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- That a letter from General Salazar, the Mexi- lippic, and intended to be so, taking for its point can Minister at Washington, submitted by the the alleged coalition between Mr. Clay and Mr. Executive to the Senate, bore the ear-mark of Adams with respect to the election, and their having been manufactured or forged by the Secretary of State, and denounced the administra- efforts to get up a popular question contrary to tion as a corrupt coalition between the puritan our policy of non-entanglement with foreign naand blackleg; and added, at the same time, that tions, in sending ministers to the congress of the he (Mr. Randolph) held himself personally re- American states of Spanish origin at the Isthmus sponsible for all that he had said. "

of Panama. I heard it all, and, though sharp This was the report to Mr. Clay, and upon and cutting, I think it might have been heard, which he gave the absolute challenge, and re- had he been present, without any manifestation ceived the absolute acceptance, which shut out of resentment by Mr. Clay. The part which he all inquiry between the principals into the causes took so seriously to heart, that of having the of the quarrel. The seconds determined to open Panama invitations manufactured in his office, it, and to attempt an accommodation, or a was to my mind nothing more than attributing peaceable determination of the difficulty. In to him a diplomatic superiority which enabled consequence, General Jesup stated the complaint him to obtain from the South American ministers in a note to Col. Tatnall, thus:

the invitations that he wanted ; and not at all

that they were spurious fabrications. As to the “ The injury of which Mr. Clay complains consists in this, that Mr. Randolph has charged him expression, "blackleg and puritan,” it was with having forged or manufactured a paper con- merely a sarcasm to strike by antithesis, and nected with the Panama mission; also, that he which, being without foundation, might have been has applied to him in debate the epithet of black- disregarded. I presented these views to the leg. The explanation which I consider necessary is, that Mr. Randolph declare that he had no in parties, and if they had come from Mr. Randolph tention of charging Mr. Clay, either in his public they might have been sufficient; but he was inor private capacity, with forging or falsifying any exorable, and would not authorize a word to be paper, or misrepresenting any fact; and also said beyond what he had written. that the term blackleg was not intended to apply to him."

All hope of accommodation having vanished,

the seconds proceeded to arrange for the duel. To this exposition of the grounds of the com- The afternoon of Saturday, the 8th of April, was plaint, Col. Tatnall answered:

fixed upon for the time; the right bank of the “Mr. Randolph informs me that the words Potomac, within the State of Virginia, above the used by him in debate were as follows: "That Little Falls bridge, was the place,-pistols the I thought it would be in my power to show weapons,—distance ten paces ; each party to be evidence sufficiently presumptive to satisfy a attended by two seconds and a surgeon, and myCharlotte (county) jury that this invitation was manufactured here--that Salazar's letter struck self at liberty to attend as a mutual friend. me as bearing a strong likeness in point of style There was to be no practising with pistols, and to the other papers.

I did not undertake to there was none; and the words “one,” “two,' prove this, but expressed my suspicion that the fact was so. I applied to the administration the three, ” “ stop,” after the word “ fire,” were, epithet, puritanic-diplomatic-black-legged ad-by agreement between the seconds, and for the ministration.' Mr. Randolph, in giving these humane purpose of reducing the result as near words as those uttered by him in debate, is un- as possible to chance, to be given out in quick willing to afford any explanation as to their mean

succession. The Virginia side of the Potomac ing and application.”

was taken at the instance of Mr. Randolph. He In this answer Mr. Randolph remained upon went out as a Virginia senator, refusing to comhis original ground of refusing to answer out of promise that character, and, if he fell in defence the Senate for words spoken within it. In other of its rights, Virginia soil was to him the chosen respects the statement of the words actually ground to receive his blood. There was a statute spoken greatly ameliorated the offensive report, of the State against duelling within her limits; the coarse and insulting words, “ forging and but, as he merely went out to receive a fire withfalsifying,” being disavowed, as in fact they out returning it, he deemed that no fighting, and were not used, and are not to be found in the consequently no breach of her statute. This published report. The speech was a bitter phi- . reason for choosing Virginia could only be ex

