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immediately remove the trustee or employce delinquent as aforesaid, and
$ 7. The board shall make all needful rules and regulations concern-
§ 8. The board shall annually elect from their own number a president and a vice-president, whose term of office shall be for one year, and until their successors shall be duly appointed and qualified. They shall also elect a treasurer, not one of their own number, whose term of office shall be for two years, and until his successor shall be duly elected and qualified, who shall be at all times subject to removal by the board for good cause. [Amended, Statutes 1893, p. 329.) Superintendent.
§ 9. The board shall appoint a superintendent of said school, not of their own number, whose salary shall be fixed by said board, not to exceed three thousand six hundred dollars per annum, and shall also appoint such other officers and such assistants as the wants of the institution may from time to time require, and shall prescribe their duties and fix their salaries, as may be reasonable. [Amended, Statutes 1893, p. 329.] Report of trustees.
§ 10. Said board of trustees shall, on or before the first day of December every two years, make to the governor a full and detailed report of their doings as such trustees, and of the expense of said institution, with such other information relating thereto as they may think interesting or useful to the state; which report shall be communicated by the governor to the next succeeding session of the state legislature. Said trustees shall receive no salary for their services as such from the State, but shall be allowed all necessary expenses incurred in the discharge of their duties.
$ 11. The board of trustees shall have a regular meeting once every three months, at such time and place as they may direct; special meetings may be called by the president of said board in all cases where it becomes necessary for such a meeting. Duty of superintendent.
$ 12. The superintendent before entering upon the duties of his office shall take an oath faithfully to discharge the same and execute a bond with sureties to be approved by the board, in a sum to be fixed by the board, conditioned for the faithful performance of all his duties as such superintendent. He shall be a resident at the institution, and shall be ex officio the secretary of the board, taking charge of all books and papers. He shall have charge of the land, buildings, furniture, apparatus, tools, stock, provisions, and every other species of property belonging to the institution, subject to the direction and control of said board, and shall account to the board in such manner as they may require for all property intrusted to him, and all moneys received by him from whatever source shall be deposited with the treasurer. His books shall at all times be open to the inspection of the board, who shall at least once in every three months carefully examine the same and all accounts, vouchers, documents connected therewith, and make a report of the result of such examination in a book provided for the purpose. He shall have charge of the inmates of said institution; he shall discipline, govern, instruct, employ, and use his best efforts to reform the children and youth under his care, and shall at all times be subject to removal by the board for incapacity, cruelty, negligence, immorality, or any other good cause. Duty of treasurer.
$ 13. The treasurer before entering upon the duties of his office shall take an oath faithfully to discharge the same, and shall execute a bond to the people of California with sureties to be approved by said board in at least double the sum of money for which he may be responsible as treasurer, conditioned for the faithful performance of all his duties as such treasurer; he shall take charge of all the funds of the institution, receiving the same and disbursing them on the written order of the superintendent, and shall account to the board in such manner as they may require for all funds intrusted to him from whatever source. His books shall at all times be open to the inspection of the board and superintendent, who shall at least once in every six months carefully examine the same and all the accounts, vouchers, and documents, connected therewith, and make a report of the result of such examinations. Such treasurer must be a citizen of Los Angeles county, and shall receive for his services a salary of six hundred dollars per annum.
Buildings for male and female inmates.
$ 14. Said board of trustees shall arrange the building or buildings to be used for said school, and the grounds about the same, so that a portion thereof may be used for the proper confinement, care, and education of the male inmates, and the remaining portion for the proper confinement, care, and education of the female inmates, and to the absolute exclusion of all communication of any kind or character between the
[Amended, Statutes 1893, p. 329.]
Discharge of child.
§ 18. It shall be lawful for the board whenever it may deem any inmate of said institution to have been so far reformed as to justify his discharge, to give him an honorable dismissal and to cause an entry of the reasons for such dismissal to be made in the book of records prepared for that purpose. All persons thus honorably dismissed and all those who have attained the age of twenty-one years shall thereafter be released from all penalties and disabilities resulting from the offenses or crimes for which they were committed. Upon the final discharge of any inmate as in this section provided, the superintendent shall immediately certify such discharge in writing and shall transmit the certificate to the court by which such inmate was committed. Said court, thereupon, shall dismiss the accusation and the action pending against said person. (Amended, Statutes 1909, p. 990.] Right to parole.
§ 19. There shall be established in said school a system of marking and grading upon merit or attainments in school and shop and general conduct, by which the boy or girl committed under this act may work out his or her way to parole and honorable discharge. When in the opinion of the superintendent a boy or girl, by the regulations established for that purpose, has earned a right to a parole, he shall cause to be obtained a reputable home or place of employment where said boy or girl may be employed and earn a living by honorable labor, and then shall recommend said boy or girl to the board for parole, and if the board is satisfied that it is for the welfare of such boy or girl to be paroled, it shall grant such parole under such conditions as it may deem best, which shall be continued until such boy or girl has proved his or her ability for honorable self-support, when he or she shall, upon the recommendation of the superintendent be honorably discharged. Any boy or girl who, while on parole, violates any of the conditions of the parole may be returned to said school. [Amended, Statutes 1909, p. 990.) Incorrigible child.
