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SCHOONERS.

Grampus 55 Shark

Enterprise
Boxer
Experiment
Flirt

60 Wave

Otsego
Sea Gull
Flying Fish

10 Washington 1821 In commission Coast of Africa
10 Washington 1821 In commission Pacific.
10 New-York 1831 In commission New-York.
10 Boston

1831 In commission Pacific Ocean.
4 Washington 1831 In commission Rec'g vessel, Phila.
Transf'd from the
War Dept.

In commission Coast of Florida.
Transf'd from the
War Dept.

In commission Coast of Florida.
Transf'd from the

In commission Coast of Florida. War Dept.

Tenders to the ExPurchased in 1838

ploring expedition. New York

1837 In commission Atlantic coast.
4
Transfd from the

In commission Norfolk, Va.
War Dept.
Philadelphia 1836 (In commission Explor'g Expedition.

Steam ship Ful.

ton Steamer Poinsett

65 Ship Relief(store

ship)

Sea Steamer
Sea Steamer

Building at Phila.
Build'g at N.York/

Rank and Command. Commission Officers of the Navy of the United States are divided into the following rank and denominations: Commodores, commanding squadrons. Captains, commanding frigates and vessels of 20 guns. Masters Commandant, commanding sloops-Lieuten.

ants.

Commodores are to wear their broad pendants at all times on board the ship they command.

The order of precedence and command in a ship is as follows: 1. Captain or Com. mander. 2. Lieutenants, agreeably to the date or number of their commissions. 3. Masters. 4. Master's Mate. 5. Boatswain. 6. Gunnner. 7. Carpenter.

Mid. shipmen.

SALUTES.-When the President shall visit a ship of the United States Navy, he is to be saluted with 21 guns. Vice President, 19 guns. Heads of Departments, Governors of states and territories, and Foreign Ministers, 17 guns. Major Generals, 15 guns. Brigadier Generals, 13 guns.

The Fourth of July, and the anniversary of Washington's birth day are to be cele. brated by salutes of 17 guns.

United States' ships of war are not to strike their topsails, nor take in their flags, in any part of the world, to any foreign ship or ships, unless such foreign ship or ships shall have first struck, or shall at the same time strike their flags and topsails to the ships of the United States; nor are they within the limits and jurisdiction of the United States, to salute any foreign ships whatever.

Commanders rank with Brigadier Generals. Masters Commandant rank with Ma. jors. Lieutenant in the navy rank with Captains in the army.

UNITED STATES ARMY.

.

.

.

According to Official Reports, the United States Regular Army in January, 1840,

amounted to 12,577. The principal organization is as follows: General Staff

57 Corps of Topographical Engincers 36 Medical Department 83 | Ordnance Department

322 Pay Department

19 | Two Regiments of Dragoons 1,498 Purchasing Department

3 Four Regiments of Artillery 3,020 Corps of Engineers

43 | Eight Regiments of Infantry 7,496 Total

12,577 The principal Officers are. Major General 1 Lieutenant Colonels

18 Brigadier Generals

2 | Majors Adjutant General 1 Captains

172 Colonels 17 First Lieutenants

20€ The total non-commisioned officers, musicians and privates are 11,804. There are two great Military Divisions, divided by a line commencing at the mouth of the Mississippi-following up the river to Cassville, in Wisconsin Territory, thence north to the boundary line between the United States and Canada. All west of that line is called the WESTERN Division, all east of it the Eastern Division.

The total number of the militia of the United states is about 1,400,000. The militia comprises all able-bodied white males from 18 to 45; and when called into actual ser. vice, they receive the same pay as the regular army.

26

POST OFFICE

Years.

The following table exhibits the general condition of the Post Office Department, at

different periods from 1790 to 1839, inclusive. No. of Recʻts, being|

Balance in Balance Extent of Miles annual Post. total am't of Total ex- favor of de- against de. Post Roads mail transport.

