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timable value of just notions of the of the offensive dogmas of Calvinism; benign attributes of the Deity, of re- yet, for want of a regular, well-eduligion without superstition, of devotion cated ministry, they are most deplorawithout enthusiasm. We may hear, bly ignorant, and guilty of all manner Sir, and we may read of the gross of extravagancies at their frequent darkness that covers some parts of meetings, particularly their campthe earth, and of the mental blindness meetings, when they vie with the Meand silly extravagancies of which many thodists in noise and rant and jerk are accused who profess the Christian and gesticulations. At their meetings name; but I am much afraid these there are many speakers in succession representations, in general, make but-seldom any text taken. Women little permanent impression upon the frequently take the lead, particularly public mind. To be fully felt, they in washing feet, which is frequent must be witnessed. I know that Bible among them without any decency of Societies and Missionary Societies have demeanour. They arose, 20 years been the fashion for some years past since, in Kentucky, among the Bapin the religious world; but, alas! in tists. Benedict's History of the Amethe present almost universal depra- rican Baptist Churches, gives a partivity of Christian principles, there is cular account of their origin. 'They so much to unlearn, that it should pay no ministers, therefore have but almost seem a certain portion of men- few men of talent amongst them. A tal superiority was necessary to shake Mr. Stone is the only writer I have off the fetters of prejudice, and disco- heard of amongst them; he has lately ver the plain, unobtrusive truths of the published a very smart defence of their gospel amongst the rubbish and rust tenets, in reply to the attacks of the that envelope them. The principal Methodists. "l'intend, at some future religious sects in this State are the time, to draw up a more detailed acPresbyterians, Episcopalians, Metho- count of these people, either for your dists,” Christian Breihrenor New Reformer or your Repository. The Lights, and the Baptists. There are Baptists are numerous in Ohio, but also Shakers, Dunkers, Universalists, do not appear increasing ; their minisSeceders, Rational Brethren, Cove- ters in general, except a few at the panters, Antiburgers, Swedenborgians, principal towns, are extremely illiMoravians, Dutch Lutherans, and two terate. The Shakers have a very great sects of Seceders both from the Me- establishment or commonwealth at thodists and Baptists. The Presby- Union Town in this State: I do not terians, as in the Eastern States, are now recollect what Dr. Evans says of highly orthodox and intolerant; hap- them, but they have many join them pily in this State they are not numer- from political rather than religious ous. The Episcopalians are still fewer motives, who want a good home. The in number, but much more liberal in economy of their whole establishment their sentiments, which I believe is is admirably conducted, and they are also the case throughout the Union. of great service to this part of the The Methodists are very numerous, country. They are only 40 miles from and appear to be increasing very fast, hence : I intend soon to pay them a notwithstanding the great secessions visit to know the particulars of their from them, chiefly on account of their management, &c. The Swedenborarbitrary church government, which, gians are extremely active and zealous like the tyranny of the Presbyterian in propagating their tenets here, and Synods, ill accords with the spirit of boast of very great success; Cincinrepublicanism. The Christian Bre- nati may be considered their headthren, or Ner Lights, who are very quarters. The Rational Brethren are numerous in this part of the State and quite a new sect, at Middleton in this also in Kentucky and Indiana, are ex- State. They neither sing nor pray at hibiting to the world a curious exhi. their meetings ; in fact they are Deists, bition of a liberal creed, which ap- and are endeavouring to establish a compears to have no influence upon its monwealth like the Shakers, only they believers or defenders, united with reject not sexual intercourse. Amongst gross enthusiasm and blind supersti- all sects there is such a lack of good tion. Their tenets are Arian: they practical preachers, that the ignorance have open communion, and reject inost and enthusiasm of the hearers is not much to be wondered at; I know of many such, although not known to no place in the whole western country each other. An English gentleman, where there is any academy for the lately settled at Cincinnati, a Mr. instruction of persons destined for the Rands, and Mr. W.D. Jones, formerly ministry, among any sect; and the from South Wales, will zealously cosupply of ministers from the Eastern operate in any plan to make known States is very precarious, as few con- Unitarian sentiments. The latter gengregations think of supporting a mi- tleman lives near Hamilton in this nister ; even the Baptist ministers all State, about 80 miles from hence. He preach gratuitously, except in a very has, at his own cost, erected a buildfew principal towns.
