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more of these mistakes, or of this kind, congregation, has satirized this kind of be committed within the churches of our church embellishments, by putting a torealm for the future.

bacco pipe in the mouth of the angel who D. There shall not.

holds up the scroll; and illustrates the

usual ignorance of country art, by giving Mr. Nichols, after inserting the preced- custom of putting up sacred sentences is

three joints to one of his legs. The ing dialogue, in “ Queen Elizabeth's Pro- still continued in many churches, but they gresses,” remarks“ This matter occasioned all the clergy

are generally written in letters of gold in and about London, and the church- of the fronts of the galleries.*

upon black grounds, within the pannels wardens of each parish, to search their churches and chapels : and caused them

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. to wash out of the walls all paintings that

Mean Temperature . . 48.00. seemed to be Romish and idolatrous; and in lieu thereof suitable texts, taken out of the holy scriptures, to be written.”

November 2. Similar inscriptions had been previ

All Souls. ously adopted : the effect of the queen's disapprobation of pictured representa Naogeorgus in his satire, the “Popish tions was

to increase the number of Kingdome," has a description which" painted texts.

Dr. Forster says “ is grossly exaggerated,

like many other accounts of catholics Mr. J.T. Smith observes, that of these be fair, it is fair also to observe that many

written by protestants.” If the remark sacred sentences there were several within accounts of protestants written by cathomemory in the old church of Padding- lics are equally gross in their exaggera, ton, now pulled down; and also in the tions. It would be wiser, because it would little old one of Clapham.

be honest, were each to relate truth of the In an inside view of Ambleside church, other, and become mutually charitable, painted by George Arnald, Esq. A. R. A. and live like christians. How far Naohe has recorded several, which are par- georgus misrepresented the usages of the ticularly appropriate to their stations; for Romish churchmen in his time, it would instance, that over the door admonishes

not be

easy

to the comers in ; that above the pulpit ex. which follow in English, by Barnaby

prove; nor ought his lines horts the preacher to spare not his con. Googe, to be regarded here, otherwise than gregation; and another within sight of the

as homely memorials of past days. singers, encourages them to offer praises to the Lord on high. These inscriptions

All Soulne Day. bave sometimes one line written in black, For souls departed from this life, and the next in red; in other instances

they also carefull bee; the first letter of each line is of a bright The shauen sort in numbers great, blue, green, or red. They are frequently thou shalt assembled see, surrounded by painted imitations of frames Where as their seruice with such speede or scrolls, held up by boys painted in they mumble out of hande, ruddle. It was the custom in earlier That none, though well they marke, a worde times to write them in French, with the

thereof can vnderstayde. first letter of the line considerably larger But soberly they sing, while as than the rest, and likewise of a bright co

the people offring bee, lour curiously ornamented. Several of For to releaue their parents soules

that lie in miseree. these were discovered in 1801, on the

For they beleeue the shanen sort, ceiling of a closet on the south side of

with dolefull harmonie, the Painted Chamber, Westminster, now To draw the damned soules from hell, blocked up.

and bring them to the skie; Others of a subsequent date, of the Where they but onely here regarde, reign of Edward III. in Latin, were vi their belly and their gaine, sible during the recent alterations of the And neuer troubled are with care house of commons, beautifully written of any soule in paine. in the finest jet black, with the first letters also of bright and different colours.

• Mr. J. T. Smith's Ancient Topography of Lon

don, 4to p. 11. Hogarth, in his print of the sleeping | See vol. i. col. 1423.

1

1

1

Their seruice thus in ordering,

forest, and the reception of the nionks of and payde for masse and all,

St. Augustine. Many vestiges remain of They to the tauerne streightways go, the splendour of this abbęy, which is now or to the parsons hall,

a large farın, and stone coffins have been Where all the day they drinke and play,

found here. A carpenter in this neighand pots about do walk, &c.

bourhood recently digging a hole for the

post to a gate, struck his spade against a OLD HOE

substance which proved to be gold, and

weighed two ounces : it was the image of a T. A. communicates that there is a

monk in the posture of prayer, with a 'custom very common in Cheshire called

a book open before him. A subterraOld Hob: it consists of a man carrying a neous passage once led from this place to dead horse's head, covered with a sheet, Malmsbury-abbey, a distance of seven to frighten people. This frolic is usual miles. Ai this ruin, when a boy, I was between All Souľs day and

Christmas. shown the stone upon which the blood is

said to have been spilt by a school-mas

ter, who, in a passion, killed his pupil NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. with a penknife. Mean Temperature 47 • 37.

