Poet-chief: The Native American Poetics of Walt Whitman and Pablo Neruda
University of New Mexico Press, 1994 M01 1 - 270 páginas
A long-overdue comparative study of the American voice in hemispheric poetry, Poet-Chief brings cross-cultural and interdisciplinary considerations to the work of Whitman and Neruda. Nolan proposes American Indian poetics as the model for the poets' own poetics.
Whitman and Neruda wrote from an Americanist perspective. Both developed an oral, tribal poetics and assumed shamanic voices and personae in their major works, Leaves of Grass and Canto General. In addition they each presented the initiatory journey of a shaman in "The Sleepers" and "Alturas de Macchu Picchu." Despite the historical, cultural, and individual distinctions between their works, they both celebrate a tribal community and assume the functions of what Whitman calls the "poet-chief." These points of intersection between the poetics of Whitman, Neruda, and the American Indian clarify the nature of that broader voice identified as the native in American poetry.
This fresh reading of two major American poets helps to break through the partitions that separate the native, English, and Spanish poetic responses to the American hemisphere.
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aboriginal Alturas de Macchu Ameri American Indian American Indian cultures American Indian poetry American literature androgyny animal Araucanian bird body calls Canto chants Chilean clans Dario dark death democracy descent earth elements Eliade Emerson Emir Rodriguez Monegal European F. O. Matthiessen Halifax hemisphere identified identity Incan Indian poetry John Felstiner journey land language Latin American Poetry Leaves of Grass lines literary Macchu Picchu Mapuche mask modern mother myth mythic native nature Neruda's poetry nineteenth-century North American poetry oral original Pablo Neruda parallel persona poem poet poet-chief poet's poetics political primitive reader relationship represented Residencia ritual Robert Bly Rodriguez Monegal role romantic Rothenberg savage sexual shaman sing Sleepers Song song-poet soul Spanish speak spirit structure tierra tion trance trans transformed translation tree tribal tribe Underworld University Press verse vertical voyage vision voice Walt Whitman Whit Whitman and Neruda Whitman's poetry words writes York