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All certificates issued hereunder must state the extent and character of practice which is permitted thereunder and shall be in such form as shall be prescribed by the board. Persons already practicing.
§ 121. Any person who at any time within one hundred eighty days from and after the passing of this act shall pay to said board the registration fee of twenty dollars as herein provided, and furnish to said board satisfactory proof that such applicant has been actually engaged in the practice of midwifery in the State of California for at least a period of one year, and that such applicant possesses a good moral character and competency, in the practice of midwifery, shall be entitled to practice midwifery, and said board must issue to such applicant a midwifery certificate.
The actual practice referred to herein shall consist in satisfactory proof that the applicant has attended at least twenty-five cases of labor and has had the care of at least twenty-five mothers and new-born infants during the lying-in period. The lying-in period referred to herein shall consist of a period of ten days following delivery. The good moral character referred to herein shall be evidenced by the certificates of two physicians and surgeons or practitioners licensed under this or any preceding medical practice act of this state, and the certificate of one layman, preferably à clergyman, priest, rabbi or recognized minister of the gospel. The competency referred to herein shall be evidenced by affidavits of reputable citizens preferably physicians of the vicinity wherein the applicant has recently resided. The board, however, may disregard such certificates and in its discretion may give an oral, practical or clinical examination. The proof of the attendance and completion of the twenty-five cases of labor referred to herein shall be evidenced, if the board shall so require of any applicant, by the submission of the name of the mother, and a reference to the birth certificate required under the law. The board shall have the power to disregard the certificates of moral character referred to herein and may order that an investigation under the direction of the board be held upon the moral character of the applicant. If the said investigation should result in an adverse report to applicant, the applicant shall be entitled to a hearing before said board and after such hearing the board shall be the judges of the moral fitness of the applicant to receive a certificate to practice midwifery. In the event that a certificate to practice midwifery shall not be granted under the provisions of this section, the applicant will be entitled to a refund of ten dollars. Revocation of certificate.
Thirteenth. The certificate issued herein for the practice of midwifery may be revoked when it appears to the satisfaction of the board that in any case or cases that the licentiate may have treated, that due caution and circumspection was not used or that the holder of said certificate in its treatment of any case or cases had not used proper aseptic and antiseptic precautions.
Fourteenth. The certificate to practice midwifery herein may be revoked upon conviction for the violation of any health statute, order or ordinance or for the neglect or refusal to comply with the health rules and regulations of any state, county, city and county, city or township.
Fifteenth. The certificate issued herein for the practice of midwifery may be revoked for the treatment by any midwife in any case of labor in which case there is a complicated vertex presentation in which said licentiate did not call or attempt to call a licentiate licensed to practice a system including the practice of obstetrics under this act or any preceding medical practice act in this state.
Sixteenth. The certificate issued herein for the practice of midwifery may be revoked for a failure to refer to a licentiate under this act or any preceding act in the State of California licensed to practice a system including obstetrics, a case which during pregnancy has, or develops any of the following conditions : a contracted pelvis or other deformity that will interfere with labor; bleeding from the uterus; swelling of the face and hands; excessive vomiting; persistent headache; dimness of vision; convulsions; or for failure to call or summons a physician if any of the following conditions exist or develop at the beginning of or during labor: Complicated presentation of a vertex (head); convulsions, excessive bleeding; prolapse of the cord; a swelling or tumor that obstructs the birth of the child; signs of exhaustion or collapse; unduly prolonged labor; or the failure to refer to a licentiate in this act or any preceding act in the State of California licensed to practice a system including obstetrics, a case, which during the lying-in period, develops the following conditions : Convulsions; excessive bleeding; foul smelling discharge (lochia); persistent rise of temperature to one hundred one degrees Fahrenheit for twenty-four hours; swelling and redness of the breasts; severe chill (rigor) with rise of temperature; inability to nurse the child; or for a failure to refer to a licentiate under this act or any preceding act in the State of California licensed to practice a system including obstetrics, a case where the child has or develops any of the following conditions: Deformities or malformations or injuries; inability to suckle or nurse; inflammation around or discharge from the navel ; swelling and redness of the eyelids with a discharge of pus from the eyes (ophthalmia neonatorum); bleeding from the mouth, navel or bowels, inability to urinate.
Seventeenth. The certificate issued herein for the practice of midwifery may be revoked for the treatment by the said midwife licentiate known as the introduction of the hand into the vagina or uterus to remove placenta or membranes.
Eighteenth. The certificate issued herein for the practice of midwifery may be revoked for the failure to have the following equipment (in each case): Nail brush; wooden or bone nail cleaner; jar of green or soft castile soap; rubber gloves ; tube of sterile vaseline; clinical thermometer; agate or glass douche reservoir ; two rounded vaginal douche nozzles; two rectal nozzles, large and small; one soft rubber catheter; blunt scissors for cutting
cord; either lysol, carbolic acid or bichloride of mercury tablets; boric acid powder; one per cent solution of nitrate of silver; medicine dropper; narrow tape or soft twine for tying cord; absorbent cotton (preferably in one-quarter pound packages) ; 110 other instruments are to be used, owned or possessed by a midwife. Recording of certificate.
$ 15. Every person holding a certificate under the laws of this state authorizing him to practice any system or mode of treating the sick or afflicted in this state must have it recorded in the office of the county clerk of the county or counties in which the holder of said certificate is practicing his profession, and the fact of such recordation shall be endorsed on the certificate by the county clerk recording the same. Any person holding a certificate as aforesaid, who shall practice or attempt to practice any system or mode of treating the sick or afflicted in this state, without having first filed his certificate with the county clerk, as herein provided, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished as hereinafter designated in this act.
