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Pressing in Church.
notice. The writer there states, that “BidOn the morning of Easter Sunday, denden is a parish of great extent, as most 1596, during the reign of queen Eliza parishes in the wealdof Kent are;” that this beth, the lord mayor and aldermen of part of the country is called the weald, London received the royal command to
«s from the growth of large timber, oak parraise a thousand men with the utmost ticularly;" that the town of Biddenden is expedition; wherefore they repaired with about five miles equi-distant from three their deputies, constables, and other offi- several market towns, Cranbrook, Smarcers, to the churches, and having caused den, and Tenterden ; and is distant about the doors to be shut, took the people du- fifteen miles from Maidstone. On the ring divine service from their worship, till
same authority, is now added that it does the number was completed, and having not furnish any antique inscriptions, nor armed them, the men, so raised and does the weald in general yield the inequipped, were marched the same night quirer any thing antique or invaluable to for Dover, in order to their embarkation repay his search. In the reign of queen for France; but in the mean time, Eli Elizabeth, John Mayne, esq. endowed a zabeth baving received advice of the re- good house and garden with 201. per duction of Calais by the Spaniards, they annum, for a free grammar school, which were countermanded, and returned to owing to the salary being fixed at that the city in about a week after their amount by the founder, is neither eligible departure.
to persons qualified under the regulations, nor is it capable of being increased. The
visitation of the school, was formerly in EASTER DAY CUSTOMS
the archbishop of Canterbury, but is so no At Twickenham and Paddington. longer, and the schoolmaster is appointed According to Mr. Lysons, “ There was by the lord. The archbishop is patron of an ancient custom at Twickenham, of the rectory, which, in the reign of Henry dividing two great cakes in the church VIII., was valued so high as 351. The upon Easter-day among the young peo- fair here is on the 8th of November. Mr. ple; but it being looked upon as a super- Urban's correspondent noticing "the stitious relic, it was ordered by parlia- two maided-sisters who grew together Inent, 1645, that the parishioners should from the waist downwards," refers to acforbear that custom, and, instead thereof, counts of similar wonders, and waggishly buy loaves of bread for the poor of the ends his list by directing to the “Memoirs parish with the money that should have of Scriblerus, by A Pope,” as an authority bought the cakes. It appears that the corroborative of the apocryphal “Bidsum of £1. per annum is still charged upon denden Maids.” the vicarage for the purpose of buying penny loaves for poor children on the Thursday after Easter. Within the me
A correspondent, T. A., mentions this mory of man they were thrown from the church-steeple to be scrambled for; a
custom in Cheshire : “ Children go round custom which prevailed also, some time dinner; they accompany it by a short
the village and beg eggs for their Easter ago, at Paddington, and is not yet totally abolished.” A correspondent imagines song, which I am sorry'I am unable to that the Paddington custom of throwing dressed to the farmer's dame, and asking
but the burthen of it is adbread from the church-steeple, which exists also in other parishes, was derived
an egg, bacon, cheese, or an apple, or from largesses bestowed on the poor by any good thing that will make us merry,
ends with the Romish clergy on occasion of the festival, and that it has been continued since 'And I pray you, good dame, an Easter egg. the Reformation, and, therefore, since the institution of poor rates, without due In Cumberland and Westmorland, and regard to its original object.
other parts of the north of England, boys Biddenden Custom.
beg, on Easter eve, eggs to play with, and Since the former sheet was printed, an beggars ask for them to eat. article occurs to the editor in the “Gentle are hardened by boiling, and tinged with man's Magazine,” which it seems proper to the juice of herbs, broom-flowers, &c.
The eggs being thus prepared, the boys
go out and play with ihem in the fields; Toull.- 67.
rolling them up and down, like bowls, no water customs, yet springs were very upon the ground, or throwing them up, early objects of veneration. These relike balls, into the air.*
mains of ancient respect will be duly.
respected when communicated.
EASTER DAY AT ROME.