ing for Unitarian worship, and been And now, Sir, I would wish to say a the means of converting a young man few words upon what will take your of considerable talent, a Mr. Kidwell, attention most, for I am afraid I have who was a preacher amongst the Unialready tired you, viz., the probability versalists, to Unitarianism. He now of Unitarianism making any progress preaches regularly at their new chapel; in these extended regions. The chief they have about 20 regular hearers. and almost only ground I have for hope This, Sir, is the first attempt at Uniin this respect, is the very general tarian preaching in the State of Ohio. willingness there is amongst all sects Mr. Jones has written to me for a to read whatever books you may put supply of Unitarian books, as he is in their hands. This may be account. very sanguine of effecting much good ed for thus : 1. Almost or quite all in his neighbourhood. I have no perAmericans are taught to read, and sonal knowledge of him; but hearing almost all are without books of any a most excellent character of him, I kind to read. A book is a novelty: wrote to him and have had several although I brought but one box of letters from him, which bespeak him a books with me, here it was wondered man of sound mind, and a good Chrisat as a thing incredible, and univer- tian. He has printed and circulated sally understood that I meant to sell (at his own expense) 500 copies of Dr. books, as such a number was thought Priestley's “Candid Appeal.” I hope quite unnecessary for one person. ere long to be able to go and see him. Whenever an American enters your He has procured me several subscrihouse, if he sees a book, he takes it bers to the “Unitarian Miscellany,” up and begins to read aloud, and that published at Baltimore, as I had forwithout any shame, let him read ever warded him several Numbers for peruso badly. I have several times been sal. No doubt, Sir, you have seen accosted, by strangers, when I have or heard of that respectable publicabeen seen with a book, with “holloa ! tion which commenced with the last what book is that?” I have endea- year; it is the Monthly Repository of voured to take advantage of this trait the United States, and has already a in the character of a true West coun- very wide circulation and is doing intryman, and circulated what books I calculable good. We had not the had that were likely to be the means means before of knowing any thing of doing good. I had but few theolo- that was going forward in the Eastern gical books, and those have been cir- States amongst religious communities. culated until they are quite worn out. I have lately had a letter from the reI have received' a most kind letter spectable Secretary Mr. Coppleton, in from Mr. Belsham, and since then I consequence, he says, of seeing my received also a small parcel of books name in the Monthly Repository, on and manuscripts he sent me. I am what occasion I know not, wishing me very much gratified to hear that the to do what I can for the circulation of London Unitarian Book Society have the work. I should consider it a great voted me a supply. I hope so to dis- acquisition indeed if I could now and tribute them as to answer the inten- then get a Volume of my old friend tion of the donors by promoting the the Repository. It would recall to cause of genuine, uncorrupted Chris- my mind so many pleasing recollectianity. I know not of one professed tions, and invigorate my poor exerUnitarian in this State who is a native tions in the cause of that excellent of it, though, undoubtedly, there are work. Mr. Bakewell of Pittsburgh has succeeded in establishing a Unita- ral zealous Unitarians there. The rian place of worship at that place. latter end of August would be the This gentleman's name is not unknown best season to begin travelling on to English Unitarians.--I need not horseback; the great heats then begin give you any information of the suc- to abate, the roads are good and there cess of the good cause in the Eastern is more leisure amongst agriculturists ; States; no doubt you are better ac- add to which, the weather is generally quainted with it than I am; from settled and fine for September and the thence the communication is so direct two following months. If he should with England, that you can get their come by the way of Pittsburgh, I could news and their publications with meet him in the north-east part of this greater facility and less expense than State, say at Steubenville, Zanesville, we can here. The Allegany Moun- or any other giren point. I ain the tains are greater obstacles than the more anxious on this account because Atlantic Ocean to a free intercourse. I well know how wearisome it is to