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plained to me, as I alone was the depository of perfectly, and immediately said, with a quietude his secret.

of look and expression which seemed to rebuke The week's delay which the seconds had con- an unworthy doubt, “ I shall do nothing to distrived was about expiring. It was Friday even- turb the sleep of the child or the repose of the ing, or rather night, when I went to see Mr. Clay mother," and went on with his employment-(his for the last time before the duel. There had been seconds being engaged in their preparations in a some alienation between us since the time of the different room)—which was, making codicils to presidential election in the House of Representa- his will, all in the way of remembrance to tives, and I wished to give evidence that there friends; the bequests slight in value, but invalwas nothing personal in it. The family were in uable in tenderness of feeling and beauty of exthe parlor--company present—and some of it pression, and always appropriate to the receiver. staid late. The youngest child, I believe James, To Mr. Macon he gave some English shillings, went to sleep on the sofa-a circumstance which to keep the game when he played whist. His availed me for a purpose the next day. Mrs. namesake, John Randolph Bryan, then at school Clay was, as always since the death of her daugh- in Baltimore, and since married to his niece, had ters, the picture of desolation, but calm, conversa - been sent for to see him, but sent off before the ble, and without the slightest apparent conscious- hour for going out, to save the boy from a possiness of the impending event. When all were ble shock at seeing him brought back. He gone, and she also had left the parlor, I did what wanted some gold—that coin not being then in I came for, and said to Mr. Clay, that, notwith- circulation, and only to be obtained by favor or standing our late political differences, my personal purchase—and sent his faithful man, Johnny, feelings towards him were the same as fomerly, to the United States Branch Bank to get a few and that, in whatever concerned his life or honor pieces, American being the kind asked for. my best wishes were with him. He expressed Johnny returned without the gold, and delivered his gratification at the visit and the declaration, the excuse that the bank had none. Instantly and said it was what he would have expected of Mr. Randolph's clear silver-toned voice was We parted at midnight.

heard above its natural pitch, exclaiming, “Their Saturday, the 8th of April—the day for the name is legion! and they are liars from the beduel-had come, and almost the hour. It was ginning. Johnny, bring me my horse.” His noon, and the meeting was to take place at 4. own saddle-horse was brought him-for he o'clock. I had gone to see Mr. Randolph before never rode Johnny's, nor Johnny his, though the hour, and for a purpose; and, besides, it was both, and all his hundred horses, were of the so far on the way, as he lived half way to finest English blood—and rode off to the bank Georgetown, and we had to pass through that down Pennsylvania avenue, now Corcoran & place to cross the Potomac into Virginia at the Riggs's—Johnny following, as always, forty Little Falls bridge. I had heard nothing from paces behind. Arrived at the bank, this scene, him on the point of not returning the fire since according to my informant, took place: the first communication to that effect, eight days

“Mr. Randolph asked for the state of his acbefore. I had no reason to doubt the steadiness count, was shown it, and found to be some four of his determination, but felt a desire to have thousand dollars in his favor. He asked for it. fresh assurance of it after so many days' delay, The teller took up packages of bills, and civilly and so near approach of the trying moment. I asked in what sized notes he would have it. I knew it would not do to ask him the question phasis on the word; and at that time it required

want money,' said Mr. Randolph, putting emany question which would imply a doubt of his a bold man to intimate that United States Bank word. His sensitive feelings would be hurt and notes were not money. The teller, beginning to annoyed at it. So I fell upon a scheme to get at understand him, and willing to make sure, said,

inquiringly, “You want silver ?' 'I want my the inquiry without seeming to make it. I told money!' was the reply. Then the teller, lifting him of my visit to Mr. Clay the night before- boxes to the counter, said politely: ‘Have you of the late sitting—the child asleep—the uncon

a cart, Mr. Randolph, to put it in ?' "That is scious tranquillity of Mrs. Clay; and added, I my business, sir,' said he. By that time the at

tention of the cashier (Mr. Richard Smith) was could not help reflecting how ditferent all that attracted to what was going on, who came up, and might be the next night. He understood me understanding the question, and its cause, told