Clack spring and fall Fairs were well attended formerly. They were held for

horses, pigs, cows, oxen, sheep, and November 3.

shows; but especially for the hiring THE BECKFORD FAMILY.

servants.” Hamlet's words,-“ Oh, what

a falling off is here !” inay not inapproOn the 3d of November, 1735, Peter priately be applied. Old MichaelmasBeckford, Esq. died in Jamaica, worth day is the time the fall fair is kept, but, three hundred thousand pounds.* His really, every thing which constitutes a direct male ancestor, served in a humble fair, seemed this year to be absent. A capacity in the armament under Penn few farmers strolled up and down the and Venables, which captured that im- main street in their boots, and took refuge portant island. Mr. Peter Beckford was in the hospitable houses; a few rustics father of the celebrated alderman Beck- waited about the “ Mop” or “ Statue" ford, whose fortune enabled him to pur- in their clean frocks twisted round chase the landed estate of the Meroyns in their waists with their best clothes on; Wiltshire, which, till lately, formed a dis- a few sellers of cattle looked round for tinguished part of the possessions of the customers, with the pike tickets in their present - Mr. Beckford.

hats; and a few maid servants placed themselves in a corner to be hired : here,

there was no want of Clack, for many A correspondent communicates a plea- were raised in stature by their pattens sant account of a wake in Wiltshire, dur- and rather towering bonnets; and a few ing the present month,

agriculturists' daughters and dames, in CLACK FALL FAIR.

whom neither scarcity of money nor ap

parel were visible, came prancing into “See, neighbours, what Joe Ody's doing.” the courts of their friends and alighting at The township of Clack stands on an

the uppingstocks, and dashed in among the eminence which gives a view of twenty company with true spirit and bon hommie. miles round a part of the most beautiful

Clack fair was worth gazing at a few county of Wilts.f Clack is attached to years ago. When Joe Ody,* the stultum Bradenstock-abbey, remarkable for its ingenium, obtained leave to show forth

in the Blindhouse by conjuring rings off

women's fingers, and finding them in * Gentleman's Magazine. † There is a very old stanza known here, which

men's pockets, eating fire and drawing though it gives no favourable mention of Clack, yards of ribands out of his mouth, giving couples many surrounding places well known“White Cliff-- Pepper Cliff-Cliff and Cliff Ancey, how much money was in the ploughman's

shuffling tricks with cards, to ascertain Lyneham and lo- Clack, C-se Malfordt and Dauncey."

yellow purse, cutting off cock's heads, 1 Christian Malford, no doubt, was a bad ford for the monks that came down the Avon to the sur A native of this part, and at the top of Mertya rounding abbeys.

Andrewisin.

pricking in the garter for love tokens, November 4. giving a chance at the "black cock or the white cock," and lastly, raising the KING WILLIAM LANDED. devil, who carries off the cheating parish On the day appointed for the commebaker upon his back. These, indeed, moration of the landing of king William were fine opportunities for old women to III. (who in fact landed on the 5th*) it talk about, when leaning over the hatch may be worth notice, that its centenary of the front door, to gossip with their in 1788 is thus mentioned in the “ Public ready neighbours in the same position Advertiser" of that year—" This day is apopposite, while their good men of the pointed to commemorate an event, which, house, sat in the porch chuckling with if deserving commemoration, ought never “ pipe in one hand and jug in the other.” to be forgotten, and yet it is probable it Then the learned dog" told person's will produce as much good moral or names by letters ; and here I discovered political effect as the events which disthe secret of this canine sapiency, the tinguish Christmas, Good Friday, or Easmaster twitched his thumb and finger for ter, from other days of the year. llowthe letter at which the dog stopped. I ever, we are not disposed to quarrel with posed, master and dog, however, by the scheme, the events of a day are few, giving my christian name “ Jehoiada." the remembrance cannot be long. In the A word no fair scholar could readily spell; City, in Westminster, and in many of the this shook the faith of inany gaping dis- principal towns in England, societies ciples. The “poney" too was greatly ad- have been formed, cards of invitation mired for telling which lassie loved her sent, sold and bought, and grand dinners morning bed, which would be first mar

are prepared, and have this day been ried, and which youth excelled in kissing devoured with keen revolution appetites, a girl in a sly corner. The being "ground Not 10 exclude the females, in some places young again," no less enlivened the spirits balls are given; and that the religious of maiden aunts, and the seven tall single may not wholly be disappointed, revosisters ; then the pelican put its beak on lution sermons were this morning preached the child's head for a night cap, and the in several chapels and meeting-houses. monkeys and bears looked, grimaced and Scotland is not behind hand in zeal upon danced, to the three dogs in red jackets, this occasion, although a little so in point with short pipes in their mouths; and the of time. To-morrow is their day of com“ climbing cat” ascended the “ maypole,” memoration. Over all the kingdom a day and returned into its master's box at a of thanksgiving is appointed.' word. This year's attractions chiefly were three booths for gingerbread and hard ware-a raree show! a blind fidler-the

