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Grampus 55 Shark
10 Washington 1821 In commission Coast of Africa
1831 In commission Pacific Ocean.
In commission Coast of Florida.
In commission Coast of Florida.
In commission Coast of Florida. War Dept.
Tenders to the ExPurchased in 1838
ploring expedition. New York
1837 In commission Atlantic coast.
In commission Norfolk, Va.
Steam ship Ful.
ton Steamer Poinsett
65 Ship Relief(store
Building at Phila.
Rank and Command. Commission Officers of the Navy of the United States are divided into the following rank and denominations: Commodores, commanding squadrons. Captains, commanding frigates and vessels of 20 guns. Masters Commandant, commanding sloops-Lieuten.
Commodores are to wear their broad pendants at all times on board the ship they command.
The order of precedence and command in a ship is as follows: 1. Captain or Com. mander. 2. Lieutenants, agreeably to the date or number of their commissions. 3. Masters. 4. Master's Mate. 5. Boatswain. 6. Gunnner. 7. Carpenter.
SALUTES.-When the President shall visit a ship of the United States Navy, he is to be saluted with 21 guns. Vice President, 19 guns. Heads of Departments, Governors of states and territories, and Foreign Ministers, 17 guns. Major Generals, 15 guns. Brigadier Generals, 13 guns.
The Fourth of July, and the anniversary of Washington's birth day are to be cele. brated by salutes of 17 guns.
United States' ships of war are not to strike their topsails, nor take in their flags, in any part of the world, to any foreign ship or ships, unless such foreign ship or ships shall have first struck, or shall at the same time strike their flags and topsails to the ships of the United States; nor are they within the limits and jurisdiction of the United States, to salute any foreign ships whatever.
Commanders rank with Brigadier Generals. Masters Commandant rank with Ma. jors. Lieutenant in the navy rank with Captains in the army.
UNITED STATES ARMY.
According to Official Reports, the United States Regular Army in January, 1840,
amounted to 12,577. The principal organization is as follows: General Staff
57 Corps of Topographical Engincers 36 Medical Department 83 | Ordnance Department
322 Pay Department
19 | Two Regiments of Dragoons 1,498 Purchasing Department
3 Four Regiments of Artillery 3,020 Corps of Engineers
43 | Eight Regiments of Infantry 7,496 Total
12,577 The principal Officers are. Major General 1 Lieutenant Colonels
18 Brigadier Generals
2 | Majors Adjutant General 1 Captains
172 Colonels 17 First Lieutenants
20€ The total non-commisioned officers, musicians and privates are 11,804. There are two great Military Divisions, divided by a line commencing at the mouth of the Mississippi-following up the river to Cassville, in Wisconsin Territory, thence north to the boundary line between the United States and Canada. All west of that line is called the WESTERN Division, all east of it the Eastern Division.
The total number of the militia of the United states is about 1,400,000. The militia comprises all able-bodied white males from 18 to 45; and when called into actual ser. vice, they receive the same pay as the regular army.
The following table exhibits the general condition of the Post Office Department, at
different periods from 1790 to 1839, inclusive. No. of Recʻts, being|
Balance in Balance Extent of Miles annual Post. total am't of Total ex- favor of de- against de. Post Roads mail transport.
Offices postage. penditures. partment. partment. in miles. ation. 1790 75 $ 37,935 $32,140 $ 5,795
9,375 1800 903 280,804 213,994 66,810
20,817 3,057,964 1810 2,300 551,684 495,969
36,406 4,694,000 1820 4,500 1,111,927 1,160,926
$ 48,999 72,492 8,800,000 1830 8,450 1,919,300 1,959,109
39,809 115,176 14,500,000 1835 10,770 2,993,556 2,763,041 230,515
112,774 25,869,486 1836 11,091 3,408,323 2,841,766 556,557
118,264 27,578,620 1837 11,767 4,100,605 3,532,163 568,442
141,242 32,597,006 1838 12,519 4,235,077 4,621,837
369,759 134,818 34,580,202 1839 12,780) 4,476,638 4,624,117)
147,479 133,9991 34,496,878 The extent of mail transportation stated in the above table, is exclusive of the dis. tance it is carried by steam boats and other vessels. The business is conducted in the Post Master General's office, by himself, his three assistants, and fifty-six clerks and messengers, whose aggregate salaries amount to $79,000. And in the Auditor's office, by himself and fifty-two clerks and messengers, whose aggregate salaries amount to 64,980. The communications received in the different offices, excluding the Auditor's office, amount to a daily average of about 900 for the working days, equal to 281,700 a year; the communications sent, to about 500 daily, equal to 156,500 a year; and the cases actually decided by the Post Master General, to 50 daily, equal to 15,650 a year.