Tideswell, Derbyshire, Alarch 31, 1826. grand procession to the cathedral of St. Sir,—The pleasure and instruction I Peter, and assists at the high mass, have derived from the perusal of your The church is lined with the guarda interesting miscellany, induce me to offer nobile, in their splendid uniforms of gold to your notice a custom in this neigh- and scarlet, and nodding plumes of white bourhood denominated Sugar-cupping, ostrich feathers, and the Swiss guards, which, like similar remnants of the olden with their polished cuirasses and steel time,” is gradually running into disuse. helmets. The great centre aisle is kept
Last Sunday, being Easter-day, I walked clear by a double wall of armed men, for to the“ Dropping Tor,” the rendezvous of the grand procession, the approach of
sugar-cuppers,” but, owing to the which is proclaimed by the sound of extreme inclemency of the weather, no trumpet from the farther end of the one was there, nor was it, I believe, once church. Priests advance, loaded with visited during the day. From frequent still augmenting magnificence, as they inquiry of the oldest persons in the neigh- ascend to the higher orders. Cloth of bourhood, I can learn nothing but that, gold, and embroidery of gold and silver, op Easter Sunday, they were used, when and crimson velvet, and mantles of spotchildren, to go to the ®“ Dropping Tor," ted ermine, and flowing trains, and attenwith a cup in one pocket and a quarter of dant train-bearers, and mitres and crucia pound of sugar in the other, and having fixes glittering with jewels, and priests caught in their cups as much water as and patriarchs, and bishops and cardiwas desired from the droppings of the nals, dazzle the eye, and fill the whole spring, they dissolved the sugar in it, and length of St. Peter's. Lastly, comes the drank it. The natural consequences re- pope, in his crimson chair of state, borne sulting from the congregation of a quan- on the shoulders of twenty palfrenieri, tity of young men and maidens" followed, arrayed in robes of white, and wearing and they returned home. I was anxious the tiara, or triple crown of the conjoined to discover some jargon repeated by the Trinity, with a canopy of cloth of silver youthful pilgrims, as an invocation to the floating over his head; preceded by two saint of the spring, or otherwise; but I men, carrying enormous fans, composed could not collect any thing of the kind. I of large plumes of ostrich feathers, conjecture this custom to be peculiar to mounted on long gilded wands. He stops this part. If you, or any of your cor- to pay his adorations to the miraculous respondents, can furnish more satisfactory Madonna in her chapel, about half-way information respecting it, some of your up; and this duty, which he never omits, readers will not regret I have troubled you being performed, he is slowly borne past with the hint.
the high altar, liberally giving his bene With respect, I am,
diction with the twirl of the three fingers Your obedient servant, A PEAKRIL. He is then set down upon a magnifi
cent stool, in front of the altar, on which Further notice of this usage at the he kneels, and his crown being taken off, Peak,” will be acceptable to the editor, and the cardinals taking off their little who is neither acquainted with the practice red caps, and all kneeling in a row, he por its origin. At some wells it is cus
assumes the attitude of praying. Having tomary, on certain days, for persons to remained a few minutes, he is taken to a strew flowers, or hang garlands on the chair prepared for him, to the right of the brink. Accounts of this nature, especially throne. There he reads from a book, if accompanied by a drawing of the place, and is again taken to the altar, on which are very desirable. We have hitherto had his tiara has been placed; and, bare
headed, he repeats—or as, by courtesy, it is called, sings
a small part of the ser
as he passes.
vice, throws up clouds of incense, and is pressive solemnity, but with little of gesremoved to the crimson-canopied throne. ture or parade. Immediately the thunHigh mass is celebrated by a cardinal dering of cannon from the castle of St. and two bishops, at which he assists. Angelo, and the peal of bells from St. During the service, the Italians seem to Peter's, proclaim the joyful tidings to the consider it quite as much of a pageant as skies. The pope is borne out, and the foreigners, but neither a new nor an inter- people rise from their knees.* esting one; they either walk about, and talk, or interchange pinches of snuff with each other, exactly as if it had been a
GREEK EASTER. place of amusement, until the tinkling of
The “ Picture of Greece in 1825," by a little bell, which announces the eleva. Messrs. Emerson and Humphreys, and tion of the host, changes the scene. Every count Pecchio, contains some particulars knee is now bent to the earth, and every of the celebration of the Greek church. voice hushed; the reversed arms of the They say, military ring with an instantaneous clang “To-day being the festival of Easter, on the marble pavement, as they sink on Napoli presented a novel appearance, the ground, and all is still as death. This viz. a clean one. This feast as the most does not last above two minutes till the important in the Greek church, is obhost is swallowed. Thus begins and ends served with particular rejoicings and the only part that bears even the smallest respect. Lent having ceased, the ovens outward aspect of religion. The military were crowded with the preparations for now pour out of St. Peter's, and form an banquetting. Yesterday every street was extensive ring before its spacious front, reeking with the blood of lambs and goats; behind which the horse guards are drawn and to-day, every house was fragrant up, and an immense number of carriages, with odours of pies and baked meats; all filled with splendidly dressed women, and the inhabitants, in festival array, were thousands of people on foot, are assem. hurrying along to pay their visits and bled. Yet the multitude almost shrunk receive their congratulations; every one, into insignificance in the vast area of the as he met his friend, saluted him with a piazza; and neither piety nor curiosity kiss on each side of his face, and repeated collect sufficient numbers to fill it. The the words Xpuotos QvEOTN—Christ is tops of the colonnades all round, how- risen.' The day was spent in rejoicings ever, are thronged with spectators; and it in every quarter; the guns were fired is a curious sight to see a mixture of all from the batteries, and every moment ranks and nations,- from the coronetted the echoes of the Palamede were replying heads of kings, to the poor cripple who