KING WILLIAM's Peers. E. O. table—the birds, rats, and kittens

For the Every-Duy Book, in one cage -and a song sung here and there, called the “ Bulleyed Farmers," The essential services of king William attributed to Bowles of Brinkworth, but III. to the cause of civil and religious who disclaimed like Coleridge, thé au- liberty, his perseverance and prowess as thorship of a satiric production.

a warrior, his shrewdness and dexterity as Thus, fairs, amusements and the works ä statesman, adapting the most conciliaof mortals, pass away--one age dies, tory means to the most patriotic ends, another comes in its stead—but who will have been repeatedly dilated on, and secure the sports of ancestry inviolate? who generally acknowledged. Here, is merely search into the workings of the illiterate, purposed to be traced how he exercised and hand them down to posterity, without one of the most exclusive, important, and the uncertain communication of oral durable prerogatives of an English mutradition, which often obscures the light march, by a brief recapitulation of such of intended to be conveyed for information.- his additions and promotions in the hereThanks be to the art of printing, to the ditory branch of our legislature as still cultivation of reading, and the desire are in existence. which accompanies both.

The ancestor of the duke of Portland was count Bentinck, a Dutchman, of a

family still of note in Holland; he had NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Mean Temperature .. 44 · 40.

* See vol. i. col. 1428.

been page

of honour to king William, Long before they were advanced by when he was only prince of Orange. He William III. to dukedoms, the houses of made him groom of the stole, privy purse, Russell and Cavendish had been noted as a lieutenant-general in the British army, two of the most historical families in the colonel of a regiment of Dutch horse in English peerage.

Their earldoms were the British pay, one of the privy-council, respective creations of Edward VI. and master of the horse, baron of Cirencester, James I. The individual of each house viscount Woodstock, and earl of Port- first ennobled, died possessed of the bulk land, and afterwards ambassador extra- of the extensive landed possessions, and ordinary to the court of France. His strong parliamentary influence with which son was made duke of Portland, and go- his representative is at the present moment vernor of Jamaica, by George I.

invested. William Henry Nassau, commonly The character and military achievecalled seigneur, or lord of Zuletstein in ments of John Churchill stand so preHolland, was another follower of the eminent in the history of Europe, that it fortunes of king William; he was related need here only be remarked that from a to his majesty, his father baving been a baron, king William conferred on him the natural son of the king's grandfather. He earldom of Marlborough, again advanced was in the year 1695 created baron of by queen Anne to a dukedom, carried on Enfield, viscount Tunbridge, and earl of by act of parliament, after his victory of Rochfort.

Blenheim, to the issue male of his daughArnold Joost Van Keppel, another of ters, and now vested in the noble family Williams's followers, was the second son of Spencer, earl of Sunderland. of Bernard Van Pallant, lord of the manor Lord Lumley, advanced to the earldom of Keppel in Holland, a particular fa- of Scarborough, was one of the memor. vourite of his majesty, who, soon after his able seven who signed the original letter accession to the throne, created him baron of invitation to the prince of Orange. of Ashford, viscount Bury, and earl of Lord Coventry, descended from a lord Albemarle.

keeper of the great seal to Charles I., was Earl Cowper is indebted for his barony promoted by William III. to an earldom. of Wingham to queen Anne, and for his Sir Edward Villiers, a courtier, of the further titles of viscount Fordwich, and same family as the celebrated duke of earl Cowper, to George I.; but he Buckingham, received the earldom of derives no inconsiderable portion of his Jersey. wealth from his ancestress in the female The families of Cholmondeley, Fermor, line, lady Henrietta, daughter and heiress and Ashburnham, were each raised by of the earl of Grantham, descended from William III. to the dignity of English monsieur d'Auverquerque, who was by barons. They were each of considerable that prince raised to the dignity of an antiquity and extensive possessions. English earl, by the title of Grantham, Each was, moreover, peculiarly disbeing representative of an illegitimate tinguished for devoted attachment to the son of the celebrated shadthalder, prince cause of Charles I., even when it stood in Maurice.

