Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

wished himself back in his own desolate cham-1 “You have a harp, Mademoiselle-do you ber.

play and sing ?” asked Camille, drawing her atWhile occupied with these thoughts, the door tention to a superb instrument in one corner of was opened, and Eugenie Belmont entered the room, Camille arose and bowed as she came forward, “Sometimes, to while away a weary hour.” without raising his eyes toʻher face. With a “Won't you favour me with some music?" voice as ravishingly sweet as that of angels asked Camille, handing her the harp. when welcoming souls to heavenly bliss, she “With pleasure," said Eugenie, lightly draw. addressed him, and on a subject which is al- ing her hand over the strings, and eliciting ways interesting to every man-himself.

strains so heavenly sweet that they might have “ May I ask whether you are Monsieur come from the inspired fingers of St. Cecilia, d'Arcy the poet?"

“What shall I sing?" "I do not know, Mademoiselle, whether I “Your favourite. I am sure what pleases you deserve the name of poet, but I plead guilty to will please me." publishing a volume of verse a year ago, which I “ Thank you. Listen!” brought me little fame and less money."

Eugenie sang one of his own sad little songs, “Your beautiful book should have secured with a voice of melting pathos. Camille was you both."

deeply affected, and, when the last soft notes "Am I to understand that Mademoiselle died away, he said : Belmont has read my little book ?”

“Mademoiselle, I could thank you on iny “I have read and admired it over and over knees for your sweet kindness in singing that again, and, if all the world were like me, your and calling it your favourite.” book would have made you famous.”

As he spoke, a door at the lower end of the “If all the world were like you, Mademoiselle, room glided back, displaying an inner apartit would be a paradise," cried Camille, over- ment arranged for a repast. joyed to hear his neglected book praised.

“Monsieur d'Arcy, I want you to partake of “Look at me, Monsieur d'Arcy, is paradise some fruit which I have had served in the next composed of such ?”

room." Camille raised his eyes to her face: those “With pleasure,” said Camille, rising, and withered lips were indeed hideous, but he could offering Eugenie his arm to escort her to the not consider them revolting, for from them had salle-à-manger.come words of praise and encouragement, to “Monsieur,” said Eugenie, as they sat down cheer him onward in his effort

to a tempting array of delicacies, “I wish you

to see what Bagatelle can produce. All the « to climb

fruit before you was raised in my garden." The steep where Fame's proud temple shines afar.” “They are, like everything else here, delight

ful!” said Camille, tasting a luscious peach. Those cheeks were thin and yellow, but perhaps “Indeed, I can hardly believe that all I have they had glowed with enthusiasm over his seen to-day is real and substantial. Walking volume,

through your splendid grounds, I could have "If you will excuse me, Mademoiselle, I will imagined myself in the garden of the Hes. say that the Houris are not quite so plain.” perides : seated in your gorgeous saloon, I

" Don't mince matters, Monsieur d'Arcy; my could hardly help fancying that I saw an enmirror teils me the truth, and I want you to do chanting vision which would soon dissolve, likewise."

leaving me nothing but the dull realities of "But, Mademoiselle, it is not customary for life.” gentlemen to speak so plainly to ladies about “You poets are like that ethereal bird the their personal appearance.”

huma, which never touches the ground: you “ Monsieur Camille d'Arcy, I want you to are always flying in the air, and dislike to touch understand, once for all, that Eugenie Belmont this poor earth of ours.” is not like other women; therefore do not hesi- “Had I the wings of an eagle, I could not tate to say what you think of me.”

fly to a more delightful retreat than I have "Well, Mademoiselle, if you will insist upon found to-day, nor receive a more gratifying it, I can only say that you are indeed bitter welcome than that which you have so kindly ugly.

given me." “Bitter ugly! that is quite refreshing : bitter Camille returned to his books and studies, ugly-very good, indeed,” cried Eugenie, with from his visit to Bagatelle, with a feeling of a laugh as sweet and musical as a silver bell. satisfaction to which he had long been a stranger;

“I am glad, Mademoiselle, that my plainness his prospects looked brighter; he had secured has not offended you. It is certainly venturing a kind friend in the Lady of Bagatelle ; it upon rather dangerous ground to tell a lady she seemed as natural for her to be agreeable as it is ugly.”

is for the flowers to blooin and the birds to sing. “You must remember that I am not like Eugenie had invited Camille to visit Bagatelle other women."

