,) and found employed at work without the necessary legal authorization as provided for and required in said act, and whose ages are between the maximum and minimum age limits as described in an act entitled, “An act to enforce the educational rights of children and providing penalties for violation of the act,” shall be placed or delivered into the custody of the school district authorities of the county, city, or city and county in which they are found illegally at work.

§ 2. The commissioner of the bureau of labor statistics is hereby authorized, directed and empowered to enforce the provisions of this act.

§ 3. This act shall take effect immediately.

INDUSTRIAL WELFARE COMMISSION*

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An act regulating the employment of women and minors and establishing

an industrial welfare commission to investigate and deal with such employment, including a minimum wage; providing for an appropriation

therefor and fixing a penalty for violations of this act. [Approved May 26, 1913; amended 1915 ; Statutes 1913, p. 632; 1915, p. 950.] Industrial welfare commission established.

§ 1. There is hereby established a commission to be known as the industrial welfare commission, hereinafter called the commission. Said commission shall be composed of five persons, at least one of whom shall be a woman, and all of whom shall be appointed by the governor as follows: two for the term of one year, one for the term of two years, one for the term of three years, and one for the term of four years; provided, however, that at the expiration of their respective terms, their successors shall be appointed to serve a full term of four years. Any vacancies shall be similarly filled for the unexpired portion of the term in which the vacancy shall occur. Three members of the commission shall constitute a quorum. A vacancy on the commission shall not impair the right of the remaining members to perform all the duties and exercise all the powers and authority of the commission. Compensation. Secretary.

§ 2. The members of said commission shall draw no salaries but all of said members shall be allowed ten dollars per diem while engaged in the performance of their official duties. The commission may employ a secretary, and such expert, clerical and other assistants as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this act, and shall fix the compensation of such employees, and may, also, to carry out such purposes, incur reasonable and necessary office and other expenses, including the necessary traveling expenses of the members of the commission, of its secretary, of its experts, and of its clerks and other assistants and employees. All employees of the commission shall hold office at the pleasure of the commission. Duties.

§ 3. (a) It shall be the duty of the commission to ascertain the wages paid, the hours and conditions of labor and employment in the various occupations, trades, and industries in which women and minors are employed in the state of California, and to make investigations into the comfort, health, safety and welfare of such women and minors.

*The minimum wage for particular industries is fixed by order of the Industrial Welfare Commission and not by an act of the legislature. For information regarding orders in effect, address the Industrial Welfare Commission, 525 Market street, San Francisco, Cal.

(b) It shall be the duty of every person, firm or corporation employing labor in this state:

1. To furnish to the commission, at its request, any and all reports or information which the commission may require to carry out the purposes of this act, such reports and information to be verified by the oath of the person, or a member of the firm, or the president, secretary, or manager of the corporation furnishing the same, if and when so requested by the commission or any member thereof.

2. To allow any member of the commission, or its secretary, or any of its duly authorized experts or employees, free access to the place of business or employment of such person, firm, or corporation, for the purpose of making any investigation authorized by this act, or to make inspection of, or excerpts from, all books, reports, contracts, pay rolls, documents, or papers, of such person, firm or corporation relating to the employment of labor_and payment therefor by such person, firm or corporation.

3. To keep a register of the names, ages, and residence addresses of all. women and minors employed.

(c) For the purposes of this act, a minor is defined to be a person of either sex under the age of eighteen years. Public hearings.

$ 4. The commission may specify times to hold public hearings, at which times, employers, employees, or other interested persons, may appear and give testimony as to the matter under consideration. The commission or any member thereof shall have power to subpoena witnesses and to administer oaths. All witnesses subpænaed by the commission shall be paid the fees and mileage fixed by law in civil cases. In case of failure on the part of any person to comply with any order of the commission or any member thereof, or any subpoena, or upon the refusal of any witness to testify to any matter regarding which he may lawfully be interrogated before any wage board or the commission, it shall be the duty of the superior court or the judge thereof, on the application of a member of the commission, to compel obedience in the same manner, by contempt proceedings or otherwise, that such obedience would be compelled in a proceeding pending before said court. The commission shall have power to make and enforce reasonable and proper rules of practice and procedure and shall not be bound by the technical rules of evidence. Conference of "wage board”—Compensation.

$ 5. If, after investigation, the commission is of the opinion that, in any occupation, trade, or industry, the wages paid to women and minors are inadequate to supply the cost of proper living, or the hours or conditions of labor are prejudicial to the health, morals or welfare of the workers, the commission may call a conference, hereinafter called "wage board,” composed of an equal number of representatives of employers and employees in the occupation, trade, or industry in question, and a representative of the commission to be designated by it, who shall act as the chairman of the wage board. The members of such wage board shall be

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