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appeared before in books of this character. A very small number of old favorites have been admitted, which from their sterling merits seemed to demand this recognition.

While care has been taken to bring new pieces together, they have been selected not for this quality alone, but also for their real merits,—the finest efforts of oratory and the varied enunciation of true poetry are here collated, with the hope that their study and recitation will instruct and refine the student's heart.

Another aim has been to present short pieces: the time allotted to the individual speaker in seminaries where there are many students, is but small; and, besides, the complaint of those who have many studies to carry on connectedly, is, that the pieces ordinarily selected are too long to be casily learned during the pressure of other lessons.

On account of the brevity of the extracts, and the small but clear type in which the book is printed, a greater number of pieces, and a more numerous collection of authors, have been presented than ip any similar book. Care has been taken to do justice to the great minds of all parts of our country, and as far as possible, by avoiding all sectional and sectarian bias, to fit the book for the great popular wants of education throughout the Union.

With the earnest hope that he has succeeded in his honest attempt, the compiler places his book in the hands of the instructors and students of the United States.

H. C.

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, June 1860.

The present edition of the ACADEMIC Speaker has been thoroughly revised, and a few new and beautiful pieces have been substituted for those which the compiler has found, by his use of the book, least adapted to the wants and tastes of his pupils. II is thanks are due to the teachers who have introduced the Speaker into their institutions, and who have given their hearty commendations of it. UNIVERSITY OF PEYNSYLVANIA,

February 1, 1865.

CONTENTS.

DECLAMATIONS IN PROSE.

28

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ACADEMIC AND POPULAR.

PAGE

The Orator's Art, . . . . . . . . . . JOAN QUINCY ADAMS, . 27

The Orator's Gift, . . . . . . . . . . ABBE BAUTAIN, ...

The Wonders of the Dawn, . . . .

EDWARD EVERETT, ..

The Duties of the Historian, .. .

MITCHELL KING, . . .

Popular Government in America, ...

DANIEL WEBSTER, ..

Language and Poetry, . . . . . .

JOSEPH R. INGERSOLL, .

The Glory of Athens, . . . . . .

Joseph R. INGERSOLL, .

The True Inspiration of the Orator, ..

ABBE BAUTAIN, . ..

The Statesman's Panoply, . . . . . . .

Joix QUINCY ADAMS,

Mount Ebal and Mount Gerizim, . . . . . Jeux QUINCY ADAMS, .

Early Astronomy, . . . . . . ..

LORD MACAULAY, .

Installation Speech at Glasgow, . . . . . LORD MACAULAY, ..

The Influence of Byron, . . . . . . . LORD MACAULAY, . 36

The Miracles of Nature, . . . .

THOMAS CARLYLE, .

37

Mysteries, . . . . . . . . . ...

Thomas CARLYLE, ..

The Origin of Universities, . . . . . . . THOMAS CARLYLE, .. 39

Atheism Absurd, . . . . . .

Tuosas CARLYLE, .

Theism and its Tenets, . . . . . .

THOMAS CARLYLE, .

Kinrs' Desires, . . . . . . . . .

Lord Bacon, ...

Studies, . . . . . . . .

Lord Bacon, ...

Beauty and Utility, . . . . . . .

. WIELAND, . . . .

.

English Valor,

.: Dr. Joisson, ...

Truth, . . . . .

. .

. LORD DACO.,

Mental and Moral Greatness, . . . . . DR. STEVENS, ...,

Pacific Railroad, . . . . . .

CALVIN Colton, ...

The Exile's Hope, . . . . . .

l'ictor Hugo,, ..

Golden Grain, . . . . . . . .

EDWARD EVERETT, .

The New Olympiad, . . . . . . . . .

Montos McMICHAEL,

The Preservation of the Union, .

EDWARD EVERETT, ..

The Sons of Georgia,

Bishop Elliott, ... 50

The Sculptor's Art,

51

. . . . .

TIENRY REED, ....

The Great Mountains, . . . . . . . . . JOHN RISKIN,

The Student's Duties, . . . . .