the extremest jeopardy. The heroic marshal Schomberg, who These baronies are now vested respecfell in the memorable battle of the Boyne tively in the marquis of Cholmondeley, when upwards of eighty years of age, had and the earls of Pomfret and Ashburna previously been created by king William, ham. a duke both in England and Ireland. His The possessions, the influence, the titles are extinct, but his heir general is connections of the male representative of the present duke of Leeds, who is at the the able, the restless, the unfortunate same time heir male to the celebrated earl sir Harry Vane, were still of weightier of Danby, who cuts so conspicuous a calibre. He received from king William figure in the annals of Charles II., and the barony of Barnard, now vested in the was by William III. advanced to a duke earl of Darlington. dom.

P. The dukedom of Bolton was conferred by William on the marquis of Winchester, whose ancestors had for a century stood

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. enrolled as premier marquisses of Eng Mean Temperature . . . 43 • 27. land.

November 5.

Then hollo boys! hollo boys! shout and hutz

Hollo boys! hollo boys ! keep up the day,
Powder Plot.

Hollo boys! hollo boys! let the bells ring,
Down with the pope, and God save the king

Hüzza ! Huzza! Huzza! To keep alive the remembrance of this conspiracy, and in contemplation of its anniversary in 1826, a printed quarter sheet was published,"price one penny There was a publication in 1825, of coloured, and one halfpenny plain.” It similar character to the preceding. “Guy" consists of a rude wood-cut of“ a Guy," was the subject of the cut, and the topic carried about by boys, and the subjoined of the verses was a prayer for title with the accompanying verses.

"a balfpenny to buy a faggot, And another to buy a match,

And another to buy some touch paper, Quick's New SPEECH FOR THE FIFTH OF That the powder soon may catch." NOVEMBER,

It contained the general averment

“ We know no reason, On the Downfall of Guy Fawkes.

Why gunpowder treason

Should ever be forgot."
Good gentle folks, pray,

Remember this day,
To which your kind notice we bring

Though it is not requisite to relate more
Here's the figure of sly

particulars of the gunpowder treason" Old villainous Guy,

ihan have been already mentioned," yet Who wanted to murder the king :

a friendly finger points to a passage With powder a store,

in an old writer, concerning one of the He bitterly swore,

conspirators, which is at least amusing : As he skulk'd in the vault to prepare,

-“ Some days before the fatal stroke How the parliament too,

should be given, Master Keys, being By him and his crew,

at Tichmersh, in Northamptonshire, at Should all be blown up in the air

the house of Mr. Gilbert Pickering, his So please to remember the fifth of November, brother-in-law, (but of a different religion

Gunpowder treason and plot ;
We know no reason why gunpowder treason

as a true protestant,) suddenly whipped Should ever be forgot.

out his sword, and in merriment made

many offers therewith at the heads, necks, But James all so wise,

and sides of many gentlemen and gentleDid the papists surprise,

women then in his company. This, then, Who plotted the cruelty great ;

was taken as a mere frolic, and for the He guessed their intent,

present passed accordingly; but afterAnd Suffolk was sent,

wards, when the treason was discovered, Who sav'd both the kingdom and state. such as remembered his gestures, thought With a lantern was found,

thereby he did act what he intended to Guy Fawkes under ground,

do, (if the plot had took effect,) hack and And quick was the traitor bound fast :

hew, kill and slay, all eminent persons of They said he should die,

a different religion to themselves.”+
So hung him up high,
And burnt him to ashes at last.
So please to remember, &c.

A modern writer observes :-" It is

not, perhaps, generally known, that So we once a year,

we have a form of prayer for prisoners, Go round without fear,

which is printed in the Irish ComTo keep in remembrance the day :

mon Prayer-book,' though not in ours. With assistance from you,

Mrs. Berkeley, in whose Preface of To bring to your view, Guy Fawkes again blazing away:

Prefaces to her son's poems I first saw While with crackers and fire,

this mentioned, regrets the omission, ubIn fullest desire

serving, that the very fine prayer for those In his chair he thus merrily burns,

under sentence of death might, being So jolly we'll be,

read by the children of the poor, at least And shout-may you see, of this day many happy returns.

ln vol. i. col. 1483. So please to rememhe:, &c.

† Fuller's Church History Vol. II.-96.

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