JUVENILE COURT LAW. An act to be known as the juvenile court law, and concerning persons
under the age of twenty-one years; and in certain cases providing for their care, custody and maintenance; providing for the probationary treatment of such persons, and for the commitment of such persons to the Whittier State School and the Preston School of Industry, the California School for Girls, and other institutions; establishing probation officers and a probation committee to deal with such persons and fixing the salary thereof; providing for the establishment of detention homes for such persons; fixing the method of procedure and treatment or commitment where crimes have been committed by such persons; providing for the punishment of those guilty of offenses with reference to such persons, and defining such crimes, and repealing the juvenile court law approved March 8, 1909, as amended by an act approved April 5, 1911, and as amended by an act approved June 16, 1913, and all amendments
thereof and all acts or parts of acts inconsistent herewith. [Approved June 5, 1915; amended 1917;. Statutes 1915, p. 1225; 1917,
pp. 1002, 1022.] Short title. Persons affected.
§ 1. This act shall be known as the “juvenile court law" and shall apply to any person under the age of twenty-one years:
1. Who is found begging, receiving or gathering alms, or who is found in any street, road or public place for the purpose of so doing, whether actually begging or doing so under the pretext of selling or offering for sale any article or articles, or of singing or playing on any musical instrument, or of giving any public entertainment or accompanying or being used in aid of any person so doing; or
2. Who has no parent or guardian; or who has no parent or guardian willing to exercise or capable of exercising proper parental control; or who has no parent or guardian actually exercising such proper parental control and who is in need of such control; or
3. Who, being a minor, is destitute, or whose father, said person being a minor, does not or can not provide for said person the necessities of life, and who has no other means, through his mother or otherwise, of obtaining such necessities.
4. Whose home, said person being a minor, by reason of neglect, cruelty or depravity on the part of his parents or either of them, or on the part of his guardian, or on the part of the person in whose custody or care he may be, is an unfit place for said person; or
5. Who is found wandering and either has 110 home or no settled place of abode or no visible means of subsistence or no proper guardianship; or
6. Who is a vagrant or who frequents the company of criminals, vagrants or prostitutes, or persons so reputed; or who is in any house of prostitution or assignation; or
7. Who habitually visits without parent or guardian any public billiard room or public pool room, or any saloon or any place where any spirituous vinous or malt liquors are sold, bartered, exchanged or given away; or
8. Who habitually uses intoxicating liquors or habitually smokes cigarettes, or habitually uses opium, cocaine, morphine or other similar drug without the direction of a competent physician; or
9. Who, being a minor, persistently or habitually refuses to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of, or who is beyond the control of, his parent, parents, guardian or custodian; or
10. Who is an habitual truant from school within the meaning of any law of this state; or
11. Who is leading, or from any cause is in danger of leading, an idle, dissolute, lewd or immoral life; or
12. Who is insane, or feeble-minded, or so far mentally deficient that the parents or guardian are unable to exercise proper parental control over said person, or whose mind is so far deranged or impaired as to endanger the health, person, or property of himself or others.
13. Who violates any law of this state or any ordinance of any town, city, county, or city and county of this state defining crime.
14. Who shall be declared free from the custody and control of his parents, as more fully defined in section fifteen of this act. Persons judged wards of court.
$ 2. When any person under the age of twenty-one years, alleged to come within the provisions of any of the subdivisions one to thirteen inclusive of section one of this act, shall be found by said court or judge to come within the terms of any of said subdivisions as alleged, the court shall adjudge said person to be a ward of the juvenile court and shall in its judgment make a finding of the facts upon which the court exercises its jurisdiction over such person as a ward of the juvenile court; and the court shall thereupon make such order or orders, in accordance with said findings, as may be necessary for the care of said ward of the juvenile court; provided, however, that no merely unfortunate person shall be so committed or placed as to be brought into direct contact or personal association with wayward persons of evil influence. All commitment and recommitment orders shall be in writing, and shall be signed by the judge of the juvenile court. Any person may file petition.
$ 3. Any person may file with the clerk of the superior court a petition showing that there is within the county, or residing therein, or, in the case of any alleged violation within said county of any law or ordinance, that there then was within said county, a person coming within the provisions of section one or section fifteen of this act, and praying that the superior court deal with such person as provided in this act.
Such petition shall be verified, and shall contain a statement of the facts bringing said person within the provision of either of said sections, and the names and residences, if known to said petitioner, of the parent or parents or guardian of said person, or if there be neither parent nor guardian residing within the county, or in the case of a person coming within the provisions of subdivision fourteen of section one or of section fifteen, if th be no parent residing within the state or if his place of residence be not known to said petitioner, then the name and residence, if known to said petitioner, of some relative of said person, residing within said county, or in the case of a person coming within the provisions of subdivision fourteen of section one or of section fifteen, then the name of some relative residing within said state. Either the judge of said court or the clerk thereof may set the time for the hearing of said petition. No filing fee.
$ 3a. There shall be no fee for filing such petition mentioned in the foregoing section. Nor shall any fees be charged by any officer for his services in filing, or serving papers, nor for the performance of any duty enjoined upon him by this act, except where the sheriff transports a person to a state institution. Probation officer notified.
§ 3b. It shall be the duty of the clerk of any court before which any person alleged to come within the provisions of sections one or fifteen of this act is brought, to notify the probation officer of the county thereot immediately upon the filing of the petition. Citation to appear.
4. Upon the filing of the petition provided for in section three hereof, a citation shall issue, requiring the person or persons having the custody or control of the person alleged to come within the provisions of any of subdivisions one to thirteen inclusive of section one of this act, to appear with said person so alleged at the time and place stated in the