JAMES WALKER, D.D.,

Calvert and the Maryland Charter, . . . . WILLIAM GEORGE REED, 53

The Finite and the Infinite,. .

R. C. WINTHROP, . . 54

Florence and its Treasures, . . . . . . . EDWARD EVERETT, . . 55

55

Tolerant Christianity the Law of the Land, . DANIEL WEBSTER, ..

The Obstacles to Christianity, . . . . . . STEPHEN COLWELL, . . 56

Christian Courage, . . . . . . . . . . WILLIAN C. RIVES, ..

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PAGE

The Demon of Speculation, . . . . . . . Dr. BOARDMAN, ... 57

The Influence of the Classics, . . . . . . JOSEPH STORY, ... 58

Modern Authorship, . . .. ..

JOSEPH STORY, . .

The Demeanor of Books, . . . .

John Milton, . . 60

National Vigor, . . . . . .

Joun Miltox, . . . .

England and America, . . .

GEORGE: P. MARSI . 61

Degrees of Imagination, . . . . . . . . LEIGH HUNT, . . . . 61

The Cataract of Niagara, . ..

CHATEAUBRIAND, . . . 63

Italy, . . . . . . . . . . .

Horace BINNEY'WALLACE, 63

The New World and the Old, ..

ARNOLD GUYOT, ... 64

Vathek in the Hall of Eblis, . .

WILLIAM BECKFORD, .. 66

The Dramatic Age, . . . . . . . . . .

HENRY REED, . . . .

Culture of the English Language, .. . .

HENRY REED, . . . .

Byron's Tomb, . . . . . .

Washington Irving,

Address of Nicias to his Troops, ..... THUCYDIDES, ...

Common Things Important, . .... R. C. WINTHROP, . .

The Physician's Duty and Responsibility. . . DR J. W. Francis, . .

The Smithsonian Institute, . . . . . . .

JOEL R. POINSETT, ..

The First Predicted Eclipse, · · ·

71

· ·

0. M. MITCHEL, . .

Kepler's Discovery of the Third Law, ... 0. M. MITCHEL, ...

The Treaty of Shackamaxon, . . . . . . HENRY D. GILPIN, ..

The Settlement of Pennsylvania, ... HENRY D. Gilpix, ..

Cauova's Triumph, . . . . . . :

CARDINAL WISEMAN, . 75

Devotion to Science, . . . . . .

ALGUSTIN THIERRY,

European Names in America, ...

AUGUSTIN THIERRY,

The Progress of Civilization, . .

Guizot, ....

The Pilgrims of New England, .

S. S. PRENTISS, . ..

The Value of the Union, . . . .

S. S. PRENTISS, . .

English Opinions of France, ..

Dr. DIRBIN, . . . . 80

Napoleon's Tomb, . . . . . . . . . ..

... DR. DURBIN, . . . .

SO

Man's Immortality,. ......

WILLIAM PROUT,

The Stone Age,......

WALTER Scott, ....

Penn and Lycurgus, . . . . .

GULIAN C. VERPLANCK .

The Spread of knowledge, ..

W. E. CHANNING, . .

The Heavens Proclaim the Deity, .

0. M. MITCHEL, . . .

The Franks, . . . . . . . .

AIGUSTIN THIERRY, .

The House of Refuge, . . . . . .

Joux SERGEANT, ...

The Dutch Republic, . . . . .

GULIAN C. VERPLANCK,

The Use of knowledge, ...

CARDINAL WISEMAN, .

English Prisons, . . . . . .

SYIP NEY SMUT H,

.

. . .

. . .

Ireland and Grattan, .....

SYDNEY SMITH, . . .

Rapid Progress in Agriculture, . . . . . .

W. M. MEREDITII, . .

The Wonders of the Deep, . . . . . . .

ANONYMOI'S . . . .

93

Aspects of the Ocean, . . . . . . . . . ANONYMOUS, .. . 93

Farewell to the Army at Fontainebleau, 1814, NAPOLEON BONAPARTE,

Charlemagne,. .

. .

95

. . . . .

MONTESQI'IEL', . . .