Mr. Randolph there was a mistake in the answer crossed the Little Falls bridge just after them, given to his servant; that they had gold, and he and come to the place where the servants and should have what he wanted."

carriages had stopped. I saw none of the genIn fact, he had only applied for a few pieces, tlemen, and supposed they had all gone to the which he wanted for a special purpose. This spot where the ground was being marked off; brought about a compromise. The pieces of gold but on speaking to Johnny, Mr. Randolph, who were received, the cart and the silver dispensed was still in his carriage and heard my voice, with; but the account in bank was closed, and a looked out from the window, and said to me: check taken for the amount on New-York. He “Colonel, since I saw you, and since I have been returned and delivered me a sealed paper, which in this carriage, I have heard something which I was to open if he was killed-give back to him may make me change my determination. Col. if he was not; also an open slip, which I was to Hamilton will give you a note which will explain read before I got to the ground. This slip was it.” Col. Hamilton was then in the carriage, a request to feel in his left breeches pocket, if he and gave me the note, in the course of the evenwas killed, and find so many pieces of gold—I ing, of which Mr. Randolph spoke. I readily believe nine-take three for myself, and give the comprehended that this possible change of detersame number to Tatnall and Hamilton each, to mination related to his firing ; but the emphasis make seals to wear in remembrance of him. We with which he pronounced the word “maywere all three at Mr. Randolph's lodgings then, clearly showed that his mind was undecided, and and soon sat out, Mr. Randolph and his seconds left it doubtful whether he would fire or not. in a carriage, I following him on horseback.

No further conversation took place between us; I have already said that the count was to be the preparations for the duel were finished; the quick after giving the word “fire,” and for a parties went to their places; and I went forward reason which could not be told to the principals. to a piece of rising ground, from which I could To Mr. Randolph, who did not mean to fire, and see what passed and hear what was said. The who, though agreeing to be shot at, had no desire faithful Johnny followed me close, speaking not to be hit, this rapidity of counting out the time a word, but evincing the deepest anxiety for his and quick arrival at the command “stop” pre- beloved master. The place was a thick forest, sented no objection. With Mr. Clay it was dif- and the immediate spot a little depression, or ferent. With him it was all a real transaction, basis, in which the parties stood. The principals and gave rise to some proposal for more deliber- saluted each other courteously as they took their ateness in counting off the time; which being stands. Col. Tatnall had won the choice of pocommunicated to Col. Tatnall, and by him to sition, which gave to Gen. Jesup the delivery of Mr. Randolph, had an ill effect upon his feelings, the word. They stood on a line east and westand, aided by an untoward accident on the a small stump just behind Mr. Clay; a low ground, unsettled for a moment the noble deter- gravelly bank rose just behind Mr. Randolph. mination which he had formed not to fire at Mr. This latter asked Gen. Jesup to repeat the word Clay. I now give the words of Gen. Jesup:

as he would give it; and while in the act of doing

so, and Mr. Randolph adjusting the butt of his “When I repeated to Mr. Clay the 'word' in pistol to his hand, the muzzle pointing downthe manner in which it would be given, he expressed some apprehension that, as he was not wards, and almost to the ground, it fired. Inaccustomed to the use of the pistol, he might stantly Mr. Randolph turned to Col. Tatnall and not be able to fire within the time, and for that said: “I protested against that hair trigger.” reason alone desired that it might be prolonged. Col. Tatnall took blame to himself for having I mentioned to Col. Tatnall the desire of Mr. Clay. He replied, 'If you insist upon it, the sprung the hair

. Mr. Clay had not then receivtime must be prolonged, but I should very much ed his pistol. Senator Johnson, of Louisiana regret it.' l informed him I did not insist upon (Josiah), one of his seconds, was carrying it to him, prolonging the time, and I was sure Mr. Clay and still several steps from him. This untimely would acquiesce. The original agreement was carried out."

