The Politics of Unfunded Mandates: Whither Federalism?

Portada
Georgetown University Press, 1998 M12 3 - 264 páginas

This book is the first comprehensive analysis of the politics behind the use of mandates requiring state and local governments to implement federal policy.

Over the last twenty-five years, during both liberal and conservative eras, federal mandates have emerged as a resilient tool for advancing the interests of both political parties. Revealing the politics that led to the policies, Paul L. Posner explores the origins of these congressional mandates, what interests and needs they satisfy, whether mandate reform initiatives can be expected to alter their use, and their implications for federalism.

This book reveals how mandates have changed the way policy is formed in the United States and the fundamental relationship between the federal government and the state and local governments.

Dentro del libro

Comentarios de la gente - Escribir un comentario

No encontramos ningún comentario en los lugares habituales.

Contenido

HOUSESENATE NEGOTIATIONS
115
A LEGISLATIVE POSTSCRIPT ON COSTS
117
IMPLICATIONS
118
NOTES TO CHAPTER 6
120
Education for Preschool Handicapped Children
126
THE GROWTH OF THE FEDERAL PRESENCE IN SPECIAL EDUCATION
127
PASSAGE OF THE 1975 MANDATE
130
CONSENSUS DISSOLVES DURING IMPLEMENTATION
131

IMPLICATIONS FOR THE POLITICS OF MANDATES
30
NOTES TO CHAPTER 2
32
Federal Mandates Congressional Alignments
36
98TH THROUGH 101ST CONGRESSES
39
IMPLICATIONS
54
The Rush toward Consensus
57
SIGNIFICANT MANDATES PASSED WITH BROAD SUPPORT
58
MANDATES IN THE 99TH CONGRESS
60
IMPETUS FOR THE MANDATES OF THE 99TH CONGRESS
61
DISARMING THE CONSTRAINERS
66
IMPLICATIONS
74
State and Local Government Interest Group Behavior
78
STATE AND LOCAL GROUPS MIXED VIEWS ON MANDATES
81
SOURCES OF STATE AND LOCAL AMBIVALENCE
83
FEATURES OF MANDATES THAT LIMIT STATE AND LOCAL INFLUENCE
86
IMPLICATIONS
89
NOTES TO CHAPTER 5
91
Asbestos and the Politics of Consensus
94
THE POLITICAL EXTRAPOLATION OF SCIENCE
95
TARGET FOR REGULATORY EXPANSION
96
EARLY FEDERAL POLICY ACTION FOLLOWS THE INCREMENTAL MODEL
97
REGULATION BEGETS REGULATION
101
MANY ROADS LEAD TO WASHINGTON
102
A NEW CONGRESSIONAL CHAMPION EMERGES
105
THE POLITICS OF UNANIMITY
107
THE AMBIVALENT POSITION OF THE SCHOOLS
111
A REPUBLICAN SENATE ENACTS A STRONGER BILL
113
PRESCHOOL HANDICAPPED COVERAGE MAKES THE AGENDA
133
THE SENATE PASSES A PRESCHOOL MANDATE
138
THE BILL BREAKS THROUGH TO THE HOUSE AGENDA
144
THE SCHOOLS AWAKEN TO THE COST IMPACTS OF THE SENATE BILL
147
THE POLITICS OF CONSENSUS
150
THE POISONED CARROT?
153
IMPLICATIONS
154
NOTES TO CHAPTER 7
155
The Politics of Mandate Reform
160
IMPLICATIONS
175
NOTES TO CHAPTER 8
176
The Impact of Mandate Reform
180
OVERVIEW OF MANDATES ENACTED IN 1996
181
MANDATE RESTRAINT AND MODIFICATION
182
THE MARCH OF MANDATES CONTINUES
185
MANDATE ROLLBACKS
187
THE POLITICS OF FEDERAL MANDATES REVISITED
189
OTHER INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS
202
IMPLICATIONS
206
NOTES TO CHAPTER 9
207
Conclusions
211
STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND MANDATES
215
WHITHER FEDERALISM?
222
NOTES TO CHAPTER 10
229
Appendix 1
233
Index
239
Derechos de autor

Otras ediciones - Ver todas

Términos y frases comunes

Pasajes populares

Página 32 - EE Schattschneider, The Semisovereign People (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1960), p. 71. 6 Peter Bachrach and Morton S. Baratz, "Two Faces of Power," American Political Science Review, 56 (December 1962), p.
Página 177 - Conducted by the US Conference of Mayors and the National Association of Counties at 16 (1994).
Página 208 - E. E. Schattschneider, The Semi-Sovereign People (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1960); and Robert A.
Página 157 - Child Care Arrangements in the United States in 1974," testimony before the Subcommittee on Employment, Poverty and Migratory Labor of the Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, and the Subcommittee on Select Education of the House Committee on Education and Labor, Joint Hearings on the Child and Family Services Act, 1975, 94th Congress, 1st Session, Feb.
Página 32 - Edward C. Banfield and James Q. Wilson, City Politics (New York: Vintage Books, 1963); Banfield and Wilson, "Political Ethos Revisited," American Political Science Review (December 1971): 1048-62; William A.
Página 76 - R. Douglas Arnold, The Logic of Congressional Action (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990).
Página 33 - Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, Report to the President for Transmittal to Congress (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1955), p.
Página 181 - The Experience of the Congressional Budget Office During the First Year of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (Washington, DC: CBO, January, 1997), p.
Página 21 - Association, National Conference of State Legislatures, National Association of Counties...

Acerca del autor (1998)

Paul L. Posner is director of Federal Budget Issues at the U.S. General Accounting Office and an adjunct professor in the Graduate Public Policy Program at Georgetown University.

Información bibliográfica