by moonlight. He did so, one beautiful eveEugenie then rang the bell, and ordered the ning. They strolled about the lovely grounds ; servant who answered it to arrange the blue he told her of his golden aspirations--of his room. The man bowed and withdrev. I struggles-of his failures, She consoled him

with sweet and gentle words; she pointed to the future husband. This beautiful being was no great future, and assured him that his hopes other tban the Lady of Bagatelle, who had so would be realized. Camille felt the influence of long excited the curiosity of the Parisians, her that delicious voice, and, in that soft hour, he ravishing face being concealed by a frightful knelt at Eugenie's feet and told his love. and ingeniously-fashioned mask. Her object

To shorten the story, the day was ap- in veiling those charming features from the pointed for the wedding. Everything was gaze of the world was, to secure a partner who ready. Camille, handsome and expectant, would not seek to marry her on account of the advanced to meet the bride, when a lovely accidental advantages of wealth and beauty creature of seventeen, with a face and form alone, but for her own intrinsic worth; and in which might have served as a model for the accomplished Camille d'Arcy she obtained A pelles when he painted his exquisite picture of such a partner, Venus, came forward, and took the hand of her

· PRO V INGS OF CURRENT THE ORIES

IN SCIENCE.

No. I. - LUNAR ORIGIN OF METEORIC STONES.

Laplace, in support of bis doctrine that, nado, and of all earth's fires, external and inmeteoric stones have their origin in lunar vol- ternal, surging forth in one mighty volcano. canoes, calculated that the projectile force neces. Neither is it possible to bring to bear the sary to throw them without the moon's sphere elements of power existing in any such portion of attraction within that of the earth, would be of the earth, so as to carry a mass of matter only about four times that of a ball from a (whether a bullet, or a stone, or any other) outcannon.

side of the influence which the whole earth To find the diameter of the moon's sphere of exerts upon it to hold it in her embrace, nor so attraction, compared with that of the earth's as to give it a motion away from the earth sphere-say as the moon's mass (1) is to the swifter than the motion with which it rotates as earth's mass (80), so is the square of the a part of the rotating earth. So it is an im. diameter of the moon's sphere (x2 miles) to the possibility-an impossibility such as contradicts square of the diameter of the earth's sphere the very laws of thought-that the moon should, ([two hundred and forty thousand-x]? miles), by any force or any combination of forces she making the diameter of the moon's sphere can ever generate, cast a meteorite beyond the twenty-four thousand miles. It would require influence which has served to bind it to her, be many thousands of times, instead of only four this influence great or small. times, the force of a cannon-charge to hurl sol Suppose it possible for a lunar volcano to far stones of the weight of some that have throw a stone beyond the line dividing the fallen. Of course it will not be presumed that moon's and the earth's attractions-namely, a any volcano upon the moon is capable of giving line twenty-four thousand miles distant from such a force.

the moon. The stone, in rising to such height, It is an axiom that “ The whole of a thing is then in falling through the remaining distance greater than any one of its parts.” So it is a which the moon and earth are apart (two hun. truth, which is fully entitled to be received as dred and sixteen thousand iniles), would take axiomatic, that the undivided power of any self. three hours (according to the law of falling controlling machine cannot be overcome by bodies--namely, the law that a body will fall whatever power may be brought to bear by sixteen feet during the first second, three times any separate part of the same machine. For sixteen feet during the second second, five instance: no man is able to lift his whole person times sixteen feet during the third second, and by the force, acting directly, of one of his arms. so on), gaininy by its fall (according to the Neither can a wheel, which is revolving in a same law) a velocity of one hundred and eighty. certain direction, beneath the pressure of a four thousand miles per hour. The moon passes column of water, be made to turn in an oppo. in her orbit at the rate of twenty-two hundred site direction by half of the same column falling miles per hour, which rate of motion the stone back upon it from a height equal to the height would carry with it in its departure, receiving from which the whole is falling. Neither is it thus a direction, not in a right line towards the possible to bring together, and to bear, the centre of the earth, but in advance of this line, elements of power existing in any--the largest, so that, at the expiration of the three hours, it portion of our earth, even though this portion would be sixty-six hundred miles forward of the should consist of all the power-producing ma- earth's centre. Now, with the projectile force terials capable of being gathered from the entire imparted to it by a speed of one hundred and face and bowels of the globe, and of the whole eighty-six thousand miles per hour--that accircumambient atmosphere wbirled into a tor: 'quired in falling, united with that received from

the moon-it could not, upon the principle of forms, at the centre of the sun, a right angle the Newtonian theory, come to the earth at all, with a line from the point at which its descent but must revolve about her in an orbit so 'began; so that, when it started in its new course, elliptical as to have its apogee a million miles (from the perihelion point of its orbit,) it was sarther outward - than that of the moon's orbit, one quarter of the whole circle of the zodiac in while its perigee would be two hundred and advance of the position which it left in its origithirty-three thousand four hundred miles farther nal course. The breadth of its new orbit, also, inward than that of the moon's orbit.