fire, though clearly an accident, necessarily gave

rise to some remarks, and a species of inquiry, I knew nothing of this until it was too late to which was conducted with the utmost delicacy, speak with the seconds or principals. I had but which, in itself, was of a nature to be inexpro

sibly painful to a gentleman's feelings. Mr. Clay his possible change), whether, under these cirstopped it with the generous remark that the fire cumstances, he might not “disablehis adverwas clearly an accident: and it was so unani- sary? This note is so characteristic, and such mously declared. Another pistol was immedi- an essential part of this affair, that I here give ately furnished; and exchange of shots took its very words, so far as relates to this point. It place, and, happily, without effect upon the per- ran thus : sons. Mr. Randolph's bullet struck the stump “Information received from Col. Tatnall since behind Mr. Clay, and Mr. Clay's knocked up the I got into the carriage may induce me to change earth and gravel behind Mr. Randolph, and in a my mind, of not returning Mr. Clay's fire. I

seek not his death. I would not have his blood line with the level of his hips, both bullets hav

upon my hands—it will not be upon my soul if ing gone so true and close that it was a marvel shed in self-defence—for the world. He has dehow they missed. The moment had come for termined, by the use of a long, preparatory caume to interpose. I went in among the parties tion by words, to get time to kill me. May I not, and offered my mediation ; but nothing could be then, disable him ? Yes, if I please." done. Mr. Clay said, with that wave of the It has been seen, by the statement of Gen. hand with which he was accustomed to put away Jesup, already given, that this “information" a trifle, “ This is child's play!and required was a misapprehension; that Mr. Clay had not another fire. Mr. Randolph also demanded applied for a prolongation of time for the purpose another fire. The seconds were directed to re- of getting sure aim, but only to enable his unused load. While this was doing I prevailed on Mr. hand, long unfamiliar with the pistol, to fire Randolph to walk away from his post, and re- within the limited time; that there was no pronewed to him, more pressingly than ever, my longation, in fact, either granted or insisted upon ; importunities to yield to some accommodation ; but he was in doubt, and General Jesup having but I found him more determined than I had won the word, he was having him repeat it in ever seen him, and for the first time impatient, the way he was to give it out, when his finger and seemingly annoyed and dissatisfied at what touched the hair-trigger. How unfortunate that I was doing. He was indeed annoyed and dis- I did not know of this in time to speak to Gensatisfied. The accidental fire of his pistol preyed eral Jesup, when one word from him would have upon his feelings. He was doubly chagrined at set all right, and saved the imminent risks incurit, both as a circumstance susceptible in itself of red! This inquiry, “May I not disable him?" was an unfair interpretation, and as having been the still on Mr. Randolph's mind, and dependent for immediate and controlling cause of his firing at its solution on the rising incidents of the moment, Mr. Clay. He regretted this fire the instant it when the accidental fire of his pistol gave the

Ile felt that it had subjected him to turn to his feelings which solved the doubt. But imputations from which he knew himself to be he declared to me that he had not aimed at the free-a desire to kill Mr. Clay, and a contempt life of Mr. Clay; that he did not level as high as for the laws of his beloved State; and the an- the knees—not higher than the knee-band; " for noyances which he felt at these vexatious cir- it was no mercy to shoot a man in the knee;" cumstances revived his original determination, that his only object was to disable him and spoil and decided him irrevocably to carry it out. his aim. And then added, with a beauty of ex

It was in this interval that he told me what pression and a depth of feeling which no studied he had heard since we parted, and to which he oratory can ever attain, and which I shall never alluded when he spoke to me from the dow forget, these impressive words: “I would not of the carriage. It was to this effect: That he have seen him fall mortally, or even doubtfully had been informed by Col. Tatnall that it was wounded, for all the land that is watered by proposed to give out the words with more delib- the King of Floods and all his tributary erateness, so as to prolong the time for taking streams." He left me to resume his post, utterly aim. This information grated harshly upon his refusing to explain out of the Senate any thing feelings. It unsettled his purpose, and brought that he had said in it, and with the positive dechis mind to the inquiry (as he now told me, and laration that he would not return the next fire. as I found it expressed in the note which he had I withdrew a little way into the woods, and kept immediately written in pencil to apprise me of my eyes fixed on Mr. Randolph, who I then knew

was over.