to the incessant reports of the pistols and crawls along the pavement,-assembled trophaics of the soldiery. On these octogether to await the blessing of their casions, the Greeks (whether from laziness fellow mortal. Not the least picturesque to extract the ball, or for the purpose of figures among the throng are the conta- making a louder report, I know not,) dini, who, in every variety of curious cos- always discharge their arms with a tume, flock in from their distant moun bullet : frequent accidents are the contain villages, to receive the blessing of sequence, To-day, one poor fellow was the holy father, and whose bright and shot dead in his window, and a second eager countenances, shaded by their long severely wounded by one of these randark hair, turn to the balcony where the dom shots. In the evening, a grand pope is to appear. At length the two ceremony took place in the square: all white ostrich-feather fans, the forerunners the members of the government, after of his approach, are seen ; and he is attending divine service in the church of borne forward on his throné, above the St. George, met opposite the residence of shoulders of the cardinals and bishops, the executive body; the legislative being who fill the balcony. After an audible the most numerous, took their places in a prayer he arises, and, elevating his hands line, and the executive passing along to heaven, invokes a solemn benediction them from right to left, kissing commenced upon the multitude, and the people com- with great vigour, the latter body emmitted to his charge. Every head un- bracing the former with all fervour and covers; the soldiers, and many of the affection. Amongst such an intriguing spectators, kneel on the pavement to receive the blessing. It is given with im * Rome in the Nineteenth Centary.
factious senate as the Greek legislation, The coincidences by which these legenit requires little calculation to discern dary predictions are sometimes fulfilled, that the greater portion of these saluta- are often curious. The present year may tions were Judas's kisses."
be said to witness the accomplishment of
It has been said
When my Lord falls in my Lady's lap,
England beware of some mishap. The journals of 1824, contain the folluwing extract, from a private letter, dated
Meaning thereby, that when the festiTangiers, in Africa :–« The day after my val of Easter falls near to Lady-day, (the arrival I was present at the celebration 25th of March,) this country is threatened of this country's Easter, a religious cere
with some calamity. In the year 1818, mony which greatly resembles our Easter, Easter-day happened on the 22d of and is so called.–At break of day, twenty March, and in the November of that salutes of cannon announce the festival. year, queen Charlotte died. At this signal, the pacha proceeds to a
Easter-day happening on the 26th of great plain ranged outside the city, March, distress in the commercial world where he is received by all the troops of may be regarded as a fulfilment of the the garrison, ranged under arms. An
prediction. Spanish history affords a unfortunate ram is laid upon an altar curious instance of this kind. It is rethere; the pacha approaches it, and lated, that Peter and John de Carvajal, plunges a knife into its throat; a Jew who were condemned for murder, (a. D. then seizes the bleeding animal, hoists it 1312,) on circumstantial evidence, and on his shoulders, and runs off with it to that very frivolous, to be thrown from the mosque. If the animal still lives at
the summit of a rock, Ferdinand IV., the moment he arrives there, which wery be prevailed upon to grant their
then king of Spain, could by no means seldom fails to occur, the year will be a good one: if the contrary happens, As they were leading to execution, they great lamentations and groanings are
invoked God to witness their innocence, made-the will be bad. As soon as
and appealed to his tribunal, to which year the victim is dead, a great carnage begins. they summoned the king to appear in Every Moor sacrifices, according to his thirty days' time. He laughed at the means, one or more sheep, and this in he fell sick, and went to a place called Al
summons; nevertheless, some days after, the open street; the blood streams down on all sides; men and women imbrue caudet to divert himself and recover his themselves in it as much as they please; of the summons if he could. Accordingly,
health, and shake off the remembrance they cry, sing, dance, and endeavour to manifest the joy that animales them in a
the thirtieth day being come, he found thousand forms. As soon as night ap
himseif much better, and after showing pears, the town resounds with discharges
a great deal of mirth and cheerfulness on of musketry, and it is not till the end of that occasion with his courtiers, and ridieight days that this charming festival culing the illusion, retired to rest, but concludes.'
was found dead in his bed the next
morning. (See Turquet's general History PROPHECY CONCERNING EASTER.
of Spain 1612, p. 458, cited in Dr.
