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Quorum-a majority of each House constitutes, Art. 1, Sec. 5, 91.

a less number may adjourn and compel attendance, 1, 5, 1."
in case of choice of President, Am. 12.
to clect Vice-President by Senate, Am. 12.
majority of whole number necessary for choice, Am. 12.

Race or color-rights of citizens not to be denied on account of,

Am. 15, 1.
Ratification of amendments-what required, 5.

of Constitution, what sufficient, 7. Ratio of representation-1, 2, 3.

how apportioned among the several States Am. 14, 2.
Indians not taxed excluded from count, Am. 14, 2.

when reduced, denial of right to vote, Am. 14, 2. Rebellion-certain participant : disabled from holding office, Am. 14, 3.

Congress may remove disability, Am. 14, 3.
debts incurred to suppress not to be questioned, Am. 14, 4.
debts incurred in aid of illegal and void, Am. 14, 4.

exception as to suspension of writ of habeas corpus, 1,9, 2. Receipts and expenditures-of public moneys to be published, 1, 9, 7. Recess of Senate--President may commission to fill vacancies in of

fice, 2, 2, 3. Reconsideration of bill returned by President-1,7, 2. Records-of State, full faith and credit to be given to, 4, 1.

Congress shall prescribe manner of proving, 4, 1. Redress of grievances-right to petition for cannot be abridged,Am. l. Regulations-for election of Senators and Representatives, 1, 4, 1. Religion-Congress can make no law as to establishment of, Am. 1. Religious tests—shall never be required as qualification for office, 6, 3. Removal from office-on impeachment, 2, 1, 6.

of commerce and revenue, 1, 9, 6.

respecting territory ceded to United States, 4, 3, 2. Representation and direct taxation-how apportioned, 1, 2, 3.

changed by amendment, Am. 14,2.
until first enumeration, ratio of, 1, 2, 3.
State executive to issue writs of election to fill vacancies, 1, 2, 4.
no State to be deprived of equal in Senate, without conseut, 5.
among several States, according to population, Am. 14, 2.
excluding Indians not taxed, Am. 14, 2.

basis reduced on denial of right to vote, Am. 14, 2. Representatives-House of, a branch of Congress, 1, 1.

qualifications of electors of members, 1, 2, 1.
as to age and inhabitaney, 1, 2, 2.
how apportioned among States, 1, 2, 3.
changed by amendment, Am. 14, 2.
shall choose Speaker and other officers, 1, 2, 5.
shall have sole power of impeachment, 1, 2, 5.
State executive to issue writs of election to fill vacancies, 1, 2, 4.
legislatures to prescribe times, places, and manner of elections,

1, 4, 1.
Congress may alter regulations, except as to places, 1, 4, 1.
compensation of Senators to be ascertained by law, 1,6, 1.
shall be privileged from arrest except, 1,6, 1.
shall not be questioned for speech or debate, 1, 6, 1.
shall be ineligible for office created during their term, 1, 6, 2.
who ineligible to office of, 1, 6, 2.
bills for raising revenue to originate in House, 1, 7, 1.

Representatives-Continued.

ineligible to office of Presidential elector, Art. 2, Sec 1, 12.
shall be bound by oath to support Constitution, 6, 3.
provisions relative to apportionment of, Am. 14, 2.
disability from participation in rebellion, Am. 14,3.

may be removed by Congress, Am. 14, 3.
Reprieves-- President may grant, except, 2, 2, 1.
Reprisal-Congress may grant letters of, 1,8, 11.

no State shall grant, 1, 10, 1.
Republican form of Government-guaranteed to States, 4, 4.
Reserved rights-enumeration of rights not to deny or disparage

others retained, Am. 9.
powers not delegated to United States nor prohibited to States

are reserved, Am. 10.
Resignation of President-Vice-President to act, 2, 1, 5.

Congress may provide for case of, 2, 1,5.
Resolution-concurrent, to be presented to President, 1, 7, 3.
Revenue bills-to originate in House, 1, 7, 1.

preference not to be given to ports, 1, 9, 6.
Rhode Island-Representative in first Congress, 1, 2, 3.
Right of petition-not to be abridged, Am. 1.
Right to bear arms—not to be infringed, Am. 2.
Rights enumerated-not to deny or disparage other retained, Am. 9.

not delegated to United States or prohibited to States are 1'9-

served, Am. 10.
Rules--of proceedings, each House may determine, 1, 5, 2.
and regulations respecting territory and property of United

States, 4, 3, 2.
of the common law, trials by jury, Am. 7.

re-examination of facts by, Am. 7.
Science and art-Congress may promote progress of, 1, 8, 8.
Searches and seizures-security of people against, Am. 4.

warrants, what essential to, Am. 4.
Seat of Government-exclusive legislation of Congress over, 1, 8, 17.
Securities--punishment for counterfeiting, 1, 8, 6.
Senate and House of Representatives-components of Congress, 1, 1.
Senate-composed of two Senators from each State, 1, 3, 1.