Proclamation to the Army of Italy, ...NAPOLEON BONAPARTE,

Washington, . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHARLES PHILLIPS, . 96

Inauguration of the Monument to Henry Clay, John TYLER, .....

The Great Merits of Henry Clay, . . . . . John Tyler, .... 98

English Culture, . . . . . . . . . . .

Lord Joux Rrssell, .

The Egotistical Talker, ..

.

J. B

J. B OWEN,

OWEN,

..

. . . . 100

The Sense of Beauty, . . . . . . . . W. E. CHANNING, . 101

Books, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . W. E. CHANNING, . . 102

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JUDICIAL, FORENSIC, AND PARLIAMENTARY,

PACE

Impressment of American Sailors, . . . . . HENRY CLAY, ... 103

Abuse of Napoleon, . . . . . . . . . HENRY CLAY, . . . . 104

Reply to John Randolph,. ....... HENRY CLAY, ..., 105

The Building of National Roads, ...

HENRY CLAY, . .

Address to Lafayette, .....

II ENRY CLAY, , ..

. 107

The Juryman's Duty, . . . . . . . . . DANIEL WEBSTER, . 107

The Murderer's Self-Bet

DANIEL WEBSTER, .. 108

The Murderer's Plan, . . . . . .

DANIEL WEBSTER, ..

The Bunker Hill Monument, ...

DANIEL WEBSTER, .. 110

England and America, . ....

J. C. CALHOUN, .. .

Federal Government, . . . . . .

J. C. CALIOUN,

. . .

. 111

. .

The Roman System, . . . . . . . . . J. C. CALHOUN, . ...

The Roman System-Continued, ...... J. C. CALHOUX, ... 113

Reply to the Charge of Eschines, . . . . . DEMOSTHENES, .. . 114

The Commonwealth and its Ambassadors, . . DEMOSTHENES, .. . 114

Religious Liberty, , , , , , , , , , , William Gaston, . .. 115

False Philanthropy, . . . . . . . . . R. Y. IIAYNE, ....

South Carolina in the Revolution. . . . . R. Y. HAYNE..

117

Laws Concerning the Slave Trade, .... JAMES M. WAYNE, . . 118

Friendsbip with England, ...... . Rufus King, .... 118

American Influence, . . . . . . . . . H. W. HILLIARD, . . 119

Hamilton, . . . . . . . . . .

GOUVERNEUR MORRIS, . 120

On the Distribution Bill, ..

... Thomas II. BENTON, . 121

To the Noblesse of Provence, .

MIRABEAU', . .

122

Monomania, . . . . . . . . . . . . DAVID PAUL Brown, . 123

Actions and Motives, . . . . . . . . . David Paul Brown, . 123

An Independent Judiciary, . . . . . . . JAMES A. BAYARD, .. 124

Switzerland, an Example, ..

PATRICK II ENRY, . . . 125

Amendments to the Constitution, . ... Patrick HENRY, . . . 126

James II, and George III. ....

WILLIAM H. DRAYTON, 127

American Rights, . . . . . . . . . . JOSEPH WARREN, .. 128

The Southern Campaign, ....

John RUTLEDGE,. .. 129

English Presumption, .....

JAMES Madison, ... 129

Faction and Tyranny, .... . . . ALEXANDER II Amilton, 130

The Achievers of our Liberty, .. ... Jonn HANCOCK, ... 131

Inaugural Address, . . . . . . . . . .

GEORGE WASHINGTON, . 132

The Rule of American Conduct, .. . . . GEORGE WASHINGTON, . 133

The Appeal to Arms, .... JOHN DICKINSON, . . . 134

The Necessity of Independence, . . . . . SAMUEL ADAMS, ... 134

Call to Americans, · · · · · · ·

Josiah QUINCY, JR., . 135

Address to a Jury, , . . . . . .

JOSIAH QUINCY, JR., .. 136

A Stable Government for America, ... BENJAMIN Rusli, . . .

Washington, . . . . . . . . . . . . HENRY LEE, . . . .

138

Acknowledgments to England, . . . . . .