is measured by its velocity in its old orbit mulThe diameter of the moon's sphere of attrac- tiplied into the time occupied in falling there. tion, compared with that of the sun's sphere, is from, being twice the length of its perihelion less than it is, compared with that of the earth's line—that is, seven million miles. The elongasphere. As the moon's mass (1) is to the sun's tion of this orbit is measured by the stone's mass (twenty-eight millions), so is the square of excess of projectile force above what was needed, the diameter of the moon's sphere (x2 miles) to according to the Third Law of Kepler, to balthe square of the diameter of the sun's sphere ance its excess of gravitating force obtained by (ninety-five millions-2] miles), making the its near approach to the sun. Kepler's law diameter of the moon's sphere eighteen thousand increases the velocity of a body revolving about milee, only three-fourths of what it is, reckoned the centre of gravity in proportion to the square in relation with the diameter of the earth's root of the distance towards that centre passed sphere. Then, a stone cast from the moon be- through by the body. Thus, the stone in the yond the limit of her attraction, whether this earth's orbit-ninety-five million miles from the limit be distant the eighteen thousand or the sun-had a velocity of sixty-eight thousand twenty-four thousand miles, would seek, not the miles per hour; then its velocity in an orbit eartb, but the sun, as its centre of gravity. three million five hundred thousand miles from The earth could not govern it, unless when in the sun will bear the same proportion to the a line between it and the sun, or when so near other, as the square root of the latter distance such line that it would, in passing, intersect the bears to that of the former distance, making line bounding her sphere of attraction. In the new velocity three hundred and fifty thouorder to this, the stone must come from the sand miles per hour. The projectile force immoon at or very near the time of her full, parted to the stone by this additional speed

The moon, in her passage with the earth being according to the square of the speedround the sun, has an average velocity of sixty was sufficient to cancel its increase of gravity eight thousand miles per hour. So a stone, produced by its fall, and to direct it into a cirsent from one of her volcanoes within the sun's cular orbit seven million miles in diameter. But attraction, would have a speed of sixty-eight it acquired, in falling, ten times the speedthousand miles per hour, which would make its three million eight hundred thousand miles path a curve forward of the sun, instead of a per hour-therefore an hundred times the prostraight line cutting his centre. It would be ljectile force; by means of which force the orbit fifty hours in falling through the distance of was lengthend from seven million to three hunninety-five million miles, at the end of which dred and fifty-three million five hundred thoutime it would be at a point three million miles sand miles, taking thence the shape of a paral. away from the sun's surface, having a velocity lelogram with its ends rounded, rather than that of thirty-eight thousand miles per hour. Such of a regular planetary ellipse. The circumfervelocity would give it a hundred times the pro-ence of such an orbit is equal to that of a circular jectile force-(this force being as the square of one of two hundred and forty million miles in the velocity)--a hundred times the projectile diaineter; and the stone, governed by Kepler's force needed, according to the gravitation doc- law, (that is, decreasing its speed of three million trine, to retain it in a planetary orbit. So it eight hundred thousand miles per hour, at three must be driven into a cometary orbit-one so million five hundred thousand miles distance elliptical as to have its aphelion three hundred from the sun's centre, according to the distance and fifty million miles from the sun's centre, which it passes outward to reach its aphelion,) further outward than the orbit of the outermost performed a revolution in this orbit in forty-six asteroid; while its perihelion would be not days, crossing the earth's path both on its three million five hundred thousand miles from course outward and on its return inward. The the same centre, as shown already. Query: distance, in a straight line, between these two Whether our little, modest matron of a moon is points of crossing, is seven million miles. The not the mother of the comets, after all ?