chosen by Legislatures for six years, 1, 3, 1.
State Executive may fill vacancies, 1, 3, 2.
Vice-President to be President of, 1, 3, 4.
to choose officers and President pro tempore, 1, 3, 5.
to have sole power to try impeachments, 1, 3, 6.
on such trial to be on oath or affirmation, 1, 3, 6.
Chief Justice to preside on trial of President, 1, 3, 6.
concurrence of two-thirds required for conviction, 1, 3, 6.
shall be judge of returns and qualifications of its members, 1, 5, 1.
majority to constitute a quorüm, 1, 5, 1.
smaller number may adjourn and compel attendance, 1, 5, 1.
may determine rules of its proceedings, 1, 5, 2.
may punish or expel a member, 1, 5, 2.
to keep journal of its proceedings, 1, 5, 3.
to publish the same, except, 1,5, 3.
restriction on power to adjourn, 1, 5, 4.
may propose amendments to revenue bills, 1, 7, 1.

Senate-Continued.
shall advise and consent to ratification of treaties, Art. 2, Sec. 2,

1 2.
shall advise and consent to appointment of ambassadors, etc.,

2, 2, 2.
and Judges of Supreme Court and other officers, 2, 2, 2.
when may be convened by President, 2, 3, 1.
no State without its consent to be deprived of its equal susirage

in, 5.
Senators-to be divided into three classes, 1, 3, 2.

seats of classes, when vacated, 1, 3, 2.
qualification as to age and inhabitancy, 1, 3, 3.
times, places, and manner of choosing, how fixed, 1, 4, 1.
Congress may alter except as to places, 1, 4, 1.
executive, when may fill vacancies, 1, 3, 2.
appointees' tenure of office, 1, 3, 2.
to be privileged from arrest, except, 1, 6, 1.
compensation to be ascertained by law, 1, 6, 1.
shall not be questioned for speech or debate, 1,6, 1.
ineligible to offices created during term of service, 1, 6, 2.
who ineligible

to office of, 1, 6, 2.
ineligible to office of presidential elector, 2, 1, 2.
shall be bound by oath to support the Constitution, 6, 3.
certain persons disqualified, Am. 14,3.

Congress may remove disability, Am. 14,3.
Service or labor-delivery up of fugitives from, 4, 2, 3.
Servitude-involuntary, except for crime, abolished, Am. 13, 1.
rights of citizens not to be abridged on account of prior condi.

tion of, Am. 15, 1.
Ships of war-States shall not keep, 1, 10, 3.
Slave--claim for loss or emancipation of, void, Am. 14, 4.
Slavery-abolished, Am. 13, 1.
Soldiers--not to be quartered in any house without consent of owner,

Am. 3.
South Carolina-Representatives in first Congress, 1, 2, 3.
Speaker-House to choose Speaker and other officers, 1,2, 5.
Speech-Congress not to abridge freedom of, Am. 1.
Standard of weights and measures-Congress shall fix, 1, 8,5.
States-executives shall issue writs of election to fill vacancies in

House, 1, 2, 4.
commerce among to be regulated by Congress, 1,8, 3.
shall not enter into treaties, alliance, or confederation, 1, 10, 1.
shall not grant letters of marque or reprisal, 1, 10, 1.
shall not coin money, 1, 10, 1.
shall not emit bills of credit, 1, 10, 1.
restriction as to making a legal tender, 1, 10,
shall not pass bills of attainder, 1, 10, 1.
or ex post facto law, 1, 10, 1.
or law impairing obligation of contracts, 1, 10, 1.
shall not grant any title of nobility, 1, 10, 1.
shall not, without consent of Congress, lay duties on imports or

exports, 1, 10, 2.
except where absolutely necessary, 1, 10, 2.
nor lay any duty on tonnage, 1, 10, 3.
nor keep troops or ships of war in time of peace, 1, 10, 3.
nor enter into compact or agreement with other State, 1, 10, 3.
nor levy war unless actually invaded, 1, 10, 3.
or in imminent danger, 1, 10, 3.
full faith and credit to be given to acts, records, etc., of, 4, 1.
citizens entitled to privileges and immunities in common, 4, 2, 1.

States--Continued.

new States may be admitted, Art. 4, Sec. 3, 1 1.
but cannot be formed within jurisdiction of another, 4, 3, 1.
nor by junction of States or parts of States without consent,

4,3,1.
nor without its consent can a State be deprived of its equal suf-

frage in Senate, 5. three-fourths of inay ratify amendments, 5. republican Government guaranteed to, 4, 4. to be protected from invasion, 4, 4. and on their application against domestic violence, 4, 4. ratification Constitution, 7 powers not delegated to United States nor prohibited to States

are reserved, Am. 10.
Supreme Court-judicial power vested in, 3, 1.

judges to hold othce during good behavior, 3, 1.
compensation of judges not to be diminished during term, 3, 1.
original jurisdiction in certain cases, 3, 2, 2.

appellato jurisdiction, regulations of Congress, 3, 2, 2. Supreme law-Constitution, laws, and treaties to be, 6, 2.

judges in every State bound by, 6, 2. Suppression of insurrection-Congress to provide for, 1, 8, 15.

debt incurred for not to be questioned, Am. 14, 4.