VALUE OF FOREIGN COINS-STATISTICS OF THE PRESS,
Value of Foreign Con in money of the United States.
Statistics of the Press. Number of newspapers, magazines, and periodicals, published in the United States on
the 1st of July, 1839.
9 34 36 26
4 50 31 164 31
69 33 25
of the above, 116 are published daily ; 14 tri-weekly ; 39 semi-weekly ; 991 once a week. The remainder are issued semi-monthly, monthly and quarterly-principally magazines and reviews. Many of the daily papers issue tri-weeklies, semi-weeklies, and weeklies. Thirty-eight are in the German language, four in the French, and one in the Spanish. Several of the New Orleans papers are printed in French and English.
PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE AND JUDICIARY OFFICERS, FOREIGN MINISTERS, &c., OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES, WITH DATES OF APPOINTMENT, , SALARIES, AND PLACES OF RESIDENCE.
Presidents. Salary, $25,000.
Vice Presidents. Salary, $5,000. George Washington, (Va.,) 1789 to 1797. John Adams, (Mass.) John Adams, (Mass.,) 1797 to 1801. Thomas Jefferson, (Va.)
S Aaron Burr, (N. Y.) Thomas Jefferson, (Va.,) 1801 to 1809.
George Clinton, (N. Y.)
George Clinton, (N. Y.) James Madison, (Va.,) 1809 to 1817.
Elbridge Gerry, (Mass.) James Monroe, (Va.,) 1817 to 1825. Daniel D. Tompkins, (N. Y.) John Quincy Adams, (Mass.,) 1825 to 1829. John C. Calhoun, (S. C.)
John C. Calhoun, (S. C.). Andrew Jackson, (Tenn.,) 1829 to 1837.
Martin Van Buren, (N. Y.) Martin Van Buren, (N. Y.,) 1837 to Richard M. Johnson, (Ky.)
Secretaries of State. Salary, $6,000. Thomas Jefferson, (Va.,) Sept. 26, 1789. James Monroe, (Va.,) Nov. 25, 1811. Edmund Randolph, (Va.,) Jan. 2, 1794. John Q. Adams, (Mass.,) Mar. 5, 1817. Timothy Pickering, (Pa.,) Dec. 10, 1795. Henry Clay, (Ky.,) Mar. 8, 1825. John Marshall, (Va.,) May 13, 1800. Martin Van Buren, (N. Y.,) Mar. 6, 1829 James Madison, (Va.,) Mar. 5, 1801. Edward Livingston, (La.,) 1831. Robert Smith, (Md.,) Mar. 6, 1809. Louis McLane, (Del.,) 1833.
John Forsyth, (Ga.,) "1834.
Secretaries of the Treasury. Salary, $6,000. Alex. Hamilton, (N. Y.,) Sept. 11, 1789. Richard Rush, (Pa.,) Mar. 7, 1825. Oliver Wolcott, (Conn.,) Feb. 3, 1795. S. D. Ingham, (Pa.,) Mar. 6, 1829. Samuel Dexter, (Mass.,) Dec. 31, 1800. Louis McLane, (Del.,) 1831. Albert Gallatin, (Pa.,) Jan. 26, 1802. William J. Duane, (Pa.,) 1833. G. W. Campbell, (Tenn.,) Feb. 9, 1814. Roger B. Taney, (Md.,) 1833, (uot conAlex. J. Dallas, (Pa.,) Oct. 6, 1814.
firmed by the Senate. W. H. Crawford, (Ga.,) Mar. 5, 1817. Levi Woodbury, (N. H.,) 1834.
Secretaries of War. Salary, $6,000.