Offices postage. penditures. partment. partment. in miles. ation. 1790 75 $ 37,935 $32,140 $ 5,795

1,875

9,375 1800 903 280,804 213,994 66,810

20,817 3,057,964 1810 2,300 551,684 495,969

55,715

36,406 4,694,000 1820 4,500 1,111,927 1,160,926

$ 48,999 72,492 8,800,000 1830 8,450 1,919,300 1,959,109

39,809 115,176 14,500,000 1835 10,770 2,993,556 2,763,041 230,515

112,774 25,869,486 1836 11,091 3,408,323 2,841,766 556,557

118,264 27,578,620 1837 11,767 4,100,605 3,532,163 568,442

141,242 32,597,006 1838 12,519 4,235,077 4,621,837

369,759 134,818 34,580,202 1839 12,780) 4,476,638 4,624,117)

147,479 133,9991 34,496,878 The extent of mail transportation stated in the above table, is exclusive of the dis. tance it is carried by steam boats and other vessels. The business is conducted in the Post Master General's office, by himself, his three assistants, and fifty-six clerks and messengers, whose aggregate salaries amount to $79,000. And in the Auditor's office, by himself and fifty-two clerks and messengers, whose aggregate salaries amount to 64,980. The communications received in the different offices, excluding the Auditor's office, amount to a daily average of about 900 for the working days, equal to 281,700 a year; the communications sent, to about 500 daily, equal to 156,500 a year; and the cases actually decided by the Post Master General, to 50 daily, equal to 15,650 a year.

64

VALUE OF FOREIGN COINS-STATISTICS OF THE PRESS,

Value of Foreign Con in money of the United States.

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed]

Statistics of the Press. Number of newspapers, magazines, and periodicals, published in the United States on

the 1st of July, 1839.

Maine
New-Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts (at Boston 65)
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New-York (at New-York city 71)
New-Jersey.
Pennsylvania (at Philadelphia 71)
Delaware
Maryland (at Baltimore 20)
District Columbia (at Washington 11)
Virginia (at Richmond 10)
North Carolina
South Carolina

41 Georgia
26 Florida Territory
31 Alabama
124 Mississippi
14 Louisiana (at New Orleans 10)
31 Arkansas
274 Tennessee

39 Kentucky
253 Ohio at Cincinnati 27)

33

9 34 36 26

4 50 31 164 31

3 Michigan
48 Wisconsin Territory
16 Iowa Territory
52 Indiana
30 Illinois
20/Missouri

69 33 25

1555

of the above, 116 are published daily ; 14 tri-weekly ; 39 semi-weekly ; 991 once a week. The remainder are issued semi-monthly, monthly and quarterly-principally magazines and reviews. Many of the daily papers issue tri-weeklies, semi-weeklies, and weeklies. Thirty-eight are in the German language, four in the French, and one in the Spanish. Several of the New Orleans papers are printed in French and English.

Hunt's Magazine,

PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE AND JUDICIARY OFFICERS, FOREIGN MINISTERS, &c., OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES, WITH DATES OF APPOINTMENT, , SALARIES, AND PLACES OF RESIDENCE.

Presidents. Salary, $25,000.

Vice Presidents. Salary, $5,000. George Washington, (Va.,) 1789 to 1797. John Adams, (Mass.) John Adams, (Mass.,) 1797 to 1801. Thomas Jefferson, (Va.)

S Aaron Burr, (N. Y.) Thomas Jefferson, (Va.,) 1801 to 1809.

George Clinton, (N. Y.)

George Clinton, (N. Y.) James Madison, (Va.,) 1809 to 1817.

Elbridge Gerry, (Mass.) James Monroe, (Va.,) 1817 to 1825. Daniel D. Tompkins, (N. Y.) John Quincy Adams, (Mass.,) 1825 to 1829. John C. Calhoun, (S. C.)

John C. Calhoun, (S. C.). Andrew Jackson, (Tenn.,) 1829 to 1837.

Martin Van Buren, (N. Y.) Martin Van Buren, (N. Y.,) 1837 to Richard M. Johnson, (Ky.)

Secretaries of State. Salary, $6,000. Thomas Jefferson, (Va.,) Sept. 26, 1789. James Monroe, (Va.,) Nov. 25, 1811. Edmund Randolph, (Va.,) Jan. 2, 1794. John Q. Adams, (Mass.,) Mar. 5, 1817. Timothy Pickering, (Pa.,) Dec. 10, 1795. Henry Clay, (Ky.,) Mar. 8, 1825. John Marshall, (Va.,) May 13, 1800. Martin Van Buren, (N. Y.,) Mar. 6, 1829 James Madison, (Va.,) Mar. 5, 1801. Edward Livingston, (La.,) 1831. Robert Smith, (Md.,) Mar. 6, 1809. Louis McLane, (Del.,) 1833.