$ 20. Any boy or girl committed to said school who, after due trial, is found to be, in the opinion of the superintendent, incapable of reformation, or so morally deficient or incorrigible as to render his or her retention detrimental to the interests of said school, or when it is ascertained
by good and sufficient evidence, that said boy or girl has misrepresented his or her age to the court who sentenced him or her, or has been previously convicted of a felony, he may recommend such boy or girl to the board of trustees for return to the said court and if the said board is satisfied that it is for the best interests of the school that such boy or girl be returned, it shall so cause him or her to be returned to said court, and it shall be lawful for said court to annul and set aside the previous commitment to the said Whittier State School and resume proceedings where the same were suspended when such commitment was made. [Amended, Statutes 1909, p. 991.]
$ 23. Upon the discharge of any person committed to said school, the superintendent thereof, under such regulations and restrictions as the said board of trustees may prescribe, may provide such person with suitable clothing and five dollars in money, and procure transportation for such person to his or her home, if resident in this State, or to the county to which he or she may have been committed, at his or her option. [Amended, Statutes 1893, p. 333.] Aiding in escape of inmate.
$ 24. If any person procure the escape of any person committed to the school, or advise or connive at, aid, or assist in such escape, or conceal any such person so committed after such escape, he shall, upon conviction thereof in any superior court, be punished by a fine of not less than two hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jail not less than two months nor more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment; or, if such person so convicted be under the age of sixteen years, then he shall be sentenced to the school, as in this act provided. (Amended, Statutes 1893, p. 334.] Who shall execute writ of commitment.
$ 25. It shall be the duty of the sheriff of any county wherein an order is made or approved by a superior judge committing any minor to said school, to execute any and all writs of commitment issued or approved by said judge and to receive as compensation therefor such fees as are now or may hereafter be provided by law for the transportation of prisoners to the state prison; provided, that in all cases where the commitment shall be made under section 16a, 16b, or 16c, of this act, the parent, guardian, or other protector of such minor may, at his option, and in all cases where he is liable, or where the estate of such minor is sufficient, execute said writ of commitment, after having been duly sworn therefor with like powers and with like effect as the sheriff would possess in such case, but without expense to the state; and further provided, that in the case of a minor female committed to said school, and there is no parent, guardian, or other protector of such minor, who, in the opinion of the court, is a proper person to safely conduct such female to said school, that then, in
such case, the court shall appoint some suitable woman of satisfactory character and discretion, who shall take the custody of such minor female after her said commitment, and shall forthwith deliver her to said school, and be entitled to the same compensation therefor as is otherwise provided to be paid to the sheriff in all cases where, if such minor were a boy and were by a sheriff delivered to said school, he, the said sheriff, would be entitled to receive compensation, under the terms of this [Amended, Statutes 1909, p. 992.] Examination of claims.
§ 26. The said board of trustees shall examine, audit, and allow the demands arising under the terms of the aforesaid act and the amendments thereto, and the state controller shall thereupon draw his warrants therefor, payable out of the proper fund, and the state treasurer is hereby ordered to pay such warrants. [Amended, Statutes 1893, p. 334.] Transfer of boy under eighteen.
§ 27. Any boy under the age of eighteen years, who is undergoing sentence in any state prison in this state (except such as are undergoing a life sentence), and who shall be deemed a fit subject for training in the said school, may, upon recommendation of the state board of prison directors, with the approval of the governor, be transferred to said school for the unexpired period of his sentence, and when honorably discharged from said school, as hereinbefore provided, shall be entitled to such benefits and immunities as are provided for the other inmates of the institution. [Enacted, Statutes 1909, p. 992.]
DEPARTMENT FOR CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF INMATES AT
WHITTIER STATE SCHOOL.
An act authorizing the board of trustees of the Whittier State School
to maintain a department for the clinical diagnosis of in mates of the school and other state institutions, and to inquire into the causes and consequences of delinquency and mental deficiency, and related problems.
[Approved May 11, 1917; Statutes 1917, p. 422.] Department for clinical diagnosis authorized.
§ 1. The board of trustees of the Whittier State School is hereby authorized and empowered to maintain on the property of the school, a department for the clinical diagnosis of the inmates of the school, and of such other state institutions as may, from time to time, request assistance from said department, such request to be approved by the state board of control. This department shall also carry on research into the causes and consequences of delinquency and mental deficiency, and shall inquire into social, educational and psychological problems relating thereto, and for that purpose may make such investigations and inquiries in the