The “ Unitarian Miscellany” an- ride alone through the interminable nounces the intention of Mr. Wrightwoods, and, to a stranger, how difficult, to come over as a Unitarian Mission- very often, to hit the right tracts or ary to the United States, if he is en- know where and how to ford a river couraged thereto by the next general aright. A strange doctrine, by a Fund Meeting in London. Upon strange preacher from a strange cointhis subject, Sir, I would say a few try, will no doubt excite much attenwords, not as presuming to give advice tion; but, above all things, Sir, I reupon the subject of his coining over, commend the distribution of cheap but concerning the best means of tra- tracts. They leave a memorial of a velling, and the most likely route to preacher and his sentiments. They ensure him candid hearers and oppor- form a resting-point and defence for tunities of preaching. I take it for those who seem inclined to farther ingranted that he will not confine his quiry; for timid characters, who are labours to the Eastern States, where afraid to encounter the anathemas of Unitarianism may be considered as the orthodox while they “halt beestablished, but come out into the tween two opinions,” often want such woods of the great Western wilder- books to encourage their new-formed ness, and preach the simple, yet grand hopes and to refer their opponents to, truths of the Christian religion where in answer either to argument or oblothey were never before heard of. To quy. We are situated only 40 miles do this he must travel on horseback; from Columbus, the capital of this his friends at Washington or Balti- State, a town iinproving very fast; I more will know how to equip him. could very much wish Mr. W. was to His expenses will average about one be preaching there when the legisladollar and a half per day. He will find ture was sitting ; the sessions genethe court-houses at all county-touns rally commence in November. We open to him, and the news of a strange have many English families settled dipreacher, in a very little time, bring rectly around us, chiefly from Yorkhim a .numerous audience. If he shire. We have established an inquircomes into the West, I should like to ing or debating society, which has be informed of it in time, and I would brought upon us the reproach of many undertake to escort him through the of the preachers about here. It has greatest part of this State, say 200 or excited much attention, and when the 300 miles (we do’nt think much of Unitarian books arrive, I mean to distance here). Mr. Jones says, he establish a gratuitous circulating librawould undertake to travel with him ry, which I think will be better than across Indiana, either into Kentucky giving them away, as I can then see or the Illinois, as he should think fit. they are taken care of, and I know I The present governor of the State of shall have plenty of readers, as many Kentucky is a Unitarian, and will, no are anxious for their arrival. I shall doubt, be anxious to give any assist- forward about one-half of them to ance; and he would meet with a cor. Mr. Jones, for his books also are all dial reception at the English settle- worn out; and he is very anxious for ment in the Illinois, as there are seve- a supply. I hope another winter to
have Unitarian worship at my own who perish for lack of knowledge, and house, as I am about to build a much great, I trust, will be your reward. larger one than I now occupy, or else Next to the success of religious truth, at a new school-house which is now I take pleasure in hearing from any of erecting in our township. I am so my old Unitarian friends. Last Spring little used now to take my pen in hand I sent a large packet of letters and that I almost, you will perceive, forget papers, by private hand, all under cothe use of it, which I hope will excuse ver, to Mr. Ludlow; I am afraid they the inaccuracy of this long epistle. never arrived, as I have heard of the Nothing can give me greater satisfac- death of the young man who took tion while I live, than being any way them out. I should be very thankful instrumental in clearing or opening for some Unitarian sermons by Mr. new road (to use an American expres- Wright if he comes; but I believe the sion) for the advance of religious truth. Book Society never published many; The “blind guides" here, who lead May the blessing of Almighty God astray the human mind from reason rest upon your labours, and may love and Scripture and truth, are so deplo- and harmony unite your various sorably ignorant, even of the doctrines cieties for the promotion of gospel they pretend to preach, that I have truth, and the present and future often heard the peculiar doctrines of rell-being of your fellow-men in every Calvin and Wesley and Arius, all class and every clime, prays preached in the same silly rhapsody yours in the Christian Faith, called a sermon. Oh! my dear Sir,
most respectfully, how inestiinable are the privileges of
etc. A XIPHLETT. Britons in a religious sense! I bless God you are not unmindful of those
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