to be the only one in danger. I saw him receive racter; and if I have not done it, it is not for the fire of Mr. Clay, saw the gravel knocked up want of material, but of ability to use it. in the same place, saw Mr. Randolph raise his On Monday the parties exchanged cards, and pistol—discharge it in the air; heard him say, 'I social relations were formally and courteously redo not fire at you, Mr. Clay;' and immediately stored. It was about the last high-toned duel advancing and offering his hand. He was met in that I have witnessed, and among the highestthe same spirit. They met half way, shook hands, toned that I have ever witnessed, and so happily Mr. Randolph saying: jocosely, ' You owe me a conducted to a fortunate issue—a result due to coat, Mr. Clay—(the bullet had passed through the noble character of the seconds as well as to the skirt of the coat, very near the hip)—to the generous and heroic spirit of the principals. which Mr. Clay promptly and happily replied, Certainly duelling is bad, and has been put down,

I am glad the debt is no greater.' I had come but not quite so bad as its substitute-revolvers, up, and was prompt to proclaim what I had been bowie-knives, blackguarding, and street-assassiobliged to keep secret for eight days. The joy nations under the pretext of self-defence. of all was extreme at this happy termination of a most critical affair; and we immediately left, with lighter hearts than we brought. I stopped to sup with Mr. Randolph and his friends--none of us wanted dinner that day—and had a characteristic time of it. A runner came in from the

CHAPTER X X VII. bank to say that they had overpaid him, by mistake, $130 that day. He answered, 'I believe it

DEATH OF MR, GAILLARD. is your rule not to correct mistakes, except at the time, and at your counter. And with that He was a senator from South Carolina, and answer the runner had to return. When

had been continuously, from the year 1804. He Mr. Randolph said, 'I will pay it on Monday: was five times elected to the Senate—the first people must be honest, if banks are not.' He time for an unexpired term—and died in the asked for the sealed paper he had given me, course of a term; so that the years for which opened it, took out a check for $1,000, drawn in he had been elected were nearly thirty. He was my favor, and with which I was requested to nine times elected president of the Senate pro have him carried, if killed, to Virginia, and buried tempore, and presided fourteen years over the deunder his patrimonial oaks-not let him be buried liberations of that body,—the deaths of two Viceat Washington, with an hundred hacks after Presidents during his time (Messrs. Clinton and him. He took the gold from his left breeches Gerry), and the much absence of another (Gov. pocket, and said to us (Hamilton, Tatnall, and Tompkins), making long continued vacancies in I), - Gentlemen, Clay's bad shooting shan't rob the President's chair,—which he was called to fill. you of your seals. I am going to London, and So many elections, and such long continued serwill have them made for you ;' which he did, and vice, terminated at last only by death, bespeaks most characteristically, so far as mine was con- an eminent fitness both for the place of Senator, cerned. He went to the herald's office in London and that of presiding officer over the Senate. In and inquired for the Benton family, of which I the language of Mr. Macon, he seemed born for had often told him there was none, as we only that station. Urbane in his manners, amiable in dated on that side from my grandfather in North temper, scrupulously impartial, attentive to his Carolina. But the name was found, and with it duties, exemplary patience, perfect knowledge of a coat of arms-among the quarterings a lion the rules, quick and clear discernment, uniting rampant. That is the family, said he; and had absolute firmness of purpose, with the greatest the arms engraved on the seal, the same which I gentleness of manners, setting young Senators have since habitually worn; and added the motto, right with a delicacy and amenity, which spared Factis non verbis : of which he was afterwards the confusion of a mistake-preserving order, not accustomed to say the non should be changed by authority of rules, but by the graces of deinto et. But, enough. I run into these details, portment: such were the qualifications which not merely to relate an event, but to show cha- commended him to the presidency of the Senate,


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