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buttoning up of the seven persons, with an inscription beneath, to the above effect.

NATURALISTS' cALENDAR. Mean Temperature . . . . . 41 ° 10.

3Bettmber 2.


Winter may be now considered as having set in ; and we have often violent winds about this time, which sweep off the few remaining leaves from the trees, and, with the exception of a few oaks and beeches, leave the woods and forests nothing but a naked assemblage of bare boughs. December, thus robbing the woods of their leafy honours, is alluded to by Horace, in his Epod. xi.;

Hic tertius December, ex quo desti

lnachià surere,

Sylvis honorem decutit. Picture to yourself, gentle reader, one of these blustering nights, when a tremendous gale from south-west, with rattling rain, threatens almost the demolition of every thing in its way: but add to the scene the inside of a snug and secure cottage in the country, the day closed, the fire made up and blazing, the curtains diawn over a barricadoing of window

shutters which defy the penetration of HEolus and all his excarcerated host; the table set for tea, and the hissing urn or the kettle scarce heard among the fierce whistling, howling, and roaring, produced alternately or together, by almost every species of sound that wind can produce, in the chimneys and door crannies of the house. There is a feeling of comfort, and a sensibility to the blessings of a good roof over one's head, and a warm and comfortable hearth, while all is tempest without, that produces a peculiar but real source of pleasure. A cheerful but quiet party adds, in no small degree, to this pleasure. Two or three intelligent friends sitting up over a good fire to a late hour, and interchanging their thoughts on a thousand subjects of mystery, the stories of ghosts—and the tales of olden times, may perhaps beguile the hours of such a stormy night like this, with more satisfaction than they could a midsummer evening under the shade of trees in a garden of roses and lilies. And then, when we retire to bed in a room with thick, woollen curtains closely drawn, and a fire in the room, how sweet a lullaby is the piping of the gale down the flues, and the peppering of the rain on the tiles and windows; while we are now and then rocked in the house as if in a cradle l"

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I love to hear the high winds pipe aloud,
When 'gainst the leafy nations up in arms;
Now screaming in their rage, now shouting, proud—
Then moaning, as in pain at war's alarms:
Then softly sobbing to unquiet rest,
Then wildly, harshly, breaking forth again
As if in scorn at having been represt, -
With marching sweep careering o'er the plain -
And, oh! I love to hear the gusty shower
Against my humble casement, pattering fast,
While shakes the portal of my quiet bower;
For then I envy not the noble's tower,
Nor, while my cot thus braves the storm and blast,
Wish I the tumult of the heavens past.

* Peremmial Calendar, Dec.2.

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...” Yet wherefore joy I in the loud uproar
Does still life cloy? has peace no charms for me?
Pleases calm nook and ancient home no more,
But do I long for wild variety 2
Ah! no;—the noise of elements at jar,

That bids the slumbers of the worldling close,

Lone nature's child does not thy visions mar,
It does but soothe thee to more sure repose!
I sigh not for variety nor power,
My cot, like castled hall, can brave the storm;
Therefore I joy to list the sweepy shower,
And piping winds, at home, secure and warm :
While soft to heaven my orisons are sent,

In grateful thanks for its best boon, CoNTENT 1

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The gloominess of the weather, and its frequently fatal influence on the mind, suggest the expediency of inserting the following:— r

Dissuasions FRom DEspondency.

1. If you are distressed in mind, live; serenity and joy may yet dawn upon your soul. 2. If you have been contented and cheerful, live; and generally-diffuse that happiness to others. 3. If misfortunes have befallen you by your own misconduct, live 5 and be wiser for the future. 4. If things have befallen you by the faults of others, live : you have nothing wherewith to reproach yourself. 5. If you are indigent and helpless, lives the face of things may agreeably change. 6. If your are rich and prosperous, live; and enjoy what you possess. 7. If another hath injured you, live; his own crime will be his punishment. 8. If you have injured another, live ; and recompence it by your good offices. 9. If your character be attacked unjustly, live ; time will remove the aspersion. 10... If the reproaches are well founded, live , and deserve them not for the future. - 11. If you are already eminent and apt plauded, live ; and preserve the honours

'prie ou have acquired. d, frol. If your success is not equal to your he fail t

merit, live ; in the consciousness of having deserved it. 13. If your success hath exceeded your merit, live; and arrogate not too much to yourself. 14. If you have been negligent and useless to society, live; and make amends by your future conduct. 15. If you have been active and industrious, live; and communicate your improvements to others. 16. If you have spiteful enemies, live; and disappoint their malevolence. 17. If you have kind and faithful friends, live; to protect them. 18. If hitherto you have been impious and wicked, live; and repent of your sins. 19. If you have been wise and virtuous, live; for the future benefit of mankind. —And lastly, 20. If you hope for immortality, live; and prepare to enjoy it. These “Dissuasions” are ascribed to the pen of a popular and amiable poet.