John Forsyth, (Ga.,) "1834.

Secretaries of the Treasury. Salary, $6,000. Alex. Hamilton, (N. Y.,) Sept. 11, 1789. Richard Rush, (Pa.,) Mar. 7, 1825. Oliver Wolcott, (Conn.,) Feb. 3, 1795. S. D. Ingham, (Pa.,) Mar. 6, 1829. Samuel Dexter, (Mass.,) Dec. 31, 1800. Louis McLane, (Del.,) 1831. Albert Gallatin, (Pa.,) Jan. 26, 1802. William J. Duane, (Pa.,) 1833. G. W. Campbell, (Tenn.,) Feb. 9, 1814. Roger B. Taney, (Md.,) 1833, (uot conAlex. J. Dallas, (Pa.,) Oct. 6, 1814.

firmed by the Senate. W. H. Crawford, (Ga.,) Mar. 5, 1817. Levi Woodbury, (N. H.,) 1834.

Secretaries of War. Salary, $6,000.
Henry Knox, (Mass.,) Sept. 12, 1789. W. H. Crawford, (Ga.,) Mar. 2, 1815.
T. Pickering, (Pa.,) Jan. 2, 1795. Isaac Shelby, (Ky.,) Mar. 5, 1817, (declined
James McHenry, (Md.,) Jan. 27, 1796.

the appointment.
Samuel Dexter, (Mass.,) May 13, 1800. J. C. Calhoun, (S.C.,) Dec. 16, 1817.
R. Griswold, (Conn.,) Feb. 3, 1861. James Barbour, (Va.,) Mar. 1, 1825.
H. Dearborn, (Mass.,) Mar. 5, 1801. P. B. Porter, (N. Y.,) May 26, 1828.
William Eustis, (Mass.,) Mar. 7, 1809. J. H. Eaton, (Tenn.,) March 9, 1829.
J. Armstrong, (N. Y.,) Jan. 13, 1813. Lewis Cass, (Mich.,) 1831.
James Monroe, (Va.,) Sept. 27, 1814. Joel R. Poinsett, (s. C.,) 1837.

Secretaries of the Navy. Salary, $6,000. [The Navy Department was not established until the year 1798.] George Cabot, (Mass.,) May 3, 1798, (de. Benjamin W. Crowninshield, (Mass.,) Dec. clined.)

19, 1814.
Benjamin Stoddart, (Md.,) May 21, 1798. S. Thompson, (N. Y.,) Nov. 30, 1818.
Jacob Crowninshield.

S. L. Southard, (N. J.,) Dec. 9, 1823.
Benjamin Stoddart, (continned in office.) John Branch, (N. C.,) Mar. 9, 1829.
Robert Smith, (ML.,) Jan. 26, 1802. Levi Woodbury, (N. H.,) 1831
Paul Hamilton, (s. 6.,) Mar. 7, 1809. Mahlon Dickerson, (N. J.,) 1834.
William Jones, (Pa.,)" Jan. 12, 1813. J. K. Paulding, (N. Y.,) 1838.

Post- Masters General. Salary, $6,000. S. Osgood, (Mass.,) Sept. 26, 1789. R. J. Meigs, (Ohio,) 1814 to 1823. T. Pickering, (Pa.,) Nov. 7, 1794. John McLean, (Ohio,) 1823 to 1829. Joseph Habersham, (Ga.,) 1791 to 1802. William T. Barry, (Ky.,) Mar. 5, 1829 Gideon Granger, (Conn.,) 1802 to 1814. Amos Kendall, (Ky.,) May 1, 1835.

John M. Niles, (Ct.) May, 1840.

Chief Justices. Salary, $5,000. John Jay, (N. Y.,) Sept. 26, 1789. John Marshall, (Va.,) Jan. 27, 1801. John Rutledge, (s. c.,) July 1, 1795, Roger B. Taney, (Md.) Judge Taney was (110t confirmed by the Senate.

nominated 28th Dec., 1835, confirmed by William Cushing, (Mass.,) Jan. 27, 1796. the Senate, March 15, 1836. 0. Ellsworth, (Conn.,) Mar. 4, 1796.