Secretaries of the Navy. Salary, $6,000. [The Navy Department was not established until the year 1798.] George Cabot, (Mass.,) May 3, 1798, (de. Benjamin W. Crowninshield, (Mass.,) Dec. clined.)
S. L. Southard, (N. J.,) Dec. 9, 1823.
Post- Masters General. Salary, $6,000. S. Osgood, (Mass.,) Sept. 26, 1789. R. J. Meigs, (Ohio,) 1814 to 1823. T. Pickering, (Pa.,) Nov. 7, 1794. John McLean, (Ohio,) 1823 to 1829. Joseph Habersham, (Ga.,) 1791 to 1802. William T. Barry, (Ky.,) Mar. 5, 1829 Gideon Granger, (Conn.,) 1802 to 1814. Amos Kendall, (Ky.,) May 1, 1835.
John M. Niles, (Ct.) May, 1840.
Chief Justices. Salary, $5,000. John Jay, (N. Y.,) Sept. 26, 1789. John Marshall, (Va.,) Jan. 27, 1801. John Rutledge, (s. c.,) July 1, 1795, Roger B. Taney, (Md.) Judge Taney was (110t confirmed by the Senate.
nominated 28th Dec., 1835, confirmed by William Cushing, (Mass.,) Jan. 27, 1796. the Senate, March 15, 1836. 0. Ellsworth, (Conn.,) Mar. 4, 1796.
Associate Justices, Salary, $4,500. J. Rutledge, (S. C.,) Sept. 26, 1789. Levi Lincoln, (Mass.,) Jan. 3, 1811, (deW. Cushing, (Mass.,) Sept. 26, 1789. clined the appointment.) R. H. Harrison, (Md.,) Sept. 26, 1789. John Q. Adams, (Mass.,) Feb. 22, 1811, James Wilson, (Pa.,) Sept. 26, 1789. (declined the appointment.) John Blair, (Va.,) Sept. 26, 1789. Gabriel Duvall, (Md.,) Nov. 18, 1811. James Iredeìl, (Ń. C.,) Feb. 10, 1790. Joseph Story, Mass., Nov. 18, 1811. Thomas Johnson, (Md.,) Nov. 7, 1791. S. Thompsom, N. Y., Dec. 9, 1833. W. Patterson, (N. J.,) Mar. 4, 1793. Robert Trimble, Ky., May 9, 1826. Samuel Chase, (Md.,) Jan. 27, 1796. John McLean, Ohio, Mar. 7, 1829. Bushrod Washington, (Va.,) Dec. 20, 1789. Henry Baldwin, Pa., Jan. 6, 1830. William Jolinson, (S. C.,) Mar. 24, 1804. J. M. Wayne, Ga., Jan. 7, 1835. Brockholst Livingston, (N. Y.,) Dec. 17, P. P. Barbour, Va., Mar. 15, 1836. 1806.
John McKinley, Ala., 1837. Thomas Todd, (Va.,) March 2, 1807. John Catron, Tenn., 1837.
Attorneys General. Salary, $3,500. E. Randolph, Va., Sept. 26, 1789.
Richard Rush, Pa., Feb. 10, 1814.
J. McP. Berrien, Ga., Mar. 9, 1829.
Speakers of House of Representatives.
A. Stevenson, Va., 20th Con., 1828.
A. Stevenson, Va., 22d Con., 1831. J. B. Varnum, Mass., 10th Con., 1807. A. Stevenson, Va.,
23d Con. J. B. Varnum, Mass., 11th Con., 1809. John Bell, Tenn., Henry Clay, Ky., 12th Con., 1811. James K. Polk, Tenn., 24th Con., 1835. Henry Clay, Ky., 13th Con., 1813.
James K. Polk, Tenn., 25th Con., 1837. L. Cheves, S. C., 13th Con., 1814.
James K. Polk, Tenn., 25th Con., 1838. Henry Clay, Ky., 14th Con., 1815. Robert M. T. Hunter, Va., 26th Con., 1839. Henry Clay, Ky., 15th Con., 1817.
MINISTERS TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES. SALARY, $9,000. OUTFIT, $9,000.
Envoys and Ministers Plenipotentiary.