Grey's notes to Hudibras, part iii. canto For the Every-Day Book. 1. lines 209, 210.) Notwithstanding the flood of inform The same author (Dr. Grey,) quotes ation which has been poured over the from Dr. James Young, (Sidrophel vapucountry during the last half century, su- lans, p. 29,) that Cardan, a celebrated perstition, at once the child and mother astrologer lost his life to save his credit; of ignorance, still holds no inconsiderable for having predicted the time of his own sway over the minds of men. It is true, death, he starved himself to verify it: or that the days of ghosts and apparitions else being sure of his art, he took this to are nearly over, but futurity is as tempt- be his fatal day, and by those apprehening as ever, and the seventh son of a sions made it so. The prophecy of seventh son is still potent enough to charm George Wishart, the Scottish martyr, reaway the money and bewilder the senses specting the death of cardinal Beatoun, of the credulous, and Nixon's and Mother is a striking feature in a catalogue of Shipton's prophecies still find believers. coincidences. In such light may be
cited the stories of the predicted death of We can have no squabble this year the duke of Buckingham, in the time of concerning the true time of Easter. The Charles I., that of lord Lyttleton in later result of the papers on that subject in the days, and many others.
first volume of your excellent publication, Lord Bacon, who, on many points il- vindicated the time fixed for its celebraluminated the sixteenth with the light of the tion, in this country, upon those principles nineteenth century, after referring in his which infallil regulate the period. chapter on prophecies (see his Essays) to In common with all I am acquainted the fulfilment of many remarkable fulfile with, who have the pleasure of being ments, delivers his opinion on that point acquainted with your Every-Day Book, I in the following words :-“My judgment wish you and your work the largest posis, that they ought all to be despised, and sible success. I ought to serve but for winter talk by the
ALPHA. fireside. Though when I say despised,
P.S. It occurs to me that you may I mean for belief.---That that hath not be immediately able to authenticate given them grace, and some credit con- my statement; and, therefore, I subscribe sisteth in these things. 1st. that men my name for your privute satisfaction. mark when they hit, and never when they miss; as they do, also of dreams. 2d. ihat probable conjectures and obscure
Easter King traditions many times turn themselves
As the emperor, Charles V., was passinto prophecies : while the nature of
ing through a small village in Arragon, man which coveteth divination, thinks it no peril to foretell that, which indeed who had been chosen the paschal, or
on Easter-day, he was met by a peasant, they do but collect. --The 3d. and Easter king of his neighbourhood, aclast (which is the great one) is, that al- cording to the custom of his country, and most all them, being infinite in number, who said to him very gravely, “Sir, it is have been impostures, and by idle and I that am king.” ii Much good may it crafty brains, merely contrived and do you, my friend,” replied the emperor, feigned after the event passed."
you have chosen an exceedingly trouJ. W. H.
blesome employment.” EASTER DAY.
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. The editor is favoured with a hint, Mean Temperature . . . 43.95. which, from respect to the authority whence it proceeds, is communicated below in its own language.
March 27. To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.
EASTER MONDAY. Harley street, March 22, 1826. Sir, Before I slip from town for the wardens in the different parishes, and
This is the day for choosing churchholidays, let me observe that it may be useful, and more useful perhaps than you
for merry-making afterwards. imagine, to many of your readers, if you were to mention the earliest day whereon
From the “ Mirror of the Months." Easter can occur : for, as not only mov Now, at last, the Easter week is arable feasts, but law terms, and circuits rived, and the poor have for once in the of judges, and the Easter recess of par- year the best of it,--setting all things, liament, depend on this festival, it influ- but their own sovereign will, at a wise eaces a vast portion of public business, defiance. The journeyman who works and of the every-day concerns of a great on Easter Monday should lose his caste, number of individuals in the early season and be sent to the Coventry of mechaof the year.
nics, wherever that may be. In fact, it The earliest possible day whereon cannot happen. On Easter Monday Easter can happen, in any year, is the ranks change places; Jobson is as 22d of March." It fell on that day in good as sir John; the “ rude mecha1818, and cannot happen on that day till nical” is “monarch of all he surveys” the year 2285.
from the summit of Greenwich-hill, and The latest possible day whereon Easter when he thinks fit to say " it is our royal can happen, is the 25th of April. pleasure to be drunk !” who shall dispute