Taxes-how apportioned among the States, 1, 2, 3.

capitation or direct to be in proportion to census, 1, 9, 4.
not to be laid on articles exported, 1, 9, 5.
Congress : hall have power to levy and collect, 1,8, 1.

to be uniform throughout the United States, 1,8, 1.
Temporary appointment-may be made in vacancies in Senate, 1,3,2.
Tender in payment--restriction on power of State, 1, 10, 1.
Term of office--of President and Vice-President, 2, 1, 1.

of Representatives, 1, 2, 1.

of Senators, 1, 3, 1.
Territory-Congress to dispose of and make rules for, 4, 3, 2.
Testimony-necessary to conviction for treason. 3, 3, 1.
Times, places, and manner-of elections to Congress, 1, 4, 1.

Congress may alter regulations, except, 1, 4, 1.
Title of nobility–United States shall not grant, 1, 9, 8.

no State shall grant, 1, 10, 1.

United States official not to accept from any king, etc., 1, 9, 8. Tonnage-restriction on State as to duty of, 1, 10, 3. Tranquillity-purpose of Constitution to insure, Preamble. Treason-in what consists, 3, 3, 1.

testimony necessary to convict of, 3, 3, 1.
Congress to declare punishment for, 3, 3, 2.
attainder of not to work corruption of blood, 3,3, 2.
shall not work forfeiture except during life, 3, 3, 2.
removal from office on conviction of, 2, 4, 1.

privilege from arrest not to extend to cases of, 1, 6, 1. Treasury-money drawn from only in consequence of appropriation,

accounts of receipts and expenditures to be published, 1, 9, 7. Treaties-President, with concurrence of Senate, may make, 2, 2, 2.

judicial power to extend to cases under, 3, 2, 1.
to be supreme law binding on all judges, 6, 2.

Treaty-no State shall enter into, Art. 1, Sec. 10, 91.
Trial--and judgment after conviction ou impeachment, 1, 3, 7.
Trial by jury-of all crimes except cases of impeachment, 3, 2, 3.

to be held in State where crime was committed, 3, 2, 3.
when not committed within a State, to be where Congress directs,

3, 2, 3.
of accused to be speedy and public, Am. 6.

in suits at common law, Am. 7.
Tribunals-inferior to Supreme Court, Congress may establish, 1, 8, 9.
Troops-State shall not keep in time of peace, 1, 10, 3.
Two-thirds--of Senate to concur in conviction on impeachment,1,3,6.

of each House may expel a member, 1, 5, 2.
may pass a bill over President's veto, 1, 1, 2.
concurrence required to make treaty, 2, 2, 2.
of States, for call of convention to propose amendments, 5.
of both Houses may propose amendments, 5.
of States represented, required for choice of President by

House, Am. 12.
of Senators required for election of Vice-President, Am. 12.

of Congress may remove disability to office, Am. 14, 3.
Union-purpose of Constitution to establish more perfect, Preamble.

state of, to be given to Congress by President, 2, 3, 1.
new States may be admitted into, 4, 3, 1.

restriction as to formation of new States, 4, 3, 1.
Unreasonable searches and seizures-prohibited, Am. 4.
Unusual punishments-not to be inflicted, Am. 8.
Useful arts-Congress to promote progress of, 1, 8, 8.

Vacancy-in representation, Executive to issue writs of election to

fill, 1, 2, 4.
in Senate, how filled, 1, 3, 2.

during recess of Senate to be filled by commission, 2, 2, 3.
Validity of public debt-not to be questioned, Am. 14, 4.
Vessels-from port of one State not to be obliged to pay duties in

another, 1, 9, 6.
Vetomof bill by President, proceedings of Congress on, 1, 7, 2.
Vice-President-to be President of Senate, 1, 3, 4.

to have no vote except on equal division, 1, 3. 4.
Senate may choose President tempore, 1, 3, 5.
number of electors and manner of appointing, 2, 1, 2.
to be chosen for four years, 2
duties of President, when to devolve on, 2, 1, 5.
Congress may provide by law for appointment of uncertain cases,

2, 1, 5.
removal from office by impeachment, 2, 4.
manner of choosing, by electors, Am. 12.
to be named by electors in distinct ballots, Am. 12.
distinct lists to be signed, certified, and sent to President of

Senate, Am. 12.
count of votes by President of Senate, Am. 12.
person having greatest number of votes to be, Am. 12.
ff no person have majority, Senate to choose, Am. 12.
quorum for such purpose to be two-thirds, Am. 12.
majority of whole number necessary to a choice, Am. 12.
when to act as President, Am. 12.
eligibility to office of, Am. 12.

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