NATURALists' cAleNDAR. Mean Temperature . . . . 40 - 17.

3Bettmber 3.

1826. Advent Sunday.

CHRonology. On the 3rd of December, 1729, died as

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, or, and then e t, estanzas are very little more than an amplification of the well known lines of Lucretius, Suare mari magno turbantibus arquora rentis, E terroi magnum alterius spectare laboren. De Natura;” see also lord Bacon and ****

Paris, John Hardouin, a learned Jesuit, especially celebrated for his condemnation of the writings of almost all the Greek and Latin authors as forgeries in the middie ages. He supposed that all history, philosophy, science, and even divinity, before the middle of the XIVth century, had been forged in the abbies of Germany, France, and Italy, by a set of monks, who availed themselves of the taking of Constantinople by the French in 1203, its recovery by the Greeks 1261, and the expedition of St. Louis to the Holy Land, to make the world believe that the writings of the Greeks and Romans were then first discovered, and brought into the west: whereas they had been compiling them in their cells, and burying them in their libraries, for their successors to draw forth to light. Though he was ably refuted by Le Clerc and other distinguished writers, and recanted his opinions, in consequence of the superiors of his church proscribing his works, yet he repeated these absurd notions in subsequent publications.”

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* Gentleman's Magazine.

different calls he had to make at a short distance from the road, his daily task was not less than forty-seven miles.”


Now is the time when, in some parts of England, a person of great note formerly, in every populous place, was accustomed to make frequent nocturnal rambles, and proclaim all tidings which it seemed fitting to him that people should be awakened out of their sleep to harken to. For the use of this personage, “the Bell-man,” there is a book, now almost obsolete as regards its use, with this title explanatory of its purpose,_* The Bell-man's Treasury, containing above a Hundred several Verses fitted for all Humours and Fancies, and suited to all times and seasons.” London, 1707, 8vo. From the , riches of this “treasury,” whence the predecessors of the present parish Bell-man took so much, a little may be extracted for the reader's information. First then, if the noisy rogue were thereunto moved by a good and valuable consideration, we find, according to the aforesaid work, and the present season, that we ought to be informed, by sound of bell, and public proclamtaion,

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Upon a Night of all Weathers.

This night, so different is the changing
Boisterous or calm, I cannot tell you whether
"Tis either fair or foul; but, altogether,
Just as to cry a star-light night I study,
Immediately the air grows dark and Holy
In short, the temper of the skies, if any,
Is all, and nature makes a miscellany.


A few years ago, professor Gruithausen, of Munich, wrote an essay to show that there are many plain indications of inhabitants in the moon. In answer to certain questions, the “Munich Gazette” communicates some remarkable results, derived from a great number of observations— 1. In what latitude in the moon are there indications of vegetation? 2. How far are there indications of animated beings? 3. Where are the greatest and plainest traces of art on the surface of the moon f With respect to the first question, it appears from the observations of Schroter and Gruithausen, that the vegetation on the moon's surface extends to fifty-five south latitude, and sixty-five north latitude. Many hundred observations show, in the different colours and monthly changes, three kinds of phenomena which cannot possibly be explained, except by the process of vegetation. To the second question it is answered, that the indications from which the existence of living beings is inferred, are found from fifty north latitude, to thirty-seven, and perhaps forty-seven, south latitude. The answer to the third question, points out the places on the moon's surface in which are appearances of artificial causes altering the surface. The author examines the appearances that induce him to infer that there are artificial roads in various directions; and he describes a colossal edifice, resembling our cities, on the most fertile part near the moon's equator, standing accurately according to the four cardinal points. The main cities are in angles of forty-five degrees and ninety degrees. A building resembling what is alled a star-redoubt, the professor pre*> {, 9: , ,tha, No. ther: o, has ho satiety. ..., ur O.