earth, at the time of the stone's departure from Suppose a stone to have fallen out of the her orbit, wanted half this distance of being earth's orbit--that is, from the moon revoly three-quarters of the extent of her circuit behind ing with the earth-into an orbit of its own the first of those points; then she will reach it about the sun. It was fifty hours in falling, at the expiration of two hundred and seventywhich time, multiplied by the hourly velocity of two days from that time, when the stone will its passage while a part of the moon, is the lack six days of having completed its sixth measure of the distance from the sun's centre revolution, and will be a day and a hall's jourforward to the point where its descent from its ney behind the other point of intersection. By old annual path terminated, and where its new the time of its arrival at the latter poiut, the annual path commenced, A line from this point 'earth will have passed along her orbit to within four or five million miles of it, at which position so that this will be seen shooting in a direction the stone, supposing it to be partially vaporized, contrary to that of the earth's rotation. Now, therefore enlarged, by the heat to which it is allowing for the deviations from a direct line to subjected in its near and frequent approaches which the stone must be subject in its passage to the sun, as is supposed of the comets, might among the planets and asteroids, it might come be seen as a 'shooting star,' moving in the so near the earth, in the second case especially, direction of the earth's movement on her axis. as to fall a meteorite into her embrace. QuesThe earth, in her second subsequent revolution, tion: Whether we shall not be claimed as supwill have passed the same crossing point two or porters of the Lunar Theory, notwithstanding three hundred thousand miles when the stone our demonstrations of its falsity ? has arrived there in its twenty-first revolution; I

OUR LIBRARY TABLE.

STOCKING. KNITTERS' MANUAL.-(Edin- | task of knitting baby's stockings, or their own burg: Johnstone, Hunter, Co.) - For the it may be; for equally distinct directions are benefit of our lady-readers, who may desire to given in both cases, and apropos, as we shall blend the useful art of stocking-knitting with not injure the writer's interest by quoting one the more elegant occupations of the work-table, at length (reference being necessary to some of we beg to introduce Mrs. George Cupple's the foregone pages), we copy one for an infant's little work, the directions in which are very stocking, knitted with merino wool : clearly given, and cannot fail to explain even to a learner all the mystery of shaping a stocking. Needles No. 18. Cast on 80 stitches, knit 24 rounds, There was a time in this country when young 2 pearl and 2 plain alternately, Knit 43 plain ladies learned to knit as a necessary branch of rounds, or two inches in length, with a seam-stitch, womanly education. The invention of the Increase three stitches on second round (see page 9). stocking loom, by “ William Lee, of Calverton, Now do the intakes: in the county of Nottingham. gent,” though! 2 intakes with 6 rounds between each.

| unpatented for some time after its discovery,

3 intakes with 7 rounds between each.

2 intakes with 8 rounds between each. eventually introduced frame-work-knit stockings into general use, and hand-knitting took

This makes 14 intakes altogether-7 on each side of

the seam--and reduces the stocking to 69, Knit 11 sanctuary in Ireland and the Channel Islands,

| inchés plain for length of ankle. Divide the stitches, where it flourishes to this day, or ensconced

placing 17 on each side of scam-stitch, and leaving itself in the ingle-nook, under the fosterage 34 for front of the foot. Knit 23 rows for the heel, of sixty-years-old housewives, the pleasant plain and pearl alternately, for 1 inch: then knit the and profitable industry of aged hands and top according to directions (see page 6) and pick up failing eyes; for even the blind can be the stitches for the foot, till there are 24 on each side taught to knit, and find a pleasure in the of the seam, 7 being for the gusset. When the gnsset rapid clicking of the needles and the growth of is done there ought to be 69 stitches on. Knit 2 to. the soft work beneath their hands. As late as the gether at back of foot to reduce it to an even number. days of Mrs. Delany, stocking-knitting engaged Knit 33 rounds plain, or 14 inches in length. Knit the attention of ladies of rank and fashion; and the toe (see page 8) and cast off with 10 stitches on the embroidering of the gold or silver clocks each side of the foot. on them is often referred to in Lady Llanover's amusing diary of that lady. In our own early

There, though we confess to practical ignorance days ita lingered in many homes, and was

of the intakes, gussets, &c., it seems to us that (as we have said) the prerogative and special

we can see the little stocking grow and shape work of the aged. There was, and should be

itself into the desired form as we read the simply" still, if justice were done to the art, a prejudice

written receipt; and to those who are conin favour of these home-made stockings, which

| versant with the accomplishment of knitting in warmth and durability far excel the woven

the directions, which include patterns for every ones, and are, moreover, when worn-out or sized stocking, plain, ribbed, or rose-leaved, AC, over-mended, capable of complete renovation: / will be most easily comprehended. for the foot can be removed, the stitches taken up, and heel and gussets and toe reknitted. Nothing that we buy now can equal the