Associate Justices, Salary, $4,500. J. Rutledge, (S. C.,) Sept. 26, 1789. Levi Lincoln, (Mass.,) Jan. 3, 1811, (deW. Cushing, (Mass.,) Sept. 26, 1789. clined the appointment.) R. H. Harrison, (Md.,) Sept. 26, 1789. John Q. Adams, (Mass.,) Feb. 22, 1811, James Wilson, (Pa.,) Sept. 26, 1789. (declined the appointment.) John Blair, (Va.,) Sept. 26, 1789. Gabriel Duvall, (Md.,) Nov. 18, 1811. James Iredeìl, (Ń. C.,) Feb. 10, 1790. Joseph Story, Mass., Nov. 18, 1811. Thomas Johnson, (Md.,) Nov. 7, 1791. S. Thompsom, N. Y., Dec. 9, 1833. W. Patterson, (N. J.,) Mar. 4, 1793. Robert Trimble, Ky., May 9, 1826. Samuel Chase, (Md.,) Jan. 27, 1796. John McLean, Ohio, Mar. 7, 1829. Bushrod Washington, (Va.,) Dec. 20, 1789. Henry Baldwin, Pa., Jan. 6, 1830. William Jolinson, (S. C.,) Mar. 24, 1804. J. M. Wayne, Ga., Jan. 7, 1835. Brockholst Livingston, (N. Y.,) Dec. 17, P. P. Barbour, Va., Mar. 15, 1836. 1806.

John McKinley, Ala., 1837. Thomas Todd, (Va.,) March 2, 1807. John Catron, Tenn., 1837.

Attorneys General. Salary, $3,500. E. Randolph, Va., Sept. 26, 1789.

Richard Rush, Pa., Feb. 10, 1814.
Wm. Bradford, Pa., Jan. 27, 1794. Wm. Wirt, Va., Dec. 16, 1817.
*Charles Lee, Va., Dec. 10, 1795.

J. McP. Berrien, Ga., Mar. 9, 1829.
Levi Lincoln, Mass., Mar. 5, 1801. Roger B. Taney, Md., 1831.
J. Breckenridge, Ky., Dec. 23, 1805. Benj. F. Butler, N. Y., 1833.
C. A. Rodney, Del., Jan. 20, 1807. Felix Grundy, Tenn., 1838.
Wm. Pinckney, Md., Dec. 11, 1811. H. D. Gilpin, Pa., 1840.

Speakers of House of Representatives.
F. A.. Muhlenberg, Pa., 1st Congress, 1789. Henry Clay, Ky., 16th Con., 1819.
Joua. Trumbull, Conn., 2d Con., 1791. J. W. Taylor, N. Y., 16th Con., 1820.
F. A. Muhlenberg, Pa., 3d Con., 1793. P. P. Barbour, Va., 17th Con., 1821.
Jona. Dayton, N. J., 4th Con., 1795. Henry Clay, Ky., 18th Con., 1823.
Jona. Dayton, N. J., 5th Con., 1797. J. W. Taylor, N. Y., 19th Con., 1825.
Theo. Sedgewick, Mass., 6th Con., 1799. J. W. Taylor, N. Y., 20th Con., 1827.
N. Macon, N. C., 7th Con., 1801.

A. Stevenson, Va., 20th Con., 1828.
J. B. Varnum, Mass., 8th Con., 1803. A. Stevenson, Va., 21st Con., 1829.
N. Macon, N. C., 9th Con., 1805.

A. Stevenson, Va., 22d Con., 1831. J. B. Varnum, Mass., 10th Con., 1807. A. Stevenson, Va.,

23d Con. J. B. Varnum, Mass., 11th Con., 1809. John Bell, Tenn., Henry Clay, Ky., 12th Con., 1811. James K. Polk, Tenn., 24th Con., 1835. Henry Clay, Ky., 13th Con., 1813.

James K. Polk, Tenn., 25th Con., 1837. L. Cheves, S. C., 13th Con., 1814.

James K. Polk, Tenn., 25th Con., 1838. Henry Clay, Ky., 14th Con., 1815. Robert M. T. Hunter, Va., 26th Con., 1839. Henry Clay, Ky., 15th Con., 1817.

MINISTERS TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES. SALARY, $9,000. OUTFIT, $9,000.

Envoys and Ministers Plenipotentiary.
Thomas Pinckney, S. C., to England, Jan. 12, 1792.
Gouverneur Morris, N. Y., to France, Jan. 12, 1792.
John Jay, N. Y., tó England, April 19, 1794.

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