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sumes to be dedicated to religious purposes, and as they can see no stars in the daytime (their atmosphere being so pure) he thinks that they worship the stars, and consider the earth as a natural clock. His essay is accompanied by plates

The sombre sadness of the evening shades Steal slowly o'er the wild sequester'd glen, And seem to make its loneliness more lonelyIn ages past, nature was here convuls'd, And, with a sudden and terrific crash, Asunder rent the adamantine bills— Now, as exhausted with the pond’rous work, She lies extended in a deathful trance— The mountains form her couch magnificent; Heaven's glittering arch her canopy; The snows made paler by the rising moon, Her gorgeous winding sheet; and the dark


That cast deep shadows on the expanse below, The sable 'scutcheon of the mighty dead— The roar of waters, and the north wind's moan Give music meet for her funereal dirge.

Yongiant crag, the offspring of her throes, Has rear'd his towering bulk a thousand years, Grown hoary in the war of elements, And still defies the thunder, and the storm But in his summer pride, his stately form Is mantled o'er with purple, green, and gold, And his huge head is garlanded with flowers.


About this time, when gardens look in a dormant state, there are frequently Penny Lotteries in the north of England; and very often a whole garden is purchased for one penny. There are sometimes twenty tickets or more, as the case may be, all written on them “blank,” save “the prize.” These are put into a hat, and a boy stands on a form or chair holding the hat on his head, while those who have bought a ticket ascend the form alternately, “one by one,” and, shutting their eyes, take a ticket, which is opened by a boy who is at the bottom for that purpose. The tickets are only a penny each, and sometimes a garden (worth a few shillings) or whatever the sale may be, is bought for so trifling a sum.

W. H. H.

For the Every-Day Book. SONNET TO WINTER. WINTER I though all thy hours are drear and chill, Yet bast thou one that welcome is to me

Ah! 'tis when daylight fades, and noise 'gins still,
And we afar can faintly darkness see; *
When, as it seems too soon to shut out day
And thought, with the intrusive taper's ray,
We trim the fire, the half-read book resign,
And in our easy chairs at ease recline;
'Gaze on the deepening sky, in thoughtful fit
Clinging to light, as loath to part with it
Then, half asleep, life seems to us a dream,_
And magic, all the antic shapes, that gleam
Upon the walls, by the fire's flickerings made;
And, oft we start, surpris'd but not dismay’d.
Ah! when life fades, and death's dark hour draws near,

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NATURALISTS' cAlen DAR. Mean Temperature... 39 90.

3December 5.

St. Nicholas' Eve.

The versifier of ancient customs, Nao georgus, relates through the English of his translator, Barnaby Googe, a curious practice on the vigil of this festival:—

Saint Nicholas money usde to give to maydens secretlie, Who, that he still may use his woonted libe

itle The mothers all their children on the Eeve doe cause to fast, And when they every one at night in senselesse sleepe are cast, Both Apples, Nuttes, and Peares they bring, and other things beside, As caps, and shooes, and petticotes, which secretly they hide, And in the morning found, they say, that this saint Nicholas brought: Thus tender mindes to worship saints and wicked things are taught.

A festival or ceremony called Zopata, from a Spanish word signifying a shoe, prevails in Italy in the courts of certain rinces on St. Nicholas' day. Persons ide presents in the shoes and slippers of those they do honour to, in such manner as may surprise then on the morrow when they come to dress. This is said to be done in imitation of the practice of

St. Nicholas, who used in the night time
to throw purses in at the windows of poor
maids, for their marriage portions.t
Mr. Brady says, that “ St. Nicholas
was likewise venerated as the protector
of virgins; and that there are, or were
until lately, numerous fantastical customs
observed in Italy and various parts of
France, in reference to that peculiar tute-
lary patronage. In several convents it
was customary, on the eve of St. Nicholas,
for the boarder to place each a silk stock
ing at the door of the apartment of
abbess, with a piece of paper enclo
recommending o to “gret
Nicholas of her chamber o' and the
day they were called together to wi
the saint's attention, who never fail
fill the stockings with sweetmeats,
other trifles of that kind, with which t
credulous virgins made a general fea.

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