SCIENCE MADE EASY. hand-knit lambs'-wool socks of our childhood,

LECTURES TO THE WORKING-CLASSES that rendered cold feet impossible, and were in themselves a remedy for chilblains. The very The above is the title of a letter addressed by sight of Mrs. Cupple's patterns are sufficient to Thoma3 Twining, Esq., to the Secretary of the make notable mothers long to set about the Labourers' Friend Society, in reference

lectures written to explain and illustrate the other schools, are lamentably deficient in the “Science of Common Life," exemplified in art of applying the information and precepts the diagrams, models, specimens, &c., col- contained in them to the ordering and managelected in this gentleman's Economic Mu- ment of theirown homes and income. As a means seum, at Twickenham, to which the attention to this end, and as supplementing the intention of our readers was repeatedly called at of Mr. Twining's Museum of Domestic Ecothe period of its foundation. We are glad nomy at Twickenham, or rather of extending its to learn from this letter, which is well worthy service, the series of five popular lectures have the attention of all who have the improve been written, to which we referred at the comment of the working classes at heart, that this mencement of this notice. For the benefit of museum,“ intended to illustrate the application others who are endeavouring to improve the of science to daily life," has proved a step in condition of the working-classes-and desire to the right direction, and that a series of lectures, advantage themselves of these lectures-we “prepared on the same principles, and intended | may add that, unless an institution can afford to propagate at a distance the instruction it is to undertake some portion of the expenses withdesigned to impart,” have been listened to, and out inconvenience, Mr. Twining will take charge received with real interest by the class for whose of everything except placards and advertisespecial advantage the museum has been founded ments, only desiring the prospect of a workingand the lectures written. The scope of instruc- class audience of not less than 300 persons, in tion included in the lectures, as well as in the a suitable meeting-place. Programmes conmuseum, is best described in Mr. Twining's taining a full syllabus are provided, and the lecown words:

tures are constantly kept in type; so that an al

teration of the title-page, and change of date, is I include, under Domestic Economy, the study of all that is necessary to prepare them for any all that constitutes a comfortable home, and of every place in which they may be required. The lecappropriate resource that may contribute to life's tures comprise, first, an introductory explanarational enjoyment; whilst under Sanitary Economy tion of the scope and importance of domestic I comprise public and personal hygiene: that is to

and sanitary economy, or the science of comsay, all those practical applications of science, by

mon life, and of the necessity for preparatory which good health may be maintained, indifferent

knowledge of the elementary sciences, on the health may be improved, accidents and injuries

application of which it is founded; secondly, a may be avoided, and suffering of any kind may be alleviated. Now domestic economy (or the science

continuation of the foregoing, including the of comfort) and sanitary economy (or the science of

mechanical forces in their application to daily health) are so intimately connected---so consonant in life; thirdly, practical notions of aerostatics,

life; thirdly, pract their principles, and so interwoven in their practice

hydrostatics, and acoustics; fourthly, light and that it is indispensable to treat them as one science, heat; fifthly, elementary outlines of chemisthe Science of Common Life, in order to teach, in a try. satisfactory way, how dwellings should be constructed The best proof, perhaps, of how earnestly and and internally arranged to promote health and comfort; thoughtfully these lectures are received, may be what Reason has to say on the article of dress; what gathered from the fact that, at the Workingprinciples preside over the selection and preparation man’s Club, established by Miss Adeline of food; how one may distinguish things which are Cooper, in Old Pye-street, Westminster, one of genuine, wholesome, substantial, durable, and really these lectures (that on “Light and Heat") was cheap, from those which are cheap only in appearance,

read to an audience chiefly made up of coster&c., &c.

mongers. It had been thought that the au.

dience would not be equal to more than one Great aims these, and as wise as they scientific lecture; but, after hearing it, the men are beneficent ; for we think with the wished the whole series should be given, and the writer that “it is high time energetic one previously read repeated in its place. The steps were taken to secure to the British me- lectures have also been read at the ball at the chanic advantages in the way of scientific and Lambeth Baths to a mixed audience, which technical instruction equal to those enjoyed by amounted to 800 on the first evening, and ina his continental brethren, and thus enable him creased to 1,300 on the last. to sustain, in spite of the high price of the ne These facts speak loudly for the incessaries of life in this country, and of the free terest of the lectures, and of the desire of the importation of foreign manufacturing products, | people to benefit by them, and entirely bears a creditable and remunerative competition.” out the opinion expressed by the author of the This appears the more practicable, since (as is letter before us, “that there are, in our workstated) there are few trades in which the action ing population, sterling qualities of great pro. of scientific principles has not prepared the mise-germs of thoughtful improvement, which minds of the working men to receive and ap- only want judicious fostering and disinterested preciate instruction when offered-a hopeful guidance, to produce results of infinite value for condition that may, in time, be extended to their physical and social welfare-I might add, their wives and daughters, who, notwithstand also for their industrial position, as compared ing the many elementary books on household with that of the working populations of other economics, thrown broadcast in national and manufacturing and commercial countries.”

« AnteriorContinuar »