Jony RANDOLPI, . . .

139

The Injuries of England, . . . . .

Joun RANDOLPA,... 139

The Character of Lifayette, . . .

...

John QUINCY ADAMS, . 140

The Future Glory of America, . . .

DAVID RAMSAY, . , 141

Capital Punishment, . . . . . . . . . EDWARD LIVINGSTON, . 142

Judges among Men, . . .

... Tristran BURGES, ... 143

The Congress of 1776, . . . . ... WILLIAM WIRT, .. 144

Address to a Jury, . . . . .

DAVID PALL BROWN, . 114

The Banner of Union, . . . .

FRANKLIN PIERCE, S. 145

A inerican Policy, . ... ... DE Witt CLINTON, .. 116

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PAGE

The Value of a Navy, . . . . . . . . . JAMES A. BAYARD, . . 147

War in Self-Defence, . . . . . . . . . JOHN RANDOLPII, . . . 148

The Excise System, . . . . . . . . . . JOHN RANDOLPH, . . . 148

The Excise System Impossible in America, . JouN RANDOLPH, . . . 149

American Valor, . . . . . . . . . . Lewis Cass, .... 150

Barbarous Warfare, . . . . . . . . . . LORD CHATHAM, ...

England and her Children, . . . . . . . EDMUND BURKE, , , 152

Milton and “ The Age of Reason,"

T. ERSKINE, . .

. 152

The East Indian Government, ..

Edmund Burke, ... 153

French Legitimacy,. . . . . . .

CHARLES PHILLIPS, . . 154

Lafayette in America, . . . . . . . . .

Thomas H. BENTON, . 155

The Ceded Lands, ........ John M. BERRIEN, . . 155

The Protective System, ....

GEORGE McDUFFIE, . , 156

The Charter of Runnymede, . . . . . . LORD CHATHAM, . 157

The French Revolution, . . . .

Sir James MCINTOSH, . 157

American Petitions, . . . . . .

LORD CHATHAM,... 158

The Exile's Fate, ........

RICHARD LALOR SHEIL, 159

Religious Charity, .......

RICHARD LALOR SHEIL, 160

Defence of John O'Connell, . . . . . . .

RICHARD LALOR SNEIL, 160

Iron Links. . . . . . . . . .

. Rufus CHATE, ... 161

The Learning for a Judge, . . . . . . . RUFUS CHATE, . . . 162

The Incorruptible Julge, . . . . . . . Rufus CHOATE, ..162

States Protected by the General Government, T. F. MARSHALL, . . 163

Modern Toleration, . . . . . . . . . . T. F. MARSHALL, . . . 163

State Laws, ............. ALEXANDER HAMILTON, 164

The Constitution a Bill of Ri

ALEXANDER HAMILTON, 164

The Power of the Constitution, . . . . . JAMES Madison, .. 165

Eulogy on Franklin, . . . . . . . . . ABBE FAUCHET, ..166

The American Motive to War, . . . . . . CHARLES James Fox, . 167

The Reign of Terror, . . . . . . . . . LORD BROUGHAM, .. 167

Denunciation of Lord Castlereagh, .... LORD BROUGHAM, .. 168

The Valor of the Irish Aliens, ..

RICHARD LALOR SHEIL, 168

Retirement from the Senate,. ..

HENRY CLAY, . . . . 170

The Deeds of General Taylor, ..

JEFFERSON Davis, . . 171

Constitutional Responsibility, ..

STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS, , 172

The French War, . . . . . .

J. J. CRITTENDEN, . 173

Jewish Disability, ....

.. LORD John RussELL, .

Aid to Hungary, .....

Louis KoSSUTI, ... Ti

The Limit of Intervention, . .

JUDGE DUER, . . . . 176

The Cause of Hungary, · · · · · · ·

R. M. T. HUNTER, . 178

Catiline Denounced, . . . . . . . . . CICERO, . . . . . . 179

Beneficial Etfects of the War, . . . . . . E.A. WASHBURNE, D.D., 180

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HISTORICAL, BIOGRAPHICAL, AND DES RIPTIVE.

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